Tuzla lake
Tuzla lake
Tuzla Lake, Turkey (photo by Dr Çetin Şenkul)
Challenges surrounding increasing water demand in Turkey have resulted from rising population levels, climate change and agricultural irrigation. Exploring environmental change over multi-centennial timescales can capture socio-ecological system behaviour offering valuable information for maintaining environmental stability and building resilience to future challenges. 
Past water quality/quantity and landscape data will be integrated with historic socio-cultural and environmental knowledge to contextualise and identify mitigation strategies for better water management.
Lakes as archives of long-term environmental change in the Konya plain

Sediment cores are being extracted from lakes in areas particularly vulnerable to future desiccation. Fossil diatoms (microscopic algae) are extracted from these sediments, which are used as indicators of past changes in water quality/quantity and climate, and fossil pollen are used to reconstruct landscape change over recent centuries. 
Social science case studies are being conducted within the same regions to explore what roles cultural perceptions and local knowledge of catchments have played in water resource use, learn about the barriers to effective water resource management, and find out what scientific information is needed to support stakeholders to engage and build effective networks for sustainable water management. 
Tuzla lake core
Sediment core from Tuzla Lake (photo by Dr Çetin Şenkul)