Psychology research hero
Psychology experiments in the BabyLab

Research strands


Research and impact

Research Impact

Changing understanding and practice in anaesthesia
Led by Jackie Andrade this research focuses on developing strategies for the prevention and management of accidental awareness during general anaesthesia.

Led by Judy Edworthy this research focuses on reducing sensory overload on clinicians due to the excessive number of alarms

Led by Helen Lloyd this research focuses on developing models and approaches for people with multiple long-term conditions.

Latest publications

Some recent papers published by the School of Psychology

  • Ji JL, Kyron M, Saulsman L, Becerra R, Lin A, Hasking P & Holmes EA 2024 'Picturing self‐harm: Investigating flash‐forward mental imagery as a proximal and modifiable driver of non‐suicidal self‐injury' Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior Publisher Site , DOI
  • Rhodes J, Nedza K, May J & Clements L 2024 'Imagery training for athletes with low imagery abilities' Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 1-14 Publisher Site , DOI Open access
  • Fouragnan EF, Hosking B, Cheung Y, Prakash B, Rushworth M & Sel A 2024 'Timing along the cardiac cycle modulates neural signals of reward-based learning' Nat Commun 15, (1) Author Site , DOI
  • Abu-Zhaya R & Arnon I 2024 'Does Early Unit Size Impact the Formation of Linguistic Predictions? Grammatical Gender as a Case Study' Language Learning Publisher Site , DOI
  • Bault N, Yaakub SN & Fouragnan E 2024 'Early-phase neuroplasticity induced by offline transcranial ultrasound stimulation in primates' Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 56, 101370-101370 Publisher Site , DOI
  • Gillespie J, Wright H, Pinkney J & Lloyd H 2024 'Blending Behavioural Theory and Narrative Analysis to Explore the Lived Experience of Obesity and Assess Potential Engagement in a UK Weight Management Service: Theory and Narrative Approaches in Weight Management' Healthcare 12, (7) 747-747 Publisher Site , DOI Open access
  • McKeown S, Di Bernardo GA, Charlesford J, Vezzali L & Sagherian-Dickey T 2024 'Peer inclusion and school equality norm associations with intergroup contact, and academic self‐efficacy amongst ethnic majority and ethnic minority youth' Journal of Applied Social Psychology Publisher Site , DOI Open access
  • Milne-Ives M, Homer S, Andrade J & Meinert E 2024 'The conceptualisation and measurement of engagement in digital health' Internet Interv 36, Author Site , DOI
  • Weltzien S, Marsh L, Kanngiesser P & Hood B 2024 'Young dictators - Speaking about oneself decreases generosity in children from two cultural contexts' PLoS ONE
  • Sexton L, Mileva M, Graham H, Strathie A & Laurence S 2024 'Recognising newly learned faces across changes in age' Visual Cognition 617-632 , DOI Open access
  • Nguyen D, Fitzpatrick N & Floccia C 2024 'Adapting language development research paradigms to online testing: Data from preferential looking, word learning and vocabulary assessment in toddlers' Journal of Child Language , DOI Open access
  • Kopp K, Kanngiesser P, Brügger RK, Daum MM, Gampe A, Köster M, van Schaik CP, Liebal K & Burkart JM 2024 'The proximate regulation of prosocial behaviour: Towards a conceptual framework for comparative research' Animal Cognition
  • Ji JL & MacLeod C 2024 'Less bang for my buck: Diminished anticipated enjoyment contributes to dysphoria-linked deficit in activity behavioural engagement choice' Behaviour Research and Therapy 104526-104526 Publisher Site , DOI
  • Ho V, Berman AH, Andrade J, Kavanagh DJ, Branche SL, May J, Philson CS & Blumstein DT 2024 'Assessing immediate emotions in the Theory of Planned Behavior can substantially contribute to increases in pro-environmental behavior' Frontiers in Climate Publisher Site , DOI Open access
  • Bohn M, da Silva Vieira WF, Giner Torréns M, Kärtner J, Itakura S, Cavalcante L, Haun D, Köster M & Kanngiesser P 2024 'Mealtime conversations between parents and their 2-year-old children in five cultural contexts' Developmental Psychology
  • Gatersleben B, White E, Wyles KJ, Golding SE, Murrell G, Scarles C, Xu T, Brockett BFT & Willis C 2024 'Everyday places to get away – Lessons learned from Covid-19 lockdowns' Landscape and Urban Planning 246, Publisher Site , DOI Open access
  • Smith A 2024 'Virtual reality and spatial cognition: Bridging the epistemic gap between laboratory and real-world insights' Science and Education , DOI Open access
  • Salo S, Harries C, Riddoch MJ & Smith A 2024 'Visuospatial memory in apraxia: Exploring quantitative drawing metrics to assess the representation of local and global information' Memory & Cognition , DOI Open access
  • Ji JL, Basanovic J & MacLeod C 2024 'Author Correction: Social activity promotes resilience against loneliness in depressed individuals: a study over 14 days of physical isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia' Scientific Reports 14, (1) Publisher Site , DOI
  • Stehl P, White MP, Vitale V, Pahl S, Elliott LR, Fian L & van den Bosch M 2024 'From childhood blue space exposure to adult environmentalism: The role of nature connectedness and nature contact' Journal of Environmental Psychology 93, 102225-102225 , DOI

Open Science Strategy

This strategy commits the School of Psychology to three key open science goals by 2021. The first is preregistration of all research that will be published. The second is open access to all research publications. The third is open access to the raw data, stimuli, materials, and analysis pipelines of all published papers (except where so doing would cause insurmountable ethical or privacy issues). Four members of staff are signatories to the Peer Reviewers' Openness Initiative (Bach, Walsh, Whalley, Wills), which seeks to use peer review as a lever to improve open science practices. Wills is a Trustee of the Nurture Science Publishing Group, a non-profit organisation dedicated to the promotion of affordable open-access publication in the context of rigorous, reproducibility-focused peer review.


Facilities and labs

Brain Research & Imaging Centre

The Brain Research & Imaging Centre (BRIC), the most advanced multi-modal brain imaging facility in the South West, will provide the sea-change to enhance the quality of our research in human neuroscience.

With seven cutting-edge human research laboratories, BRIC will include an MRI suite with the most advanced 3-Tesla scanner in the region. It will critically advance our enquiry toward the most advanced brain research, improved radiological diagnostics and better patient care.

Find out more about the facility

BRIC building development, December 2020

Neuroscience facilities

Located on our main city-centre campus, these facilities are ideally placed for large-sample studies of neurotypical individuals. The facilities comprise three eye-tracking labs, three 128-channel EEG labs (one suitable for infant participants), a Neural Modulation laboratory, a functional Near Infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) lab, and a data analysis suite. The Neural Modulation laboratory provides facilities for singlepulse and rapid TMS, and tDCS, combined with 64-channel EEG recording and 3D scalp surface and electrode digitisation.


The Babylab provides facilities that are essential to the developmental component of our Experimental Psychology research. Babylab provides excellent, dedicated facilities for infant testing including a family-friendly reception space, two observation rooms, and six individual sound-attenuating booths, with a Tobii 300 Hz system and a head-turn preference setting.

Learn more about the Babylab

Dedicated behavioural testing facilities

A total of 26 purpose-built testing rooms, most of them multi-seat. This facility supports much of the core work of Experimental Psychology group. There are also two dedicated 'soft labs': comfortable, relaxing spaces more conducive to the study of human interaction and counselling than standard labs. We also have three research-dedicated state-of-the-art Virtual Reality Labs.

Specialist equipment

Multichannel EMG systems, respiratory belts, skin thermometers, GSR devices, and pulse meters. There are also movement-measurement devices, including force transducers, accelerometers and laser displacement meters, and somatosensory and pain research devices that enable peripheral percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.

Non-human animal research

In the School of Biological and Marine Sciences there are eight dedicated observation labs, including two specialist temperature-controlled facilities suitable for aquatic animals. All labs are set up for video recording and remote logging with Noldus observer. Our Animal Behaviour researchers also make regular use of shared resources in the School of Biological and Marine Sciences, including animal housing, Home Office licensed space, plus physiology and molecular biology labs. Our research on sustainability is substantially facilitated by the presence of the Plymouth Marine Institute - the first and largest such institute in the UK.

Virtual reality research

Our team are conducting research into virtual reality, working on topics including:

  • Foundations of search and navigation
  • Connecting people with the ocean
  • Using augmented reality to deliver an imagery-based intervention for behaviour change

Discover more about our latest virtual reality research.


Our researchers