Research in the School of Psychology

Psychology PhD studentship / TARA post

Six year Teaching & Research Associate post

Complete a part-time PhD while working as a TARA  (1st September 2022 start, 0.75 FTE), closing date 13 July (midnight, UK)

Find out the details and topics, and how to apply
Psychology experiments in the BabyLab
  • ? In the 2021 Research Excellence Framework assessment, 84% of our submission was judged world-leading or internationally excellent
  • ? 2021 Guardian League Table and Sunday Times Good University Guide puts Psychology at the University of Plymouth in the top 50 universities in the country

Research Strands


Research and impact

Research Impact

Changing understanding and practice in anaesthesia
Led by Jackie Andrade this research focuses on developing strategies for the prevention and management of accidental awareness during general anaesthesia.

Led by Judy Edworthy this research focuses on reducing sensory overload on clinicians due to the excessive number of alarms

Led by Helen Lloyd this research focuses on developing models and approaches for people with multiple long-term conditions.

Psychology publications

To view our research papers, please use other tab. In order access these papers in full, please follow the doi link to the published version.

Latest publications

Here is a list of some recent papers published by the School of Psychology:

  • Buckley M, Holden L, Smith A & Haselgrove M 2022 'The developmental trajectories of children’s reorientation to global and local properties of environmental geometry' Journal of Experimental Psychology: General Open access
  • Minton S 2022 'Forebygging og tiltak mot mobbing blant barn og unge' in Aagre W; Wiig C Ungdomskunnskap: hverdagslivets kulturelle former. 3. utgave. Bergen Fagbokforlaget 123-138
  • Golubickis M, Tan LBG, Saini S, Catterall K, Morozovaite A, Khasa S & Macrae CN 2022 'Knock yourself out: Brief mindfulness-based meditation eliminates self-prioritization' Psychonomic Bulletin & Review , DOI
  • Svensson S, Golubickis M, Johnson S, Falbén JK & Macrae CN 2022 'Self-relevance and the activation of attentional networks' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 174702182211122-174702182211122 , DOI
  • Delios A, Clemente EG, Wu T, Tan H, Wang Y, Gordon M, Viganola D, Chen Z, Dreber A & Johannesson M 2022 'Examining the generalizability of research findings from archival data' Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 119, (30) , DOI Open access
  • Stengelin R, Ball R, Maurits L, Kanngiesser P & Haun DBM 2022 'Children over-imitate adults and peers more than puppets' Developmental science , DOI Open access
  • Heintz S, Ruch W, Lau C, Saklofske DH & McGhee P 2022 'Development and Validation of the Short Version of the Sense of Humor Scale (SHS-S)' European Journal of Psychological Assessment 38, (4) 320-331 , DOI
  • Golubickis M & Macrae CN 2022 'Sticky me: Self-relevance slows reinforcement learning' Cognition 227, , DOI Open access
  • Norman A, Jackson S, Ferrario H & McBride P 2022 'Hidden disability: A qualitative study of the psychosocial impacts of pituitary conditions' British Journal of Nursing 31, (11) , DOI Open access
  • Norman A, Jackson S, Ferrario H & McBride P 2022 'Hidden disability: a study of the psychosocial impact of living with pituitary conditions' British Journal of Nursing 31, (11) 590-597 , DOI
  • Nuojua S, Pahl S & Thompson R 2022 'Ocean connectedness and consumer responses to single-use packaging' Journal of Environmental Psychology 81, 101814-101814 , DOI
  • Milne-Ives M, Fraser L, Khan A, Walker D, van Velthoven MH, May J, Wolfe I, Harding T & Meinert E 2022 'Life.course digital T.wins – I.ntelligent M.onitoring for E.arly and continuous intervention and prevention (LifeTIME): Proposal for a proof-of-concept study' JMIR Research Protocols 11, (5) , DOI Open access
  • Bannister K & Hughes S 2022 'One size doesn’t fit all: towards optimising the therapeutic potential of endogenous pain modulatory systems' Pain Publish Ahead of Print, , DOI Open access
  • Cole GG, Samuel S & Eacott MJ 2022 'A return of mental imagery: The pictorial theory of visual perspective-taking' Consciousness and Cognition , DOI Open access
  • Dhanda A, Allende H, Allgar V, Andrade J, Bailey MP, Callaghan L, Cocking L, Goodwin E, Hawton A & Hayward C 2022 'Mental Imagery to Reduce Alcohol- related harm in patients with alcohol dependence and alcohol-related liver damaGE: the MIRAGE pilot trial protocol' BMJ Open Gastroenterology 12, (5) , DOI Open access
  • Terbeck S, Bacon A & Howard I 2022 'Assessing reactive violence using Immersive Virtual Reality' PLoS One 17, (5) , DOI Open access
  • Yang X, Huang J, Roser M & Guangrong X 2022 'Anhedonia reduction correlates with increased ventral caudate connectivity with superior frontal gyrus in depression' Journal of Psychiatric Research 151, 286-290 , DOI Open access
  • Bolt C, Heath J & Moss D 2022 'Exploring the therapeutic opportunities, challenges and psychological mechanisms of integrating dogs into psychological therapies with adults' Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 47, 101564-101564 , DOI
  • McKeown S, Sagherian-Dickey T, Kwong J & Charlesford J 2022 'Putting theory into peaceful practice: insights and reflections on the process of co-producing a school-based intergroup relations intervention with teachers' Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology. , DOI Open access
  • Lowry J, Wakeham T, Norman A, Dean J, Holloway M, Needham-Holmes B, Clark-Wilson J & Feltham-White P 2022 'Whose outcome is it anyway? Outcome and Brain Injury Case Management' Journal of Long-Term Care Publisher Site , DOI Open access
  • Brown SL, Fisher PL, Morgan A, Davies C, Olabi Y, Hope-Stone L, Heimann H, Hussain R & Cherry MG 2022 '‘I Don't Like Uncertainty, I Like to Know’: How and why uveal melanoma patients consent to life expectancy prognostication' Health Expectations , DOI Open access
  • Inkster A, Mitchell C, Schlegelmilch R & Wills A 2022 'Effect of a context shift on the inverse base rate effect' Open Journal of Experimental Psychology and Neuroscience 1, 22-29 , DOI Open access
  • Broesch T, Lew-Levy S, Kline M, Kärtner J & Kanngiesser P 2022 'A roadmap to doing culturally grounded developmental science' Review of Philosophy and Psychology , DOI Open access
  • Chen C-H & Yu C 2022 'Building lexical networks: Preschoolers extract different types of information in cross-situational learning' Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 220, , DOI Open access
  • Lydahl D, Britten N, Lloyd H, Wolf A, Naldemirci O & Heckemann B 2022 'Exploring Documentation in Person-Centred Care: A Content Analysis of Care Plans' International Journal of Older People Nursing , DOI Open access
  • Bacon A 2022 'The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on severe asthma care in Europe - will care change for good?' ERJ Open Research 8, , DOI Open access
  • Komarnyckyj M, Retzler C, Cao Z, Ganis G, Murphy A, Whelan R & Fouragnan EF 2022 'At‐risk alcohol users have disrupted valence discrimination during reward anticipation' Addiction Biology 27, (3) , DOI Open access
  • Månsson V, Andrade J, Jayaram-Lindström N & Berman AH 2022 '“I see myself”: Craving imagery among individuals with addictive disorders' Journal of Addictive Diseases 1-14 , DOI Open access
  • Spicer SG, Fullwood C, Close J, Nicklin LL, Lloyd J & Lloyd H 2022 'Loot boxes and problem gambling: Investigating the “gateway hypothesis”' Addictive Behaviors 131, , DOI Open access
  • Norman A, Mortimer S, Percuklievska N, Ferrario H & Baptie G 2022 'Breastfeeding experiences & support: A mixed-methods approach to identifying factors influencing breastfeeding behaviour' British Journal of Midwifery 30, (4) , DOI Open access
  • Marsh LE, Gil J & Kanngiesser P 2022 'The influence of collaboration and culture on the IKEA effect: Does cocreation alter perceptions of value in British and Indian children?' Developmental Psychology 58, (4) 662-670 , DOI Open access
  • Samuel S 2022 'Visual perspective taking without visual perspective taking' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition , DOI Open access
  • Milne-Ives M, Homer S, Andrade J & Meinert E 2022 'Associations between Behaviour Change Techniques and engagement with mobile health apps: Systematic review protocol' JMIR Research Protocols 11, (3) , DOI Open access
  • Plaat F, Stanford SER, Lucas DN, Andrade J, Careless J, Russell R, Bishop D, Lo Q & Bogod D 2022 'Prevention and management of intra-operative pain during caesarean section under neuraxial anaesthesia: a technical and interpersonal approach' Anaesthesia 77, (5) 588-597 , DOI Open access
  • Sun L, Lukkarinen L, Noppari T, Nazari-Farsani S, Putkinen V, Seppälä K, Hudson M, Tani P, Lindberg N & Karlsson HK 2022 'Aberrant motor contagion of emotions in psychopathy and high-functioning autism' Cerebral Cortex , DOI
  • Murrani S, Lloyd H & Popovici I-C 2022 'Mapping Home, Memory and Spatial Recovery in Forced Displacement' Social and Cultural Geography , DOI Open access
  • Rijken M, Close J, Menting J, Lette M, Stoop HJ, Zonneveld N, de Bruin S, Lloyd H & Heymans M 2022 'Assessing the experience of person‐centred coordinated care of people with chronic conditions in the Netherlands: Validation of the Dutch P3CEQ' Health Expectations , DOI Open access
  • Vylobkova V, Heintz S, Gander F, Wagner L & Ruch W 2022 'Convergence and Psychometric Properties of Character Strengths Measures: The VIA-IS and the VIA-IS-R' Journal of Personality Assessment 1-8 , DOI Open access
  • Hehir C, Scarles C, Wyles KJ & Kantenbacher J 2022 'Last chance for wildlife: making tourism count for conservation' Journal of Sustainable Tourism 1-21 , DOI Open access
  • Norman A, Curro V, Holloway M, Percuklievska N & Ferrario H 2022 'Experiences of individuals with Acquired Brain Injury and their families interacting with community services: a systematic scoping review' Disability and Rehabilitation , DOI Open access
  • Baptie G, Andrade J, Bacon A & Norman A 2022 'Trauma after childbirth: The mediating effects of subjective experience' XVIII-XVIII
  • Holloway M & Norman A 2022 'Just a Little Bit of History Repeating: The recurring and fatal consequences of lacking professional knowledge of acquired brain injury' Journal of Adult Protection , DOI Open access
  • Abu-Zhaya R, Arnon I & Borovsky A 2022 'Do Children Use Multi‐Word Information in Real‐Time Sentence Comprehension?' Cognitive Science 46, (3) , DOI
  • Woike J, Hafenbrädl S, Kanngiesser P & Hertwig R 2022 'The Transmission Game: Testing behavioral interventions in a pandemic-like simulation' Science Advances 8, (8) , DOI Open access
  • Austin D, May J, Andrade J & Nichols A 2022 'Exploring barriers, motivators and potential solutions to achieve healthy lifestyle among undergraduate student nurses' British Journal of Nursing 31, (4) , DOI Open access
  • Hart AG, Adcock D, Barr M, Church S, Clegg T, Copland S, De Meyer K, Dunkley R, Pateman RM & Underhill R 2022 'Understanding Engagement, Marketing, and Motivation to Benefit Recruitment and Retention in Citizen Science' Citizen Science: Theory and Practice 7, (1) , DOI Open access
  • McCrory M, Murphy DF, Morris RC & Noad RF 2022 'Evaluating the GAD-2 to screen for post-stroke anxiety on an acute stroke unit' Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 1-17 , DOI
  • Morris R, McCrory M, Murphy D & Noad R 2022 'EVALUATING THE GAD-2 AS A SCREENING MEASURE FOR POST-STROKE ANXIETY IN AN ACUTE STROKE UNIT' Neuropsychological Rehabilitation , DOI Open access
  • Edwards KJ, Maslin K, Andrade J, Jones RB & Shawe J 2022 'Mobile health as a primary mode of intervention for women at risk of, or diagnosed with, gestational diabetes mellitus' JBI Evidence Synthesis Publish Ahead of Print, , DOI Open access
  • Close J, Spicer S, Nicklin L, Lloyd J & Lloyd H 2022 'Loot box engagement: relationships with educational attainment, employment status and earnings in a cohort of 16,000 UK gamers' Addiction , DOI Open access

Open Science Strategy

This strategy commits the School of Psychology to three key open science goals by 2021. The first is preregistration of all research that will be published. The second is open access to all research publications. The third is open access to the raw data, stimuli, materials, and analysis pipelines of all published papers (except where so doing would cause insurmountable ethical or privacy issues). Four members of staff are signatories to the Peer Reviewers' Openness Initiative (Bach, Walsh, Whalley, Wills), which seeks to use peer review as a lever to improve open science practices. Wills is a Trustee of the Nurture Science Publishing Group, a non-profit organisation dedicated to the promotion of affordable open-access publication in the context of rigorous, reproducibility-focused peer review.


Facilities and labs

Brain Research & Imaging Centre

The Brain Research & Imaging Centre (BRIC), the most advanced multi-modal brain imaging facility in the South West, will provide the sea-change to enhance the quality of our research in human neuroscience.

With seven cutting-edge human research laboratories, BRIC will include an MRI suite with the most advanced 3-Tesla scanner in the region. It will critically advance our enquiry toward the most advanced brain research, improved radiological diagnostics and better patient care.

Find out more about the facility

<p>BRIC building development, December 2020</p>
Neuroscience facilities

Located on our main city-centre campus, these facilities are ideally placed for large-sample studies of neurotypical individuals. The facilities comprise three eye-tracking labs, three 128-channel EEG labs (one suitable for infant participants), a Neural Modulation laboratory, a functional Near Infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) lab, and a data analysis suite. The Neural Modulation laboratory provides facilities for singlepulse and rapid TMS, and tDCS, combined with 64-channel EEG recording and 3D scalp surface and electrode digitisation.


The Babylab provides facilities that are essential to the developmental component of our Experimental Psychology research. Babylab provides excellent, dedicated facilities for infant testing including a family-friendly reception space, two observation rooms, and six individual sound-attenuating booths, with a Tobii 300 Hz system and a head-turn preference setting.

Learn more about the Babylab

Dedicated behavioural testing facilities

A total of 26 purpose-built testing rooms, most of them multi-seat. This facility supports much of the core work of Experimental Psychology group. There are also two dedicated 'soft labs': comfortable, relaxing spaces more conducive to the study of human interaction and counselling than standard labs. We also have three research-dedicated state-of-the-art Virtual Reality Labs.

Specialist equipment

Multichannel EMG systems, respiratory belts, skin thermometers, GSR devices, and pulse meters. There are also movement-measurement devices, including force transducers, accelerometers and laser displacement meters, and somatosensory and pain research devices that enable peripheral percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.

Non-human animal research

In the School of Biological and Marine Sciences there are eight dedicated observation labs, including two specialist temperature-controlled facilities suitable for aquatic animals. All labs are set up for video recording and remote logging with Noldus observer. Our Animal Behaviour researchers also make regular use of shared resources in the School of Biological and Marine Sciences, including animal housing, Home Office licensed space, plus physiology and molecular biology labs. Our research on sustainability is substantially facilitated by the presence of the Plymouth Marine Institute - the first and largest such institute in the UK.

Virtual reality research

Our team are conducting research into virtual reality, working on topics including:

  • Foundations of search and navigation
  • Connecting people with the ocean
  • Using augmented reality to deliver an imagery-based intervention for behaviour change

Discover more about our latest virtual reality research.


Our researchers