Professor Christopher Mitchell
Profiles

Professor Christopher Mitchell

Professor in Psychology

School of Psychology (Faculty of Health and Human Sciences)

Role

I am a cognitive psychologist working in the areas of learning, memory and attention. My main research focus has been on the role of high-level cognitive processes in human associative learning. I have also published on perceptual learning and liking. 

Qualifications

I obtained my BSc and PhD in psychology from University College London (1987-1995). I then worked as a post-doctoral research fellow at UCL (1995-97) and a consumer scientist at Unilever Research, Portsunlight (1998-2000). A significant portion of my career was spent in beautiful New South Wales, Australia as a post-doc and then a member of staff at UNSW (2002-2011).  I then returned to beautiful Devon and joined the School of Psychology in Plymouth in 2011.

Teaching interests

I teach on a range of topics related to learning, including Pavlovian and instrumental conditioning, the role of controlled processes in learning, and the way learning affects health.  I also teach meditation.

Research interests

I have a range of projects related to associative learning:


1) Pavlovian-instrumental conditioning
2) Associative processes in Test-potentiated learning (TPL)
3) Conditioned inhibition
4) The role of uncertainty in associative learning

I also supervise two PhD students looking at:

1) Imagery and action
2) The effects of meditation on attentional processes

Key publications are highlighted

Journals
Articles
Colton J, Bach P, Whalley B & Mitchell CJ 2018 'Intention insertion: activating an action’s perceptual consequences is sufficient to induce non-willed motor behaviour' Journal of Experimental Psychology: General PEARL
Seabrooke T, Le Pelley ME, Porter A & Mitchell CJ 2018 'Extinguishing cue-controlled reward choice: Effects of Pavlovian extinction on outcome-selective Pavlovian-instrumental transfer' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition 44, (3) PEARL
Venkatesh S, Moulds ML & Mitchell CJ 2018 'Testing for Depressive Realism in a Clinically Depressed Sample' Behaviour Change 35, (2) 108-122 , DOI
Zaksaite T, Jones P & Mitchell C 2017 'Creativity and Blocking: No Evidence for an Association' AVANT. The Journal of the Philosophical-Interdisciplinary Vanguard VIII, (Special) 135-146 , DOI
Seabrooke T, Le Pelley ME, Hogarth L & Mitchell CJ 2017 'Evidence of a Goal-Directed Process in Human Pavlovian-Instrumental Transfer' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition , DOI PEARL
Hardy L, Mitchell C, Seabrooke T & Hogarth L 2017 'Drug cue reactivity involves hierarchical instrumental learning: evidence from a biconditional Pavlovian to instrumental transfer task' Psychopharmacology 234, (13) 1977-1984 , DOI PEARL
Seabrooke T, Hogarth L & Mitchell CJ 2016 'The propositional basis of cue-controlled reward seeking' The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 69, (12) 2452-2470 , DOI PEARL
de Zilva D, Newell BR & Mitchell CJ 2016 'Multiple context mere exposure: Examining the limits of liking' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 69, (3) 521-534 , DOI
Le Pelley ME, Mitchell CJ, Beesley T, George DN & Wills AJ 2016 'Attention and associative learning in humans: An integrative review' Psychological Bulletin PEARL
Griffiths O, Mitchell CJ, Bethmont A & Lovibond PF 2015 'Outcome predictability biases learning' J Exp Psychol Anim Learn Cogn 41, (1) 1-17 Author Site , DOI PEARL
Mitchell CJ, Griffiths O, More P & Lovibond PF 2013 'Contingency bias in probability judgement may arise from ambiguity regarding additional causes' Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 66, (9) 1675-1686 Author Site , DOI
Mitchell CJ & Hall G 2013 'Can Theories of Animal Discrimination Explain Perceptual Learning in Humans?' Psychological Bulletin 140, (1) 283-307 , DOI PEARL
Lovibond PF, Chen SX, Mitchell CJ & Weidemann G 2013 'Competition between an avoidance response and a safety signal: evidence for a single learning system' Biol Psychol 92, (1) 9-16 Author Site , DOI
de Zilva D, Mitchell CJ & Newell BR 2013 'Eliminating the mere exposure effect through changes in context between exposure and test' Cogn Emot 27, (8) 1345-1358 Author Site , DOI
Le Pelley ME, Mitchell CJ & Johnson AM 2013 'Outcome value influences attentional biases in human associative learning: dissociable effects of training and instruction' J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 39, (1) 39-55 Author Site , DOI
Wang T, Lavis Y, Hall G & Mitchell CJ 2012 'Location and salience of unique features in human perceptual learning' J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 38, (4) 407-418 Author Site , DOI
Mitchell CJ, Griffiths O, Seetoo J & Lovibond PF 2012 'Attentional mechanisms in learned predictiveness' J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 38, (2) 191-202 Author Site , DOI
Weidemann G, Broderick J, Lovibond PF & Mitchell CJ 2012 'Both trace and delay conditioned eyeblink responding can be dissociated from outcome expectancy' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes 38, (1) 1-10 , DOI
de Zilva D & Mitchell CJ 2012 'Effects of exposure on discrimination of similar stimuli and on memory for their unique and common features' Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 65, (6) 1123-1138 Author Site , DOI
Chang BPI & Mitchell CJ 2011 'Discriminating between the Effects of Valence and Salience in the Implicit Association Test' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 64, (11) 2251-2275 , DOI
Griffiths O, Johnson AM & Mitchell CJ 2011 'Negative transfer in human associative learning' Psychol Sci 22, (9) 1198-1204 Author Site , DOI
Lovibond PF, Liu JCJ, Weidemann G & Mitchell CJ 2011 'Awareness is necessary for differential trace and delay eyeblink conditioning in humans' Biol Psychol 87, (3) 393-400 Author Site , DOI
Lavis Y, Kadib R, Mitchell CJ & Hall G 2011 'Memory for, and salience of, the unique features in perceptual learning' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes 37, 211-219
Wang T & Mitchell CJ 2011 'Attention and relative novelty in human perceptual learning' J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 37, (4) 436-445 Author Site , DOI
Lavis Y, Kadib R, Mitchell C & Hall G 2011 'Memory for, and salience of, the unique features of similar stimuli in perceptual learning' J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 37, (2) 211-219 Author Site , DOI
Mitchell CJ, Wardle SG, Lovibond PF, Weidemann G & Chang BP 2010 'Do reaction times in the Perruchet effect reflect variations in the strength of an associative link?' J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 36, (2) 567-572 Author Site , DOI
Newell BR, Mitchell CJ & Hayes BK 2009 'Missing the target: A reply to Koehler & Macchi (2009)' Journal of Behavioral Decision Making 22, (5) 528-532 , DOI
Chang BPI & Mitchell CJ 2009 'Processing fluency as a predictor of salience asymmetries in the Implicit Association Test' Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 62, (10) 2030-2054 Author Site , DOI
Lovibond PF, Mitchell CJ, Minard E, Brady A & Menzies RG 2009 'Safety behaviours preserve threat beliefs: Protection from extinction of human fear conditioning by an avoidance response' Behav Res Ther 47, (8) 716-720 Author Site , DOI
Mitchell CJ 2009 'Human and animal perceptual learning: some common and some unique features' Learn Behav 37, (2) 154-160 Author Site , DOI
Mitchell CJ, De Houwer J & Lovibond PF 2009 'The propositional nature of human associative learning' Behav Brain Sci 32, (2) 183-198 Author Site , DOI
Mitchell CJ, De Houwer J & Lovibond PF 2009 'Link-based learning theory creates more problems than it solves' Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32, (02) 230-230 , DOI
Weidemann G, Tangen JM, Lovibond PF & Mitchell CJ 2009 'Is Perruchet's dissociation between eyeblink conditioned responding and outcome expectancy evidence for two learning systems?' J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 35, (2) 169-176 Author Site , DOI
Griffiths O & Mitchell CJ 2008 'Selective attention in human associative learning and recognition memory' J Exp Psychol Gen 137, (4) 626-648 Author Site , DOI
Scully AL & Mitchell CJ 2008 'Short Article: Extinction in human learning and memory' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 61, (10) 1472-1478 , DOI
Griffiths O & Mitchell CJ 2008 'Negative priming reduces affective ratings' Cognition & Emotion 22, (6) 1119-1129 , DOI
Lovibond PF, Saunders JC, Weidemann G & Mitchell CJ 2008 'Evidence for expectancy as a mediator of avoidance and anxiety in a laboratory model of human avoidance learning' Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61, (8) 1199-1216 Author Site
Newell BR, Mitchell CJ & Hayes BK 2008 'Getting scarred and winning lotteries: effects of exemplar cuing and statistical format on imagining low‐probability events' Journal of Behavioral Decision Making 21, (3) 317-335 , DOI
Mitchell C, Kadib R, Nash S, Lavis Y & Hall G 2008 'Analysis of the role of associative inhibition in perceptual learning by means of the same-different task' J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 34, (4) 475-485 Author Site , DOI
Mitchell CJ, Harris JA, Westbrook RF & Griffiths O 2008 'Changes in cue associability across training in human causal learning' J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 34, (4) 423-436 Author Site , DOI
Mitchell C, Nash S & Hall G 2008 'The intermixed-blocked effect in human perceptual learning is not the consequence of trial spacing' J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34, (1) 237-242 Author Site , DOI
Wardle SG, Mitchell CJ & Lovibond PF 2007 'Flavor evaluative conditioning and contingency awareness' Learn Behav 35, (4) 233-241 Author Site
Sargent MJ, Kahan TA & Mitchell CJ 2007 'The mere acceptance effect: Can it influence responses on racial Implicit Association Tests?' Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 43, (5) 787-793 , DOI
Mitchell CJ, Livesey E & Lovibond PF 2007 'A dissociation between causal judgement and the ease with which a cause is categorized with its effect' Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60, (3) 400-417 Author Site , DOI
Lavis Y & Mitchell C 2006 'Effects of preexposure on stimulus discrimination: an investigation of the mechanisms responsible for human perceptual learning' Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59, (12) 2083-2101 Author Site , DOI
Mitchell CJ, Lovibond PF, Minard E & Lavis Y 2006 'Forward blocking in human learning sometimes reflects the failure to encode a cue–outcome relationship' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 59, (5) 830-844 , DOI
Mitchell CJ, Lovibond PF & Gan CY 2005 'A dissociation between causal judgment and outcome recall' Psychon Bull Rev 12, (5) 950-954 Author Site
Bonardi C, Graham S, Hall G & Mitchell C 2005 'Acquired distinctiveness and equivalence in human discrimination learning: Evidence for an attentional process' Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 12, (1) 88-92 , DOI
Mitchell CJ, Lovibond PF & Condoleon M 2005 'Evidence for deductive reasoning in blocking of causal judgments' Learning and Motivation 36, (1) 77-87 , DOI
Mitchell CJ, Killedar A & Lovibond PF 2005 'Inference-based retrospective revaluation in human causal judgments requires knowledge of within-compound relationships' J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 31, (4) 418-424 Author Site , DOI
Mitchell CJ 2004 'Mere acceptance produces apparent attitude in the Implicit Association Test' Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 40, (3) 366-373 , DOI
Mitchell CJ, Anderson NE & Lovibond PF 2003 'Measuring evaluative conditioning using the Implicit Association Test' Learning and Motivation 34, (2) 203-217 , DOI
Hall G, Mitchell C, Graham S & Lavis Y 2003 'Acquired equivalence and distinctiveness in human discrimination learning: Evidence for associative mediation' Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132, (2) 266-276 , DOI
Lovibond PE, Been S-L, Mitchell CJ, Bouton ME & Frohardt R 2003 'Forward and backward blocking of causal judgment is enhanced by additivity of effect magnitude' Mem Cognit 31, (1) 133-142 Author Site
Mitchell CJ & Lovibond PF 2002 'Backward and forward blocking in human electrodermal conditioning: blocking requires an assumption of outcome additivity' Q J Exp Psychol B 55, (4) 311-329 Author Site , DOI
Heyes CM, Ray ED, Mitchell CJ & Nokes T 2000 'Stimulus Enhancement: Controls for Social Facilitation and Local Enhancement' Learning and Motivation 31, (2) 83-98 , DOI
Mitchell CJ, Heyes CM, Gardner MR & Dawson GR 1999 'Limitations of a bidirectional control procedure for the investigation of imitation in rats: Odour cues on the Manipulandum' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section B: Comparative and Physiological Psychology 52, (3) 193-202
Reed P, Mitchell C & Nokes T 1996 'Intrinsic reinforcing properties of putatively neutral stimuli in an instrumental two-lever discrimination task' Animal Learning & Behavior 24, (1) 38-45 , DOI
Mitchell C & Heyes C 1996 'Simultaneous Overshadowing and Potentiation of Taste and Contextual Cues by a Second Taste in Toxicosis Conditioning' Learning and Motivation 27, (1) 58-72 , DOI
Books
Mitchell CJ & Pelley MEL 2010 Attention and Associative Learning From Brain to Behaviour. Oxford University Press, USA
Chapters
Barnier AJ, Dienes Z & Mitchell CJ 2012 'How hypnosis happens: New cognitive theories of hypnotic responding' The Oxford Handbook of Hypnosis: Theory, Research, and Practice , DOI