Professor Andy Wills
Profiles

Professor Andy Wills

Professor in Psychology

School of Psychology (Faculty of Health & Human Sciences)

Role

Professor of Psychology

Qualifications

B.Sc. Psychology (Soton), Ph.D. Psychology (Cantab)

Research interests

Learning, memory, categorization. http://www.willslab.co.uk/

Key publications are highlighted

Journals
Articles
Edmunds CER, Wills AJ & Milton F 2018 'Initial training with difficult items does not facilitate category learning' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology , DOI PEARL
Lawson R, Chang F & Wills AJ 2017 'Free classification of large sets of everyday objects is more thematic than taxonomic' Acta Psychologica 26-40 , DOI PEARL
Wills AJ & Hollins TJ 2017 'In Defence of Effect-Centric Research' Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition 6, (1) 43-46 , DOI PEARL
Wills AJ, O'Connell G, Edmunds CER & Inkster AB 2017 'Progress in modeling through distributed collaboration: Concepts, tools, and category-learning examples' Psychology of Learning and Motivation PEARL
Milton F, Bealing P, Carpenter KL, Bennattayallah A & Wills AJ 2017 'The Neural Correlates of Similarity- and Rule-based Generalization' Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 29, (1) 150-166 , DOI PEARL
Longman CS, Milton F, Wills AJ & Verbruggen F 2017 'Transfer of learned category-response associations is modulated by instruction' Acta Psychologica PEARL
Carpenter KL, Wills AJ, Benattayallah A & Milton F 2016 'A Comparison of the neural correlates that underlie rule-based and information-integration category learning' Human Brain Mapping 37, (10) 3557-3574 , DOI PEARL
O'Connell G, Myers CE, Hopkins RO, McLaren RP, Gluck MA & Wills AJ 2016 'Amnesic Patients Show Superior Generalization in Category Learning' Neuropsychology , DOI PEARL
Le Pelley ME, Mitchell CJ, Beesley T, George DN & Wills AJ 2016 'Attention and associative learning in humans: An integrative review' Psychological Bulletin PEARL
Roberts H, Watkins E & Wills A 2016 'Does rumination cause “inhibitory” deficits?' Psychopathology Review , DOI PEARL
Wills AJ, Inkster AB & Milton F 2015 'Combination or Differentiation? Two theories of processing order in classification' Cognitive Psychology 80, 1-33 , DOI PEARL
Maes E, De Filippo G, Inkster AB, Lea SEG, De Houwer J, D’Hooge R, Beckers T & Wills AJ 2015 'Feature- versus rule-based generalization in rats, pigeons and humans' Animal Cognition 18, (6) 1267-1284 , DOI PEARL
Edmunds CER, Milton F & Wills AJ 2015 'Feedback can be superior to observational training for both rule-based and information-integration category structures' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 68, 1203-1222 Author Site PEARL
Hogarth L, Zhimin H, Chase HW, Wills AJ, Troisi II J, Leventhal M, Mathew AR & Hitsman B 2015 'Negative mood reverses devaluation of goal-directed drug-seeking favouring an incentive learning account of drug dependence' Psychopharmacology , DOI PEARL
Yeates F, Wills AJ, Jones FW & McLaren IPL 2015 'State trace analysis: Dissociable processes in a connectionist network?' Cognitive Science 39, 1047-1061 PEARL
Wills AJ, Lavric A, Hemmings Y & Surrey E 2014 'Attention, predictive learning, and the inverse base-rate effect: evidence from event-related potentials' Neuroimage 87, 61-71 Author Site , DOI PEARL
Roberts H, Watkins ER & Wills AJ 2013 'Cueing an unresolved personal goal causes persistent ruminative self-focus: An experimental evaluation of control theories of rumination' Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 44, (4) 449-455 , DOI PEARL
Wills AJ, Milton F, Longmore CA, Hester S & Robinson J 2013 'Is overall similarity classification less effortful than single-dimension classification?' Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 66, (2) 299-318 Author Site , DOI
Yeates F, Jones FW, Wills AJ, McLaren RP & McLaren IPL 2013 'Modeling human sequence learning under incidental conditions' J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 39, (2) 166-173 Author Site , DOI
Yeates F, Jones FW, Wills AJ, McLaren RP & McLaren IPL 2013 'Modeling human sequence learning under incidental conditions' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes 39, (2) 166-173 , DOI
Newell BR, Moore CP, Wills AJ & Milton F 2013 'Reinstating the Frontal Lobes? Having More Time to Think Improves Implicit Perceptual Categorization: A Comment on Filoteo, Lauritzen, and Maddox (2010)' PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 24, (3) 386-389 Author Site , DOI
Wills AJ & Pothos EM 2012 'On the Adequacy of Bayesian Evaluations of Categorization Models: Reply to Vanpaemel and Lee (2012)' PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN 138, (6) 1259-1261 Author Site , DOI
Wills AJ, Graham S, Koh Z, McLaren IP & Rolland MD 2011 'Effects of concurrent load on feature- and rule-based generalization in human contingency learning' J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 37, (3) 308-316 Author Site , DOI
Goto K, Lea SEG, Wills AJ & Milton F 2011 'Interpreting the effects of image manipulation on picture perception in pigeons (Columba livia) and humans (Homo sapiens)' J Comp Psychol 125, (1) 48-60 Author Site , DOI
McLaren IPL, Wills AJ & Graham S 2011 'Representation development, perceptual learning, and concept formation' BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES 34, (3) 141-U41 Author Site , DOI
Graham S, Jie HL, Chan H-M, McLaren IPL & Wills AJ 2011 'Simultaneous Backward Conditioned Inhibition and Mediated Conditioning' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-ANIMAL BEHAVIOR PROCESSES 37, (2) 241-245 Author Site , DOI
Welham AK & Wills AJ 2011 'Unitization, similarity, and overt attention in categorization and exposure' Mem Cognit 39, (8) 1518-1533 Author Site , DOI
Hopewell LJ, Leaver LA, Lea SEG & Wills AJ 2010 'Grey squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis) show a feature-negative effect specific to social learning' Anim Cogn 13, (2) 219-227 Author Site , DOI
Beesley T, Wills AJ & Le Pelley ME 2010 'Syntactic transfer in artificial grammar learning' PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW 17, (1) 122-128 Author Site , DOI
Wills AJ, Lea SE, Leaver LA, Osthaus B, Ryan CM, Suret MB, Bryant CM, Chapman SJ & Millar L 2009 'A comparative analysis of the categorization of multidimensional stimuli: I. Unidimensional classification does not necessarily imply analytic processing; evidence from pigeons (Columba livia), squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis), and humans (Homo sapiens)' J Comp Psychol 123, (4) 391-405 Author Site , DOI
Lea SEG, Wills AJ, Leaver LA, Ryan CME, Bryant CML & Millar L 2009 'A comparative analysis of the categorization of multidimensional stimuli: II. Strategic information search in humans (Homo sapiens) but not in pigeons (Columba livia)' J Comp Psychol 123, (4) 406-420 Author Site , DOI
Milton F & Wills AJ 2009 'Long-term persistence of sort strategy in free classification' Acta Psychol (Amst) 130, (2) 161-167 Author Site , DOI
Wills AJ 2009 'Prediction Errors and Attention in the Presence and Absence of Feedback' CURRENT DIRECTIONS IN PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 18, (2) 95-100 Author Site , DOI
Milton F, Wills AJ & Hodgson TL 2009 'The neural basis of overall similarity and single-dimension sorting' Neuroimage 46, (1) 319-326 Author Site , DOI
Milton FN, Longmore, C.A., Wills & A.J. 2008 'Processes of overall similarity sorting in free classification' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 34, (3) 676-692 Author Site , DOI
Haslam C, Wills AJ, Haslam SA, Kay J, Baron R & McNab F 2007 'Does maintenance of colour categories rely on language? Evidence to the contrary from a case of semantic dementia' Brain Lang 103, (3) 251-263 Author Site , DOI
Wills AJ, Lavric A, Croft GS & Hodgson TL 2007 'Predictive learning, prediction errors, and attention: evidence from event-related potentials and eye tracking' J Cogn Neurosci 19, (5) 843-854 Author Site , DOI
Wills AJ, Noury M, Moberly NJ & Newport M 2006 'Formation of category representations' Mem Cognit 34, (1) 17-27 Author Site
Lea SEG, Wills AJ & Ryan CME 2006 'Why are artificial polymorphous concepts so hard for birds to learn?' Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59, (2) 251-267 Author Site , DOI
Le Pelley ME, Oakeshott SM, Wills AJ & McLaren IPL 2005 'The outcome specificity of learned predictiveness effects: Parallels between human causal learning and animal conditioning' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-ANIMAL BEHAVIOR PROCESSES 31, (2) 226-236 Author Site , DOI
Wills AJ, Suret M & McLaren IPL 2004 'Brief communication: the role of category structure in determining the effects of stimulus preexposure on categorization accuracy' Q J Exp Psychol B 57, (1) 79-88 Author Site , DOI
Goto K, Wills AJ & Lea SEG 2004 'Global-feature classification can be acquired more rapidly than local-feature classification in both humans and pigeons' Anim Cogn 7, (2) 109-113 Author Site , DOI
Milton F & Wills AJ 2004 'The influence of stimulus properties on category construction' J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 30, (2) 407-415 Author Site , DOI
Wills AJ, Reimers S, Stewart N, Suret M & McLaren IPL 2000 'Tests of the ratio rule in categorization' QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY SECTION A-HUMAN EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 53, (4) 983-1011 Author Site , DOI
Jones FW, Wills AJ & McLaren IP 1998 'Perceptual categorization: connectionist modelling and decision rules' Q J Exp Psychol B 51, (1) 33-58 Author Site , DOI
Wills AJ & McLaren IP 1998 'Perceptual learning and free classification' Q J Exp Psychol B 51, (3) 235-270 Author Site , DOI
Wills AJ & McLaren IPL 1997 'Generalization in human category learning: A connectionist account of differences in gradient after discriminative and non-discriminative training' QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY SECTION A-HUMAN EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 50, (3) 607-630 Author Site , DOI
Reviews
Wills AJ & Pothos EM 2012 'On the adequacy of current empirical evaluations of formal models of categorization' Psychol Bull 138, (1) 102-125 Author Site , DOI
Chapters
Wills AJ 2004 'Association and cognition' New Directions in Human Associative Learning 1-9 , DOI
Conference Papers
Inkster AB, Milton FN & Wills AJ 2014 'Does incidental training increase the prevalence of overall similarity classification? A re-examination of Kemler Nelson (1984)' Austin, TX Cognitive Science Society PEARL
Carmantini GS, Cangelosi A & Wills AJ 2014 'Machine learning of visual object categorization: an application of the SUSTAIN model' Austin, TX Cognitive Science Society 290-295 PEARL
Milton F, Copestake E, Satherley D, Stevens T & Wills AJ 2014 'The effect of pre-exposure on family resemblance categorization for stimuli of varying levels of perceptual difficulty' Austin, TX Cognitive Science Society 1018-1023 PEARL
Lavric A & Wills A 2005 'ERPS support attentional theories of associative learning' 171-171
Wills AJ, Ellett L & Lea SEG 2004 'Acquisition of polymorphous concepts' 1657-1657
Welham A & Wills AJ 2004 'Emergence of features in visual stimuli' 1654-1654
Welham AK, Schnadt MJ & Wills A 2003 'Speeded categorization: The effects of perceptual processing and decision-making time' 1218-1223
Wills AJ, Suret M & McLaren IPL 2000 'Categorization and the Ratio Rule' 994-999
Wills AJ & McLaren IPL 1997 'Generalization in category learning: One and two category problems' 1088-1088