Professor Sabine Pahl

Professor Sabine Pahl

Honorary Professor of Applied Social Psychology

School of Psychology (Faculty of Health)



Please note my contact details from 15th October 2020:
Professor Sabine Pahl
Urban and Environmental Psychology Group
Faculty of Psychology
University of Vienna
Waechtergasse 1
1010 Vienna
I will remain affiliated with the University of Plymouth to facilitate ongoing collaborations and projects, but will not regularly check the Plymouth e-mail account. Please contact me at sabine.pahl[at] instead. 


Since 2020 – Professor of Urban and Environmental Psychology, University of Vienna, Austria2019-2020 – Professor of Applied Social Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
2012-2019 – Associate Professor (Reader) in Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK 
2006-2012 – Lecturer in Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
2003-2006 – Lecturer in Psychology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
2002-2003 – ESRC Postdoctoral Fellowship, University of Sheffield, UK
2002 – PhD in Psychology, University of Sheffield, UK
1999 – Diplom in Psychology, University of Bremen, Germany
1998 – MSc in Social and Applied Psychology, University of Kent, UK

Professional membership

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie (DGPs); Fachgruppe Umweltpsychologie
European Association of Social Psychology (EASP)
International Association for People-Environment Studies (IAPS)
IAPS Restorative Environments Network
International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP)

Roles on external bodies

Board member of Plymouth Energy Community (PEC) – 2017-2020Honorary Associate Professor, University of Exeter – since 2015
Member of the Strategic Advisory Group for UKRI's Sustainable Management of UK Marine Resources (SMMR) Programme – since 2020
Member of the ESRC Peer Review College – since 2015
President-Elect / Secretary of the International Association of Applied Psychology ( Environmental Division – since 2020 / 2014
Member of the Editorial Board for Microplastics and Nanoplastics – since 2020
Member of the Editorial Board for the Journal of Environmental Psychology – since 2018
Member of the Editorial Board for Environment & Behaviour – since 2014
Affiliate Member of the Collaborative for Advanced Landscape Planning University of British Columbia, Canada – since 2011
Member of United Nations GESAMP Working Group 40 – 2014-2017
Affiliate Member of the European Centre for Environment and Human Health, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry – since 2010
Fellow of the Pacific Institute for Climate Change (PICS) – March 2011 


Research interests

Keywords: Behaviour Change; Marine Environments; Marine Litter and Microplastics; Energy Efficiency; Psychology of Sustainability: Attitudes, Perceptions, Motivations, Social Processes; Restorative Effects of Natural Environments; Social Cognition. Twitter @SabinePahl

Research focus.I am an Environmental Psychologist doing basic and applied research and specialised in interdisciplinary collaboration. My applied work focuses on perceptions, attitudes and behaviour change, particularly in the areas of plastic pollution, energy efficiency, and protection of natural environments. I also investigate the restorative effects of natural environments, including the use of natural environments in healthcare. My basic reseach has been in social cognition, e.g., construal level and memory and judgmental and self-other biases such as unrealistic optimism.
Grants & Publications.I have been involved in attracting funding in excess of £45m since 2010 (approx. £2.5m as Principal Investigator) from UK research councils (EPSRC & ESRC), UK government departments (DEFRA & DECC), EU funding bodies (ESIF, FP7, H2020) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Publications include papers in Nature Human Behaviour and Scientific Reports, with more than 60 peer-review publications since 2010 (google h-factor = 32). I currently serve on the Editorial Boards of the two leading journals in the field, Journal of Environmental Psychology (since 2018) and Environment & Behavior (since 2014).
Impact.My projects typically span research and application in interdisciplinary teams. I have provided science advice and input into policy at national, European and international levels, always contributing psychological and behavioural science perspectives. At the international level, I have worked on two microplastics reports with the Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Pollution (GESAMP WG40,, and lead a global stocktake of actions against plastic pollution for UNEP. I was co-chair of an interdisciplinary working group that reported to the EU Group of Chief Scientific Advisors (SAPEA, 2019,, and I have contributed to a G7 working group in Oct 2019 and a WHO working group in March 2020.
What is Environmental Psychology?
Current post-docs

  • Dr Isabel Richter, RF Blue Communities 
  • Dr Julie Goodhew, RF UNEP stocktake
Former post-docs
  • Dr Rebecca Hafner, RF EnerGAware (joint project with Dr Alba Fuertes and Dr. Rory Jones), now at the University of Bath
  • Dr Adorkor Bruce-Konuah, RF EnerGAware, (joint project with Dr Alba Fuertes and Dr Rory Jones), now a lecturer at the University of Plymouth
  • Dr Hazel Gibson, RF ERDF United Downs, (joint project with Prof Iain Stewart), now at the European Geosciences Union
  • Dr Christine Boomsma, RF enerGAware, now at the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)
  • Dr Julie Goodhew RF Thermal Imaging, now Research Fellow at the University of Plymouth
  • Dr Bonny Hartley, RF MARLISCO, now at the University of Greenwich
  • Dr Karin Tanja-Dijkstra, RF Natural Environments and VR in Healthcare, now at Saxion University of Applied Sciences
  • Dr Katherine Ashbullby, RF Blue Gym
Invited talks & panels (selection)
  • Pahl, S. (2019). The human dimension: Risk perception and communication. GESAMP International Workshop on assessing the risks associated with plastics and microplastics in the marine environment. Geneva, May.
  • Pahl, S. (2019). Theme 5: Behaviour. DEFRA Marine Plastic Pollution Workshop and Evidence Review. Invited Talk. London, March.
  • Pahl, S. (2019). How can social and behavioural sciences help reduce marine litter? Invited talk at Arctic Frontiers. Tromso, January.
  • Pahl, S. (2019). Launch of SAPEA report. Invited talk at “Experts Workshop: Environmental and Health Impacts of Microplastic Pollution - from scientific evidence to policy advice”. Brussels, January.
  • Panel member representing social and behavioural sciences with Tamara Galloway, Brendan Godley (both University of Exeter), John Schofield (University of York), Erik van Sebille (University of Utrecht), discussion led by Liz Bonin, Galapagos Day, Galapagos Conservation Trust, London, Royal Geographical Society, November 2017
  • Pahl, S. (2017). The human dimension: how behavioural sciences can help address plastic pollution in the environment. Royal Society of Chemistry event “Microplastic Pollution: Everyone’s problem - but what can be done about it?” London, October.
This workshop was covered in International Environmental Technology, Nov/Dec 2017, Vol. 27(6); Foundation for Water Research Newsletter November 2017; Royal Society of Chemistry Newsletter Water Forum, Autumn / Winter 2017, Vol 18(2).
  • Pahl, S. (2017). The human dimension: How behavioural sciences can help protect marine ecosystems. Workshop “Harnessing Citizen Behaviour Change to Protect Coral Ecosystems” hosted by UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre in partnership with UN Environment, Pierre-Yves Cousteau and Reef World Foundation. David Attenborough Building, Cambridge, UK, September.
  • Pahl, S. (2017). On-stage cross-over dialogue between Engineering & SSH Research (panel discussion at the PERSON event “No Energy Transition without the Social Sciences and Humanities: Why a PERSONal approach is needed”). Brussels, Belgium, June.
  • Pahl, S. (2017). The human dimension: How social and behavioural research can help address marine litter. Summer School “Plastics in Marine and Freshwater Environments. UNESCO / International Centre for Water Resources and Global Change / BFG. Koblenz, Germany, July. 
  • Pahl, S., & Thompson, R. C. (2017). Plastics in our Ocean: Science and Society. Port Eliot Festival, UK, July.
  • Steg, L. & Pahl, S. (2016). Influencing Consumer’s Energy Behaviour Dublin. Consumers, Economics and Energy Systems Workshop. Energy Institute Dublin and ESIPP, Dublin, October.
  • Pahl, S. (2016) eViz: Energy Visualisation for Carbon reduction. Cardiff University School of Architecture .
  • Pahl, S. (2016). Interdisciplinary research for a sustainable energy transition: the energy visualisation (eViz) Project. Keynote speech for PERSON network at the EU Sustainable Energy Week, Brussels, Belgium, June.
  • Pahl, S., Wyles., K., Carroll, L. & Thompson, R. C. (2016). Fishing for Litter (FFL) Evaluation. DEFRA Seminar, London, UK, March.
  • Pahl, S. (2015). eViz: Energy Visualisation for Carbon reduction. From virtual reality to thermal imaging. MENS meeting, London, UK, December.
  • Pahl, S. (2015). eViz: Energy Visualisation for Carbon reduction. Symposium in honour of Prof Cees Midden’s retirement. Eindhoven, Netherlands, October.
  • Pahl, S. (2015). eViz: Energy Visualisation for Carbon reduction. From virtual reality to organisational context. BuildTEDDI Annual event with Innovate UK and KTN. London, UK, October (video available from
  • Pahl, S. (2015). Visualising Energy for Behaviour Change. Insights from the eViz Project. Cardiff University International Speaker Series, co-hosted by Psychology and Architecture, March.
Reports (selection)
  • SAPEA, Science Advice for Policy by European Academies. (2019). A Scientific Perspective on Microplastics in Nature and Society. Berlin: SAPEA.
  • Westerhoff, L., Cote, S., Chu, A.-M., Sheppard, S. R. J., Burch, S. & Pahl, S. (2017). Motivating energy efficiency retrofits through community-based thermal imaging: Implications for research and p ractice in BC. PICS White Paper. Available from:
  • GESAMP (2016). ”Sources, fate and effects of microplastics in the marine environment: Part two of a global assessment” (Kershaw, P. J. & Rochman, C. M., eds.). (IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/UNIDO/WMO/IAEA/UN/UNEP/UNDP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection). Rep. Stud. GESAMP No. 93, 220p. Available from
  • Chu, A.-M., Westerhoff, L., Sheppard, S., Storey, S., Goodhew, J., Fox, M., Goodhew, S. & Pahl, S. (2016). Exploring the Use of Thermal Imagery for the Promotion of Residential Energy Efficiency Retrofits. Report prepared for the City of Vancouver, June.
  • Baztan, B., Jorgensen, B., Pahl, S, Thompson, R. C., Vanderlinden, J.-P. (Eds.) MICRO 2016: Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems. From the Coastline to the Open Sea. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • GESAMP (2015, IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/UNIDO/WMO/IAEA/UN/UNEP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection). Sources, fate and effects of microplastics in the marine environment - a global assessment. GESAMP Reports & Studies Series. Available from
  • Stone, B., Guest, R., Pahl, S., & Boomsma, C. (2014). Exploiting gaming technologies to visualise dynamic thermal qualities of a domestic dwelling: Technical and human factor challenges. Proceedings from BEHAVE’14, Oxford, UK.

Research groups

Research degrees awarded to supervised students

  • Christine Boomsma (Director of Studies; F/T 2009 - 2012): Visual images as a motivational bridge to pro-environmental behaviour: A cognitive approach. Viva passed January 2013. 
  • Julie Goodhew (co-supervisor; P/T 2007-2013): Thermal images as prompts for energy-saving behaviour. Viva passed May 2013. 
  • Lauren Carroll (Director of Studies; F/T 2009 - 2013): The effect of choice set size and other choice architectures on decisions to volunteer. Viva passed September 2013. 
  • Kayleigh Wyles (Director of Studies; F/T Oct 2010 - 2014): Rocky shores - From habitat threat to marine awareness and restorative experiences. Viva passed February 2014. 
  • Becky Jenkin (European Centre for Environment and Human Health; co-supervisor; F/T 2011-2015): Blue Gym 4 kids. 
  • Debbie Cracknell (Director of Studies; P/T Oct 2010-2016): The restorative potential of public aquariums: Psychological and physiological effects of viewing sub-aquatic environments.
  • Hazel Gibson (SoGEES - CRES; co-supervisor; F/T 2012-2016). Underground Britain: Public perceptions of and attitudes to the subsurface.
  • Carolyn Arnold (Falmouth College; co-supervisor; F/T since Oct 2011): Storytelling as a paradigm for promoting pro-environmental behaviour. Viva passed September 2017.
Current PhD students: 
  • Leanne Martin (Director of Studies, F/T since October 2017). Using Natural Environments to Reduce Craving: Affective and Cognitive Mechanisms. ESRC funding.
  • Sohvi Nuojua (co-supervisor, F/T since October 2017). Marine Litter: Can behavioural sciences help reduce land-based waste entering the oceans?. Charity funding.
  • Francesca Tirotto (co-supervisor, F/T since October 2017). Psychological and social factors in new types of energy: The case of deep geothermal. ERDF funding.
  • Sophie Davison (University of Exeter, co-supervisor, F/T since January 2018). Public perceptions of the risks and benefits of marine ecosystems for human health and wellbeing: An environmental psychology approach.
External PhDs examined:
  • Nina Lockwood, University of Sussex, June 2010, "Motivations for mountain climbing: The role of risk." 
  • Laura Rennie, Sheffield University, January 2011, "The role of perspective in visualising health behaviours: Effects on motivation and behaviour." 
  • Alexander Van der Jagt, University of Aberdeen, November 2013, "Restorative environments: Why the saliency of natural and built scene content matters" 
  • Hyunji Kim, University of Cambridge, January 2014, "Construal level theory and economic decision making: Psychological distance as a de-biasing tool"
  • Aimie Hope, Sheffield University, April 2016, "Little green lies: Exploring compensatory beliefs within the environmental domain."
  • Tom Holmes, University of York, May 2017, "Social-Environmental Effects of Coastal Storms in the UK" 

Grants & contracts

Pahl, S. & Thompson, R. C. (2019-2023). Plymouth work package £260k in EU H2020 Innovative Training Network Limnoplast,for an interdisciplinary PhD Fellowship in the area of microplastics; our position will look at the behavioural dimension of reducing microplastics (total value ca. €4m), led by the University of Bayreuth.
Pahl, S. & Thompson, R. C. (2019-2020). Stock taking exercise on current actions to eliminate marine plastic litter and microplastics including awareness raising, behaviour change, capacity building. $190k, UNEP.
Thompson, R. C. & Pahl, S. (2019-2022). Plymouth work package £266k in EU cross-channel Interreg project Preventing Plastic Pollution working with different sectors incl. fishing, tourism (total value £14m incl. co-financing), led by Queen Mary University London.
Sheppard et al. (2018-2020) Scaling-up Social Mobilization on Climate Change with Digital Tools(total value ca.200k CAD). Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Canada (SSHRC – PDG; named collaborator).
Stewart, I., Rodwell,L., Pahl, S. & Martin, J. (2018-2022). Plymouth work package ca. £470k in EU H2020 RURITAGE – Rural regeneration through systemic heritage-led strategiesproject (total value ca. €10m) led by the University of Bologna, Italy.
Stewart, I., Pahl, S. & Anderson, A. (2017-2020). Plymouth work package £374k in EU ESIF project led by Geothermal Engineering Limited, overall value £18m, European Regional Development Fund.
Pahl, S.(2018-2021). Blue Communities (Project 12). Global Challenges Research Fund.Plymouth work package £358k in project led by Plymouth Marine Laboratory(PI : Prof Mel Austen), overall value £6.6m, RCUK/NERC.
Fuertes, A. et al. EnerGAware: Energy Game for Awareness of energy efficiency in social housing communities. Feb 2015 - Feb 2018, Plymouth work package 300k in €2m EU H2020 project.
Pahl, S., de Wilde, P. et al. (2012-2016). eViz – Energy Visualisation for Carbon Reduction. EPSRC multi-centre grant with the Universities of Bath, Birmingham and Newcastle £1,876,000, with £1,125,000 to Plymouth. (Post docs Christine Boomsma and Julie Goodhew).
Thompson, R. C. & Pahl, S. (2012-2015). Marine Litter in European Seas: Social Awareness and Co-Responsibility (MARLISCO).Plymouth Work Package £300k in £4,100,000 EU-FP7 Grant. (Post doc Bonny Hartley and Research Assistant Matthew Holland).
Sheppard, S., Pahl, S. City of Vancouver Thermal Imaging pilot project. University of British Columbia and Plymouth University. Plymouth work package CAD10k in CAD34k project.
Goodhew, J. et al. (2015). Solar gain visualised through thermal imaging. ISSR small grant, Plymouth University, £3k.
Anderson, A. et al. (2015). Public perception of microbeads. ISSR small grant, Plymouth University, £2.5k.
White, M. P., Pahl, S. & Depledge, M (2010-2016). The restorative potential of sub-aquatic environments. Studentship awarded by NMA: Deborah Cracknell.
Thompson, R. C. & Pahl, S. (2014). Evaluation of Fishing for Litter programme (variation). DEFRA: 19k. Research Assistant: Kayleigh Wyles then Lauren Carroll.
Pahl, S. & Carroll, L. (2013). SmallEvaluation of Stepping Stones programme. Plymouth City Council, SteppingStones: 2.5k. RA: Lauren Carroll.
Attrill, M., Pahl, S., Thompson, R. C. & Wyles, K. (2013). The benefits of engaging with the Marine Centre at Wembury Beach. University of Plymouth Community Research Award: £9k. Research Assistant: Lauren Carroll.
Goodhew, S., Pahl, S. & De Wilde, P. (2013). Thermal imaging intervention as part of Cornwall together. Eden Project, funding from DECC, £65k.
Pahl, S. & Thompson, R. (2010-13). Human Well-being and Habitat Threat in Marine Environments. ESRC/NERC Studentship: Kayleigh Wyles.
Pahl, S., White, M. P., Andrade, J. & May, J.(2010-13). Dental anxiety, nature exposure and virtual reality. (University of Plymouth: approx. £100k [postdoc Karin Tanja-Dijkstra]).
White, M. P., Pahl, S. & Depledge, M. (2010-13). Blue Gym: The health and well-being effects of blue space. (University ofPlymouth: approx. £120k [post doc Kat Ashbullby]).
Wyer, N., Pahl, S. & Perfect, T. (2010-13). Construal, processing style and memory for social events.(ESRC: £240k). RA: Jean Roper.
Depledge, M., Pahl, S. & Lilley, A.(2010-2013). Seeing is Believing. (European Centre for Environment and Human Health, PCMD [post doc WillStahl-Timmins])
White, M. P., Pahl, S. & Edworthy, J. (2009-12). Choice Architectures and Volunteering.UoP Faculty of Science PhD Studentship: Lauren Carroll.
Pahl, S. (2011). Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions (PICS) Fellowship, British Columbia, Canada, March.
Pahl, S. (2011). International Networking Scheme University of Plymouth, for research visit to the University of British Columbia, March.
LeFroy,M., LeFroy, E., White, M. & Pahl, S. (2010). Surf to success / surfing for success. (Ecominds: 20k awarded to GB Boardriders CIC).
Butel, L., Pahl, S. & Memery, J. (2009-11). The psychology of giving to independent schools.Knowledge Transfer Partnership with Plymouth College (TechnologyStrategy Board: £81k).
Pahl, S. (2009-10). Optimism, pessimism and pro-environmental engagement. (Seale-HayneEducational Trust: £2k).
Pahl, S. & White, M. P. (2008-09). Predicting and improving satisfaction with a rewarding activity: Volunteering for the Samaritans.(University of Plymouth: £8k).
Pahl, S. (2006). Self-activation and betting behaviour. Dr. German Schweiger Spende: €1k.
Pahl, S. (2006-08). Role models, social comparison & gender: Effects on career aspirations of men and women. University of Erlangen: €9k.
Pahl, S. (2005-06). Linguistic norms and the focus effect in self-other comparisons. EAESP Postdoctoral Seedcorn Grant: €2k.
Pahl, S. (2002-03). ESRC Postdoctoral Fellowship:£26k.



Key publications

Key publications are highlighted

Stehl P, White MP, Vitale V, Pahl S, Elliott LR, Fian L & van den Bosch M (2024) 'From childhood blue space exposure to adult environmentalism: The role of nature connectedness and nature contact' Journal of Environmental Psychology 93, 102225-102225 , DOI
Fian L, White MP, Arnberger A, Thaler T, Heske A & Pahl S (2024) 'Nature visits, but not residential greenness, are associated with reduced income-related inequalities in subjective well-being' Health & Place 85, 103175-103175 , DOI
Doell KC, Berman MG, Bratman GN, Knutson B, Kühn S, Lamm C, Pahl S, Sawe N, Van Bavel JJ & White MP (2023) 'Leveraging neuroscience for climate change research' Nature Climate Change 13, (12) 1288-1297 , DOI
Landrigan PJ, Raps H, Cropper M, Bald C, Brunner M, Canonizado EM, Charles D, Chiles TC, Donohue MJ & Enck J (2023) 'Correction: The Minderoo-Monaco Commission on Plastics and Human Health' Annals of Global Health 89, (1) , DOI
White MP, Hartig T, Martin L, Pahl S, van den Berg AE, Wells NM, Costongs C, Dzhambov AM, Elliott LR & Godfrey A (2023) 'Nature-based biopsychosocial resilience: An integrative theoretical framework for research on nature and health' Environment International 181, 108234-108234 , DOI
Hofmann T, Ghoshal S, Tufenkji N, Adamowski JF, Bayen S, Chen Q, Demokritou P, Flury M, Hüffer T & Ivleva NP (2023) 'Plastics can be used more sustainably in agriculture' Communications Earth & Environment 4, (1) , DOI
Swami V, Tran US, Stieger S, Aavik T, Ranjbar HA, Adebayo SO, Afhami R, Ahmed O, Aimé A & Akel M (2023) 'Body appreciation around the world: Measurement invariance of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) across 65 nations, 40 languages, gender identities, and age' Body Image 46, 449-466 , DOI
Richter I, Lim VC, Fadzil KSB, Riordan O, Pahl S & Goh HC (2023) 'Addressing illegal practices: intergenerational transfer and creative engagement as a way to compensate boomerang effects' Frontiers in Communication 8, , DOI
Janzik R, Koch S, Zamariola G, Vrbos D, White MP, Pahl S & Berger N (2023) 'Exploring public risk perceptions of microplastics: Findings from a cross‐national qualitative interview study among German and Italian citizens' Risk Analysis , DOI
Grünzner M, Pahl S, White MP & Thompson RC (2023) 'Exploring expert perceptions about microplastics: from sources to potential solutions' Microplastics and Nanoplastics 3, (1) , DOI Open access
Davison SMC, White MP, Pahl S, Taylor T, Borja A, McMeel O, Kellett P, Roberts BR & Fleming LE (2023) 'Concern about the human health implications of marine biodiversity loss is higher among less educated and poorer citizens: Results from a 14-country study in Europe' Frontiers in Marine Science 10, , DOI
Landrigan PJ, Raps H, Cropper M, Bald C, Brunner M, Canonizado EM, Charles D, Chiles TC, Donohue MJ & Enck J (2023) 'The Minderoo-Monaco Commission on Plastics and Human Health' Annals of Global Health 89, (1) , DOI Open access
Tirotto FA & Pahl S (2023) 'Exploring the relationship between group-level autonomy and social acceptance of geo- thermal energy: The role of procedural justice climate, social identity violation, and collec- tive self-determined motivation' PSICOLOGIA SOCIALE 18, (3) 397-432
Richter I, Roberts BR, Sailley SF, Sullivan E, Cheung VV, Eales J, Fortnam M, Jontila JB, Maharja C & Nguyen TH (2022) 'Building bridges between natural and social science disciplines: a standardized methodology to combine data on ecosystem quality trends' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 377, (1854) , DOI Open access
Nuojua S, Pahl S & Thompson R (2022) 'Ocean connectedness and consumer responses to single-use packaging' Journal of Environmental Psychology 81, 101814-101814 , DOI Open access
Luo Y, Douglas J, Pahl S & Zhao J (2022) 'Reducing Plastic Waste by Visualizing Marine Consequences' Environment and Behavior 54, (4) 809-832 , DOI
Richter I, Sumeldan J, Avillanosa A, Gabe-Thomas E, Creencia L & Pahl S (2021) 'Co-created Future Scenarios as a Tool to Communicate Sustainable Development in Coastal Communities in Palawan, Philippines' Frontiers in Psychology 12, , DOI
Oturai NG, Pahl S & Syberg K (2021) 'How can we test plastic pollution perceptions and behavior? A feasibility study with Danish children participating in “the Mass Experiment”' Science of The Total Environment 806, 150914-150914 , DOI
Wyer NA, Hollins TJ & Pahl S (2021) 'Remembering Social Events: A Construal Level Approach' Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 014616722110381-014616722110381 , DOI Open access
Sumeldan JDC, Richter I, Avillanosa AL, Bacosa HP, Creencia LA & Pahl S (2021) 'Ask the Locals: A Community-Informed Analysis of Perceived Marine Environment Quality Over Time in Palawan, Philippines' Frontiers in Psychology 12, , DOI
Richter I, Avillonosa A, Cheung V, Goh HC, Johari S, Kay S, Maharja C, Nyguyen TH, Pahl S & Sugarjito J (2021) 'Looking through the COVID-19 window of opportunity: Future scenarios arising from the COVID-19 pandemic across five case study sites' Frontiers in Psychology , DOI Open access
Davison SMC, White MP, Pahl S, Taylor T, Fielding K, Roberts BR, Economou T, McMeel O, Kellett P & Fleming LE (2021) 'Public concern about, and desire for research into, the human health effects of marine plastic pollution: Results from a 15-country survey across Europe and Australia' Global Environmental Change 69, 102309-102309 , DOI
Passmore H-A, Martin L, Richardson M, White M, Hunt A & Pahl S (2021) 'Parental/Guardians' Connection to Nature Better Predicts Children's Nature Connectedness than Visits or Area-Level Characteristics' Ecopsychology 13, (2) 103-113 , DOI
Syberg K, Nielsen MB, Westergaard Clausen LP, van Calster G, van Wezel A, Rochman C, Koelmans AA, Cronin R, Pahl S & Hansen SF (2021) 'Regulation of plastic from a circular economy perspective' Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry 29, 100462-100462 , DOI
van Valkengoed AM, Steg L, Perlaviciute G, Schultz PW, Brosch T, Gatersleben B, Nordlund A, Pahl S & Whitmarsh L (2021) 'Theory enhances impact. Reply to: ‘The case for impact-focused environmental psychology’' Journal of Environmental Psychology 75, 101597-101597 , DOI
Fleming LE, Depledge M, Bouley T, Britton E, Dupont S, Eatock C, Garside R, Heymans JJ, Kellett P & Lloret J (2021) 'The Ocean Decade—Opportunities for Oceans and Human Health Programs to Contribute to Public Health' American Journal of Public Health 111, (5) 808-811 , DOI
Goodhew J, Pahl S, King K, Sanders M, Elliott P, Fox M, Boomsma C & Goodhew S (2021) 'Engaging People with Energy Efficiency: A Randomised Controlled Trial Testing the Effects of Thermal Imaging Visuals in a Letter Communication' Sustainability 13, (6) 3543-3543 , DOI Open access
Richter I, Gabe-Thomas E, Maharja C, Nguyen TH, Van Nguyen Q, Praptiwi R & Pahl S (2021) 'Virtual Capacity Building for International Research Collaborations in Times of COVID-19 and #Flygskam' Frontiers in Communication 5, , DOI Open access
White MP, Bratman GN, Pahl S, Young G, Cracknell D & Elliott LR (2020) 'Affective reactions to losses and gains in biodiversity: Testing a prospect theory approach' Journal of Environmental Psychology 72, 101502-101502 , DOI
Martin L, White M, Pahl S, May J & Wheeler B (2020) 'Neighbourhood Greenspace and Smoking Prevalence: Results from a Nationally Representative Survey in England' Social Science and Medicine , DOI Open access
Wardman T, Koelmans AA, Whyte J & Pahl S (2020) 'Communicating the absence of evidence for microplastics risk: Balancing sensation and reflection' Environment International 150, 106116-106116 , DOI
Hafner R, Fuertes A, Pahl S, Jones R, Boomsma C, Gangolells M & Casals M (2020) 'Results and insight gained from applying the EnergyCat energy-saving serious game in UK social housing' International Journal of Serious Games 7, (2) 27-48 , DOI Open access
Borja A, White MP, Berdalet E, Bock N, Eatock C, Kristensen P, Leonard A, Lloret J, Pahl S & Parga M (2020) 'Moving Toward an Agenda on Ocean Health and Human Health in Europe' Frontiers in Marine Science 7, , DOI
Martin L, White MP, Hunt A, Richardson M, Pahl S & Burt J (2020) 'Nature contact, nature connectedness and associations with health, wellbeing and pro-environmental behaviours' Journal of Environmental Psychology 68, 101389-101389 , DOI Open access
Alcock I, White MP, Pahl S, Duarte-Davidson R & Fleming LE (2020) 'Associations between pro-environmental behaviour and neighbourhood nature, nature visit frequency and nature appreciation: Evidence from a nationally representative survey in England' Environment International 136, 0-0 , DOI Open access
Hafner RJ, Pahl S, Jones RV & Fuertes A (2019) 'Energy use in social housing residents in the UK and recommendations for developing energy behaviour change interventions' Journal of Cleaner Production 251, 119643-119643 , DOI Open access
Martin L, Pahl S, White MP & May J (2019) 'Natural environments and craving: The mediating role of negative affect' Health and Place 58, 102160-102160 , DOI Open access
Ashley M, Pahl S, Glegg G & Fletcher S (2019) 'A Change of Mind: Applying Social and Behavioral Research Methods to the Assessment of the Effectiveness of Ocean Literacy Initiatives' Frontiers in Marine Science 6, , DOI Open access
Wyles KJ, Pahl S, Carroll L & Thompson RC (2019) 'An evaluation of the Fishing For Litter (FFL) scheme in the UK in terms of attitudes, behavior, barriers and opportunities' Marine Pollution Bulletin 144, 48-60 , DOI Open access
Fairchild TP, Fowler MS, Pahl S & Griffin JN (2018) 'Multiple dimensions of biodiversity drive human interest in tide pool communities' Scientific Reports 8, (1) , DOI Open access
Boomsma C, Jones RV, Pahl S & Fuertes A (2018) 'Do Psychological Factors Relate to Energy Saving Behaviours in Inefficient and Damp Homes? A study among English social housing residents' Energy Research and Social Science 47, 146-155 Publisher Site , DOI Open access
Hartley BL, Pahl S, Veiga J, Vlachogianni T, Vasconcelos L, Maes T, Doyle T, d'Arcy Metcalfe R, Öztürk AA & Di Berardo M (2018) 'Exploring public views on marine litter in Europe: Perceived causes, consequences and pathways to change' Marine Pollution Bulletin 133, 945-955 , DOI Open access
Boomsma C, Hafner R, Pahl S, Jones RV & Fuertes A (2018) 'Should We Play Games Where Energy Is Concerned? Perceptions of Serious Gaming as a Technology to Motivate Energy Behaviour Change among Social Housing Residents' Sustainability 10, (6) 1-18 Publisher Site , DOI Open access
Cracknell DL, Pahl S, White MP & Depledge MH (2018) 'Reviewing the role of aquaria as restorative settings: how subaquatic diversity in public aquaria can influence preferences, and human health and well-being' Human Dimensions of Wildlife 23, (5) 446-460 , DOI
Hartley BL, Pahl S, Holland M, Alampei I, Veiga JM & Thompson RC (2018) 'Turning the tide on trash: Empowering European educators and school students to tackle marine litter' Marine Policy , DOI Open access
Wyles KJ, White MP, Hattam C, Pahl S, King H & Austen M (2017) 'Are Some Natural Environments More Psychologically Beneficial Than Others? The Importance of Type and Quality on Connectedness to Nature and Psychological Restoration' Environment and Behavior 51, (2) 111-143 , DOI Open access
Pahl S, Wyles KJ & Thompson RC (2017) 'Channelling passion for the ocean towards plastic pollution' Nature Human Behaviour 1, (10) 697-699 , DOI Open access
Kenshole AV, Gallichan D, Pahl S & Clibbens J (2017) 'Lifestyle factors and Alzheimer's disease in people with Down syndrome' Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities , DOI Open access
Jenkin R, Frampton I, White MP & Pahl S (2017) 'The relationship between exposure to natural and urban environments and children’s self-regulation' Landscape Research 1-14 , DOI Open access
Goodhew JA, Pahl S, Goodhew S & Boomsma C (2017) 'Mental models: Exploring how people think about heat flows in the home' Energy Research and Social Science , DOI Open access
Hignett A, White MP, Pahl S, Jenkin R & Froy ML (2017) 'Evaluation of a surfing programme designed to increase personal well-being and connectedness to the natural environment among ‘at risk’ young people' Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning 18, (1) 53-69 , DOI Open access
Tanja-Dijkstra K, Pahl S, White MP, Auvray M, Stone RJ, Andrade J, May J, Mills I & Moles DR (2017) 'The Soothing Sea: A Virtual Coastal Walk Can Reduce Experienced and Recollected Pain' Environment and Behavior 001391651771007-001391651771007 , DOI Open access
Boomsma GT, Pahl S, Jones RV & Fuertes A (2017) '“Damp in bathroom. Damp in back room. It's very depressing!” exploring the relationship between perceived housing problems, energy affordability concerns, and health and well-being in UK social housing' Energy Policy 106, 382-393 , DOI Open access
White MP, Pahl S, Wheeler BW, Depledge MH & Fleming LE (2017) 'Natural environments and subjective wellbeing: Different types of exposure are associated with different aspects of wellbeing' Health & Place 45, 77-84 , DOI Open access
Boomsma C, Pahl S & Andrade J (2016) 'Imagining Change: An Integrative Approach towards Explaining the Motivational Role of Mental Imagery in Pro-Environmental Behaviour' Frontiers in Psychology , DOI Open access
Cracknell D, White MP, Pahl S & Depledge MH (2016) 'A preliminary investigation into the restorative potential of public aquaria exhibits: a UK student-based study' Landscape Research 42, (1) 18-32 , DOI Open access
Anderson KJ (2016) 'Microplastics in personal care products: Exploring perceptions of environmentalists, beauticians and students' Marine Pollution Bulletin , DOI Open access
Pahl S & Wyles KJ (2016) 'The human dimension: how social and behavioural research methods can help address microplastics in the environment' Analytical Methods 9, (9) 1404-1411 , DOI Open access
Jones RV, Fuertes A, Boomsma C & Pahl S (2016) 'Space heating preferences in UK social housing: A socio-technical household survey combined with building audits' Energy and Buildings 127, 382-398 , DOI Open access
Wyles KJ, Pahl S, Holland M & Thompson RC (2016) 'Can Beach Cleans Do More Than Clean-Up Litter? Comparing Beach Cleans to Other Coastal Activities' Environment and Behavior , DOI Open access
Gibson H, Stewart IS, Pahl S & Stokes A (2016) 'A "mental models" approach to the communication of subsurface hydrology and hazards' Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 20, (5) 1737-1749 , DOI Open access
Boomsma C, Goodhew J, Pahl S & Jones RV (2016) 'The feasibility of saving energy in challenging organisational contexts: Testing energy visualisation in a social services office in the United Kingdom' Energy Research & Social Science 15, 58-74 , DOI Open access
Boomsma C, Goodhew J, Goodhew S & Pahl S (2016) 'Improving the visibility of energy use in home heating in England: Thermal images and the role of visual tailoring' Energy Research & Social Science 14, 111-121 , DOI Open access
Pahl S, Goodhew J, Boomsma C & Sheppard SRJ (2016) 'The Role of Energy Visualization in Addressing Energy Use: Insights from the eViz Project' Frontiers in Psychology 7, , DOI Open access
White MP, Pahl S, Wheeler BW, Fleming LEF & Depledge MH (2016) 'The ‘Blue Gym’: What can blue space do for you and what can you do for blue space?' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 96, (1) 5-12 , DOI
Gibson H, Stewart I, Pahl S & Stokes A (2016) 'A "Mental Models" approach to the communication of subsurface hydrology and hazards' Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions 1-29 , DOI Open access
Cracknell D, White MP, Pahl S, Nichols WJ & Depledge MH (2016) 'Marine Biota and Psychological Well-Being: A Preliminary Examination of Dose-Response Effects in an Aquarium Setting' Environment and Behavior , DOI Open access
Veiga JM, Vlachogianni T, Pahl S, Thompson RC, Kopke K, Doyle TK, Hartley BL, Maes T, Orthodoxou DL & Loizidou XI (2016) 'Enhancing public awareness and promoting co-responsibility for marine litter in Europe: The challenge of MARLISCO' Marine Pollution Bulletin 102, (2) 309-315 , DOI
Wyer NA, Hollins TJ, Pahl S & Roper J (2015) 'The hows and whys of face memory: level of construal influences the recognition of human faces' Frontiers in Psychology 6, , DOI Open access
White MP, Pahl S, Ashbullby KJ, Burton F & Depledge MH (2015) 'The Effects of Exercising in Different Natural Environments on Psycho-Physiological Outcomes in Post-Menopausal Women: A Simulation Study' International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12, (9) 11929-11953 , DOI Open access
Wyles KJ, Pahl S, Thomas K & Thompson RC (2015) 'Factors That Can Undermine the Psychological Benefits of Coastal Environments: Exploring the Effect of Tidal State, Presence, and Type of Litter' Environment and Behavior , DOI Open access
Hartley BL, Thompson RC & Pahl S (2015) 'Marine litter education boosts children's understanding and self-reported actions' Mar Pollut Bull 90, (1-2) 209-217 Author Site , DOI
Pahl S, Sheppard S, Boomsma C & Groves C (2015) 'Perceptions of time in relation to climate change (vol 5, pg 375, 2014)' WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS-CLIMATE CHANGE 6, (3) 359-359 , DOI
Wyer NA, Hollins TJ & Pahl S (2015) 'The hows and whys of face processing: Level of construal influences the holistic processing of human faces' Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144, (6) 1037-1041 , DOI Open access
Goodhew JA, Pahl S, Auburn T & Goodhew S (2014) 'Making Heat Visible: Promoting Energy Conservation Behaviors Through Thermal Imaging' Environment and Behavior , DOI Open access
Tanja-Dijkstra K, Pahl S, White MP, Andrade J, May J, Stone RJ, Bruce M, Mills I, Auvray M & Gabe R (2014) 'Can virtual nature improve patient experiences and memories of dental treatment? A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial' Trials 90, (15) Publisher Site , DOI Open access
Tanja-Dijkstra K, Pahl S, White MP, Andrade J, Qian C, Bruce M, May J & Moles DR (2014) 'Improving Dental Experiences by Using Virtual Reality Distraction: A Simulation Study' PLoS One 9, (3) 0-0 , DOI Open access
Wyles KJ, Pahl S & Thompson RC (2014) 'Perceived risks and benefits of recreational visits to the marine environment: Integrating impacts on the environment and impacts on the visitor' Ocean & Coastal Management 88, 53-63 , DOI
Ashbullby KJ, Pahl S, Webley P & White MP (2013) 'The beach as a setting for families' health promotion: a qualitative study with parents and children living in coastal regions in Southwest England' Health Place 23, 138-147 Author Site , DOI
Wyles K, Pahl S, White M, Morris S, Cracknell DA & Thompson RC (2013) 'Towards a Marine Mindset: Visiting an aquarium can improve attitudes and intentions regarding marine sustainability' Visitor Studies 16, 95-110 , DOI
White MP, Pahl S, Ashbullby K, Herbert S & Depledge MH (2013) 'Feelings of restoration from recent nature visits' JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 35, 40-51 , DOI
Manzi S, Nichols A, Pahl S, Richardson J, Bennallick M & Grose J (2013) 'How do they manage it? An observational study of health and social care waste management' PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH 28, 262-262
Pahl S & Bauer J (2013) 'Overcoming the Distance: Perspective Taking With Future Humans Improves Environmental Engagement' ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIOR 45, (2) 155-169 , DOI
Grose J, Bennallick M, Nichols A, Pahl S & Richardson J (2012) 'Facilitating Sustainable Waste Management Behaviors Within the Health Sector: A Case Study of the National Health Service (NHS) in Southwest England, UK' SUSTAINABILITY 4, (4) 630-642 , DOI
Carroll L & Pahl S (2012) 'Too much choice: Is this affecting decisions to volunteer?' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 47, 172-172
Carroll LS, White MP & Pahl S (2011) 'The impact of excess choice on deferment of decisions to volunteer' Judgment and Decision Making 6, (7) 629-637
Pahl S (2011) 'Would I bet on beating you? Subtly increasing other-focus helps overcome egocentrism' Exp Psychol 59, (2) 74-81 Author Site , DOI
White M, Smith A, Humphryes K, Pahl S, Snelling D & Depledge M (2010) 'Blue space: The importance of water for preference, affect, and restorativeness ratings of natural and built scenes' Journal of Environmental Psychology 30, (4) 482-493 , DOI
Wyer NA, Perfect TJ & Pahl S (2010) 'Temporal distance and person memory: thinking about the future changes memory for the past' Pers Soc Psychol Bull 36, (6) 805-816 Author Site , DOI Open access
Zlatev M, Pahl S & White M (2010) 'Perceived risk and benefit for self and others as predictors of smokers' attitudes towards smoking restrictions' Psychology and Health 25, (2) 167-182 , DOI
Pahl S, Eiser JR & White MP (2009) 'Boundaries of self-positivity: the effect of comparison focus in self-friend comparisons' J Soc Psychol 149, (4) 413-424 Author Site , DOI
Pahl S, Bauer J & Zhou M (2008) 'Perspective-taking and the environment' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 43, (3-4) 763-763
Goodhew J, Auburn T & Pahl S (2008) 'That's it we're having more insulation! Will householders change behaviours and attitudes after being shown an infrared image of their homes leaking heat?' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 43, (3-4) 273-273
Blueher R & Pahl S (2007) 'Der "mere exposure" Effekt und die Wahl von Produkten - Ein Experiment im Feld [Mere exposure and product choice - A field experiment]' Zeitschrift fuer Sozialpsychologie 38, 209-215
Pahl S & Eiser JR (2007) 'How malleable is comparative self-positivity? The effects of manipulating judgemental focus and accessibility' European Journal of Social Psychology 37, (4) 617-627
Bluher R & Pahl S (2007) 'The mere exposure effect and product choice: A field experiment' Zeitschrift fur Sozialpsychologie 38, (3) 209-215
White MP, Eiser JR, Harris PR & Pahl S (2007) 'Who reaps the benefits, who bears the risks? Comparative optimism, comparative utility, and regulatory preferences for mobile phone technology' Risk Analysis 27, (3) 741-753
Pahl S (2006) 'Seedcorn grant report (A closer look at the focus effect)' European Bulletin of Social Psychology 18, 77-80
Pahl S & Eiser JR (2006) 'The focus effect and self-positivity in ratings of self-other similarity and difference' British Journal of Social Psychology 45, 107-116
Pahl S, Harris PR, Todd HA & Rutter DR (2005) 'Comparative optimism for environmental risks' Journal of Environmental Psychology 25, (1) 1-11
Pahl S & Eiser JR (2005) 'Valence, comparison focus and self-positivity biases - Does it matter whether people judge positive or negative traits?' Experimental Psychology 52, (4) 303-309
Pahl S & Eiser JR (2004) 'Reducing positive biases for the self' International Journal of Psychology 39, (5-6) 568-568
White MP, Pahl S, Buehner M & Haye A (2003) 'Trust in risky messages: The role of prior attitudes' Risk Analysis 23, (4) 717-726
Eiser JR, Pahl S & Prins YRA (2001) 'Optimism, pessimism, and the direction of self-other comparisons' Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 37, (1) 77-84
Pahl S, Sheppard S, Boomsma C & Groves C (2014) 'Perceptions of time in relation to climate change' WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS-CLIMATE CHANGE 5, (3) 375-388 , DOI Open access
Thompson RC & Pahl S (2018) Plastics, the Environment and Society: Current Consensus and Future Directions. The Royal Society of Chemistry , DOI Open access
Baztan J, Jorgensen B, Vanderlinden J-P, Pahl S, Thompson R, Carrasco A, Miguelez A, Huck T, Garrabou J & Broglio E (2015) 'Protected Shores Contaminated with Plastic' Coastal Zones Elsevier 185-195 , DOI
Auburn TC, Goodhew J, Goodhew S, de Wilde P & Pahl S 'A preliminary investigation of the potential for thermographic images to influence householders' understanding of home energy consumption' in Dainty B Proceedings of ARCOM conference 2009 971-979 Open access
Conference Papers
Boomsma C, Jones RV, Pahl S & Fuertes A (2016) 'Energy saving behaviours among social housing tenants: Exploring the relationship with dwelling characteristics, monetary concerns, and psychological motivations' BEHAVE 2016: 4th European Conference on Behaviour and Energy Efficiency Coimbra 9-/-0/20169-/-0/2016Open access
Casals M, Gangolells M, Macarulla M, Fuertes A, Jones R, Pahl S & Ruiz M (2016) 'Promoting energy users' behavioural change in social housing through a serious game' 11th European Conference on Product & Process Modeling Limassol, Cyprus 9-/-0/20169-/-0/2016Open access
Goodhew J, Boomsma C, Pahl S & Goodhew SMR (2015) 'Exploring mental models of home heating' BCEP Groningen
Pahl S, Goodhew J, Boomsma C & Goodhew SMR (2015) 'The power of thermal imaging to change energy understanding and action' BCEP Groningen
Goodhew J, Goodhew SMR, Boomsma C & Pahl S (2015) 't's fffffffffffreezsing!...thought thermal imaging might shed some light as to where the heat's going!" Can visualisation shed a light on heating?' Proceedings from the European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy 2015 France
de Wilde P, Pahl S, Hamza N, Wei S, Jones R & Abohela I (2013) 'Using building simulation to drive changes in occupant behaviour: A pilot study' in IBPSA Building Simulation 2013 Conference Chambery, France 8-/-0/20138-/-0/2013Open access
Pahl S, Thompson R & Wyles K (2015) Social Aspects of microplastics in the marine environment. GESAMP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection International Maritime Organization/UNEP
Presentations and posters
Fox M, Goodhew J, Boomsma C, Goodhew S & Pahl S Fox M, Goodhew J, Boomsma C, Goodhew S & Pahl S 'Lessons on visual feedback from the eViz Project: The evidence for using thermal images as a visual intervention' Open access
Other Publications
Thompson RC, Pahl S & Sembiring E (2022) Plastics treaty — research must inform action. Springer Science and Business Media LLC , DOI Open access