Professor Sabine Pahl

Professor Sabine Pahl

Professor of Applied Social Psychology

School of Psychology (Faculty of Health)


since 2019  Professor of Applied Social Psychology
2012-2019  Associate Professor (Reader) in Psychology, Plymouth University, UK
2006-2012    Lecturer in Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
2003-2006    Lecturer in Psychology, University of Erlangen, Germany
2002-2003    ESRC Postdoctoral Fellowship, University of Sheffield, UK
2002       PhD in Psychology, University of Sheffield, UK
1999       Diplom in Psychology, University of Bremen, Germany
1998       MSc in Social and Applied Psychology, University of Kent, UK

Professional membership

British Psychological Society (BPS); BPS Cognitive Section; BPS Social Section

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie (DGPs); Fachgruppe Umweltpsychologie

European Association for Decision Making (EADM)

European Association of Social Psychology (EASP)

International Association for People-Environment Studies (IAPS)

IAPS Restorative Environments Network

International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP)

Roles on external bodies

Board member of Plymouth Energy Community (PEC)                       2017-2019

Honorary Associate Professor, University of Exeter                         since 2015

Member of the ESRC Peer Review College                               since 2015

Secretary of the International Association of Applied Psychology

( Environmental Division                            since 2014

Member of the Editorial board for the Journal of Environmental Psychology      since 2018

Member of the Editorial Board for Environment & Behaviour                  since 2014

Affiliate Member of the Collaborative for Advanced Landscape Planning         since 2011

University of British Columbia, Canada.

Member of United Nations GESAMP Working Group 40                      2014-2017

Affiliate Member of the European Centre for Environment and Human           since 2010

Health, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry

Fellow of the Pacific Institute for Climate Change(PICS)                      March 2011 

Teaching interests

Office hours 

Winter Semester 2019

 Mon 4-5

 Thurs 12-1

 Please e-mail before you come to my office hour.

Occasionally I have other commitments during those times and it’s safer to check the office hour you're intending to use.


Research interests

Keywords: Behaviour Change; Marine Environments; Marine Litter and Microplastics; Energy Efficiency; Psychology of Sustainability: Attitudes, Perceptions, Motivations, Social Processes; Restorative Effects of Natural Environments; Social Cognition. 

twitter @SabinePahl 


Research focus. I am a Social Psychologist covering basic and applied research. My applied work focuses on perceptions, attitudes and behaviour change, particularly in the area of environment and sustainability such as marine environments and energy efficiency. Other applied work examines restorative effects of natural environments including the use of natural environments in healthcare.

Grants & Publications. I have been involved in attracting funding in excess of £45m since 2010 (approx. £2.5m as Principal Investigator) from EPSRC, ESRC, DEFRA, DECC, FP7, H2020 and ESIF. Peer-review publications since 2010 include papers in the Journal of Environmental Psychology, Environment & Behavior, and Psychology & Health, with more than 45 publications in total since 2010.

Impact. Our role in the MARLISCO project was to evaluate science-in-society activities regarding marine litter in 14 European countries plus Turkey, summarised in a guide for influencing behaviour. My former PhD student and I were the only two behavioural scientists involved in the United Nations GESAMP Working Group 40 on microplastics, and the Phase 1 report contains our recommendation for more behavioural science. I am part of the organising committee for MICRO, a conference dedicated to science and policy regarding microplastics. The 2016 conference resulted in the “Lanzarote Declaration” (see Within the eViz-project we have run field studies with the Eden Project / DECC and Plymouth City Council, including a >5,000 home trial in collaboration with the Behavioural Insights Team. I was the lead convenor for two sessions (behaviour change and perceptions of climate change) at the UNFCC COP21 science conference in Paris in July 2015, which summarised the science to inform COP 21.

What is Environmental Psychology? :

Sustainability & Psychology Research group, [new web-site soon]

Current post-docs:

  • Dr. Isabel Richter, RF Blue Communities 
  • Dr. Rebecca Hafner, RF EnerGAware (joint project with Dr. Alba Fuertes and Dr. Rory Jones)
  • Dr. Adorkor Bruce-Konuah, RF EnerGAware, (joint project with Dr. Alba Fuertes and Dr. Rory Jones)
  • Dr. Hazel Gibson, RF ERDF United Downs, (joint project with Prof Iain Stewart)
Former post-docs

Invited talks & panels (selection)

  • Pahl, S. (2019). The human dimension: Risk perception and communication. GESAMP International Workshop on assessing the risks associated with plastics and microplastics in the marine environment. Geneva, May.
  • Pahl, S. (2019). Theme 5: Behaviour. DEFRA Marine Plastic Pollution Workshop and Evidence Review. Invited Talk. London, March.
  • Pahl, S. (2019). How can social and behavioural sciences help reduce marine litter? Invited talk at Arctic Frontiers. Tromso, January.
  • Pahl, S. (2019). Launch of SAPEA report. Invited talk at “Experts Workshop: Environmental and Health Impacts of Microplastic Pollution - from scientific evidence to policy advice”. Brussels, January.
  • Panel member representing social and behavioural sciences with Tamara Galloway, Brendan Godley (both University of Exeter), John Schofield (University of York), Erik van Sebille (University of Utrecht), discussion led by Liz Bonin, Galapagos Day, Galapagos Conservation Trust, London, Royal Geographical Society, November 2017
  • Pahl, S. (2017). The human dimension: how behavioural sciences can help address plastic pollution in the environment. Royal Society of Chemistry event “Microplastic Pollution: Everyone’s problem - but what can be done about it?” London, October.

         This workshop was covered in International Environmental Technology, Nov/Dec 2017, Vol. 27(6); Foundation for Water Research      Newsletter November 2017; Royal Society of Chemistry Newsletter Water Forum, Autumn / Winter 2017, Vol 18(2).

  • Pahl, S. (2017). The human dimension: How behavioural sciences can help protect marine ecosystems. Workshop “Harnessing Citizen Behaviour Change to Protect Coral Ecosystems” hosted by UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre in partnership with UN Environment, Pierre-Yves Cousteau and Reef World Foundation. David Attenborough Building, Cambridge, UK, September.
  • Pahl, S. (2017). On-stage cross-over dialogue between Engineering & SSH Research (panel discussion at the PERSON event “No Energy Transition without the Social Sciences and Humanities: Why a PERSONal approach is needed”). Brussels, Belgium, June.
  • Pahl, S. (2017). The human dimension: How social and behavioural research can help address marine litter. Summer School “Plastics in Marine and Freshwater Environments. UNESCO / International Centre for Water Resources and Global Change / BFG. Koblenz, Germany, July.
  • Pahl, S., & Thompson, R. C. (2017). Plastics in our Ocean: Science and Society. Port Eliot Festival, UK, July.
  • Steg, L. & Pahl, S. (2016). Influencing Consumer’s Energy Behaviour Dublin. Consumers, Economics and Energy Systems Workshop. Energy Institute Dublin and ESIPP, Dublin, October.
  • Pahl, S. (2016) eViz: Energy Visualisation for Carbon reduction. Cardiff University School of Architecture .
  • Pahl, S. (2016). Interdisciplinary research for a sustainable energy transition: the energy visualisation (eViz) Project. Keynote speech for PERSON network at the EU Sustainable Energy Week, Brussels, Belgium, June.
  • Pahl, S., Wyles., K., Carroll, L. & Thompson, R. C. (2016). Fishing for Litter (FFL) Evaluation. DEFRA Seminar, London, UK, March.
  • Pahl, S. (2015). eViz: Energy Visualisation for Carbon reduction. From virtual reality to thermal imaging. MENS meeting, London, UK, December.
  • Pahl, S. (2015). eViz: Energy Visualisation for Carbon reduction. Symposium in honour of Prof Cees Midden’s retirement. Eindhoven, Netherlands, October.
  • Pahl, S. (2015). eViz: Energy Visualisation for Carbon reduction. From virtual reality to organisational context. BuildTEDDI Annual event with Innovate UK and KTN. London, UK, October (video available from
  • Pahl, S. (2015). Visualising Energy for Behaviour Change. Insights from the eViz Project. Cardiff University International Speaker Series, co-hosted by Psychology and Architecture, March.
Reports (selection)
  • SAPEA, Science Advice for Policy by European Academies. (2019). A Scientific Perspective on Microplastics in Nature and Society. Berlin: SAPEA.
  • Westerhoff, L., Cote, S., Chu, A.-M., Sheppard, S. R. J., Burch, S. & Pahl, S. (2017). Motivating energy efficiency retrofits through community-based thermal imaging: Implications for research and p ractice in BC. PICS White Paper. Available from:
  • GESAMP (2016). ”Sources, fate and effects of microplastics in the marine environment: Part two of a global assessment” (Kershaw, P. J. & Rochman, C. M., eds.). (IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/UNIDO/WMO/IAEA/UN/UNEP/UNDP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection). Rep. Stud. GESAMP No. 93, 220p. Available from 
  • Chu, A.-M., Westerhoff, L., Sheppard, S., Storey, S., Goodhew, J., Fox, M., Goodhew, S. & Pahl, S. (2016). Exploring the Use of Thermal Imagery for the Promotion of Residential Energy Efficiency Retrofits. Report prepared for the City of Vancouver, June.
  • Baztan, B., Jorgensen, B., Pahl, S, Thompson, R. C., Vanderlinden, J.-P. (Eds.) MICRO 2016: Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems. From the Coastline to the Open Sea. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • GESAMP (2015, IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/UNIDO/WMO/IAEA/UN/UNEP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection). Sources, fate and effects of microplastics in the marine environment - a global assessment. GESAMP Reports & Studies Series. Available from
  • Stone, B., Guest, R., Pahl, S., & Boomsma, C. (2014). Exploiting gaming technologies to visualise dynamic thermal qualities of a domestic dwelling: Technical and human factor challenges. Proceedings from BEHAVE’14, Oxford, UK.

Research degrees awarded to supervised students

  • Christine Boomsma (Director of Studies; F/T 2009 - 2012): Visual images as a motivational bridge to pro-environmental behaviour: A cognitive approach. Viva passed January 2013.
  • Julie Goodhew (co-supervisor; P/T 2007-2013): Thermal images as prompts for energy-saving behaviour. Viva passed May 2013.
  • Lauren Carroll (Director of Studies; F/T 2009 - 2013): The effect of choice set size and other choice architectures on decisions to volunteer. Viva passed September 2013.
  • Kayleigh Wyles (Director of Studies; F/T Oct 2010 - 2014): Rocky shores - From habitat threat to marine awareness and restorative experiences. Viva passed February 2014. 
  • Becky Jenkin (European Centre for Environment and Human Health; co-supervisor; F/T 2011-2015): Blue Gym 4 kids. 
  • Debbie Cracknell (Director of Studies; P/T Oct 2010-2016): The restorative potential of public aquariums: Psychological and physiological effects of viewing sub-aquatic environments.
  • Hazel Gibson (SoGEES - CRES; co-supervisor; F/T 2012-2016). Underground Britain: Public perceptions of and attitudes to the subsurface.
  • Carolyn Arnold (Falmouth College; co-supervisor; F/T since Oct 2011): Storytelling as a paradigm for promoting pro-environmental behaviour. Viva passed September 2017.
  • Current PhD students:

    • Leanne Martin (Director of Studies, F/T since October 2017). Using Natural Environments to Reduce Craving: Affective and Cognitive Mechanisms. ESRC funding.
    • Sohvi Nuojua (co-supervisor, F/T since October 2017). Marine Litter: Can behavioural sciences help reduce land-based waste entering the oceans?. Charity funding.
    • Francesca Tirotto (co-supervisor, F/T since October 2017). Psychological and social factors in new types of energy: The case of deep geothermal. ERDF funding.
    • Paul Watson (co-supervisor, F/T since October 2016). Virtual Reality in Healthcare Training. 

    external PhDs examined:

  • Nina Lockwood, University of Sussex, June 2010, "Motivations for mountain climbing: The role of risk."     
  • Laura Rennie, Sheffield University, January 2011, "The role of perspective in visualising health behaviours: Effects on motivation and behaviour." 
  • Alexander Van der Jagt, University of Aberdeen, November 2013, "Restorative environments: Why the saliency of natural and built scene content matters"
  • Hyunji Kim, University of Cambridge, January 2014, "Construal level theory and economic decision making: Psychological distance as a de-biasing tool"
  • Aimie Hope, Sheffield University, April 2016, "Little green lies: Exploring compensatory beliefs within the environmental domain."
  • Tom Holmes, University of York, May 2017, "Social-Environmental Effects of Coastal Storms in the UK" 
  • Grants & contracts


    Pahl, S. & Thompson, R. C. (2019-2023). Plymouth work package £260k in EU H2020 Innovative Training Network Limnoplast, for an interdisciplinary PhD Fellowship in the area of microplastics; our position will look at the behavioural dimension of reducing microplastics (total value ca. €4m), led by the University of Bayreuth.

    Pahl, S. & Thompson, R. C. (2019-2020). Stock taking exercise on current actions to eliminate marine plastic litter and microplastcs including awareness raising, behaviour change, capacity building. $190k, UNEP.

    Thompson, R. C. & Pahl, S. (2019-2022). Plymouth work package £266k in EU cross-channel Interreg project Preventing Plastic Pollution working with different sectors incl. fishing, tourism (total value £14m incl. co-financing), led by Queen Mary University London. 

    Sheppard et al. (2018-2020) Scaling-up Social Mobilization on Climate Change with Digital Tools (total value ca.200k CAD). Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Canada (SSHRC – PDG; named collaborator).

    Stewart, I., Rodwell,L., Pahl, S. & Martin, J. (2018-2022). Plymouth work package ca. £470k in EU H2020 RURITAGE – Rural regeneration through systemic heritage-led strategies project (total value ca. €10m) led by the University of Bologna, Italy.

    Stewart, I., Pahl, S. & Anderson, A. (2017-2020). Plymouth work package £374k in EU ESIF project led by Geothermal Engineering Limited, overall value £18m, European Regional Development Fund.

    Pahl, S.(2018-2021). Blue Communities (Project 12). Global Challenges Research Fund.Plymouth work package £358k in project led by Plymouth Marine Laboratory(PI : Prof Mel Austen), overall value £6.6m, RCUK/NERC.

    Fuertes, A. et al. EnerGAware: Energy Game for Awareness of energy efficiency in social housing communities. Feb 2015 - Feb 2018, Plymouth work package 300k in €2m EU H2020 project.


    Pahl, S., de Wilde, P. et al. (2012-2016). eViz – Energy Visualisation for Carbon Reduction. EPSRC multi-centre grant with the Universities of Bath, Birmingham and Newcastle £1,876,000, with £1,125,000 to Plymouth. (Post docs Christine Boomsma and Julie Goodhew).

    Thompson, R. C. & Pahl, S. (2012-2015). Marine Litter in European Seas: Social Awareness and Co-Responsibility (MARLISCO). Plymouth Work Package £300k in £4,100,000 EU-FP7 Grant. (Post doc Bonny Hartley and Research Assistant Matthew Holland).

    Sheppard, S., Pahl, S. City of Vancouver Thermal Imaging pilot project. University of British Columbia and Plymouth University. Plymouth work package CAD10k in CAD34k project.

    Goodhew, J. et al. (2015). Solar gain visualised through thermal imaging. ISSR small grant, Plymouth University, £3k.

    Anderson, A. et al. (2015). Public perception of microbeads. ISSR small grant, Plymouth University, £2.5k.

    White, M. P., Pahl, S. & Depledge, M (2010-2016). The restorative potential of sub-aquatic environments. Studentship awarded by NMA: Deborah Cracknell.

    Thompson, R. C. & Pahl, S. (2014). Evaluation of Fishing for Litter programme (variation). DEFRA: 19k. Research Assistant: Kayleigh Wyles then Lauren Carroll.

    Pahl, S. & Carroll, L. (2013). SmallEvaluation of Stepping Stones programme. Plymouth City Council, SteppingStones: 2.5k. RA: Lauren Carroll. 

    Attrill, M., Pahl, S., Thompson, R. C. & Wyles, K. (2013). The benefits of engaging with the Marine Centre at Wembury Beach. University of Plymouth Community Research Award: £9k. Research Assistant: Lauren Carroll.

    Goodhew, S., Pahl, S. & De Wilde, P. (2013). Thermal imaging intervention as part of Cornwall together. Eden Project, funding from DECC, £65k.

    Pahl, S. & Thompson, R. (2010-13). Human Well-being and Habitat Threat in Marine Environments. ESRC/NERC Studentship: Kayleigh Wyles.

    Pahl, S., White, M. P., Andrade, J. & May, J.(2010-13). Dental anxiety, nature exposure and virtual reality. (University of Plymouth: approx. £100k [postdoc Karin Tanja-Dijkstra]).

    White, M. P., Pahl, S. & Depledge, M. (2010-13). Blue Gym: The health and well-being effects of blue space. (University ofPlymouth: approx. £120k [post doc Kat Ashbullby]).

    Wyer, N., Pahl, S. & Perfect, T. (2010-13). Construal, processing style and memory for social events.(ESRC: £240k). RA: Jean Roper.

    Depledge, M., Pahl, S. & Lilley, A.(2010-2013). Seeing is Believing. (European Centre for Environment and Human Health, PCMD [post doc WillStahl-Timmins])

    White, M. P., Pahl, S. & Edworthy, J. (2009-12). Choice Architectures and Volunteering. UoP Faculty of Science PhD Studentship: Lauren Carroll.

    Pahl, S. (2011). Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions (PICS) Fellowship, British Columbia, Canada, March.

    Pahl, S. (2011). International Networking Scheme University of Plymouth, for research visit to the University of British Columbia, March.

    LeFroy,M., LeFroy, E., White, M. & Pahl, S. (2010). Surf to success / surfing for success. (Ecominds: 20k awarded to GB Boardriders CIC).

    Butel, L., Pahl, S. & Memery, J. (2009-11). The psychology of giving to independent schools. Knowledge Transfer Partnership with Plymouth College (TechnologyStrategy Board: £81k).

    Pahl, S. (2009-10). Optimism, pessimism and pro-environmental engagement. (Seale-HayneEducational Trust: £2k).

    Pahl, S. & White, M. P. (2008-09). Predicting and improving satisfaction with a rewarding activity: Volunteering for the Samaritans. (University of Plymouth: £8k).

    Pahl, S. (2006). Self-activation and betting behaviour. Dr. German Schweiger Spende: €1k.

    Pahl, S. (2006-08). Role models, social comparison & gender: Effects on career aspirations of men and women. University of Erlangen: €9k.

    Pahl, S. (2005-06). Linguistic norms and the focus effect in self-other comparisons. EAESP Postdoctoral Seedcorn Grant: €2k.

    Pahl, S. (2002-03). ESRC Postdoctoral Fellowship: £26k.

    Key publications

    Key publications are highlighted

    Borja A, White MP, Berdalet E, Bock N, Eatock C, Kristensen P, Leonard A, Lloret J, Pahl S & Parga M 2020 'Moving Toward an Agenda on Ocean Health and Human Health in Europe' Frontiers in Marine Science 7, , DOI
    Martin L, White MP, Hunt A, Richardson M, Pahl S & Burt J 2020 'Nature contact, nature connectedness and associations with health, wellbeing and pro-environmental behaviours' Journal of Environmental Psychology 68, 101389-101389 , DOI PEARL
    Alcock I, White MP, Pahl S, Duarte-Davidson R & Fleming LE 2020 'Associations between pro-environmental behaviour and neighbourhood nature, nature visit frequency and nature appreciation: Evidence from a nationally representative survey in England' Environment International 136, 105441-105441 , DOI PEARL
    Hafner RJ, Pahl S, Jones RV & Fuertes A 2019 'Energy use in social housing residents in the UK and recommendations for developing energy behaviour change interventions' Journal of Cleaner Production 251, 119643-119643 , DOI PEARL
    Martin L, Pahl S, White MP & May J 2019 'Natural environments and craving: The mediating role of negative affect' Health and Place 58, 102160-102160 , DOI PEARL
    Ashley M, Pahl S, Glegg G & Fletcher S 2019 'A Change of Mind: Applying Social and Behavioral Research Methods to the Assessment of the Effectiveness of Ocean Literacy Initiatives' Frontiers in Marine Science 6, , DOI PEARL
    Wyles KJ, Pahl S, Carroll L & Thompson RC 2019 'An evaluation of the Fishing For Litter (FFL) scheme in the UK in terms of attitudes, behavior, barriers and opportunities' Marine Pollution Bulletin 144, 48-60 , DOI PEARL
    Fairchild TP, Fowler MS, Pahl S & Griffin JN 2018 'Multiple dimensions of biodiversity drive human interest in tide pool communities' Scientific Reports 8, (1) , DOI PEARL
    Boomsma C, Jones RV, Pahl S & Fuertes A 2018 'Do Psychological Factors Relate to Energy Saving Behaviours in Inefficient and Damp Homes? A study among English social housing residents' Energy Research and Social Science 47, 146-155 Publisher Site , DOI PEARL
    Hartley BL, Pahl S, Veiga J, Vlachogianni T, Vasconcelos L, Maes T, Doyle T, d'Arcy Metcalfe R, Öztürk AA & Di Berardo M 2018 'Exploring public views on marine litter in Europe: Perceived causes, consequences and pathways to change' Marine Pollution Bulletin 133, 945-955 , DOI PEARL
    Boomsma C, Hafner R, Pahl S, Jones RV & Fuertes A 2018 'Should We Play Games Where Energy Is Concerned? Perceptions of Serious Gaming as a Technology to Motivate Energy Behaviour Change among Social Housing Residents' Sustainability 10, (6) 1-18 Publisher Site , DOI PEARL
    Cracknell DL, Pahl S, White MP & Depledge MH 2018 'Reviewing the role of aquaria as restorative settings: how subaquatic diversity in public aquaria can influence preferences, and human health and well-being' Human Dimensions of Wildlife 23, (5) 446-460 , DOI
    Hartley BL, Pahl S, Holland M, Alampei I, Veiga JM & Thompson RC 2018 'Turning the tide on trash: Empowering European educators and school students to tackle marine litter' Marine Policy , DOI PEARL
    Wyles KJ, White MP, Hattam C, Pahl S, King H & Austen M 2017 'Are Some Natural Environments More Psychologically Beneficial Than Others? The Importance of Type and Quality on Connectedness to Nature and Psychological Restoration' Environment and Behavior 51, (2) 111-143 , DOI PEARL
    Pahl S, Wyles KJ & Thompson RC 2017 'Channelling passion for the ocean towards plastic pollution' Nature Human Behaviour 1, (10) 697-699 , DOI PEARL
    Kenshole AV, Gallichan D, Pahl S & Clibbens J 2017 'Lifestyle factors and Alzheimer's disease in people with Down syndrome' Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities , DOI PEARL
    Jenkin R, Frampton I, White MP & Pahl S 2017 'The relationship between exposure to natural and urban environments and children’s self-regulation' Landscape Research 1-14 , DOI PEARL
    Goodhew JA, Pahl S, Goodhew S & Boomsma C 2017 'Mental models of heat: Exploring how people think about heat flows in the home' Energy Research and Social Science , DOI PEARL
    Hignett A, White MP, Pahl S, Jenkin R & Froy ML 2017 'Evaluation of a surfing programme designed to increase personal well-being and connectedness to the natural environment among ‘at risk’ young people' Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning 18, (1) 53-69 , DOI PEARL
    Tanja-Dijkstra K, Pahl S, White MP, Auvray M, Stone RJ, Andrade J, May J, Mills I & Moles DR 2017 'The Soothing Sea: A Virtual Coastal Walk Can Reduce Experienced and Recollected Pain' Environment and Behavior 001391651771007-001391651771007 , DOI PEARL
    Boomsma GT, Pahl S, Jones RV & Fuertes A 2017 '“Damp in bathroom. Damp in back room. It's very depressing!” exploring the relationship between perceived housing problems, energy affordability concerns, and health and well-being in UK social housing' Energy Policy 106, 382-393 , DOI PEARL
    White MP, Pahl S, Wheeler BW, Depledge MH & Fleming LE 2017 'Natural environments and subjective wellbeing: Different types of exposure are associated with different aspects of wellbeing' Health & Place 45, 77-84 , DOI PEARL
    Boomsma C, Pahl S & Andrade J 2016 'Imagining Change: An Integrative Approach towards Explaining the Motivational Role of Mental Imagery in Pro-Environmental Behaviour' Frontiers in Psychology , DOI PEARL
    Cracknell D, White MP, Pahl S & Depledge MH 2016 'A preliminary investigation into the restorative potential of public aquaria exhibits: a UK student-based study' Landscape Research 42, (1) 18-32 , DOI PEARL
    Anderson KJ 2016 'Microplastics in personal care products: Exploring perceptions of environmentalists, beauticians and students' Marine Pollution Bulletin , DOI PEARL
    Pahl S & Wyles KJ 2016 'The human dimension: how social and behavioural research methods can help address microplastics in the environment' Analytical Methods 9, (9) 1404-1411 , DOI PEARL
    Jones RV, Fuertes A, Boomsma C & Pahl S 2016 'Space heating preferences in UK social housing: A socio-technical household survey combined with building audits' Energy and Buildings 127, 382-398 , DOI PEARL
    Wyles KJ, Pahl S, Holland M & Thompson RC 2016 'Can Beach Cleans Do More Than Clean-Up Litter? Comparing Beach Cleans to Other Coastal Activities' Environment and Behavior , DOI PEARL
    Gibson H, Stewart IS, Pahl S & Stokes A 2016 'A "mental models" approach to the communication of subsurface hydrology and hazards' Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 20, (5) 1737-1749 , DOI PEARL
    Boomsma C, Goodhew J, Pahl S & Jones RV 2016 'The feasibility of saving energy in challenging organisational contexts: Testing energy visualisation in a social services office in the United Kingdom' Energy Research & Social Science 15, 58-74 , DOI PEARL
    Boomsma C, Goodhew J, Goodhew S & Pahl S 2016 'Improving the visibility of energy use in home heating in England: Thermal images and the role of visual tailoring' Energy Research & Social Science 14, 111-121 , DOI PEARL
    Pahl S, Goodhew J, Boomsma C & Sheppard SRJ 2016 'The Role of Energy Visualization in Addressing Energy Use: Insights from the eViz Project' Frontiers in Psychology 7, , DOI PEARL
    White MP, Pahl S, Wheeler BW, Fleming LEF & Depledge MH 2016 'The ‘Blue Gym’: What can blue space do for you and what can you do for blue space?' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 96, (1) 5-12 , DOI
    Gibson H, Stewart I, Pahl S & Stokes A 2016 'A "Mental Models" approach to the communication of subsurface hydrology and hazards' Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions 1-29 , DOI PEARL
    Veiga JM, Vlachogianni T, Pahl S, Thompson RC, Kopke K, Doyle TK, Hartley BL, Maes T, Orthodoxou DL & Loizidou XI 2016 'Enhancing public awareness and promoting co-responsibility for marine litter in Europe: The challenge of MARLISCO' Marine Pollution Bulletin 102, (2) 309-315 , DOI
    Cracknell D, White MP, Pahl S, Nichols WJ & Depledge MH 2016 'Marine Biota and Psychological Well-Being: A Preliminary Examination of Dose-Response Effects in an Aquarium Setting' Environment and Behavior , DOI PEARL
    Wyer NA, Hollins TJ, Pahl S & Roper J 2015 'The hows and whys of face memory: level of construal influences the recognition of human faces' Frontiers in Psychology 6, , DOI PEARL
    White MP, Pahl S, Ashbullby KJ, Burton F & Depledge MH 2015 'The Effects of Exercising in Different Natural Environments on Psycho-Physiological Outcomes in Post-Menopausal Women: A Simulation Study' International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12, (9) 11929-11953 , DOI PEARL
    Wyles KJ, Pahl S, Thomas K & Thompson RC 2015 'Factors That Can Undermine the Psychological Benefits of Coastal Environments: Exploring the Effect of Tidal State, Presence, and Type of Litter' Environment and Behavior , DOI PEARL
    Hartley BL, Thompson RC & Pahl S 2015 'Marine litter education boosts children's understanding and self-reported actions' Mar Pollut Bull 90, (1-2) 209-217 Author Site , DOI
    Pahl S, Sheppard S, Boomsma C & Groves C 2015 'Perceptions of time in relation to climate change (vol 5, pg 375, 2014)' WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS-CLIMATE CHANGE 6, (3) 359-359 Author Site , DOI
    Wyer NA, Hollins TJ & Pahl S 2015 'The hows and whys of face processing: Level of construal influences the holistic processing of human faces' Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144, (6) 1037-1041 , DOI PEARL
    Goodhew JA, Pahl S, Auburn T & Goodhew S 2014 'Making Heat Visible: Promoting Energy Conservation Behaviors Through Thermal Imaging' Environment and Behavior , DOI PEARL
    Pahl S, Sheppard S, Boomsma C & Groves C 2014 'Perceptions of time in relation to climate change' WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS-CLIMATE CHANGE 5, (3) 375-388 Author Site , DOI PEARL
    Tanja-Dijkstra K, Pahl S, White MP, Andrade J, May J, Stone RJ, Bruce M, Mills I, Auvray M & Gabe R 2014 'Can virtual nature improve patient experiences and memories of dental treatment? A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial' Trials 90, (15) Publisher Site , DOI PEARL
    Tanja-Dijkstra K, Pahl S, White MP, Andrade J, Qian C, Bruce M, May J & Moles DR 2014 'Improving Dental Experiences by Using Virtual Reality Distraction: A Simulation Study' PLOSOne 3, (9) , DOI PEARL
    Wyles KJ, Pahl S & Thompson RC 2014 'Perceived risks and benefits of recreational visits to the marine environment: Integrating impacts on the environment and impacts on the visitor' Ocean & Coastal Management 88, 53-63 , DOI
    White MP, Pahl S, Ashbullby K, Herbert S & Depledge MH 2013 'Feelings of restoration from recent nature visits' JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 35, 40-51 Author Site , DOI
    Ashbullby KJ, Pahl S, Webley P & White MP 2013 'The beach as a setting for families' health promotion: a qualitative study with parents and children living in coastal regions in Southwest England' Health Place 23, 138-147 Author Site , DOI
    Manzi S, Nichols A, Pahl S, Richardson J, Bennallick M & Grose J 2013 'How do they manage it? An observational study of health and social care waste management' PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH 28, 262-262 Author Site
    Thompson RC, Wyles K, Pahl S, White M, Morris S & Cracknell DA 2013 'Towards a Marine Mindset: Visiting an aquarium can improve attitudes and intentions regarding marine sustainability' Visitor Studies 16, 95-110 , DOI
    Pahl S & Bauer J 2013 'Overcoming the Distance: Perspective Taking With Future Humans Improves Environmental Engagement' ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIOR 45, (2) 155-169 Author Site , DOI
    Grose J, Bennallick M, Nichols A, Pahl S & Richardson J 2012 'Facilitating Sustainable Waste Management Behaviors Within the Health Sector: A Case Study of the National Health Service (NHS) in Southwest England, UK' SUSTAINABILITY 4, (4) 630-642 Author Site , DOI
    Grose J, Bennallick M, Nichols A, Pahl S & Richardson J 2012 'Facilitating Sustainable Waste Management Behaviors Within the Health Sector: A Case Study of the National Health Service (NHS) in Southwest England, UK' Sustainability 4, (4) 630-630
    Carroll L & Pahl S 2012 'Too much choice: Is this affecting decisions to volunteer?' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 47, 172-172 Author Site
    Carroll LS, White MP & Pahl S 2011 'The impact of excess choice on deferment of decisions to volunteer' Judgment and Decision Making 6, (7) 629-637
    Pahl S 2011 'Would I bet on beating you? Subtly increasing other-focus helps overcome egocentrism' Exp Psychol 59, (2) 74-81 Author Site , DOI
    White M, Smith A, Humphryes K, Pahl S, Snelling D & Depledge M 2010 'Blue space: The importance of water for preference, affect, and restorativeness ratings of natural and built scenes' Journal of Environmental Psychology 30, (4) 482-493 , DOI
    Wyer NA, Perfect TJ & Pahl S 2010 'Temporal distance and person memory: thinking about the future changes memory for the past' Pers Soc Psychol Bull 36, (6) 805-816 Author Site , DOI PEARL
    Zlatev M, Pahl S & White M 2010 'Perceived risk and benefit for self and others as predictors of smokers' attitudes towards smoking restrictions' Psychology and Health 25, (2) 167-182 , DOI
    Pahl S, Eiser JR & White MP 2009 'Boundaries of self-positivity: the effect of comparison focus in self-friend comparisons' J Soc Psychol 149, (4) 413-424 Author Site , DOI
    Pahl S, Bauer J & Zhou M 2008 'Perspective-taking and the environment' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 43, (3-4) 763-763 Author Site
    Goodhew J, Auburn T & Pahl S 2008 'That's it we're having more insulation! Will householders change behaviours and attitudes after being shown an infrared image of their homes leaking heat?' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 43, (3-4) 273-273 Author Site
    Blueher R & Pahl S 2007 'Der "mere exposure" Effekt und die Wahl von Produkten - Ein Experiment im Feld [Mere exposure and product choice - A field experiment]' Zeitschrift fuer Sozialpsychologie 38, 209-215
    Pahl S & Eiser JR 2007 'How malleable is comparative self-positivity? The effects of manipulating judgemental focus and accessibility' European Journal of Social Psychology 37, (4) 617-627
    Bluher R & Pahl S 2007 'The mere exposure effect and product choice: A field experiment' Zeitschrift fur Sozialpsychologie 38, (3) 209-215
    White MP, Eiser JR, Harris PR & Pahl S 2007 'Who reaps the benefits, who bears the risks? Comparative optimism, comparative utility, and regulatory preferences for mobile phone technology' Risk Analysis 27, (3) 741-753
    Pahl S 2006 'Seedcorn grant report (A closer look at the focus effect)' European Bulletin of Social Psychology 18, 77-80
    Pahl S & Eiser JR 2006 'The focus effect and self-positivity in ratings of self-other similarity and difference' British Journal of Social Psychology 45, 107-116
    Pahl S, Harris PR, Todd HA & Rutter DR 2005 'Comparative optimism for environmental risks' Journal of Environmental Psychology 25, (1) 1-11
    Pahl S & Eiser JR 2005 'Valence, comparison focus and self-positivity biases - Does it matter whether people judge positive or negative traits?' Experimental Psychology 52, (4) 303-309
    Pahl S & Eiser JR 2004 'Reducing positive biases for the self' International Journal of Psychology 39, (5-6) 568-568
    White MP, Pahl S, Buehner M & Haye A 2003 'Trust in risky messages: The role of prior attitudes' Risk Analysis 23, (4) 717-726
    Eiser JR, Pahl S & Prins YRA 2001 'Optimism, pessimism, and the direction of self-other comparisons' Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 37, (1) 77-84
    Thompson RC & Pahl S 2018 Plastics, the Environment and Society: Current Consensus and Future Directions. Royal Society of Chemistry , DOI PEARL
    Baztan J, Jorgensen B, Vanderlinden J-P, Pahl S, Thompson R, Carrasco A, Miguelez A, Huck T, Garrabou J & Broglio E 2015 'Protected Shores Contaminated with Plastic' Coastal Zones Elsevier 185-195 , DOI
    Auburn TC, Goodhew J, Goodhew S, de Wilde P & Pahl S 0 'A preliminary investigation of the potential for thermographic images to influence householders' understanding of home energy consumption' in Dainty B Proceedings of ARCOM conference 2009 971-979 PEARL
    Conference Papers
    Boomsma C, Jones RV, Pahl S & Fuertes A 2016 'Energy saving behaviours among social housing tenants: Exploring the relationship with dwelling characteristics, monetary concerns, and psychological motivations' BEHAVE 2016: 4th European Conference on Behaviour and Energy Efficiency Coimbra 9-/-0/20169-/-0/2016PEARL
    Casals M, Gangolells M, Macarulla M, Fuertes A, Jones R, Pahl S & Ruiz M 2016 'Promoting energy users' behavioural change in social housing through a serious game' 11th European Conference on Product & Process Modeling Limassol, Cyprus 9-/-0/20169-/-0/2016PEARL
    Goodhew J, Boomsma C, Pahl S & Goodhew SMR 2015 'Exploring mental models of home heating' BCEP Groningen 1-/-0/19001-/-0/1900
    Pahl S, Goodhew J, Boomsma C & Goodhew SMR 2015 'The power of thermal imaging to change energy understanding and action' BCEP Groningen 1-/-0/19001-/-0/1900
    Goodhew J, Goodhew SMR, Boomsma C & Pahl S 2015 't's fffffffffffreezsing!...thought thermal imaging might shed some light as to where the heat's going!" Can visualisation shed a light on heating?' Proceedings from the European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy 2015 France 1-/-0/19001-/-0/1900
    de Wilde P, Pahl S, Hamza N, Wei S, Jones R & Abohela I 2013 'Using building simulation to drive changes in occupant behaviour: A pilot study' in IBPSA Building Simulation 2013 Conference Chambery, France 8-/-0/20138-/-0/2013PEARL
    Pahl S, Thompson R & Wyles K 2015 Social Aspects of microplastics in the marine environment. GESAMP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection International Maritime Organization/UNEP
    Fox M, Goodhew J, Boomsma C, Goodhew S & Pahl S Fox M, Goodhew J, Boomsma C, Goodhew S & Pahl S 0 'Lessons on visual feedback from the eViz Project: The evidence for using thermal images as a visual intervention' 01/01/190001/01/1900PEARL