Shutterstock image of waves 110095448
Researchers: Dr Adi Kurniawan, Professor Deborah Greaves OBE FREng, Dr Huirong Le, Dr Stuart Stripling (University of Plymouth); Professor John Chaplin, Professor Francis Farley (University of Southampton)Funded by: EPSRC SUPERGEN Marine Challenge 2 - Marine Energy (Wave and Tidal) Technology for 2050
A significant drawback of wave energy converters acting as heaving point absorbers is the mismatch between the typical wave period and the natural period. This means that heaving devices have to be large in order to operate optimally in swell waves. To overcome these limitations, control systems may be used in order to modify the motion response to suit the wave climate, but this can be complex and expensive.
In this project, we investigate an alternative approach in which the device’s geometry responds to hydrodynamic loading. Many configurations can be conceived, but we propose to concentrate on a representative scheme, the “Squid”, sketched in Figure 1. As the device descends, the volume V1 of air inside the pressurised fabric bag is compressed. This forces air through a reversible flow (Wells) turbine into a second, rigid, container of volume V2. The flow is reversed as the device rises again. Since the device shrinks as it sinks, the resonance period is lengthened, so that a small Squid can be tuned to long waves. The heave period can be varied by changing the internal pressure and moving the equilibrium level up and down.
The proposed project will assess the performance and optimisation of the Squid concept, by developing an optimisation tool using semi-analytical and numerical models and by performing a series of physical model tests.
1. Develop a theoretical model for the Squid undergoing forced heaving motion in still water
2. Use numerical modelling tools to investigate the response of Squid in waves
3. Build a scale model of the Squid at a scale of about 1:16, and carry out tests in still water and in waves
4. Assess performance and optimisation of the Squid device and review the implications for other configurations using fabric. 
General arrangement of the Squid​

General arrangement of the Squid​