Plants growing, hand watering.
Discover employment and further study opportunities that you could consider once you graduate with a biology degree and learn how you can stand out to graduate employers.
We encourage you to:
  • undertake career planning and research
  • build your networks, meet employers and graduates
  • gain essential work experience during your course
  • attend career fairs and events
  • continually develop your skills and knowledge
  • get involved with relevant clubs and societies
  • visit the Careers Service for advice.

Knowledge and skills

In addition to subject-specific knowledge of biological systems and concepts, you develop a range of practical and technical skills and learn how to use specialist techniques and technical equipment. You also develop more general skills, which are attractive to employers in all sectors.
These include:
  • scientific and technical understanding of ecology, biodiversity, cell biology, animal behaviour and physiology concepts developed through lectures, laboratory work and independent research
  • laboratory skills and experience including designing and conducting experiments, systematic sample collection and instrument calibration in preparation for analysis and monitoring. Plus systematic recording of data and observations
  • advanced numeric and data handling skills: manipulating, interpreting and analysis of experimental data
  • verbal communication skills developed through conveying complex scientific information and delivering presentations
  • written communication skills developed through regular submission of concise, coherent laboratory reports 
  • problem solving, analytical and logical thinking with attention to detail through designing and conducting experiments in the laboratory and applying knowledge of chemical science to solve new and familiar problems
  • project management: designing and conducting scientific investigations from research and problem-recognition through to objective-setting, experimental design and execution to evaluation and conclusion 
  • time management: producing laboratory reports and other assignments to competing deadlines.

Career options

Biology graduates are well placed to succeed in any job where data handling or research skills are important. These jobs would not necessarily have to be restricted to science-based employers.
Employers recruiting graduates for biology-related jobs include:
  • universities and clinical research organisations
  • pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies
  • private hospitals and NHS trusts
  • national and global health, conservation and environmental charities
  • scientific and technical consultancies
  • schools and colleges
  • outreach organisations, such as museums, science centres and broadcast companies.
Many biology graduates pursue opportunities outside the science, education and health sectors in industries such as business, finance, the civil service, retail management, marketing and sales.
You could also apply the broader skills developed during your degree to many other opportunities: it is estimated that although graduate employers often specify a minimum degree classification as part of their shortlisting, approximately 70% of graduate employers do not specify that you must have studied a particular subject to work for them. However, graduate employers do highly prize skills such as strategic planning, resilience under pressure, creative problem-solving and commercial awareness which are some of the key skills you can develop during your course. Therefore, you could use your degree to access work in a multitude of sectors or industries.
It is also worth noting that around one third of biology graduates go onto postgraduate study.
Researching your career options
With such a wide range of careers open to you as a biology graduate, it is important to make sure you explore and research your options thoroughly so that you can make informed decisions about your future. 
Take a look at the Prospects, TargetJobs and the professional associations websites for inspiration:
Employment opportunities 
Below is a snapshot of what some University of Plymouth biology graduates told us they were doing 15 months after graduation. For some graduates, these jobs serve as stepping stones to professional posts by providing relevant workplace experience. 
  • Acquisition Consultant
  • Assistant Scientist
  • Audio Engineering
  • Biomedical Support Worker
  • Brewer
  • Delegate Sales Executive
  • Development Scientist
  • Environmental Education Tutor
  • Graduate Field Research Assistant
  • Graduate Management Trainee
  • Gymnastics Coach
  • Health and Safety Consultant
  • Laboratory Analyst
  • Laboratory Assistant
  • Lab Scientist
  • Lab Supervisor
  • Laboratory Technician
  • Lab Technician Covid Testing
  • Marketing Coordinator
  • Medical Workshop Leader
  • Molecular Scientist
  • Necropsy Technician
  • Performance Officer
  • Pharmaceutical Stability Analyst
  • PhD Student
  • Product Specialist
  • Renewables System Designer
  • Research Assistant
  • Research Technician and PhD Researcher
  • Sabbatical Officer
  • Seasonal Ecologist
  • Science Teacher
  • Science Technician
  • Secondary Science Teacher
  • Senior Production 
  • Senior Scientist
  • Service Desk Operator
  • Subcontractor for an Ecological Consultancy Company
  • Sustainability Consultant
  • Teacher
  • Technician
  • Tissue Handling Technician
  • Waste Officer 
  • Water Quality Inspector
  • Lighthouse Laboratory
  • Marine Academy Plymouth
  • NHS Devon and Cornwall Trust
  • One Scientific
  • Oxford Nanopore Technologies
  • The Binding Site
  • The Environment Agency
  • Torbay Pharmaceuticals (NHS TSDFT)
  • Tropic Biosciences
  • UK Biocentre
  • UK Health Security Agency
  • University of Birmingham
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Plymouth
  • Viridor
  • Wessex Water
  • Westcountry Schools Trust
*Data is from the Graduate Outcomes Surveys covering the three years of 2018/19 – 2020/21. Graduates were surveyed 15 months after graduating. Data displayed is for UK-domiciled, first degree, full-time graduates who are working, studying or looking for work.

Further study

Some of the careers chosen by biology graduates will require or benefit from further study, so this should be considered carefully. The University of Plymouth offers the following postgraduate study options that could be of interest to biology graduates:
You should consider the financial implications of further study as well as selecting a programme that suits your interests, learning style and future career direction. The following websites are a good starting point for exploring postgraduate options, but you may also benefit from talking to a Careers Consultant about your particular situation. 
Some useful websites to help you find a suitable postgraduate programme:
It is also worth investigating what further study options the University has to offer as you may find the perfect course for yourself in an institution you already know. There are also sometimes financial benefits of staying on such as a fee discount to Alumni – find out your funding options.

Careers Service support

Accessing support from the Careers Service couldn’t be easier, come along to the Careers Service Helpdesk in the Student Hub or access our 24/7 online resources.
There is a wide range of support available from skills workshops to events, placements and internships advice, 1-2-1 appointments and help getting started with LinkedIn.
Our bite-sized Skills Workshops can give your career the boost it needs. Choose from a range of topics:
  • effective career planning
  • job hunting techniques
  • finding part-time work
  • CVs and interviews
  • mastering LinkedIn
  • and more.
Workshops are delivered by the Careers Service, however they are also an opportunity to learn from your peers, share experiences and ask questions. Visit myCareer to see the full range of activities and to book your place.

Connect with graduates

Build your network and job sector knowledge using LinkedIn’s alumni tool. This will allow you to see the career journeys of graduates from your programme, the qualifications they completed, the skills they developed and employers they worked for. You can then ‘connect’ with people of interest.
  • search LinkedIn for ‘University of Plymouth’
  • select ‘Alumni’
  • filter the results by subject, sector, company or location.
For more information about the alumni tool select the LinkedIn alumni tool guide. If you are looking for help to set up or learn how to make the most out of your LinkedIn profile, select the LinkedIn guide for students or come to one of our workshops.

Other advice and guidance

Gain work experience
Undertaking work experience in your first and second years will help you stand out from the crowd when the time comes for you to complete applications for graduate employment and further study. Work experience develops valuable skills and qualities that employers are looking for and is essential for many roles. It can also help you to confirm or rule out particular career choices. Furthermore, experience in the workplace can bring you into contact with people who may be able to assist you at the beginning of your career.
You have plenty of options open to you. You could apply for a placement year, work part-time around your studies, undertake volunteering or approach organisations directly to negotiate short periods of work experience. Some organisations offer paid internships over the summer or of one year’s duration.
The University of Plymouth Students’ Union also offers a wide range of volunteering opportunities.
Clubs and societies
Engaging in a sport or society shows employers you are engaged and seek out opportunities, it also helps you improve your teamwork, communication and negotiation skills. Committee members develop leadership, diplomacy and organisational skills and will gain experience of meetings, handling funds, and society promotion
You may choose to join a society that is specifically linked to biology or take the opportunity to explore the huge range of clubs, societies and sports, all of which can help you to broaden your horizons and explore new interests.
Tutor and academic support
Your tutor and other academic staff are an excellent source of support for your career development. They will have experience and contacts across industry and academia, so do approach them for advice and insights into careers you are considering. Your tutor will ultimately be writing references for your employment or further study applications, therefore establishing a positive relationship with this person is invaluable.
Student Hub

Where could your degree subject take you?

Architecture and built environment
Biological sciences
Business, economics, management, marketing, accounting and finance, and maritime and logistics
Creative arts: art, illustration and photography
Design: interior/product and furniture design, graphic design and game arts/digital design
Earth, geography and environment
Education and teaching
Hospitality, tourism and events management
Humanities: anthropology, art history, English and history
Law, criminology and policing
Mathematical sciences
Media and filmmaking
Medicine, dentistry and biomedical sciences
Nursing, midwifery and allied health professions
Performing arts: acting, drama and musical theatre
Sociology, international relations and politics