Rapid point-of-care detection of Antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria
By 2050 it is estimated that 10 million people world-wide will die as a result of being infected with drug- resistant bacteria (Lord Jim O’Neil, 2014). Bacteria which were previously susceptible to antibiotic treatment have evolved to develop resistance to commonly used antibiotics, rendering them ineffective to combat infection. Now there are fewer antibiotics available to treat patients with certain infections. Hence, there is a global drive not only to discover new antibiotics to combat these bacteria, but also to develop new types of diagnostics that can help diagnose infection at point of care.
My research focuses on designing low cost, rapid (5 minutes!), point of care nucleic acid-based biosensor assays for detection of AMR resistance genes and other pathogens that work within minutes from sample to result. This research is multidisciplinary and encompasses the Engineering, Biology, Informatics and Chemistry disciplines.
Specifically I utilize precision microwave engineering (in collaboration with Cardiff University) to liberate bacterial/spore DNA for pathogen detection. I also design label-free biosensor assays using bioinformatics in aptamer design and in collaboration with materials science to explore use of novel materials such as graphene within the assays. A key part of this research includes integration into a prototype point of care device ready for commercial uptake. I have 10 years of experience in development of novel microwave-enhanced rapid diagnostics for microbial detection.
Clostridium difficile is the primary cause of hospital acquired infection globally. In the US it contributes to 14 000 deaths/year, costing ~$1 billion annually (CDC, USA), while in the UK between 2006-2011 it was responsible for 29 425 deaths, (Office for National Statistics) costing £500 million/year. Its spores are resistant to desiccation and microbicide treatment and are able to persist on surfaces for months. My research focusses on understanding how C. difficile spores adhere to varying clinical surfaces and respond to biocidal insult, as well as using next generation sequencing techniques to understand spore epidemiology. This research is now being extended toward understanding how AMR pathogens persist in clinical environments.
Dr Tina Joshi Lecturer in Medical Microbiology
- Dr Abdullah Alyousef, King Saud University
- Professor Adrian Porch, Cardiff University School of Engineering.
- Dr Jonathan Lees, Cardiff University School of Engineering.
- Dr Jean van den Elsen, University of Bath
- Professor Les Baillie, Cardiff University
- Professor Owen Guy, Swansea University
- Professor Tim Walsh, Cardiff University
- Dr Mark Toleman, Cardiff University
- Dr Jonathan Tyrrell, Cardiff University
- Dr Robert Burky, Orthopaedic surgeon, Southern California, USA
Listen to Dr Tina Joshi talk about her work. ‘Ask a Biologist’ at New Scientist Live 2017.
Science Museum event - 25 April 2018, 18:45-22:00