New report calls for fair funding for rural police forces

Rural police forces seem set to lose out financially as government thinking is skewed in favour of urban areas, says a detailed study conducted by Plymouth University for the National Rural Crime Network (NRCN).

The Home Office is currently reviewing how it allocates national funds across forces, and the report says it needs to take a long hard look at the criteria it uses as work to date appears to be inherently unfair on rural forces, particularly those with sparse populations. 

This is because the government appears to favour using the number of crimes recorded in an area as the principal basis for allocating money, which would mean funding would be disproportionately influenced by volume crimes such as shoplifting. By definition, there are far more of these crimes in urban areas than in rural ones, however the report argues such crimes are not an accurate measure of policing demand and do not reflect its growing complexity or the challenges faced by rural areas.

Professor Sheena Asthana, who led the research, said:

“The government’s approach appears to sacrifice fairness in pursuit of simplicity. We think a fresh start is needed and that any new approach needs to use a different methodology and draw on different data if it is to achieve a fair system for distributing funds.”

NRCN chair Julia Mulligan, who is also Police and Crime Commissioner for North Yorkshire, added:

“The focus put on counting reported crime skews funding towards areas with high volumes of theft. As a consequence rural forces with fewer such crimes will miss out. It’s like allocating NHS money on the basis of the number of people in an area with a cough and cold. The more people, the more coughs and colds, but in no way does this take into account the complexity of serving the public properly. It’s a crude way of looking at a complex issue and is clearly going to throw up an unfair result.

“The Home Office is currently reviewing the way policing is funded and post-Brexit, the funding settlement we received last year is now in question. It's therefore more important than ever to put our case forwards. Along with other Police and Crime Commissioners from rural areas, I will be using this report to do exactly that.”

The report – Fair Funding for Rural Policing: Report to the NRCN, June 2016 – also argues that rural areas face additional burdens that should be factored into funding. Professor Asthana said these include:

Rural forces often have to ‘plug the gap’ left by other services such as health and social care whose services can be stretched in isolated areas. Additional responsibilities linked to people with mental health difficulties are particularly noticeable, especially with regard to dementia and missing person cases due to elderly populations;

Rural forces have to shoulder the cost of significantly higher round-trip distances when attending incidents of crime and anti-social behaviour as well as to road traffic incidents;

As rural forces tend to have lower officer numbers, the burden per officer is up to 65 per cent higher than for forces nationally, representing an additional challenge for delivering services as well as posing risks to officer and staff welfare.

Rural forces, particularly those with coastal areas and tourist attractions such as National Parks, experience larger seasonal variations in incidents of crime, ASB and road traffic incidents due to influxes of holiday-makers.

Julia Mulligan added:

“This robust and detailed report provides evidence of the underlying reasons why basing police funding on the number of recorded crimes is misleading and sets out the extra challenges rural forces face in meeting the needs of communities typically under resourced by other providers too – including social care, health and the third sector. 

“Demands on rural forces differ to those of urban forces and a funding formula is needed that reflects that variation and provides for such differing requirements. Above all, the important thing is for all forces to feel confident that the funding they receive is fair and reflects underlying need rather than a crude calculation that is loaded in favour of urban areas.”

Professor Sheena Asthana

Sheena Asthana is Professor of Health Policy in the School of Law, Criminology and Government at Plymouth University. Her research programme spans four broad areas: NHS resource allocation; health care equity; health inequalities and evidence based public health; and health services evaluation. She has also been involved in research examining education and equity in the UK and on local government resource allocation. External responsibilities include: Membership of the Technical Advisory Group (TAG) to the Advisory Committee on Resource Allocation (ACRA) (DH); Steering Group Member, Rural England; and Council Member, Royal Society for Public Health, 2012.