Dr Paul Cole
Profiles

Dr Paul Cole

Lecturer in Geohazards

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (Faculty of Science & Engineering)

Qualifications

BSc Hons Geology (1986)

PhD Volcanology (1990)

Research interests

My research has focused largely on explosive volcanism and its products. In recent years I have worked on active volcanoes, combining observational and geophysical data together with study of the products to provide a greater understanding of mechanisms and processes in these complex and fascinating phenomena:       

  • Emplacement mechanisms of the deposits of various types of Pyroclastic Density Currents (PDCs), ranging from ignimbrites to relatively small volume PDCs e.g. at Arenal volcano and Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat.                                     
  • Processes associated with explosive eruptions, including hydrovolcanism and complex  multiphase sub-plinian eruptions.                                         
  • Vulcanian explosions and their mechanisms- particularly well documented examples where geophysical and observational data, together with samples of the products.                            
  • Remobilisation of tephra as lahars and their emplacement mechanisms.                                       

I am also interested in the geomorphological development of volcanic terrains and study them using various techniques including remote sensing and GIS.                     

A large area of my research is concerned with the hazard and risk posed by volcanoes, particularly exploring ways of mapping hazard and risk using GIS. Between 2009 and 2012 I was Director of the Montserrat Volcano Observatory and this demonstrated the critical importance of communicating hazard and risk.

Research degrees awarded to supervised students

Currently Supervising 

Lara Mani - 3D visualisation of Volcanic Hazards


Completed
Jon Stone University of East Anglia 2016 (third supervisor) - Community monitoring of Volcanic Hazards. 

Mel Froude University of East Anglia 2014 -(third supervisor)  Lahars on Montserrat, West Indies 

Delioma Oramas Dorta PhD 2009 (Director of Studies) 3D terrain modelling and volcanic hazard assesment at Arenal volcano, Costa Rica.

Odeh El Mashan PhD 2006 (Second supervisor) A GIS methodology for Landfill site Location

Stuart Dunning PhD 2004 (Director of Studies) Rock Avalanches

Lucy Ritchie PhD 2001 (Director of Studies) Field and Experimental Studies of Pyroclastic Density Currents and their associated deposits

Chris Dibben PhD 1999 (third supervisor) 

Grants & contracts

2014  - NERC NCRF   'Eruption frequency at Soufriere, St Vincent'  

2013  - NERC £51,817  (Urgency)  'Explosive activity at Volcán de Colima, México - Extrusion rates and eruption mechanisms'

2012 - NERC/ESRC Project partner in  'Strenthening Resilience in Volcanic Areas' (STREVA) 2012-2016

Key publications are highlighted

Journals
Articles
Burns FA, Bonadonna C, Pioli L, Cole PD & Stinton A 2017 'Ash aggregation during the 11 February 2010 partial dome collapse of the Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , DOI PEARL
Froude MJ, Alexander J, Barclay J & Cole P 2017 'Interpreting flash flood palaeoflow parameters from antidunes and gravel lenses: An example from Montserrat, West Indies' Sedimentology , DOI PEARL
Mani L, Cole PD & Stewart I 2016 'Using video games for volcanic hazard education and communication: an assessment of the method and preliminary results' Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 16, (7) 1673-1689 , DOI PEARL
Cole PD, Stinton AJ, Odbert HM, Bonadonna C & Stewart RC 2015 'An inclined Vulcanian explosion and associated products' Journal of the Geological Society 172, (3) 287-293 , DOI PEARL
Guest JE, Pacheco JM, Cole PD, Duncan AM, Wallenstein N, Queiroz G, Gaspar JL & Ferreira T 2015 'Chapter 9 The volcanic history of Furnas Volcano, Sao Miguel, Azores' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 44, (1) 125-134 , DOI
Christopher TE, Blundy J, Cashman K, Cole P, Edmonds M, Smith PJ, Sparks RSJ & Stinton A 2015 'Crustal-scale degassing due to magma system destabilization and magma-gas decoupling at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat' Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 16, (9) 2797-2811 , DOI PEARL
Zhao J, Moretti L, Mangeney A, Stutzmann E, Kanamori H, Capdeville Y, Calder ES, Hibert C, Smith PJ & Cole P 2015 'Model Space Exploration for Determining Landslide Source History from Long-Period Seismic Data' Pure and Applied Geophysics 172, (2) 389-413 , DOI
Cassidy M, Cole PD, Hicks KE, Varley NR, Peters N & Lerner AH 2015 'Rapid and slow: Varying magma ascent rates as a mechanism for Vulcanian explosions' Earth and Planetary Science Letters 420, 73-84 , DOI PEARL
Wadge G, Voight B, Sparks RSJ, Cole PD, Loughlin SC & Robertson REA 2014 'Chapter 1 An overview of the eruption of Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat from 2000 to 2010' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 39, (1) 1.1-40 , DOI
Ogburn SE, Calder ES, Cole PD & Stinton AJ 2014 'Chapter 10 The effect of topography on ash-cloud surge generation and propagation' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 39, (1) 179-194 , DOI PEARL
Horwell CJ, Hillman SE, Cole PD, Loughlin SC, Llewellin EW, Damby DE & Christopher TE 2014 'Chapter 21 Controls on variations in cristobalite abundance in ash generated by the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat in the period 1997 to 2010' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 39, (1) 399-406 , DOI PEARL
Sword-Daniels V, Wilson TM, Sargeant S, Rossetto T, Twigg J, Johnston DM, Loughlin SC & Cole PD 2014 'Chapter 26 Consequences of long-term volcanic activity for essential services in Montserrat: challenges, adaptations and resilience' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 39, (1) 471-488 , DOI PEARL
Cole PD, Smith P, Komorowski J-C, Alfano F, Bonadonna C, Stinton A, Christopher T, Odbert HM & Loughlin S 2014 'Chapter 4 Ash venting occurring both prior to and during lava extrusion at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, from 2005 to 2010' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 39, (1) 71-92 , DOI
Cole PD, Smith PJ, Stinton AJ, Odbert HM, Bernstein ML, Komorowski JC & Stewart R 2014 'Chapter 5 Vulcanian explosions at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat between 2008 and 2010' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 39, (1) 93-111 , DOI
Stinton AJ, Cole PD, Odbert HM, Christopher T, Avard G & Bernstein M 2014 'Chapter 6 Dome growth and valley fill during Phase 5 (8 October 2009-11 February 2010) at the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 39, (1) 113-131 , DOI
Stinton AJ, Cole PD, Stewart RC, Odbert HM & Smith P 2014 'Chapter 7 The 11 February 2010 partial dome collapse at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 39, (1) 133-152 , DOI
Delle Donne D, Ripepe M, De Angelis S, Cole PD, Lacanna G, Poggi P & Stewart R 2014 'Chapter 9 Thermal, acoustic and seismic signals from pyroclastic density currents and Vulcanian explosions at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 39, (1) 169-178 , DOI PEARL
Stone J, Barclay J, Simmons P, Cole PD, Loughlin SC, Ramón P & Mothes P 2014 'Risk reduction through community-based monitoring: the vigías of Tungurahua, Ecuador' Journal of Applied Volcanology 3, (1) , DOI
Hautmann S, Witham F, Christopher T, Cole P, Linde AT, Sacks IS & Sparks RSJ 2014 'Strain field analysis on Montserrat (W.I.) as tool for assessing permeable flow paths in the magmatic system of Soufrière Hills Volcano' Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 15, (3) 676-690 , DOI PEARL
Danell AR, Phillips JC, Barclay J, Herd RA, Lovett AA & Cole PD 2013 'Developing a simplified geographical information system approach to dilute lahar modelling for rapid hazard assessment' Bulletin of Volcanology 75, (4) , DOI
Lachowycz SM, Pyle DM, Mather TA, Varley NR, Odbert HM, Cole PD & Reyes-Davila GA 2013 'Long-range correlations identified in time-series of volcano seismicity during dome-forming eruptions using detrended fluctuation analysis' JOURNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH 264, 197-209 Author Site , DOI
Darnell AR, Barclay J, Herd RA, Phillips JC, Lovett AA & Cole P 2012 'Geographical information system approaches for hazard mapping of dilute lahars on Montserrat, West Indies' Bulletin of Volcanology 74, 1337-1353 , DOI
Oramas-Dorta D, Cole PD, Wadge G, Alvarado GE & Soto GJ 2012 'Pyroclastic flow hazard at Arenal volcano, Costa Rica: scenarios and assessment' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 247–248, (0) 74-92 Author Site , DOI
Oramas-Dorta D, Cole PD, Wadge G, Alvarado GE & Soto GJ 2012 'Spatial and temporal controls on pyroclastic flow hazard at Arenal volcano, Costa Rica' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 225–226, (0) 45-64 Author Site , DOI
D'Oriano C, Cioni R, Bertagnini A, Andronico D & Cole PD 2011 'Dynamics of ash-dominated eruptions at Vesuvius: the post-512 AD AS1a event' Bulletin of Volcanology 73, 699-715 , DOI
Wadge G, Cole P, Stinton A, Komorowski J-C, Stewart R, Toombs AC & Legendre Y 2011 'Rapid topographic change measured by high-resolution satellite radar at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, 2008–2010' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 199, (1–2) 142-152 Author Site , DOI
Cioni R, Bertagnini A, Andronico D, Cole PD & Mundula F 2011 'The 512 AD eruption of Vesuvius: complex dynamics of a small scale subplinian event' Bulletin of Volcanology 73, 789-810 , DOI
Cole PD & Scarpati C 2010 'The 1944 eruption of Vesuvius, Italy: combining contemporary accounts and field studies for a new volcanological reconstruction' Geological Magazine 147, 391-415 , DOI
Martí J, Aspinall WP, Sobradelo R, Felpeto A, Geyer A, Ortiz R, Baxter P, Cole P, Pacheco J & Blanco MJ 2008 'A long-term volcanic hazard event tree for Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcanoes (Tenerife, Canary Islands)' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 178, (3) 543-552 Author Site , DOI
Cole PD, Pacheco JM, Gunasekera R, Queiroz G, Gonçalves P & Gaspar JL 2008 'Contrasting styles of explosive eruption at Sete Cidades, São Miguel, Azores, in the last 5000 years: Hazard implications from modelling' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 178, (3) 574-591 Author Site , DOI
Neri A, Aspinall WP, Cioni R, Bertagnini A, Baxter PJ, Zuccaro G, Andronico D, Barsotti S, Cole PD & Esposti Ongaro T 2008 'Developing an Event Tree for probabilistic hazard and risk assessment at Vesuvius' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 178, (3) 397-415 Author Site , DOI
Barclay J, Haynes K, Mitchell T, Solana C, Teeuw R, Darnell A, Crosweller HS, Cole P, Pyle D & Lowe C 2008 'Framing volcanic risk communication within disaster risk reduction: finding ways for the social and physical sciences to work together' Geological Society, London, Special Publications 305, (1) 163-177 , DOI
Toyos GP, Cole PD, Felpeto A & Marti J 2007 'A GIS-based methodology for hazard mapping of small volume pyroclastic density currents' Natural Hazards 41, 99-112 , DOI
Wadge G, Oramas Dorta D & Cole PD 2006 'The magma budget of Volcán Arenal, Costa Rica from 1980 to 2004' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 157, (1–3) 60-74 Author Site , DOI
Cole PD, Fernandez E, Duarte E & Duncan AM 2005 'Explosive activity and generation mechanisms of pyroclastic flows at Arenal volcano, Costa Rica between 1987 and 2001' Bulletin of Volcanology 67, 695-716 , DOI
Baxter PJ, Boyle R, Cole P, Neri A, Spence R & Zuccaro GL 2005 'The impacts of pyroclastic surges on buildings at the eruption of the Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat' Bulletin of Volcanology 67, 292-313 , DOI
Cole PD, Calder ES, Sparks RSJ, Clarke AB, Druitt TH, Young SR, Herd RA, Harford CL & Norton GE 2002 'Deposits from dome-collapse and fountain-collapse pyroclastic flows at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 21, (1) 231-262
Druitt TH, Young SR, Baptie B, Bonadonna C, Calder ES, Clarke AB, Cole PD, Harford CL, Herd RA & Luckett R 2002 'Episodes of cyclic Vulcanian explosive activity with fountain collapse at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 21, (1) 281-306
Loughlin SC, Calder ES, Clarke A, Cole PD, Luckett R, Mangan MT, Pyle DM, Sparks RSJ, Voight B & Watts RB 2002 'Pyroclastic flows and surges generated by the 25 June 1997 dome collapse, Sonfière Hills Volcano, Montserrat' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 21, (1) 191-209
Ritchie LJ, Cole PD & Sparks RSJ 2002 'Sedimentology of deposits from the pyroclastic density current of 26 December 1997 at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 21, (1) 435-456
Druitt TH, Calder ES, Cole PD, Hoblitt RP, Loughlin SC, Norton GE, Ritchie LJ, Sparks RSJ & Voight B 2002 'Small-volume, highly mobile pyroclastic flows formed by rapid sedimentation from pyroclastic surges at Soufrière Hills volcano, Montserrat: an important volcanic hazard' Geological Society, London, Memoirs 21, (1) 263-279
Cole PD, Guest JE, Duncan AM & Pacheco JM 2001 'Capelinhos 1957-1958, Faial, Azores: deposits formed by an emergent surtseyan eruption' Bulletin of Volcanology 63, 204-220
Chester DK, Dibben C, Coutinho R, Duncan AM, Cole PD, Guest JE & Baxter PJ 1999 'Human adjustments and social vulnerability to volcanic hazards: the case of Furnas Volcano, São Miguel, Açores' Geological Society, London, Special Publications 161, (1) 189-207
Voight B, Sparks RSJ, Miller AD, Stewart RC, Hoblitt RP, Clarke A, Ewart J, Aspinall WP, Baptie B & Calder ES 1999 'Magma flow instability and cyclic activity at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, British West Indies' Science 283, 1138-1142
Calder ES, Cole PD, Dade WB, Druitt TH, Hoblitt RP, Huppert HE, Ritchie L, Sparks RSJ & Young SR 1999 'Mobility of pyroclastic flows and surges at the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat' Geophysical Research Letters 26, 537-540
Cole PD, Guest JE, Queiroz G, Wallenstein N, Pacheco JM, Gaspar JL, Ferreira T & Duncan AM 1999 'Styles of volcanism and volcanic hazards on Furnas volcano, São Miguel, Azores' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 92, (1–2) 39-53 Author Site , DOI
Duncan AM, Queiroz G, Guest JE, Cole PD, Wallenstein N & Pacheco JM 1999 'The Povoação Ignimbrite, Furnas Volcano, São Miguel, Azores' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 92, (1–2) 55-65 Author Site , DOI
Guest JE, Gaspar JL, Cole PD, Queiroz G, Duncan AM, Wallenstein N, Ferreira T & Pacheco J-M 1999 'Volcanic geology of Furnas Volcano, São Miguel, Azores' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 92, (1–2) 1-29 Author Site , DOI
Sparks RSJ, Young SR, Barclay J, Calder ES, Cole P, Darroux B, Davies MA, Druitt TH, Harford C & Herd R 1998 'Magma production and growth of the lava dome of the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, West Indies: November 1995 to December 1997' Geophysical Research Letters 25, 3421-3424
Cole PD, Calder ES, Druitt TH, Hoblitt R, Robertson R, Sparks RSJ & Young SR 1998 'Pyroclastic flows generated by gravitational instability of the 1996-97 lava dome of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat' Geophysical Research Letters 25, 3425-3428
Robertson R, Cole P, Sparks RSJ, Harford C, Lejeune AM, McGuire WJ, Miller AD, Murphy MD, Norton G & Stevens NF 1998 'The explosive eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, West Indies, 17 September, 1996' Geophysical Research Letters 25, 3429-3432
Young SR, White R, Wadge G, Voight B, Toothill J, Stevens N, Stewart R, Stasiuk M, Sparks RSJ & Skerrit G 1997 'The ongoing eruption in Montserrat' Science 276, 371-372
Cole PD, Queiroz G, Wallenstein N, Gaspar JL, Duncan AM & Guest JE 1995 'An historic subplinian/phreatomagmatic eruption: the 1630 AD eruption of Furnas volcano, São Miguel, Azores' Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 69, (1–2) 117-135 Author Site , DOI
COLE P, PERROTTA A & SCARPATI C 1994 'THE VOLCANIC HISTORY OF THE SOUTHWESTERN PART OF THE CITY OF NAPLES' Geological Magazine 131, 785-799
Cole PD, Perrotta A & Scarpati C 1994 'The volcanic history of the southwestern part of the city of Naples' Geological Magazine 131, (06) 785-785 , DOI
COLE P & SCARPATI C 1993 'A FACIES INTERPRETATION OF THE ERUPTION AND EMPLACEMENT MECHANISMS OF THE UPPER PART OF THE NEAPOLITAN YELLOW TUFF, CAMPI FLEGREI, SOUTHERN ITALY' Bulletin of Volcanology 55, 311-326
COLE P, GUEST J & DUNCAN A 1993 'THE EMPLACEMENT OF INTERMEDIATE VOLUME IGNIMBRITES - A CASE-STUDY FROM ROCCAMONFINA VOLCANO, SOUTHERN ITALY' Bulletin of Volcanology 55, 467-480
SCARPATI C, COLE P & PERROTTA A 1993 'THE NEAPOLITAN YELLOW TUFF - A LARGE-VOLUME MULTIPHASE ERUPTION FROM CAMPI FLEGREI, SOUTHERN ITALY' Bulletin of Volcanology 55, 343-356
COLE P, GUEST J, DUNCAN A, CHESTER D & BIANCHI R 1992 'POST-COLLAPSE VOLCANIC HISTORY OF CALDERAS ON A COMPOSITE-VOLCANO - AN EXAMPLE FROM ROCCAMONFINA, SOUTHERN ITALY' Bulletin of Volcanology 54, 253-266
COLE P 1991 'MIGRATION DIRECTION OF SAND-WAVE STRUCTURES IN PYROCLASTIC-SURGE DEPOSITS - IMPLICATIONS FOR DEPOSITIONAL PROCESSES' Geology 19, 1108-1111
Chapters
Duncan AM, Cole PD, Guest JE & Chester DK 1996 'Transport and emplacement mechanisms of mass-flow deposits on Monte Vulture volcano, Basilicata, southern Italy' Volcano Instability on the Earth and Other Planets 237-247