Dr Patricia Schofield
Professor in Clinical Nursing
School of Nursing and Midwifery (Faculty of Health)
I am a registered general nurse. I have worked in academia since 1992 in a number of institutions around the UK including Sheffield, Aberdeen, Greenwich and Anglia Ruskin. I have maintained my clinical expertise in a number of ways including acting in the role as governor for Medway Foundation Trust, more recently as a vaccinator on the COVID programme for Dorset health and as a member of a number of pensioner forums including Chelsea and Westminster and Lewisham and a steering group member for Positive Ageing in London. I am recognised in the field of Pain and Ageing and was invited to co-chair the Global year against pain in the vulnerable population and chaired the European Year against pain in the vulnerable population. I have recently been awarded a distinguished award for my contribution to the field of pain and ageing by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). I am a member of the examination board for the European Diploma in Pain Medicine and on the curriculum development team for the European Diploma in Pain Nursing. I have been awarded an honorary Diploma in Pain Medicine in recognition of my contribution. I am an honorary Professor at Abertay University and Sheffield Hallam University.
I have taught on a number of programmes including pre-registration nursing, masters level and doctoral level. I developed the first pain course for nurses in the UK which I facilitated whilst working at Sheffield University and I developed the curriculum for the professional doctorate in Sheffield which I facilitated for four years. I have facilitated online research modules for the MA Education and MA Management. I have successfully supervised to completion one professional doctorate student and 6 PhD students in my field of interest and I have examined 18 PhD students across the UK, Australia and Hong Kong.
My research falls into two key areas, primarily under the heading of pain. I have been involved in work around pain and dementia which includes dental pain and pain assessment. The latter was a COST collaboration with 27 EU countries which involved the development of a pain assessment tool specifically for adults with dementia. I led on the nursing work group which involved a cross EU survey of nursing practice and implementation of national guidelines. The second area of work included and MRC funded programme in the LLHW agenda on which I was co-lead. This 4 year programme examined the self-management of chronic pain amongst the older population and included surveys, interviews and case studies involving older adults and health care professionals. I also led on the development of a systematic review with a group of older adults which resulted in the development of self management tools and a "how to find self help support" booklet which is being implemented across the UK. On completion of this programme of work I received funding from SBRI to explore the feasibility of using the self-help information incorporated within Chatbot technology. A collaboration with a number of SMEs. Other areas of work include collaboration with UNMASS on their Boston MOBILISE study and collaboration with CORNELL on the use of technology for pain management in the older population. I have collaborations across the UK with Sheffield, Napier, Greenwich and Teesside. I am currently a co-applicant on an HS & DR grant exploring pain and frailty. In total, I have been awarded over £1 3/4 million of research income in the last ten years, I have been an invited plenary speaker in over 100 international conferences including World Pain Conferences, European Pain conferences, International Association for Geriatrics and Gerontology and British Geriatric Society. I have published over 200 papers in peer reviewed journals and 15 books or book chapters including National Guidelines for both the assessment of pain in older adults and the management of pain in older adults.
I have received funding through HEIF, South London Innovation fund, AHSN and KSS LETB for a number of projects:
Using technology to interact with older adults: An evaluation of speak set. ECC
Working with Service users developing a curriculum on self – management for service users. South London Innovation Fund.
Evaluation of the use of the iPhone pain assessment application for use in clinical practice KSS AHSN
Evaluation of at least 3 different models of delivery of PEACE – Proactive Elderly Person’s Advisory Care Planning Tool across Kent, Surrey and Sussex. KSS AHSN
Capacity Building. KSS LETB
Dementia Challenge EKCHT
End of Life care in Dementia Medway Community Enterprise
Capacity Building. MFT
Training staff to assess and manage pain for people living with dementia in south London by improving the knowledge skills and attitudes of staff who work with older adults experiencing dementia. (HIEC)
FLO’s story (Facebook online learning) HEA
Research degrees awarded to supervised students
The impact of empowerment and job satisfaction and organizational commitment – A comparison of Malaysian & British Nurses. (DMedSci)
Ethnicity in Care Homes (PhD)
Education for health professionals on self management of pain for older adults (PhD) MRC Funded
Exploring every day functioning in older people with chronic pain, using technology (PhD) MRC Funded.
Pain in Older people – Self Management, a concept analysis (Siddall Scholarship)
Older peoples' perspectives of the varied qualities of chronic pain support groups (PhD)
The association between musculo-skeletal pain and physical activity, falls and psychological concerns related to falls in community dwelling older adults. (PhD)
Grants & contracts
2021 - ongoing Developing the evidence and associated service model to support older people living with frailty to manage their pain and to reduce its impact on their lives: a mixed method, co-design study £483K (Co-applicant).
Use of the chat-bot for the self-management of pain in older adults. SBRI (£94)
Engaging with Older Adults in Developing Strategies for the Management of Chronic pain EOPIC (LLHW) (£1.2m)
Stress in Nursing Tasks (Chief Scientist Office) £212.185
New technologies to support older people at home: maximising personal and social interaction Digital Economy Hub £92,569
Chronic pain management for older adults living in the community ESRC £11,799
Pain Self –Management in Older Adults – A concept Analysis – Siddall £73,000
Pain Assessment in Patients with Impaired Cognition, especially Dementia COST Collaborative €600,000
Reports & invited lectures
Selected Lectures since 2014
2020 Pain & Ageing: Pharmacological Management Invited Plenary Speaker European Pain Summit
2020 Pain & Ageing: Clinical updates Invited Plenary Speaker European Pain Summit
2020 Pain & Ageing: Assessment & Management Invited Plenary Speaker. Royal Society of Medicine
2019 Assessment & Management of Pain in Older Adults. Invited Plenary Speaker. Irish Pain Society. Dublin
2019 Pain assessment and management. Invited Plenary Speaker. EFIC Valencia
2018 Technology and Pain management in the older population. International Association for the Study of Pain. Boston. Invited Plenary speaker
2017 Falls in the older population. IAGG San Francisco Invited Plenary speaker.
2016 Management of pain in older adults. EUGMS Lisbon. Invited Plenary speaker
2016 Pain & Ageing – Royal Society of Medicine Invited Plenary Speaker
2016 Pain assessment and management in older adults. European Association of Anaesthesiology. Invited Plenary Speaker & Workshop
2014 Pain Self Management for Older Adults – World Pain Congress Buenos Aires. Invited Plenary Speaker
2014 Pain from Epidemiology to management - World Pain Congress Buenos Aires. Invited Plenary Speaker
2014 Pain in Older Adults RCGP London Invited Plenary Speaker
2014 Assessment and Management of Pain in Older Adults Stormont Invited Plenary Speaker
Other academic activities
1. Member of European Diploma in Pain Medicine Examination board
2. Member of European Diploma in Pain Nursing curriculum development group
3. Reviewer for the Australian initiative around pain in care homes.
4. Invited to co-chair the Global year against vulnerable populations and chair the European year against vulnerable populations (2019)
5. Invited to develop the international curriculum on pain medicine (ageing section)
6. Elected as chair of the education subcommittee for the International Association for the Study of Pain – SIG on Older people.
7. Associate Editor to the European Journal of Pain, Journal of Pain Management and on the editorial board of the Journal of Community Nursing. I am also co-editor on the International Journal of Child Health & Human Development and the Journal of Pain Management.
1. Invited member of ESRC Peer Review College
2. Chair & Founder member of Special Interest Group on pain in older people as part of the British Pain Society.
3. Represented the British Pain Society in collaborating with the British Geriatric Society on the development of guidelines for the assessment of pain in older people and the management of pain in older people.
4. Past member of the Advisory Committee for topic selection (ACTS) which advises the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) upon topics for appraisal based upon my clinical experience and I have been involved in the development of guidelines for the management of neuropathic pain. (DoH) 2004-2007
5. I carry out peer reviews on behalf of NIHR (RfPB), MRC, NIHR, HTA
6. Honorary Secretary to the BPS 2009 - 2012
7. Past joint chair of the education committee for the Pain Society which is responsible for the development of multidisciplinary education in pain across the UK and I have been a member of the scientific committee which judges research proposals and poster submissions for the ASM.
8. Reviewer within my field for the British Journal of Nursing, The Journal of Advanced Nursing and the European Journal of Pain, International journal of nursing older people and Palgrave publishing
9. Member of the International Association for the study of pain and the Pain Society of Great Britain and Ireland and founder member and chair of the UK Acute Pain Network.
Selected Past Publications since 2014
Books and chapters
1. Schofield & Dunham Pain & Ageing in Redfern Principals of Nursing 2020
2. Docking R & Stock J International Handbook on positive ageing. Routledge
3. Schofield P Best practice in pain management. In: Ingleton C & Larkin PJ (Eds) Palliative Care Nursing at a Glance January 2016, ©2015, Wiley-Blackwell
4. Schofield (2015) Pain Emotion & Cognition (Pickering & Gibson) Pain Evaluation in Patients with Dementia. Springer.
5. (2014) Geriatric Medicine: An Evidence Based Approach Lally F & Rolfe C (Pain in Older Adults)
6. (2012) Raj's Practical Management of Pain, 6 Mar 2008
7. (2012) 10 minute Consultation series – pain and ageing
8. Jones D & Schofield PA (2011) Pain and Older People in Tolson D (ed) Evidence Informed Nursing with Older People, 1st edition. Edited by Debbie Tolson, Joanne Booth and Irene Schofield © 2011 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd
9. Schofield PA (2010) Assessment of Pain in Adults with Cognitive Impairment. In: (Merrick J ed) Cancer in Children and Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Current Research Aspects
10. Schofield PA (2004) Beyond the Pain: A textbook for nurses working with patients in chronic pain. Commissioned by WHURR Publishers. UK Published May 2005
11. Schofield PA (2006) Grasping the Nettle – The Management of Pain in the Older Adult –Wiley
12. Schofield PA, Aveyard B & Black C (2007) Pain in Older Adults: A workbook M & K Publishers London (Published 2007)
13. Kandel I, Schofield P & Merrick J (2007) Ageing & Disability: Research and Clinical perspectives. International Academic Press Canada (Published 2007)
14. Schofield PA & Merrick J (2008) Pain in Children & Youth. Nova New York
15. Schofield PA & Merrick J (2009) Children & Pain. Nova. New York
Peer reviewed publications
1. Dubruyne.P., et al (2021) A Randomised Wait-List Controlled Trial to evaluate Emotional Freedom Techniques for Self-Reported Cancer-Related Cognitive Impairment in Cancer Survivors (EMOTICON) EClinical Medicine 4th Aug
2. Dubruyne.P., et al Acupuncture as a Complementary Therapy for Cancer Care: Acceptability and Preferences of Patients and Informal Caregivers doi: 10.51507/j.jams.2021.14.2.67
3. Dunham.M., Bonacaro.A., Schofield.P., et al (2021) Smartphone Applications Designed to Improve Older People’s Chronic Pain Management: An Integrated Systematic Review. Geriatrics.6.40. /doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6020040
4. Dunham.M., Schofield. PA & Knaggs.R (2020) Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on the management of pain in older people – a summary report. British Journal of Pain. Dec 7th .
5. Lefebre. T et al (2020) Systematic Review: Effectiveness of adjunctive analgesics in head and neck cancer patients receiving curative (chemo) radiotherapy. Pain Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnaa044
6. Lydia Gimenez-Llort, Maria Luisa Bernal-Ruiz, Rachel Docking, Aida Munstant-Soria, Virginia Torres-Lista, Antoni Bulbena and Patricia Schofield (2020) Pain assessment in cognitive impairment, especially dementia: A survey in Spain on current practices, use of assessment tools, guidelines and policies, problems experienced and solutions for improvement. Frontiers in Pharmacology.
7. Lefebvre. T,. Blieck.V., Schofield et al (2020) Acupuncture as a complementary therapy for cancer care: acceptability & preferences of patients & informal caregivers
8. Lycke. M (2019) Detection of alcohol abuse in older patients with cancer: The integration of alcohol screening questionnaires in the comprehensive geriatric assessment. Journal of Geriatric Oncology. Volume 10, Issue 5, September 2019, Pages 819-823
9. Michelle Lycke, Evi Martens, Jolien De Zutter, Lore Ketelaars, Tessa Lefebvre, Hans Pottel, Koen Van Eygen, Lieselot Cool, Pat Schofield, Tom Boterberg. (2020) Underrepresentation of vulnerable older patients with cancer in phase II and III oncology registration trials: A case-control study. Journal of Geriatric Oncology 11 (2020) 320–326
10. Dr Joseph Firth, Professor Pat Schofield, Dr Lee Smith, Dr Abi Fisher, Dr Sarah Jackson, Dr Brendon Stubbs. Digital behavior change interventions to promote physical activity and/or reduce sedentary behavior in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (2018) Ageing Research Reviews
11. Veronese et al (2019) Statin use and knee osteoarthritis: A longitudinal Cohort Study. Arthritis Care Research: Volume71, Issue8. August 2019. Pages 1052-1058
12. Schofield P (2019) Does Pain assessment vary across age groups. Pain Manag 2019 Jul 25;9(4):343-345. Epub 2019 Jun 25.
13. Veronese et al (2019) Is chocolate consumption associated with health outcomes? An umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Clinical Nutrition. June 2019Volume 38, Issue 3, Pages 1101–1108
14. Stockwell. S et al (2019) Digital behavior change interventions to promote physical activity and/or reduce sedentary behavior in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Exp Gerontol 2019 Jun 2;120:68-87. Epub 2019 Mar 2
15. Lycke. M et al (2019) Subjective, but not objective, cognitive complaints impact long-term quality of life in cancer patients. Psychosoc Oncol 2019 Jul-Aug;37(4):427-440. Epub 2019 Feb 23
16. Wilson G, Jones D, Schofield P (2018) The use of a wearable camera to explore daily functioning of older adults living with persistent pain: Methodological reflections and recommendations. Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2055668318765411
17. Wethington, E., Eccleston, C., Gay, G., Gooberman-Hill, R., Schofield, P., Bacon, E., . . . Meador, L. (2018). Establishing a research agenda on mobile health technologies and later-life pain using an evidence-based consensus workshop approach. The Journal of Pain, 19(12), 1416-1423.
18. Docking R, Lane M & Schofield PA (2018) Usability Testing of the iPhone App to Improve Pain Assessment for Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment (Prehospital Setting): A Qualitative Study. Pain Med. 2018 Jun 1;19(6):1121-1131. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnx028.
19. Golding, Sarah E. and Horsfield, Claire and Davies, Annette and Egan, Bernadette and Jones, Martyn and Raleigh, Mary and Schofield, Patricia and Squires, Allison and Start, Kath and Quinn, Tom and Cropley, Mark (2017) Exploring the psychological health of emergency dispatch centre operatives: a systematic review and narrative synthesis. PeerJ, 5. e3735. ISSN 2167-8359
20. Stubbs, Brendon and Veronese, Nicola and Vancampfort, Davy and Thompson, Trevor and Kohler, Cristiano and Schofield, Patricia and Solmi, Marco and Mugisha, James and Kahl, Kai G. and Pillinger, Toby and Carvalho, Andre F. and Koyanagi, Ai (2017) Lifetime self-reported arthritis is associated with elevated levels of mental health burden: A multi-national cross sectional study across 46 low- and middle-income countries. Scientific Reports, 7. ISSN 2045-2322
21. Veronese, Nicola and Stubbs, Brendon and Solmi, Marco and Smith, Toby and Noale, Marianna and Schofield, Patricia and Maggi, Stefania (2017) Knee Osteoarthritis and Risk of Hypertension: A longitudinal cohort study. Rejuvination Research. ISSN 1557-8577
22. Veronese, Nicola and Stubbs, Brendon and Noale, Marianna and Solmi, Marco and Vaona, Alberto and Demurta, Jacopo and Nicetto, Davide and Crepaldi, Gaetano and Schofield, Patricia and Koyanagi, Ai and Maggi, Stefania and Fontana, Luigi (2017) Fried potato consumption is associated with elevated mortality: an 8-y longitudinal cohort study. American Journal Of Clinical Nutrition. ISSN 1938-3207
23. Catanzano, Ovidio and Docking, Rachael and Schofield, Patricia and Boateng, Joshua (2017) Advanced Multi-Targeted Composite Biomaterial Dressing 1 for Pain and Infection Control in Chronic Leg Ulcers. Carbohydrate polymers, 172. pp. 40-48. ISSN 1879-1344
24. Lucato, Paola and Solmi, Marco and Maggi, Stefania and Bertocco, Anna and Bano, Giulia and Trevisan, Caterina and Manzato, Enzo and Sergi, Giuseppe and Schofield, Patricia and Kouidrat, Youssef and Veronese, Nicola and Stubbs, Brendon (2017) Low vitamin D levels increase the risk of type 2 diabetes in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Maturitas. ISSN 0378-5122
25. Docking, Rachael and Lane, Matthew and Schofield, Patricia (2017) Usability Testing of the iPhone App to Improve Pain Assessment for Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment (Prehospital Setting): A Qualitative Study. Pain Medicine. ISSN 1526-4637
26. Mullay, Steve and Schofield, Patricia and Clarke, Amanda and Primrose, William (2017) They're just who they have always been; the intersections of dementia, community and selfhood in Scottish care homes. Ageing & Society. pp. 1-20. ISSN 1469-1779
27. Lycke, Michelle and Debruyne, Philip R. and Lefebvre, Tessa and Martens, Evi and Ketelaars, Lore and Pottel, Hans and van Eygen, Koen and Derijcke, Sofie and Werbrouck, Patrick and Vergauwe, Philippe and Stellamans, Karin and Clarysse, Philippe and Dhooge, Ingeborg and Schofield, Patricia and Boterberg, Tom (2017) The use of uHear™ to screen for hearing loss in older patients with cancer as part of a comprehensive geriatric assessment. Acta Clinica Belgica. ISSN 2295-3337 http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/702386/
28. Lycke. M, Pottel. L, Lefebvre. T Schofield The distress thermometer predicts subjective, but not objective, cognitive complaints six months after treatment initiation in cancer patients. Psychosocial Oncology
29. Shivappa, N Stubbs B, Hebert J, Cesari M, Schofield et al (2017) ,The Relationship Between the Dietary Inflammatory Index and Incident Frailty: A Longitudinal Cohort Study. Journal of the Medical Directors Association. 21st Sept
30. Cooper K, Smith, B, Klein S, Schofield PA (2017) Training peers to support older people with chronic low back pain following physiotherapy discharge: a feasibility study. Physiotherapy. July ISSN 0031-9406
31. Wilson, G, Schofield P & Martin (2017) Experiences of using a recordable camera to record activity; participation and health related behaviours: qualitative reflections of using the sensecam. Digital Health. 2 1-11
32. Soysal, P, Isik A, Carvalho A et al (2017) Oxidative Stress And Frailty: A Systematic Review And Best Evidence Synthesis. Maturitas. 06/01/17
33. Stubbs, B., Vancampfort, D., Veronese, N., Thompson, T., Fornaro, M., Schofield, P., Solmi, M., Mugisha, J., Carvalho, A.F., Koyanagi, A. (Accepted, May 2017). Depression and pain: Primary data and meta-analysis among 237,952 people across 47 low- and middle-income countries. Psychological Medicine.
34. Veronese, N., Maggi, S., Schofield, P. & Stubbs, B. (2017). Dance movement therapy and falls prevention. Maturitas, in press.
35. Veronese N, Stubbs B, Maggi S, Thompson T, Schofield P, Muller C, Tseng PT, Lin PY, Carvalho AF, Solmi M. (2017) Low-Dose Aspirin Use and Cognitive Function in Older Age: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Journal of American Geriatrics Society: Apr 20. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14883. [Epub ahead of print]
36. Soysal P, Veronese N, Thompson T, Kahl KG, Fernandes BS, Prina AM, Solmi M, Schofield P, Koyanagi A, Tseng PT, Lin PY, Chu CS, Cosco TD, Cesari M, Carvalho AF, Stubbs B. (2017). Relationship between depression and frailty in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Ageing Research Reviews: Mar 31;36:78-87. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2017.03.005. [Epub ahead of print]
37. Soysal P, Isik AT, Carvalho AF, Fernandes BS, Solmi M, Schofield P, Veronese N, Stubbs B. (2017). Oxidative stress and frailty: A systematic review and synthesis of the best evidence. Maturitas: May;99:66-72.
38. Veronese N, Stubbs B, Crepaldi G, Solmi M, Cooper C, Harvey NC, Reginster JY, Rizzoli R, Civitelli R, Schofield P, Maggi S, Lamb SE. (2017). Relationship Between Low Bone Mineral Density and Fractures With Incident Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: May;32(5):1126-1135.
39. Stubbs B, Koyanagi A, Thompson T, Veronese N, Carvalho AF, Solomi M, Mugisha J, Schofield P, Cosco T, Wilson N, Vancampfort D. (2017). The epidemiology of back pain and its relationship with depression, psychosis, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and stress sensitivity: Data from 43 low- and middle-income countries. General Hospital Psychiatry: Nov - Dec;43:63-70.
40. Chandler RC, Zwakalen S, Schofield P (2016) Attitudinal knowledge barriers towards effective pain assessment and management in dementia: a narrative systhesis. Current Alzheimer Research. 14.1-15
41. Lycke M, Pottel. L, Boterberg.T Schofield P et al (2016) Integration of Geriatric oncology in daily multidisciplinary cancer care: the time is now. European Journal of Cancer Care. 24. 143-146
42. Cooper K, Schofield P, Klein S & Smith B (2016) Exploring peer-mentoring for community dwelling older adults with chronic low back pain. Physiotherapy.
43. Schofield, Patricia (2016) Pain management in older adults. Medicine, 45 (1). pp. 41-45. ISSN 1357-3039
44. Stubbs B, Schofield P, Patchay S, Leveille S. (2016). Musculoskeletal pain characteristics associated with lower balance confidence in community-dwelling older adults. Physiotherapy: Jun;102(2):152-8.
45. Stubbs B, Schofield P, Patchay S. (2016). Mobility Limitations and Fall-Related Factors Contribute to the Reduced Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults With Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain. Pain Practice: Jan;16(1):80-9.
46. Geneen L, Martin D, Adams N, Clarke C, Dunbar M, Jones D, McNamee P, Schofield P & Smith B (2015) Effects of education to facilitate knowledge about chronic pain for older adults: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Systematic Reviews 4.132
47. Jones M, Farquarson B, Allan, J, Schofield P, Ricketts I, Johnston M (2015) Stressor, appraisal of stressors, experienced stress and cardiac response: a real time, real life investigation of work stress in Nurses Johnston D, Bell C,
48. Cameron P, Smith B & Schofield P Health Care Professionals accounts of chronic pain management for older adults. Pain and Rehabilitation – Journal of Pain & Rehabilitation:38: 17-27.
49. Gemma Wilson, Derek Jones, Patricia Schofield and Denis Martin. Using the Sensecam to explore everyday functioning of older adults with chronic pain: An explorative study. Submitted to BMC Geriatrics
50. D. Martin, G. Anthony, L. Anderson, P. Schofield, P. McNamee, D. Jones, A. Clarke, R. Docking, B. H. Smith[more] An Evaluation of A Comic Book for Children Explaining Chronic Pain in Older Adults: A Qualitative Study of Older People's Views on the Value of "Medikidz Explain Pain" Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 06/2014; 73(Suppl 2):1175-1175
51. Lycke, M., Pottel, L., Boterberg, T., Ketelaars, L., Wildiers, H., Schofield, P., Weller, D. and Debruyne, P.R. (2015) Integration of geriatric oncology in daily multidisciplinary cancer care: the time is now. European Journal of Cancer Care, 24 (2). pp. 143-146. ISSN 0961-5423 (Print), 1365-2354 (Online) (doi:10.1111/ecc.12301)
52. Stubbs B, Schofield P, Patchay S. (2015). Mobility Limitations and Fall-Related Factors Contribute to the Reduced Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults With Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain. Pain Practice.
53. Stubbs, B., Schofield, P., Patchay, S., Leveille, S. (2015). Musculoskeletal pain characteristics associated with lower balance confidence in community dwelling older adults. Physiotherapy.
54. Amanda Clarke Denis Martin, Derek Jones, Patricia Schofield (2014) I Try and Smile, I Try and Be Cheery, I Try Not to Be Pushy. I Try to Say ‘I’m Here for Help’ but I Leave Feeling… Worried’’: A Qualitative Study of Perceptions of Interactions with Health Professionals by Community-Based Older Adults with Chronic Pain PLOS One 9.9. 1-7