Dr Kimberly Tam

Dr Kimberly Tam

Lecturer in Cyber Security

School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics (Faculty of Science and Engineering)


I am currently a lecturer in cybersecurity and researching maritime cybersecurity


  • Ph.D. (2016) in Information Security, Royal Holloway University of London, UK 
  • B.S. (2012) in Computer and System Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA

Previous Positions:
  • 2017-2019. Research Fellow University of Plymouth in Maritime Cyber Security
  • 2015-2017. Research Engineer, Security and Manageability Lab, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, Bristol, UK
  • Summer 2014. Research Engineering Intern. Malware Lab, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, Bristol, UK
  • Summer 2012. Cyber Security Intern. MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts, USA
  • Summer 2011. Cyber Security Researcher. James A Clark, Univeristy of Maryland, Maryland, USA
  • Summer 2010. Engineering Intern. Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA, USA

Professional membership

Fellow of The Higher Education Academy (PGCAP/PDAP 2019) 

Teaching interests

Interested in teaching cyber-security related areas as well as computer systems and engineering.

SEC204 Computer Architecture and Low Level Programming (Module Leader), also taught at HKU Space partners in Hong Kong 
CNET349SL Incident Prevention, Detection & Response (Module Leader), taught in NSBM Sri Lanka

I am supervising a range of second and final year projects.

Research interests

I am interested in many of the "newer" niche areas of cybersecurity. My PhD was focused around smartphone security (Android) and my current research is on maritime, which broadly includes IT, OT, and human elements. I enjoy working with other disciplines outside of computting including (but not limited to), maritime, psychology, history, statistics, gaming, and robotics.

Grants & contracts

EU H2020 Cyber-MAR

Cyber-MAR will develop simulation environment for maritime logistics, combining a knowledge-based platform and decision support tool, incorporating novel risk analysis and econometric models. 13 Maritime logistics organizations will increase cyber-awareness and validate their business continuity management in a 6 Million Euro Project or which 650 K Euro will go to Plymouth for a forensics lab, able to host a number of virtual machines and a portable ship simulator.

RED Cyber-SHIP Lab

Aiming to create the next generation of cybersecurity reserach in maritime by recreating a ship's bridge in a lab enviroment. This lab will take into account both technological and human behavioural aspects in order to effectively mitigate threats, especially considering the huge variation in vessel types, which can be subjected to cyber-attacks in differing ways for differing motivations. The £3million Cyber-SHIP Lab, is supported by funding from Research England, part of UK Research and Innovation, and industry, as well as industry donations in equipment and time.

Conference Papers

Tam K, Forshaw K, Jones K. "Cyber-SHIP: Developing Next Generation Maritime Cyber Research Capabilities" ICMET Oman 2019. http://doi.org/10.24868/icmet.oman.2019.005 [PEARL]

Tam K, Jones K. “A Cyber-Security Review of Emerging Technology in the Maritime Industry” International Conference of Maritime Science & Technology NAŠE MORE 2019 [PEARL] ISBN 978-953-7153-52-6, CIP 580564063, UDK 004.738.5:656.61, 338.47:656.61

Tam K, Jones K. "Factors Affecting Cyber Risk in Maritime", IEEE Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment (Cyber SA), Oxford,2019. DOI:10.1109/CyberSA.2019.8899382

Tam K, Jones K. "Forensic Readiness within the Maritime Sector'" IEEE Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment (Cyber SA), Oxford, 2019. DOI: 10.1109/CyberSA.2019.8899642

Tam K, Jones K. "Cyber-Risk Assessment for Autonomous Ships", 2018 International Conference on Cyber Security and Protection of Digital Services (Cyber Security), 2018. DOI: 10.1109/CyberSecPODS.2018.8560690

Kevin D Jones, Kimberly Tam, and Maria PapadakI. Threats and impacts in maritime cyber security. IET Engineering and Referene Technology, 2016 [PEARL, IET]

Santanu Kumar Dash, Guillermo Suarez-Tangil, Salahuddin Khan, Kimberly Tam, Mansour Ahmadi, Johannes Kinder, and Lorenzo Cavallaro. "Droidscribe: Classifying Android Malware Based on Runtime Behavior". In Security and Privacy Workshops (SPW), 2016.  DOI: 10.1109/SPW.2016.25

Kimberly Tam, Salahuddin J Khan, Aristide Fattori, and Lorenzo Cavallaro. "Copperdroid: Automatic reconstruction of android malware behaviors". In Network and Distributed System Security (NDSS), 2015. ISBN 1-891562-38-X DOI: 10.14722/ndss.2015.23145

Key publications are highlighted


Tam K, Jones K. "Situational Awareness: Examining Factors that Affect Cyber-Risks in the Maritime Sector" International Journal On Cyber Situational Awareness (IJCSA). 2019 ISSN: (Print) 2057-2182 ISSN: (Online) 2057-2182 DOI: 10.22619/IJCSA

Tam K, Jones K. "MaCRA: A Model-Based Framework for Maritime Cyber-Risk Assessment", WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs, 2019. DOI:10.1007/s13437-019-00162-2 

Tam K, Jones K. "Maritime cybersecurity policy: the scope and impact of evolving technology on international shipping". Journal of Cyber Policy, Accepted 03 Aug 2018, Published online: 29 Aug 2018 DOI:10.1080/23738871.2018.1513053

Kimberly Tam, Ali Feizollah, Nor Badrul Anuar, Rosli Salleh, and Lorenzo Cavallaro. "The Evolution of Android Malware and Android Analysis Techniques". ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), 49(4), 2017. DOI: 10.1145/3017427

Other Publications

K Tam, N Edwards, L Cavallaro "Detecting Android malware using memory image forensics" Engineering Secure Software and Systems (ESSoS) Doctoral Symposium 2015 [ResearchGate]

[Thesis] Analysis and Classification of Android Malware 2016 [ResearchGate]