Dr Andy Foggo

Dr Andy Foggo

Associate Professor in Ecology

School of Biological and Marine Sciences (Faculty of Science and Engineering)


My activities are split between my teaching/admin roles and my research. I remain engaged with the MRes in Marine Biology which is delivered in partnership with the Marine Biological Association and help the leader, Dr Michael Cunliffe with administration as well as delivering and assessing some components of the course. I'm also involved in teaching on the degrees forming the Marine Biology undergraduate scheme, delivering materials related to natural history and taxonomy, biostatistics, and the ecology of biodiversity. 
My main research interests are divided into two areas within aquatic ecology. One deals with spatial distributions and macroecology in marine, estuarine and freshwater habitats; we're currently entering the final phase of Deep Links, a large NERC funded project led by my colleague Dr Kerry Howell looking at biodiversity and connectivity in the deep sea. Soon we hope to have analyzable data and to begin production of outputs from the fieldwork. My other interest deals with grazer - alga interactions and in particular the role of induced defences in seaweeds as mediators of trophic interactions in a changing biosphere. I collaborate with Dr Dan Smale of the MBA, Dr Tony Knights and Prof. Jason Hall-Spencer here at Plymouth, Dr Pippa Moore at Aberystwyth and Dr Sam Rastrick from Norway in this field. I also have subsidiary interests that stem from application of numerical and statistical techniques to ecological questions, these include studies of diversity patterns in the deep sea (in collaboration with Dr Kerry Howell) and studies of non-native seaweeds in coastal habitats 


Associate Professor in Ecology, University of Plymouth (2015 - )

Lecturer in Ecology, University of Plymouth (1996-2015)

Drapers Company Junior Research Fellow, St Anne's College, Oxford (1995-1996)

Postdoctoral Research Assistant, University of Oxford (1993-1994)

Postdoctoral Research Assistant, University of Cambridge (1993)

DPhil, University of Oxford (1992)

Wiener Anspach Research Fellow, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium (1989-1990)

BA, University of Oxford (1987)

Staff serving as external examiners

External Validator: School of Biological Sciences, University of Surrey at Roehampton.

External Examining: University of Oxford (D.Phil), University of Surrey (PhD), Bangor University (PhD)

Research interests

Plant and algal interactions with herbivores - applying theories of plant-herbivore interaction developed in the terrestrial realm to marine cases. Especially interested in consequences of environmental change for dynamics of trophic interactions

Marine macroecology - particularly the role of physiology, dispersal and development in determining patterns of distribution and abundance of estuarine and marine organisms.

Spatial pattern in marine and freshwater organisms - determining the distribution of organisms in space and time, how these patterns arise, and what their implications are for population persistance and assemblage dynamics.

Factors affecting the proliferation and spread of non-native species and their ecosystem-level consequences

Research degrees awarded to supervised students

G.M. Prowse. PhD, 2003 (DoS)

M.T. Frost. PhD, 2003 (supervisor)

R. Power. M.Phil. (2004) DoS

L. MacAbendroth PhD 2005 (supervisor)

C.S. Mesher PhD 2009 (DoS)

S.L. deAmicis PhD 2012 (DoS)

N. Biber 2017 PhD (supervisor)

Grants & contracts

2013: Scaling empirically derived ocean acidification responses to naturally assembled systems. NERC £90,846. Co-I

PI - Rastrick, Co-I's: Solan, Hauton, Mark, Hall-Spencer, Foggo, Whitelely, Steel, Parker & Scott

2013: Influence of population connectivity on depth-dependent diversity of deep-sea marine benthic biota
£1,121,585. Co-I

PI - Howell 

Key publications are highlighted

Carroll C, Webb D, Stevens ??? KN, Vickery J, Eyre V, Ball S, Wyse R, Webber M, Foggo A & Zajicek J 2019 'Simvastatin as a neuroprotective treatment for Parkinson’s disease (PD STAT): protocol for a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled futility study' BMJ Open , DOI PEARL
Biscéré T, Zampighi M, Lorrain A, Jurriaans S, Foggo A, Houlbrèque F & Rodolfo-Metalpa R 2019 'High p CO 2 promotes coral primary production' Biology Letters 15, (7) 20180777-20180777 , DOI PEARL
Epstein G, Foggo A & Smale DA 2019 'Inconspicuous impacts: Widespread marine invader causes subtle but significant changes in native macroalgal assemblages' Ecosphere 10, (7) , DOI PEARL
Chaverra A, Wieters E, Foggo A & Knights AM 2019 'Removal of intertidal grazers by human harvesting leads to alteration of species interactions, community structure and resilience to climate change' Marine Environmental Research , DOI PEARL
Biber NFA, Foggo A & Thompson RC 2019 'Characterising the deterioration of different plastics in air and seawater' Marine Pollution Bulletin , DOI PEARL
Pessarrodona A, Foggo A & Smale D 2018 'Can ecosystem functioning be maintained despite climate-driven shifts in species composition? Insights from novel marine forests' Journal of Ecology 107, (1) 91-104 , DOI PEARL
Hereward H, Foggo A, Hinckley S, Greenwood J & Smale D 2018 'Seasonal variability in the population structure of a habitat-forming kelp and a conspicuous gastropod grazer: Do blue-rayed limpets (Patella pellucida) exert top-down pressure on Laminaria digitata populations?' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 506, 171-171 , DOI PEARL
Allen R, Foggo A, Fabricius K, Balistreri A & Hall-Spencer JM 2016 'Tropical CO2 seeps reveal the impact of ocean acidification on coral reef invertebrate recruitment' Marine Pollution Bulletin , DOI PEARL
Hargrave MS, Foggo A, Pessarrodona A & Smale DA 2016 'The effects of warming on the ecophysiology of two co-existing kelp species with contrasting distributions' Oecologia , DOI PEARL
Milazzo M, Cattano C, Alonzo SH, Foggo A, Gristina M, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Sinopoli M, Spatafora D, Stiver KA & Hall-Spencer JM 2016 'Ocean acidification affects fish spawning but not paternity at CO 2 seeps' Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 283, (1835) 20161021-20161021 , DOI PEARL
Harvey BP, McKeown NJ, Rastrick SPS, Bertolini C, Foggo A, Graham H, Hall-Spencer JM, Milazzo M, Shaw PW & Small DP 2016 'Individual and population-level responses to ocean acidification' Scientific Reports 6, (1) , DOI PEARL
DeAmicis SL & Foggo A 2015 'Long-Term Field Study Reveals Subtle Effects of the Invasive Alga Sargassum muticum upon the Epibiota of Zostera marina' PLoS ONE , DOI PEARL
Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Montagna P, Aliani S, Borghini M, Canese S, Hall-Spencer JM, Foggo A, Milazzo M, Taviani M & Houlbrèque F 2015 'Calcification is not the Achilles’ heel of cold-water corals in an acidifying ocean' Global Change Biology 21, (6) 2238-2248 , DOI PEARL
Garilli V, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Scuderi D, Brusca L, Parrinello D, Rastrick SPS, Foggo A, Twitchett RJ, Hall-Spencer JM & Milazzo M 2015 'Physiological advantages of dwarfing in surviving extinctions in high-CO2 oceans' Nature Climate Change , DOI PEARL
Rastrick SPS, Calosi P, Calder-Potts R, Foggo A, Nightingale G, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI 2014 'Living in warmer, more acidic oceans retards physiological recovery from tidal emersion in the velvet swimming crab, Necora puber' J Exp Biol 217, (Pt 14) 2499-2508 Author Site , DOI
Holt RE, Foggo A, Neat FC & Howell KL 2013 'Distribution patterns and sexual segregation in chimaeras: implications for conservation and management' ICES Journal of Marine Science 70, (6) 1198-1205 , DOI
Foster NL, Foggo A & Howell KL 2013 'Using species-area relationships to inform baseline conservation targets for the deep North East Atlantic' PLoS One 8, (3) Author Site , DOI PEARL
Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Houlbreque F, Tambutte E, Boisson F, Baggini C, Patti FP, Jeffree R, Fine M, Foggo A & Gattuso J-P 2011 'Coral and mollusc resistance to ocean acidification adversely affected by warming' NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE 1, (6) 308-312 Author Site , DOI PEARL
Howell KL, Mowles SL & Foggo A 2010 'Mounting evidence: near-slope seamounts are faunally indistinct from an adjacent bank' MARINE ECOLOGY-AN EVOLUTIONARY PERSPECTIVE 31, 52-62 Author Site , DOI
Bilton DT, McAbendroth LC, Nicolet P, Bedford A, Rundle SD, Foggo A & Ramsay PM 2009 'Ecology and conservation status of temporary and fluctuating ponds in two areas of southern England' AQUATIC CONSERVATION-MARINE AND FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS 19, (2) 134-146 Author Site , DOI
Griffin JN, Mendez V, Johnson AF, Jenkins SR & Foggo A 2009 'Functional diversity predicts overyielding effect of species combination on primary productivity' OIKOS 118, (1) 37-44 Author Site , DOI
Coleman RA, Ramchunder SJ, Moody AJ & Foggo A 2007 'An enzyme in snail saliva induces herbivore-resistance in a marine alga' FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY 21, (1) 101-106 Author Site , DOI
Hall-Spencer J, Rogers A, Davies J & Foggo A 2007 'Deep-sea coral distribution on seamounts, oceanic islands, and continental slopes in the Northeast Atlantic' Conservation and Adaptive Management of Seamount and Deep-Sea Coral Ecosystems 81, 135-146 PEARL
Foggo A, Bilton DT & Rundle SD 2007 'Do developmental mode and dispersal shape abundance-occupancy relationships in marine macroinvertebrates?' Journal of Animal Ecology 76, (4) 695-702
Coleman RA, Ramchunder SJ, Davis KM, Moody AJ & Foggo A 2007 'Herbivore-induced infochemicals influence foraging behaviour in two intertidal predators' Oecologia 151, (3) 454-463 Author Site , DOI
Coleman RA, Ramchunder SJ, Davis KM, Moody AJ & Foggo A 2007 'Herbivore-induced infochemicals influence foraging behaviour in two intertidal predators (vol 151, pg 454, 2007)' OECOLOGIA 152, (4) 805-805 Author Site , DOI
Rundle SD, Bilton DT, Abbott JC & Foggo A 2007 'Range size in North American Enallagma damselflies correlates with wing size' Freshwater Biology 52, (3) 471-477
Foggo A, Higgins S, Wargent JJ & Coleman RA 2007 'Tri-trophic consequences of UV-B exposure: plants, herbivores and parasitoids' Oecologia 154, (3) 505-512
Hall-Spencer J, White N, Gillespie E, Gillham K & Foggo A 2006 'Impact of fish farms on maerl beds in strongly tidal areas' Marine Ecology-Progress Series 326, 1-9 PEARL
Griffiths BS, Caul S, Thompson J, Birch ANE, Scrimgeour C, Cortet J, Foggo A, Hackett CA & Krogh PH 2006 'Soil microbial and faunal community responses to bt maize and insecticide in two soils' J Environ Qual 35, (3) 734-741 Author Site , DOI
Mcabendroth L, Ramsay PM, Foggo A, Rundle SD & Bilton DT 2005 'Does macrophyte fractal complexity drive invertebrate diversity, biomass and body size distributions?' Oikos 111, (2) 279-290
Prowse G, Galloway, T.S., Foggo & A. 2005 'Insecticidal activity of garlic juice in two dipterian pests' Agricultural and Forest Entomology 7, 1-6
Mcabendroth L, Foggo A, Rundle SD & Bilton DT 2005 'Unravelling nestedness and spatial pattern in pond assemblages' Journal of Animal Ecology 74, (1) 41-49
Frost MT, Attrill MJ, Rowden AA & Foggo A 2004 'Abundance-occupancy relationships in macrofauna on exposed sandy beaches: patterns and mechanisms' Ecography 27, (5) 643-649
Borell EM, Foggo A & Coleman RA 2004 'Induced resistance in intertidal macroalgae modifies feeding behaviour of herbivorous snails' Oecologia 140, (2) 328-334
FOGGO A, FROST MT & ATTRILL MJ 2003 'Abundance-occupancy patterns in British estuarine macroinvertebrates' Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser 265, 297-302 , DOI
Foggo A, Attrill MJ, Frost MT & Rowden AA 2003 'Estimating marine species richness: an evaluation of six extrapolative techniques' Marine Ecology-Progress Series 248, 15-26
Foggo A, Rundle SD & Bilton DT 2003 'The net result: evaluating species richness extrapolation techniques for littoral pond invertebrates' Freshwater Biology 48, (10) 1756-1764
Rundle SD, Foggo A, Choiseul V & Bilton DT 2002 'Are distribution patterns linked to dispersal mechanism? An investigation using pond invertebrate assemblages' Freshwater Biology 47, (9) 1571-1581
Foggo A, Ozanne CMP, Speight MR & Hambler C 2001 'Edge effects and tropical forest canopy invertebrates' Plant Ecology 153, (1-2) 347-359
Bilton DT, Foggo A & Rundle SD 2001 'Size, permanence and the proportion of predators in ponds' Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 151, (3) 451-458
Foggo A 1996 'Patterns of herbivory by the ash bud moth Prays fraxinella: Implications for the silviculture of ash in Europe' FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT 84, (1-3) 231-240 Author Site , DOI
Foggo A 1996 'Long- and short-term changes in plant growth following simulated herbivory: Adaptive responses to damage?' ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY 21, (2) 198-202 Author Site , DOI
Reid C 1996 'Research note. Dead wood in the Caledonian pine forest' Forestry 69, (3) 275-279 , DOI
Foggo A & Speight MR 1995 'Factors affecting choice of buds by larvae of the ash bud mothPrays fraxinellaBjerk. (Lep., Yponomeutidae), and the implications for ash dieback' Journal of Applied Entomology 119, (1-5) 29-34 , DOI
Brodie J, williamson C, Smale DA, Kamenos NA, Mieszkowska N, Santos R, Cunliffe M, Steinke M, Yesson C & Anderson KM 2014 'The future of the northeast Atlantic benthic flora in a high CO2 world' Ecology and Evolution 4, (13) 2787-2798 Publisher Site , DOI PEARL
Rundle SD, Bilton DT & FOGGO A 2007 'Body size, range size and dispersal in aquatic invertebrates' in Hildrew AG; Raffaelli DG; Edmunds-Brown R Body size: the structure and function of aquatic ecosystems Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 186-209
Foggo A, Ozanne CMP, Speight MR & Hambler C 2001 'Edge effects and tropical canopy invertebrates' in Linsenmair KE; Davis AJ; Fiala B; Speight MR Tropical Forest Canopies: Ecology and Management 347-359
Conference Papers
Mesher C, Foggo A & Spicer JI 2009 'Understanding physiological tolerance through thermal limits of three amphipod species' S170-S170 , DOI