Marine Eco-engineering Research Unit publications

Airoldi L, Abbiati M, Beck MW, Hawkins SJ, Jonsson PR, Martin D, Moschella PS, Sundelöf A, Thompson RC, & Åberg P. (2005). An ecological perspective on the deployment and design of low-crested and other hard coastal defence structures. Coastal Engineering, 52, 1073- 1087. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378383905001158  

Bishop MJ, Mayer-Pinto M, Airoldi L, Firth LB, Morris RL, Loke LHL, Hawkins SJ, Naylor LA, Coleman RA, Chee SY, Dafforn KA (2017) Effects of ocean sprawl on ecological connectivity: impacts and solutions. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 492: 7–30. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022098117300618

Bouma TJ, Van Belzen J, Balke T, Zhu Z, Airoldi L, Blight AJ, Davies AJ, Galvan C, Hawkins SJ, Hoggart SP, Lara JL (2014). Identifying knowledge gaps hampering application of intertidal habitats in coastal protection: Opportunities & steps to take. Coastal Engineering, 87, pp.147-157. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037838391300197X

Bracewell SA, Robinson LA, Firth LB, Knights AM. (2013) Predicting free-space occupancy on novel artificial structures by an invasive intertidal barnacle using a removal experiment. PLoS ONE 8(9): e74457. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0074457

Burcharth H, Vidal C, Moschella PS, Airoldi L, Bulleri F, Ceccherelli VU, Colangelo MA, Thompson RC, and Hawkins SJ (2007) Consideration of legal, physical environmental, socio-economic and aesthetic constraints, in: Environmental design guidelines for low crested coastal structures. Burcharth HF, Hawkins SJ, Zanuttigh B, and Lamberti A. (Eds.), pp. 17-24, Elsevier,Oxford UK.

Chee SY, Othman AG, Sim YK, Mat Adam AN, Firth LB (2017). Land reclamation and artificial islands: walking the tightrope between development and conservation. Global Ecology and Conservation, 12: 80-95. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2351989417301336

Coombes MA, Naylor LA, Thompson RC, Roast SD, Gómez-Pujol L, Fairhurst RJ (2011). Colonization and weathering of engineering materials by marine microorganisms: an SEM study. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 36(5):582-93. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/esp.2076

Coombes MA, Naylor LA, Viles HA, Thompson RC. Bioprotection and disturbance: seaweed, microclimatic stability and conditions for mechanical weathering in the intertidal zone. Geomorphology, 202:4-14. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169555X12004515

Coombes MA, La Marca EC, Naylor LA, Thompson RC (2015). Getting into the groove: opportunities to enhance the ecological value of hard coastal infrastructure using fine-scale surface textures. Ecological Engineering. 77:314-23. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857415000452

Evans AJ, Firth LB, Hawkins SJ, Morris ES, Goudge H, Moore PJ (2016). Drill-cored rock pools: an effective method of ecological enhancement on artificial structures. Marine and Freshwater Research, 6: 123-130. http://www.publish.csiro.au/mf/mf14244

Evans AJ, Garrod B, Firth LB, Hawkins SJ, Morris ES, Goudge H, Moore PJ. (2017) Multi-functional coastal developments: desirability of potential secondary benefits and steps to effective implementation. Marine Policy, 75: 143-155. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308597X16303645

Evans AJ, Firth LB, Hawkins SJ, Ironside J, Thompson RC, Moore P. (2018). From ocean sprawl to blue-green infrastructure – a strategy for maximising natural capital in marine engineering. Environmental Science and Policy, In press

Firth LB, Mieszkowska N, Thompson, RC, Hawkins SJ. (2013) Climate change and adaptational impacts in coastal systems: the case of sea defences. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts 15: 1665-1670. https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2013/em/c3em00313b/unauth#!divAbstract

Firth LB, Thompson RC, White FJ, Schofield M, Skov MW, Hoggart SPG, Jackson J, Knights AM, Hawkins SJ (2013) The importance of water retaining features for biodiversity on artificial intertidal coastal defence structures. Diversity and Distributions 19: 1275–1283. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ddi.12079

Firth LB, Schofield M, White FJ, Skov MW, Hawkins SJ (2014) Biodiversity in intertidal rock pools: informing engineering criteria for artificial habitat enhancement in the built environment. Marine Environmental Research. 102, 122–130. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141113614000713

Firth LB, Thompson RC, Bohn K, Abiatti M, Airoldi L, Bouma TJ, Bozzeda F, Ceccherelli VU, Colangelo MA, Evans E, Ferrario F, Hanley M, Hinz H, Hoggart SPG, Jackson J, Moore P, Morgan EH, Perkol-Finkel S, Strain EM, van Belzen J, Hawkins SJ (2014) Between a rock and a hard place: environmental and engineering considerations when designing flood defence structures. Coastal Engineering 87: 122–135. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378383913001713

Firth LB, Mieszkowska N, Grant LM, Bush LE, Davies AJ, Frost MT, Moschella PS, Burrows MT, Cunningham PN, Dye SR, Hawkins SJ. (2015) Historical comparisons reveal multiple drivers of decadal change of an ecosystem engineer at the range edge. Ecology and Evolution. 5: 3210–3222. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ece3.1556

Firth LB, Knights AM, Thompson RC, Mieszkowska N, Bridger D, Evans A, Moore PJ, O’Connor NE, Sheehan EV, Hawkins SJ (2016) Ocean sprawl: challenges and opportunities for biodiversity management in a changing world. Invited contribution to Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 54: 193-269. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781498748001/chapters/10.1201%2F9781315368597-9

Firth LB, Browne K, Knights AM, Hawkins SJ, Nash R. (2016) Eco-engineered rock pools: a concrete solution to biodiversity loss and urban sprawl in the marine environment. Environmental Research Letters, 11: 094015. http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/11/9/094015/meta

Firth LB, White FJ, Schofield M, Hanley ME, Burrows MT, Thompson RC, Skov MW, Evans AJ, Moore PJ, Hawkins SJ (2016) Facing the future: the importance of substratum features for ecological engineering of artificial habitats in the rocky intertidal. Marine and Freshwater Research. 67: 131-143. http://www.publish.csiro.au/MF/MF14163

Hanley ME, Hoggart SPG, Simmonds DJ, Bichot A, Colangelo MA, Bozzeda F, Heurtefeux H, Ondiviela B, Ostrowski R, Recio M, Trude R. (2014). Shifting sands? Coastal protection by sand banks, beaches and dunes. Coastal Engineering, 87, 136-146. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378383913001762

Hanlon N, Firth LB, Knights AM. (2018). Time-dependent effects of orientation, heterogeneity and composition determines benthic biological community recruitment patterns on subtidal artificial structures. Ecological Engineering, 122: 219-228. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857418303045

Hoggart SPG, Hanley ME, Parker DJ, Simmonds DJ, Franklin EL, White AC, Bilton DT, Rundle SD, Penning-Rowsell EC, Trifonova E, Vergiev S, Filipova-Marinova M, Kotsev I, Thompson RC (2014). The consequences of doing nothing: The effects of seawater flooding on coastal zones. Coastal Engineering, 87: 169-182. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378383913001993

Knights AM, Firth LB, Thompson RC, Yunnie AL, Hiscock K, Hawkins SJ (2016) Plymouth - a world harbour through the ages. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 8: 297-307. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352485516300160

Martin D, Bertasi F, Colangelo MA, de Vries M, Frost M, Hawkins SJ, Macpherson E, Moschella PS, Satta MP, Thompson RC, Ceccherelli VU (2005). Ecological impact of coastal defence structures on sediment and mobile fauna: Evaluating and forecasting consequences of unavoidable modifications of native habitats. Coastal Engineering, 52, 1027 –1051. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378383905001134

Martins GM, Thompson RC, Neto AI, Hawkins SJ, Jenkins SR (2010). Enhancing stocks of the exploited limpet Patella candei d’Orbigny via modifications in coastal engineering. Biological Conservation, 143: 203-211. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320709004418

McManus RS, Archibald N, Comber S, Knights AM, Thompson RC, Firth LB (2017). Partial replacement of cement for waste aggregates in concrete coastal and marine infrastructure: A foundation for ecological enhancement? Ecological Engineering, 120: 655-667. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857417303907

Morris RL, Martinez AS, Firth LB, Coleman RA (2018). Can ‘seeding’ enhance mobile marine invertebrates in ecologically engineered rock pools? Marine Environmental Research, In press. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141113618303404

Morris RL, Chapman MG, Firth LB, Coleman RA (2017). Increasing habitat complexity on seawalls: Investigating large-and small-scale effects on fish assemblages. Ecology and Evolution, 7(22):9567-9579 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ece3.3475

Moschella PS, Abbiati M, Åberg P, Airoldi L, Anderson JM, Bacchiocchi F, Bulleri F, Dinesen GE, Frost M, Gacia E, Granhag L (2005). Low-crested coastal defence structures as artificial habitats for marine life: using ecological criteria in design. Coastal Engineering, 52(10-11):1053-71. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378383905001146

Moschella PS, Paphitis D, Plomartis T, Collins M, Aberg P, Garhang L, Jonsson P, Frost M, Thompson RC, and Hawkins SJ (2007). Case studies in: Environmental design guidelines for low crested coastal structures. Burcharth HF, Hawkins SJ, Zanuttigh B, and Lamberti A. (Eds.), pp.73-136, Elsevier, Oxford UK.

Moschella PS, Thompson RC and Hawkins SJ (2007). Environmental considerations in: Environmental design guidelines for low crested coastal structures. Burcharth HF, Hawkins SJ, Zanuttigh B, and Lamberti A. (Eds.), p. 65, Elsevier, Oxford UK.

Moschella PS, Thompson RC and Hawkins SJ (2007) Environmental impacts during construction operations in: Environmental design guidelines for low crested coastal structures. Burcharth HF, Hawkins SJ, Zanuttigh B and Lamberti A. (Eds.), p.70, Elsevier, Oxford UK.

Naylor LA, Coombes MA, Venn O, Roast SD, Thompson RC (2012) Facilitating ecological enhancement of coastal infrastructure: the role of policy, people and planning. Environmental science & policy. 222:36-46. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S146290111200069X

Naylor LA, Venn O, Coombes MA, Jackson J, Thompson RC (2011) Including ecological enhancements in the planning, design and construction of hard coastal structures: A process guide. Report to the Environment Agency (PID 110461). University of Exeter. http://www.therrc.co.uk/MOT/References/EA_Ecological_Enhancements_Planning_Design_Construction_Hard_Coastal_Structures.pdf

Pearson S, Windupranata W, Pranowo SW, Putri A, Ma Y, Vila-Concejo A, Fernández E, Méndez G, Banks J, Knights AM, Firth LB, Bollard Breen B, Jarvis R, Aguirre D, Chen S, Howard Smith AN, Steinberg P, Chatzinikolaou E, Arvanitidis C. (2016) Conflicts in some of the World harbours: What needs to happen next? Maritime Studies, 15:10. https://maritimestudiesjournal.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40152-016-0049-x

Strain EMA, Olabarria C, Mayer-Pinto M, Cumbo V, Morris R, Bugnot A, Dafforn K, Heery E, Firth LB, Brooks P, Bishop MJ (2018) Eco-engineering urban infrastructure for marine and coastal biodiversity: which interventions have the greatest ecological benefit?. Journal of Applied Ecology, 1-16. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1365-2664.12961

Walls AM, Edwards MD, Firth LB, Johnson MP (2018). Ecological priming of artificial aquaculture structures: Kelp farms as an example. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 1-12 https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom/article/ecological-priming-of-artificial-aquaculture-structures-kelp-farms-as-an-example/EDE7291A3FA1B9CAA433D9757441DE30

Wilhelmsson D, Malm T, Thompson R, Tchou J, Sarantakos G, McCormick N, Luitjens S, Gullström M, Patterson Edwards JK, Amir O and Dubi A (eds.) (2010). Greening Blue Energy: Identifying and managing the biodiversity risks and opportunities of off shore renewable energy. Gland, Switzerland:IUCN. 90pp.

Witt MJ, Sheehan EV, Bearhop S, Broderick AC, Conley DC, Cotterell SP, Crow E, Grecian WJ, Halsband C, Hodgson DJ, Hosegood P, Inger R, Miller PI, Sims DW, Thompson RC, Vanstaen K, Votier SC, Attrill MJ & Godley BJ. (2012) Assessing wave energy effects on biodiversity: the Wave Hub experience. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society a-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 370,502-529. http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/370/1959/502.short

Zanuttigh B, Nicholls RJ, Vanderlinden JP, Thompson RC, Burcharth HF (2014). Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate. Butterworth-Heinemann.

Zanuttigh B, Simcic D, Bagli S, Bozzeda F, Pietrantoni L, Zagonari F, Hoggart S, Nicholls RJ (2014). THESEUS decision support system for coastal risk management. Coastal Engineering, 87: 218-239. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378383913001968