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This is a resource of useful references provided by C4CHEd members and more widely available within the sector. 
If you would like to add to these references, please contact


Aldridge, M. Purdell-Lewis J., Adcroft, L. Williams H., Eveleigh, M., Miles, E., Tameem, L. (2017) An improvement project to build resilience and promote wellbeing, North Bristol NHs Trust. POSTER

Andrews, H., Tierney, S., & Seers, K. (2020). Needing permission: the experience of self-care and self-compassion in nursing: a constructivist grounded theory study. International journal of nursing studies, 101, 103436.


Barnes, J., Eveleigh, M., Miles, E., Williams, H., Murray, C., Savva, A., ... & Tameem, L. (2019, July). Well and resilient doctors (WARD). In ANAESTHESIA (Vol. 74, pp. 11-11). 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA: WILEY (Abstract 003).

Baverstock AC, Finlay FO. Maintaining compassion and preventing compassion fatigue: a practical guide.Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed. 2016 Aug;101(4):170-4. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-308582. Epub 2015 Oct 28. PMID: 26510446.

Beaumont,E., Bell, T., McAndrew, S., & Fairhurst, H. (2021). The impact of Compassionate Mind Training on qualified health professionals undertaking a Compassion Focused Therapy module. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research

Beaumont, E., Irons, C., Rayner, G., & Dagnall, N. (2016). Does Compassion-Focused Therapy Training for Health Care Educators and Providers Increase Self-Compassion and Reduce Self-Persecution and Self-Criticism?Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 36, Applying Psychological Theory to Clinical Practice

Biley,A. (2020). The waiting room. In J. Watson & M. Clayton (Eds.), Caring: a passage to heart(pp. 118-120). WatsonCaring Science Institute: Lotus Library

Biley, A. (2019). Birds Hold Our Secrets.Boulder, CO: Lotus Library. Watson Caring Science Institute.

Biley,A. (2018). Remembering purpose: Anautoethnography. In W. Rosa, S.Horton-Deutsch & J. Watson (Eds.), A handbook for Caring Science (pp.633-641). New York: Springer.

Biley,A., Giovannoni, J. (2018). Pondering forgiveness in a unitary Caring Science paradigm: A reflection. International Journal of Human Caring 22:3,140-146

Bond, C., Hui, A., Timmons, S., & Charles, A. (2022). Mental health nurses' constructions of compassion: A discourse analysis. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 31(5), 1186-1197

Bond, C., Hui, A., Timmons, S., Wildbore, E., & Sinclair, S. (2022). Discourses of compassion from the margins of health care: the perspectives and experiences of people with a mental health condition. Journal of Mental Health, 1-9

Bond, C. A., Tsikandilakis, M., Stacey, G., Hui, A., & Timmons, S. (2021). The effects of compassion-based feedback on wellbeing ratings during a professional assessment healthcare task. Nurse Education Today, 99, 104788.

Bond, C., Stacey, G., Field‐Richards, S., Callaghan, P., Keeley, P., Lymn, J., ... & Spiby, H. (2018). The concept of compassion within UK media‐generated discourse: A corpus‐informed analysis.Journal of clinical nursing, 27(15-16), 3081-3090.


Compton T. (2020) The Times Are a Changing: Culture(s) of Medicine. In: Parsons J., Chappell A. (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Auto/Biography. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Dale-Hewitt, V., & Irons, C. (2015). Compassion Focused Therapy. In Formulation in Action: Applying Psychological Theory to Clinical Practice(Eds: Dawson and Moghaddam) (Chpt 10)

Henshall LE, Alexander T, Molyneux P, Gardiner E, McLellan A. (2018) The relationship between perceived organisational threat and compassion for others: Implications for the NHS. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, Mar; 25(2):231-249.

HollinsMartin, C.J., Beaumont, E., Norris, G., & Cullen, G. (2021).Teaching Compassionate Mind Training (CMT) to help midwives cope with traumatic clinical incidents. British Journal of Midwifery. 29(1): 26-35.


Irons, C. (2013). The science of compassion: evolutionary, neurophysiological and psychological perspectives. Journal of Holistic Healthcare, 10(3)

Ling, D., Petrakis, M., & Olver, J. H. (2021). The use of common humanity scenarios to promote compassion in healthcare workers. Australian Social Work, 74(1), 110-121.

Ling, D., Olver, J., & Petrakis, M. (2020). Investigating how viewing common humanity scenarios impacts compassion: a novel approach. The British Journal of Social Work, 50(6), 1724-1742.

Ling, D., Olver, J., & Petrakis, M. (2018). Outcomes from a Compassion Training Intervention for Health Care Workers. Czech & Slovak Social Work/Sociální Práce/Sociálna Práca, 18(4).


 MacKenzie, S. (2020) “Is all in all”: exploring spirituality with people with expressive aphasia. Journal of Disability and Religion

MacKenzie, S. and Marsh, I. (2018) The philosopher of ambiguity: exploring stories of spirituality of people with aphasia through the lens of Merleau-PontyJournal of Disability and Religion

MacKenzie, S. (2016) Sacred work?: Exploring spirituality with therapists working with stroke patients with aphasia. Journal for the Study of Spirituality, Vol 6, issue 1

Mansel, B.,& Einion, A. (2019) It’s the relationship you develop with them.” Emotional Intelligence in Nurse Leadership: A Qualitative Study Using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. British Journal of Nursing, 28, 211400-1408.

Michalec, B., Hafferty, F.W. Challenging the clinically-situated emotion-deficient version of empathy within medicine and medical education research. Soc Theory Health(2021).

Mitchell A. and Cormack M. (1998) The Therapeutic Relationship in Complementary Health Care. Edinburgh: Churchill-Livingstone.

Mitchell, A (2016) Different voices, different stories, Clinical Psychology Forum (284), 7-10.

Nisker, J. (2010). Calcedonies: critical reflections on writing plays to engage citizens in health and social policy development. Reflective Practice, 11(4), 417-432.


 Smyth Zahra , F., & Park, S. E. A. (2020). Dental Education: Contexts and Trends. In D. Nestle, G. Reedy, L. McKenna, & S. Gough (Eds.), Clinical Education for the Health Professions (pp. 1-13). Springer.

Straughair, C., & Machin, A. (2021). Compassion in nursing: exploring the perceptions of students and academics. Nursing Standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain): 1987).

Straughair, C. (2019). Cultivating compassion in nursing: A grounded theory study to explore the perceptions of individuals who have experienced nursing care as patients. Nurse education in practice, 35, 98-103.

Straughair, C., Clarke, A., & Machin, A. (2019). A constructivist grounded theory study to explore compassion through the perceptions of individuals who have experienced nursing care. Journal of advanced nursing, 75(7), 1527-1538.

Straughair, C. (2012) Exploring compassion: implications for contemporary nursing. Part 1 British Journal of Nursing, 21(3), p160-164

Straughair, C. (2012) Exploring compassion: implications for contemporary nursing. Part 2 British Journal of Nursing, 21(4), p239-243.


 Tobin, S. (2020). A concept analysis of compassion in healthcare practice. PhD thesis, University of Plymouth, Plymouth

Waller,Vanessa (2020) Applying self-compassion: the experience of student nurses.Doctoralthesis, Anglia Ruskin University.

Watson, J., Biley, F.C. & Biley, A.M. (2002). Aesthetics, post-modern nursing, complementary therapies and more: An Internet dialogue. Theoria: Journal of Nursing Theory, 10: 48,1-3.

Ward A,Bethea J, Hsu R. Exploring life with a long-term condition using asynchronous online communication. Patient Education and Counseling Volume 102, Issue 12,December 2019, Pages 2325-2329

West, M. (2021) Compassionate Leadership. See for an update

West, M. A., & Chowla, R. (2017). Compassionate leadership for compassionate health care. In Compassion (pp. 237-257). Routledge.

Other useful references

Beaumont, E. A., & Hollins-Martin, C. J. (2016) A proposal to support student therapists to develop. Interventions, 15(4), 289-303.http://http//

Beaumont, E., Rayner, G., Durkin, M., & Bowling, G. (2017). The effects of compassionate mind training on student psychotherapists. The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice.

Durkin, M., Beaumont, E., Martin, C. J. H., & Carson, J. (2016). A pilot study exploring the relationship between self-compassion, self-judgement, self-kindness, compassion, professional quality of life and wellbeing among UK community nurses. Nurse education today, 46, 109-114.

Fogarty, L. A., Curbow, B. A., Wingard, J. R., McDonnell, K., & Somerfield, M. R. (1999). Can 40 seconds of compassion reduce patient anxiety?. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 17(1), 371-371.

Sinclair, S., Hack, T. F., MacInnis, C. C., Jaggi, P., Boss, H., McClement, S., ... & Thompson, G. (2021). Development and validation of a patient-reported measure of compassion in healthcare: the Sinclair Compassion Questionnaire (SCQ). BMJ open, 11(6), e045988.