Dr Stephen Essex
Associate Professor in Geography
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (Faculty of Science and Engineering)
Programme Coordinator for MSc Planning programme
1985 Doctor of Philosophy, Department of Geography, University of Nottingham
1982 Bachelor of Arts (Honours), Department of Geography, St. David's University College, University of Wales, Lampeter.
- Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society - Institute of British Geographers (RGS-IBG) (since 1983)
- Member of the Higher Education Academy (since 2000)
- Chartered Member of the Royal Town Planning Institute (Associate since 2009)
Roles on external bodies
Committee Member of Royal Town Planning Institute South West branch, 2008-2010.Executive Committee Member of the RGS-IBG Rural Geography Research Group, 2000-2005 (including Newsletter Editor, 2002-2005).
- Urban and rural planning
- Sustainable tourism
- Research methods
My main teaching at undergraduate level includes:
GGH2200 Spatial Planning (module leader): This module provides an understanding of the evolution and operation of planning and its role in managing and mediating the relationship between society and the environment.
GGH2201 Geography of Tourism and Recreation (module leader): This module develops an understanding of the changing nature, impacts and management of tourism in a range of settings.
GGH3200 The Competitive City: This module examines the global competitiveness of cities in the twenty-first century and the strategies adopted to enhance and maintain their performance in economic, social and environmental agendas.
I also act as advisor on a number of dissertation projects (GGX3200 Dissertation in Geography) and work-based learning placements (GGX3203 Work-based Learning). I also contribute to residential fieldwork modules to Brittany (GGX2200) and Hong Kong (GGX3201).
At Masters level, I am the Programme Coordinator for MSc Planning, which is fully accredited by the Royal Town Planning Institute. Further details are found at: http://www5.plymouth.ac.uk/courses/postgraduate/msc-planning
My teaching on the MSc Planning programme includes:
PLG501 Issues and Values in Planning Practice (module leader): This module focuses on the development of planning theory and practice and the core professional values and skills relevant in contemporary practice (especially consultation, negotiation and mediation skills). It emphasises the changing demands on, and approaches of, the professional planner and the importance of maintaining an up-to-date skills set to ensure professional competence.
PLG503 Research Methods in Planning Practice: This module reviews quantitative and qualitative research methods relevant to professional and academic investigations in the field of planning. Information is a tool for policy-makers to use to make choices. The ability to build an evidence base for policy and evaluation as well as carry out and interpret technical analysis is part of the basis for the legitimacy of planning as a profession. The module also prepares students in the formulation of research projects as the basis for their own dissertation (PLG510/511).
PLG508 Coastal Urban Regeneration (module leader): This module deals with the challenges of delivering urban regeneration in coastal contexts, namely port, post-defence, seaside resorts and rural market/fishing towns. The visibility of problems in coastal towns has arguably been obscured by the government’s traditional focus on urban and rural categories, yet the population of these settlements is equivalent in size to a region. Coastal towns experience a combination of particular disadvantages such as physical isolation, often accentuated by transport deficiencies; climate change; high inward migration of elderly and transient/benefit claimant populations and the outward migration of young people; a dual housing market; ‘one industry town’ economies often based on tourism; and low education attainment with low levels of aspiration.
PLG510/511 Dissertation Research Project (module leader): The dissertation project is an opportunity for candidates to undertake an original research investigation within the field of spatial planning. The topic must relate to their chosen specialist options. The best of these projects are publishable and a number have been submitted to planning-related journals for peer-review.
Staff serving as external examiners
1999 PhD, University of Nottingham
1998-2001 HNC Heritage Management, Wiltshire College Chippenham, University of Bournemouth
2000-2001 MA/PG Diploma Environmental Policy and Management, University of the West of England, Bristol
2001 PhD, University of Nottingham
2000-2004 MA/PG Dip/PG Cert Tourism and Sustainability, University of the West of England, Bristol
2004 PhD, University of Nottingham
2005 PhD, University of Nottingham
2006 MSc, University of Worcester
2009-2012 BSc (Hons) Geography and BA (Hons) Human Geography, University of Worcester
2010 PhD, University of Nottingham
2012 PhD, Open University
2016 PhD, St Andrews University
I am interested in the planning, creation and management of human environments. I also work on sport and recreation, and tourism, and the spaces in which those activities and pursuits take place. My research therefore focuses on issues of policy formulation, implementation and analysis. A significant theme in my research continues to be the role of the Olympic Games as a catalyst of urban policy. This research has investigated the changing nature and scale of the impact of the Games on host cities since 1896 and is now focusing on the realities of securing ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ legacies following the London 2012 Olympic Games. I have also focused on the post-war reconstruction of Plymouth centre using previously neglected sources of the original correspondence between the key actors at the time. This work has highlighted the influences on the outcomes of the planning processes affecting the city, which still affects its operation and appearance today. Research into sustainable tourism has investigated water supply problems in Mediterranean resorts and barriers to the adoption of sustainable practices by tourism businesses in Cornwall, which are both critical to the long-term competitiveness of the sector. This research has also focussed on the efficacy of partnership working between the public and private sectors in the delivery of sustainable tourism.
Research degrees awarded to supervised students
JAKES, S. (2015) The influence of resort decline on social exclusion in English seaside resorts, Full-time (Third advisor).
FOX, A. (2014) Communities, Institutions and FloodRisk: Mobilising Social Capital to improve community resilience, Part-time,2008-2014, (Second Advisor).
DARLOW, S. (2010) Sustainable Heritage Management Practices: Models and exemplars in Devon, Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly, Part-time, 2005-2008, Full-time, 2008-2010 (Second Advisor)
KELLY, C. (2008) Partnerships in the development and management of marine nature-based tourism, School funded, Full-time, 2005-2008 (Director of Studies)
VERNON, J. (2003) Barriers to sustainability among tourism-related businesses: identification and reduction, Ph.D., Faculty of Science, Caradon District Council, Southwest Tourism and Caradon LEADER II, Full-time, 1998-2001, Part-time, 2001-2002 (Director of Studies)
YEOMAN, J. (2002) Public access, management and environmental responsibility: the experience of gardens open to the public, Part-time, 1998-2002 (Director of Studies)
NOVELLI, M. (1999) Turismo Rurale e agriturismo: realta’ del West Country (Gran Bretagna) e della Puglia a Confronto, Ph.D. thesis, Dipartimento di Scienze Geografiche e Merceologiche, Universita’ Degli Studi di Bari. Exchange student at Plymouth 1998-99 (Supervisor)
CLEGG, A. (1997) The Recession as an Agent in the Restructuring of Tourist Accommodation, Ph.D., ESRC Research studentship, Full-time, 1993-96; Part-time, 1996-97 (Director of Studies)
MASON, P. (1996) The Learn to Travel Project: A Case Study of curriculum innovation in schools, PhD, Part-time, 1990-96 (Second Supervisor)
JONES, D.J. (1996) An Investigation into Land Use Change on Bodmin Moor, Cornwall, 1946-1992, M.Phil., Part-time, 1990-96 (Director of Studies).
Journal articles (since 2007)
Agarwal, S., Jakes, S., ESSEX, S.,Page, S.J. & Mowforth, M. (2018) Disadvantage in Seaside Resorts: atypology of deprived neighbourhoods, TourismManagement, 69, 440-459. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.06.012
Sanchez, R. & ESSEX, S. (2018) The challenge of urban design in securing post-event legacies of Olympic Parks,Journal of Urban Design, 23 (2),pp.278-297. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/13574809.2017.1395690
Brown, G., ESSEX, S., Assaker, G. & Smith, A. (2017) Event satisfaction and behavioural intentions: examining the impact of the London 2012 Olympic Games on participation in sport, European Sport Management Quarterly, 17 (3), 331-348. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2017.1294193
Turner, J. & ESSEX, S. (2016) Integrated terrestrial and marine planning in England’s coastal inter-tidal zone:assessing the operational effectiveness of the Coastal Concordat, MarinePolicy, 72, pp.166–175. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2016.07.014
Staples, J. & ESSEX, S. (2016) Design, disability and the planning challenge: the reality of living with severely disabled children, Planning Practice and Research, 31 (3), pp.327-346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02697459.2016.1174974
Leger, C., Balch, C. & ESSEX, S. (2016) Understanding the planning challenges of brownfield development in coastal urban areas of England, Planning Practice and Research, 31 (2), pp.119-131. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02697459.2016.1146428.
ESSEX, S. & Ford, P.(2015) Urban regeneration: thirty years of change on Plymouth’s waterfront,Transactions of the Devonshire Association, 147, 73-102.
Page, S.J., ESSEX, S.& Causevic, S. (2014) Tourist attitudes towards water use in the developing world: a comparative analysis,Tourism Management Perspectives, 10,57-67. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2014.01.004
ESSEX, S. & Brayshay, M.(2013) Vision, vested interest and pragmatism: who re-made Britain’s blitzedcities?, Planning Perspectives, Virtual Special Issue: Replanningand rebuilding the blitzed city.http://explore.tandfonline.com/page/pgas/rppe-vsis/rppe-vsi
ESSEX, S. (2012) Torquay and the changing fortunes of tourism, Transactions of the Devonshire Association (150th Anniversary Edition), 144, pp. 239-271.
Kelly, C., ESSEX, S. & Glegg, G. (2012) Reflective Practice for Marine Planning: A Case Study of Marine Nature-based Tourism Partnerships Marine Policy, Marine Policy,36 (3), pp.769-781.doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2011.10.023
Darlow, S., ESSEX, S. & Brayshay, M. (2012) Sustainable Heritage Management Practices at Visited Heritage Sites in Devon and Cornwall, Journal of Heritage Tourism, 7(3), pp.219-237. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1743873X.2012.684798
Chalkley, B., ESSEX, S. &Evans, S. (2008) Geography and the National Student Survey, TeachingGeography, Autumn, pp.140-142
ESSEX, S. & Brayshay, M.(2008) Boldness diminished? The post war battle to replan a bomb-damaged provincial city,Urban History, 35 (3), pp.437-461. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0963926808005725
ESSEX, S. & Chalkley, B. (2007) Mega-events as a strategy for urban regeneration, Dialoghi Internazionali – Città nel Mondo, No. 5, pp.18-29.
ESSEX, S. & Brayshay, M.(2007) Vision, vested interest and pragmatism: who re-made Britain’s blitzedcities?, Planning Perspectives, 22 (4), pp.417-441. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02665430701553415
Book chapters (since 2007)
Sanchez, R. & ESSEX, S. (2017)Architecture and Urban Design: The Shaping of Rio 2016 Olympic Legacies, inZimbalist, A. (Ed.) Rio 2016: OlympicMyths and hard realities, Brookings Institution Press, Washington DC,pp.97-120. ISBN: 9780815732457
ESSEX, S. & de Groot, J. (2017)The Winter Olympics: driving urban change, 1924-2022, in Gold, J.R. & M.M.(Eds.) Olympic Cities, Third Edition,Routledge, London, pp.64-89.
ESSEX, S. (2016) Platform for Local Political Expression and Resolution (Barcelona 1992), in BAJC, V. (Ed.) Surveilling and Securing the Olympics: From Tokyo 1964 to London 2012 and beyond, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke,pp.218-237. ISBN: 978-0-230-28955-0.
ESSEX, S. & Brayshay, M. (2013) Planning the reconstruction of war-damaged Plymouth, 1941-61: devising and defending a modernisation agenda, in Clapson, M. & Larkham, P.(Eds.) The Blitz and its legacy: wartime destruction to post-war reconstruction, Ashgate, Aldershot, pp.151-166. http://www.ashgate.com/isbn/9781409436980
ESSEX, S. (2010) The Winter Olympics: driving urban change, 1924-2014, in Gold, J.R. & M.M.(Eds.) Olympic Cities, Second Edition, Routledge, London, pp.56-79.ISBN 978-0-415-48658-3.
ESSEX, S. (2010) Post-event legacies from the Olympic Games, in Ostergaard Bang, K. (Ed.) Events and After, Center for Urbanism, The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts,Copenhagen, pp.13-20. ISBN 978-87-7830-211-3.
Hobson, K. AND ESSEX, S.(2008) Sustainable Tourism: A View from Accommodation Businesses, in Page, S.& Connell, J. (Eds.) Sustainable Tourism: Critical Concepts in theSocial Sciences, Volume III Destinations: Progress and Applications ofprinciples, Routledge, London, pp.228-241.
Vernon, J., ESSEX, S.,Pinder, D. & Curry, K. (2008) Collaborative policymaking: local sustainable projects, in Page, S. & Connell, J. (Eds.) Sustainable Tourism:Critical Concepts in the Social Sciences, Volume IV Planning and Public Policy Directions, Routledge, London, pp.96-117.
ESSEX, S. & Chalkley, B. (2009) Mega-sporting events in urban and regional policy: a history of the Winter Olympics, in Page, S. & Connell, J. (Eds.) Event Tourism: Critical Concepts, Routledge, London, Chapter 32, pp. ISBN978-0-415-47517-4.
ESSEX, S. & Chalkley, B. (2009) Olympic Games: catalyst of urban change, in Page, S. & Connell, J. (Eds.) Event Tourism: Critical Concepts, Routledge, London, Chapter 34, pp. ISBN 978-0-415-47517-4.
ESSEX, S. & Chalkley, B.(2007) The Winter Olympics: driving urban change, 1924-2002, in Gold, J.R.& M.M. (Eds.) Olympic Cities, Routledge, London, pp.48-58. ISBN978-0-415-37407-1.
ESSEX, S. & Chalkley, B. (2007) Olympic Games: catalyst of urban change, in Page, S. & Connell, J. (Eds.) Leisure Studies: Critical Concepts in the Social Sciences, Vol. 2 Leisure, Space and Place, Routledge, London, pp.309-330.ISBN 10: 0-415-41226-9.
Other publications (keypublications pre-2007)
ESSEX, S. & Brayshay, M.(2005) Town versus country in the 1940s: Planning the contested space of a cityregion in the aftermath of the Second World War, Town Planning Review,76 (3), pp.239- 264.
Vernon, J., ESSEX, S.,Pinder, D. & Curry, K. (2005) Collaborative policymaking: local sustainable projects, Annals of Tourism Research, 32 (2), pp.325-345. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2004.06.005
ESSEX, S., Kent, M., &Newnham, R. (2004) Tourism development in Mallorca: Is water supply a constraint ?, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 12 (1),pp.4-28.
ESSEX, S. & Chalkley, B.(2004) Mega-sporting events in urban and regional policy: a history of the Winter Olympics, Planning Perspectives, 19 (2), pp.201-232. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0266543042000192475
Chalkley, B.S. & ESSEX,S. (1999) Urban development through hosting international events: a history of the Olympic Games, Planning Perspectives, 14 (4), pp.369-394.
Chalkley, B.S. & ESSEX,S. (1999) Sydney 2000: The ‘Green Games’?, Geography, 84 (4),pp.299-307.
ESSEX, S. & Chalkley,B.S. (1998) The Olympics as a catalyst of urban renewal: a review, Leisure Studies, 17 (3), pp.187-206. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/026143698375123
ESSEX, S. & Brown, G.P.(1997) The emergence of post-suburban landscapes on the North Coast of New South Wales: a case study of contested space, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 21 (2), pp.259-285. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.00072
ESSEX, S. & Brown, G.P.(1997) Sustainable Tourism Management: Lessons from the Edge of Australia, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 5 (4),pp.294-305. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669589708667293
Reports & invited lectures
ESSEX, S. & de Groot, J. (2017) Understanding Energy Transitions in UrbanSouth Africa, 1860-2017, RGS-IBGAnnual International Conference 2017, 29 August – 1 September, 2017, ImperialCollege, London.
ESSEX, S. & de Groot, J. (2017) Sixty years of energy transition in urbanSouth Africa: the changing ‘energy underclass’, Strategies for SustainableEnergy Transitions in urban Sub-Saharan Africa International ResearchConference, Institute of Statistical Social and Economic Research (ISSER),University of Ghana and Energy Institute, University College London, Accra,19-20 June, 2017.
ESSEX, S. & Ford, P. (2015) Urban regeneration: thirty yearsof change on Plymouth’s waterfront, Devonshire Association Annual Meeting,Bedford Hotel, Tavistock, 6 June, 2015.
ESSEX, S. (2014) Planningfor Coastal Communities: the evolving policy response, RTPI SW RegionalConference: Planning on the Edge – managing change in coastal communities, TheHeadland Hotel, Newquay, 19 September, 2014.
ESSEX, S. (2014) Lookingback: The Implementation of The Plan For Plymouth, 70thAnniversary of the post-war Plan for Plymouth: looking back and lookingforward, Plymouth City Museum, 25 April, 2014.
ESSEX, S. & Perkins, R. (2013) The Olympics as global governmentality (?), in Olympic Legacies and Sustainable Urban Development: Theoretical Debates Session, RGS-IBG Annual International Conference 2013, Imperial College, London (28 August, 2013).
ESSEX, S. (2012) London 2012: Delivering sustainability legacies through the Olympic Games, International Seminar on World Events and Urban Change, Universidad de Sevilla. (26-28 November, 2012).
ESSEX, S. (2012) Environmental & social sustainability: the impact of the Olympic Games, From London to Brazil: Social Change and the Sporting Mega-event Conference, British Library, London (5 November, 2012).
ESSEX, S. (2012) Torquay and the changing fortunes of tourism, 150th Anniversary Conference of the Devonshire Association, Torquay Museum, Torquay. (25-26 May, 2012).
ESSEX, S. (2012) Waterfront regeneration in Plymouth, Colloque International: Ports de plaisance and urbanité, Université du Littoral Côte d’Opale, Boulogne-sur-Mer. (25-27 January, 2012).
ESSEX, S. (2011) Planning for Plymouth: Mapping the development of a maritime city, Society of Cartographers 47th Annual Summer School Conference, University of Plymouth. (5-7 September, 2011)
ESSEX, S. (2010) The post-war battle to replan Plymouth, The Blitz and its Legacy, University of Westminster. (3-4 September, 2010)
ESSEX, S. & Gould, J. (2008) Plymouth: city of the welfare state in the twenty-first century, Heritage in reconstruction/heritage of reconstruction Conference, School of Property, Construction and Planning, Birmingham City University. (23 June, 2008)
ESSEX, S. (2008) The Olympic Games: catalyst of urban change, ‘Let the Games begin!’: the influence of the Olympic Games on a region, VUGS Symposium, School of Geosciences, University of Utrecht, Netherlands. (9 May, 2008).