Dr Shakil Awan

Dr Shakil Awan


School of Computing, Electronics and Mathematics (Faculty of Science and Engineering)


Lecturer (Nanoelectronics and Biophysics)
Member of the Centre for Research in Translational Biomedicine
Wolfson Nanomaterials and Devices Laboratory


BEng (Hons) Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
PhD in High Temperature Superconductors, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Senior Research Scientist at the National Physical Laboratory, UK (2000-2007)
Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, UK (2008-11)
Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK (2009-2014)
Newnham College Lecturer, University of Cambridge, UK (2012-2014)
Academic Visitor at the Cambridge Graphene Centre, Cambridge, UK

Professional membership

Member of the Institution of Engineering and Technology (MIET)

Chartered Engineer (CEng)
Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA)

Roles on external bodies

Reviewer for Research Councils & Journals

Welsh Government,
Nature Scientific Reports,
IEEE Transaction on Instrumentation and Measurements,
New Journal of Physics,
IOP Measurement, Scence and Technology,
Biosensors and Bioelectronics.

Teaching interests

Electrical Principles and Machines (Module Leader)
Analogue Electronics
Simulation of Electronic Circuits 

Research interests

Graphene & 2D materials based biosensors (biomarker detection),
Radio-frequency Graphene & 2D materials based Electronics,
ECG and EEG signal detection using Electric Potential ICs
Micro- and Nano-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS / NEMS)
Surface Plasmon Resonance detection of nanoparticles
Precision Electromagnetic Measurements
Nanscale Electronic Devices and Structures
Direct Current and Alternating Current Quantum Hall Effect
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Grants & contracts

1. Ifeachor E. (PI), Awan S. A., Pan G., Carroll C., Guy O. J and DonedduD., “Novel Point-of-Care Diagnostic Techniques for Dementia”, EPSRC, EP/M006301/1,£1M, (£0.55M to PU), Feb 2015 – Jan 2018.

2. Awan S. A. (DoS), Whitley T. and Ifeachor E., "Graphene Based RF Biosensors", PhD Studentship, Plymouth University, £65k, April 2016 - March 2019.

3. Jenkins D. F., Handy R. and Awan S. A., "Nanomaterials Workshop", British Council, Newton Fund, £23.3k, Dec 2015- Aug 2016.       

4. NPL/BIS, 'MEMS Wireless Acoustical Sensors", £1.5M joint with QinetiQ, Co-Investigator, Oct 2007.

5. NPL Strategic Research, 'Microfabricated Coaxial 3D Electromagnetic Structures', £0.25M, Principal Investigator, 2004 - 2006.

6. NPL/DTI, 'MEMS based RF and Microwave Power Sensor', £0.12M, Principal Investigator, 2004 - 2005.

7. NPL/DTI, 'Precision High-Frequency Electromagnetic Coaxial Measurement Systems', six projects £1.1M over 1997-2004, Principal Investigator.  


1.     AwanS. A., Kibble B. P. andSchürr J., “Coaxial Electrical Circuits for Interference-FreeMeasurements”, Institution of Engineering and Technology, (334 pages), March2011.


1.   Islam K., Pan G.,  Li B., SuhailA., Haslam C. and Awan S. A., ”Non-Covalentlyfunctionalized back-gated Graphene field effect transistor for ultrasensitiveand reproducible immunosensing”, submitted for publication, Dec 2016. 

2.   Li B., Pan G., Avent N. D., Islam K., Awan S. A.,Davey P., “A simple approach to preparation of Graphene/Reduced GrapheneOxide/Polyallylamine electrode and their electrocatalysis for hydrogen peroxidereduction”, J.Nanosci. Nanotech., 16 (12), 12805-12810, 2016.

3.    Awan S. A., Lombardo A.,Colli A., Privitera G., Kulmala T. S., Kivioja J. M., Koshino M., Ferrari A. C., “Transport Conductivity of Graphene at RF and Microwave Frequencies”, 2D Mater., 3 (1), 015010, 2016. http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/2053-1583/3/1/015010/meta. 

4.    Awan S. A., Pan G., Al Taan L. M., Li B., Jamil N., “Transport electromagnetic properties of chemical vapour deposition graphene from direct current to 110 MHz”, IET Circuits, Devices Syst.9 (1), 46-51,2015.

5.    LiB., Pan G., Jamil N. Y., Al Taan L., Awan S. A., Avent N., "Shielding technique for deposition of Au electrical contacts on graphene by sputtering" J. Vac. Sci. Technol., 33 (3), 03061,2015.

6.  Omer H., Dickinson R. and Awan S. A., "Phased array coil for implementing parallel MRI in intravascular imaging: A feasibility study", Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A, 43, 267-276, 2015.

7.    Li B., Pan G., Awan S. A., Avent N.,„Techniques for production of large area graphene for electronic and sensordevice applications”, Graphene 2D Mater., 1, 47-58, 2014.

8.     PanG., Li B., Heath M., Horsell D., Wears M. L., Al Taan L., Awan S. A., “Transfer-freegrowth of graphene on SiO2 insulator substrate from sputtered carbon and nickelfilms”, Carbon, 65, 349-358, 2013.

9.     Salah N. H., Jenkins D., Panina L., Handy R., Pan G., Awan S. A.,“Self-Sensing Surface Plasmon Resonance for the Detection of Metallic Nano particles”, Smart Nanosystems in Engineering and Medicine, 2(2),10-22, 2012.

10.     Awan S. A., J. McGinley, Dickinson R. J., Angeli S. and Young I. R.,“Design and development of a 1mT planar B0-coil for patient respiratory motion correction in magnetic resonance imaging”, Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part B, Magnetic Resonance Engineering,  41B (4),130-138, 2012. 

11.    Awan S. A., MEMS Sensors”, McGrawHill 2009 Yearbook of Science and Technology, New York, 2009, 205-208. ISBN :978-0-07-160562-5.

12.    Awan S. A. and Kibble B. P., ”A universal geometry for calculable frequency response coefficient of LCR standards and new 10 MHz resistance and 1.6 MHz quadrature bridge systems”, IEEETrans. Instrum. Meas.56 (2), 221-225, 2007.

13.    Kibble B. P., Kotter F. R., Rayner G. H. and Awan S. A.Capacitance Measurements”, McGraw Hill 2006 Yearbook of Science and Technology, NewYork, 2006.

14.  Awan S. A. and Peterson K. D., “Bridge Circuit”, McGraw Hill2006 Yearbook of Science and Technology, New York, 2006.

15.   Awan S. A. and Kibble B. P., “Towards accurate measurement of thefrequency dependence of capacitance and resistance standards up to 10 MHz”, IEEETrans. Instum. Meas., 54 (2),516-520, 2005.

16.    Kärkkäinen A., Awan S. A., OjaA., Kyynäräinen J., Manninen A., Tisnek N. and Seppä H. “A DC VoltageReference Based on MEMS”, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 54 (2),563-566, 2005.

17. Awan S. A., Editorial on “ElectromagneticMeasurements and Techniques”, IEE Proc.-Sci. Meas. Technol.151 (5),354-355, 2004.

18. Awan S. A.Callegaro L. andKibble B. P., “Resonance frequency of four-terminal-pair air-dielectriccapacitance standards and closing the metrological impedance triangle”, Meas.Sci. Technol.15 , 969-972, 2004.

19.   Awan S. A.Jones R. G. and KibbleB. P., “Evaluation of coaxial bridge systems for accurate determination ofthe SI farad from the DC quantum Hall effect”, Metrologia, 40 (5),264-270, 2003.

20.  Awan S. A. and Sali S., “Self-field AC power dissipation inhigh-Tc superconducting tapes and a prototype cable”, IEE Proc.-Sci.Meas. Technol., 149 (1),2-8, 2002.

21.  Awan S. A., Kibble B. P., RobinsonI. A., and Giblin S. P., “A New Four Terminal-Pair Bridge for TraceableImpedance Measurements at Frequencies up to 1 MHz”, IEEE Trans.Instum. Meas., 50 (2), 282-285, 2001.

22.   Awan S. A., Kibble B. P. andRobinson I. A., “Calibration of IVDs at frequencies up to 1 MHz byPermuting Capacitors”, IEE Proc.-Sci. Meas. Technol.147 (4),193-195, 2000.

23.   Friend C. M., Awan S. A., SpillerD. M., Le Lay L. and Beales T. P., “Using Electrical Measurements todetermine the Self-field AC Losses of Cable Models”, Physica C, 309,187-196, 1998.

24.   Awan S. A., Sali S., Friend C. M.and Beales T. P., “Study of Self-field AC Losses in mono andmulti-filamentary Bi-2223/Ag tapes for power applications”, IEEETrans. Appl. Supercond.(2),335-338, 1997.

25.   Awan S. A., Sali S., Friend C. M.and Beales T. P., “Self-field AC Losses in mono and multi-filamenatryBi-2223/Ag tapes at power frequencies”, Cryogenics37 (10),633-635, 1997.

26.   Friend C. M., Awan S. A., LeLay L., Sali S. and Beales T. P., “Explaining the self-field AC lossbehaviour of silver-clad (Bi,Pb)-2223 tapes for power engineering applications”,Physica C, 279, 145-152, 1997.

27.   Awan S. A., Sali S., Friend C. M.and Beales T. P., “Transport AC Losses and non-linear inductance inHigh Temperature Superconductors”, IEE Elect. Letts., 32 (16),1518-1519, 1996.



1.    Colli A,  Awan S. A., LombardoA., Echtermeyer T. J., Kulmala T. S. and Ferrari A. C., “Graphenebased MIM-Diodes and Photodetectors”, US Patent published June2013.

Invited Talks

1.    Islam K., Haslam C. and Awan S. A., "Graphene based immunosensors for detection of Alzheimer's Disease biomarkers", Exeter University, July 2016.

2.      Lombardo A., Awan S. A., Ferrari A. C., "Grapheneprocessing, production and device fabrication", Agilent Labs, Reading,UK, 16th July 2013. 

3.       Awan S. A., “Graphene based radio-frequency electronics”, Presentedat Nokia Research Center Cambridge, UK, 16th March 2012.

4.       Awan S. A., “Graphene based radio-frequency electronics”, Presentedat the University of Cambridge, CAPE-CIKC Advanced Technology Lecture Series,13th January 2012.

5.       Awan S. A., “Quantum Metrology at the National Physical Laboratory”,Helsinki University of Technology, Finland, March 2004.

 6.       Awan S. A., Precision Impedance Metrology atHigh-Frequencies using Coaxial Bridge Systems”, VTT-Microsensing, Finland,February 2004.

 7.       Awan S. A. and Kibble B. P., “Accurate Measurement of thefrequency dependence of impedance standards from 1kHz to 10 MHz”, NCSLI,USA, August 2003.

 8.       Awan S. A. and Kibble B. P., “Coaxial AC bridges and standardsfrom 10 kHz to 10 MHz”, Advances in Metrology Conference, India,January 2003.

9.       Awan S. A., ‘The Art and Science of Physical Measurements at theNPL’, Industrial Lecture, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, March 2003.

10.       Awan S. A., ‘Fundamental Measurements at the National PhysicalLaboratory’, Industrial Lecture, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, March2002.

 11.       Awan S. A., ‘Precision High-Frequency Impedance Measurements at the National Physical Laboratory’, Industrial Lecture, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, March 2001.


1. Islam K., Haslam C., Suhail A. and Awan S. A., "Non-covanlently functionalised graphene immunosensors for the detection of hCG", Biosensors 2016, University of Cambridge, Nov. 2016.

2.     Awan S. A., Lombardo A., Colli A., Fasoli A., EchtermeyerT. J., Kulmala T. and Ferrari A. C., “Graphene Coplanar Waveguides”,NT-11:Graphene Technology Satellite Meeting, Poster Abstract 656, p. 591,University of Cambridge, UK, 10-16th July, 2011.

3.    Lombardo A., Milana S., Awan S. A. and Ferrari A. C., “Isolatedand shape-defined graphene layers in a single lithographic step”,NT-11:Graphene Technology Satellite Meeting, Oral Presentation, University ofCambridge, UK, 10-16th July, 2011.   

4.    Awan S. A., J.McGinley, Dickinson R. J., Angeli S. and Young I. R., “Design anddevelopment of a 1mT planar B0-coil for patient respiratory motion correctionin magnetic resonance imaging”, presented at ISMRM 2010, Stockholm, Sweden,1-7 May, 2010.

5.    Wadsworth C. A., Syms R. R. A., Khan S. A., Dickinson R. J.,Gedroyc W. M. W., Thursz M. R., Ahmad M. M., Awan S. A., CasperszW., Taylor-Robinson S. D. and Young I. R., “A catheter-mounted magneticresonance detector coil for biliary imaging: first in vitro images”,presented at the British Society of Gastroenterology annual meeting, March2009.

6.     Awan S. A., Theoretical modelof the frequency response coefficient of Calculable Coaxial ResistanceStandards from DC to 100 MHz”, CPEM 2008, pp. 330-331, Conference Digest,2008.

7.     Awan S. A., Scanner Man with Vision”, Member profile,Prospect Union Magazine, page 14, Issue 6, September 2008 (Popular Press).

8.    Reilly S. P., Leach R. K., Cuenat A., Awan S. A. andLowe M., “Overview of MEMS sensors and the metrology requirements for theirmanufacture”, DEPC-EM 008, NPL Open Report, 86 pages, 2006. Section on“MEMS Devices for Electrical Measurements”, pp. 25-31.

9.     Awan S. A., MiallJ. Lees K. and Clarke R. N., “Accurate Dielectric Measurements atFrequencies up to 10 GHz Based on Novel M/NEMS Devices”, BioNano3International Conference, University of Sussex, Abstract p. 31, 2005.

10.    Awan S. A., MiallJ. Lees K. and Clarke R. N., “Novel 2D and 3D M/NEMS Devices for AccurateElectromagnetic Measurements”, BEMC05, NPL, Abstract pp. 93-94, 2005.

11.     Awan S. A., Bryant S., Williams J.M., Barker R., Cleland G., Emmet L., Guerra S. and Finch M., “Progresstowards internet based calibration of electrical quantities (iVR)”, Proceedingsof the 1st BIPM-NPL workshop on the impact of IT in Metrology, 2002 (Talk).

12.  Awan S. A. and Kibble B. P., “Capacitance measurements atfrequencies up to 1MHz”, BEMC ‘01 Digest, 2001.

13. Giblin S. P. and Awan S. A., “Progress on an automated bridgefor capacitance comparison”, BEMC ‘01 Digest, 2001.

14. Patel P. D. and Awan S. A., Potablecapacitance standards”, BEMC ‘01 Digest, 2001.

15. Giblin S. P., Awan S. A., WilliamsJ. M., Schurr J., Melcher J., Campenhausen A. V., Pierz K. and Hein G., “FrequencyDependence of the AC Quantum Hall Effect; Comparison of Data from twoLaboratories”, CPEM 2000 Digest, 2000.

16.  Awan S. A., Giblin S., Chua S. W.,Hartland A and Kibble B. P., “Summary of recent AC QHR Measurements at theNational Physical Laboratory”, BEMC ’99, pp. 26/1-4, Digest, 1999.

17.  Awan S. A. and Kibble B. P., “Characterisation of Resistance andCapacitance Standards up to 1 MHz”, CPEM ‘98 Digest, pp.35-36, 1998.

18. Awan S. A., Sali S., Friend C. M.and Beales T. P., “Estimation of Transport AC Losses in a Single-Phaseone layer Helix Prototype (Bi, Pb)SrCaCuO-2223/Ag Conductor”, Abs. Proc. ofApplied Superconductivity Conference, LDB-13, pp. 201, 1996.

19. Awan S. A., Sali S., Friend C. M.and Beales T. P., “An Electrical technique for measuring AC Losses in monoand multi-filamentary Superconducting Tapes”, Proc. of EUCAS '95,LF4.37, 1995.

20. Awan S. A., Sali S., Friend C. M.and Beales T. P., “Transport AC Losses in multi-filamentary BiPbSrCaCuO-2223 Tapes”,Proc. of EUCAS '95, LF4.36, 1995.