Dr Paul Waines

Dr Paul Waines

Senior Technician (Molecular Biology and Cell Culture)


Senior Research Technician, Centre for Biomedical Research 


BSc (Hons) Biological Sciences, Plymouth University

PhD (microbiology), Plymouth University.
Thesis title  'Biofilm Formation and Control in a Novel Man-Made Warm Water Distribution System'

Professional membership

Society for Applied Microbiology

Society of General Microbiology

Royal Microscopical Society

Research interests

My research interests encompass a variety of projects in the fields of Environmental Microbiology and Biomedical Science.

Grants & contracts

£50,000- Dart Valley Systems/ Health and Safety Executive/ Plymouth University. 'Microbial Contamination of Water System Components (including TMVs)'- Principal Investigator

£2200- John Guest Limited (Principal investigator)

£3500- South West Water Limited (Principal Investigator)

£2500- Students into Work grant, awarded by Society for Applied Microbiology

Abid, A., Ringo, E., Davies, S. J., Waines, P.L., Bradley, G. & Merrifield D.L.(2014) First report on the autochthonous gut microbiota of brown trout (Salmo trutta Linnaeus). Aquaculture Research, pp.1-10 (available online)

Abid, A., Davies, S. J., Waines, P.L., Emery, M., Castex, M., Gioacchini, G., Carnevali, O., Bickerdike, R., Romero, J. (2014)   Dietary synbiotic application modulates Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) intestinal microbial communities and intestinal immunity. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 35, 1948-1956.

Hussein, K. R., Waines, P. L., Nisr, R. B., Glegg, G., Bradley, G. (2014) Development and use of Bacteroides 16S rRNA polymerase chain reaction assay for source tracking dog faecal pollution in bathing waters. Hydrology Current Research, 5, 163.

Waines P. L., Moate R., Moody A.J., Allen M. & Bradley G. (2011) The effect of material choice on biofilm formation in a model warm water distribution system. Biofouling, 10, 1161-74.

Book Contribution:

Zhou, Z. , Yao, B. , Waines P. L., Ringø E., Emery M., & Merrifield D.L. (2013) Methodological approaches to assess microbial communities. In: Aquaculture Nutrition: Gut Health, Probiotics and Prebiotics . Edited by D. L. Merrifield (Due for publication Oct 2014).

Reports & invited lectures

Commercial reports completed for

South West Water 'Effect of mixing technology on biofilm formation within Service Reservoirs'

John Guest Ltd. 'Preliminary Assessment of Microbial Contamination of Materials in a Model Warm Water Distribution System'

Other academic activities

Recent co supervisor of three postgraduate (PhD) students working on projects looking at the (1) use of probiotics in aquaculture, (2) their application against MRSA isolates from skin and (3) molecular detection of novel faecal indicator bacteria in local coastal waters.

Summer 2013- Sole academic supervisor for SfAM-funded postgraduate student. This was a ten week project, investigating biofilm formation on copper and LLDPE.

Recent co-supervisor of a visiting Iranian PhD student within the Aquaculture and Fish Nutrition Group