Dr Patricia Gray
Associate Professor (Reader) in Criminology and Criminal Justice
School of Law, Criminology and Government (Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Business)
- Criminal justice
- Youth justice
- Youth crime
- Women and criminal justice
- Penal policy
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Patricia Gray is a Reader in Criminology and Criminal Justice . She joined the University of Plymouth in 1998 and previously worked at the University of Hong Kong.
Patricia graduated with an MA (Hons) in Sociology from the University of Edinburgh and an MA in Applied Social Studies (incorporating a Certificate of Qualification in Social Work) from the University of Warwick . She was awarded a PhD in the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Bristol . After completing her undergraduate degree, Patricia worked as a Social Worker in Glasgow for four years. Her work mainly centred on interventions with young offenders. She then went to Hong Kong where she taught at the Hong Kong Baptist University and the University of Hong Kong . Patricia joined the University of Plymouth in 1998.
Member of the British Society of Criminology; Member of the European Society of Criminology; Member of the British Society of Criminology Youth criminology/Youth Justice Network.
Roles on external bodies
Consultant to the Faculty of Health and Social Care, Health and Social Care Programme Youth Justice Award, Open University ( 2011 onwards).
Member of the Howard League for Penal Reform. Set up the Howard League Student Society at Plymouth University ( 2011 onwards).
Consultant to the Belgian Government Federal Science Policy Office, Society and Future research project on juvenile delinquency (2009).
Consultant to the Faculty of Education and Language Studies, Equality, Participation and Inclusion Programme, Open University (2009 onwards).
External reviewer for the Research Grants Council (equivalent to the ESRC in UK) in Hong Kong (2008 onwards). Since 2008 I have reviewed research on restorative justice, preventing youth crime, youth justice and cultural attitudes towards violence amongst young people in Hong Kong, Taiwan and China .
Reviewer for the Economic and Social Science Research Council (ESRC) in UK (2010 onwards). In past two years I have reviewed research on youth justice and community sentences.
Patricia was a member of the Women in Prison Steering Group, Devon Forum for Justice. On its behalf she completed research in 2004 on the sentencing to custody of women offenders in Plymouth. In 2005 she presented this research to the Devon and Cornwall Local Criminal Justice Board as part of a paper advocating the development of alternatives to imprisonment for women offenders.
Between 1999 and 2004 Patricia was a member of various steering committees under the auspices of Plymouth City Council and chaired by the Plymouth Youth Offending Team on developing restorative justice and social inclusion programmes for young offenders as part of changes to youth justice enacted by the 1998 Crime and Disorder Act.
Patricia has acted as an article reviewer for the journals Criminology and Criminal Justice; Contemporary Social Science; Policy and Politics; Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal ; Journal of Social Policy; Asian Journal of Criminology; Hong Kong Journal of Social Work; International Journal of Rural Crime; book reviewer for Routledge Publishing.
Patricia teaches in four areas on the Criminology and Criminal Justice Studies undergraduate programme, namely youth crime and youth justice; comparative youth justice; penal theory and policy ; and gender and criminal justice. She also teaches on the new Masters Degree in Criminology and is the Director of Studies for several postgraduate students, two of whom have recently successfully obtained PhDs.
Staff serving as external examiners
Currently Patricia is the External Assessor for the undergraduate and postgraduate Social Work/Criminal Justice Programmes at Hong Kong Baptist University, Peoples Republic of China (2007 onwards). In 2011 she was invited to Hong Kong to review these programmes and validate a new undergraduate degree. She has also acted as the External Examiner for PhD candidates at the Universities of Bristol and Hong Kong.
Patricia's research interests are in the areas of youth crime and youth justice; comparative youth justice; penality and the governance of crime; risk, social exclusion and social justice; restorative justice; women's imprisonment; gender and criminal justice; and socio-legal issues.
She has just completed research on Youth Offending Team Partnerships and the Social Context of Youth Crime. This research explores how Youth Offending Teams (YOTs) and their partner agencies can strengthen their work together to address young offenders' wider social needs in order to support desistance from crime. Her current research in collaboration with colleagues from the Universites of Plymouth and Durham is about 're-mapping and re-imagining restorative youth justice'.
Patricia is a member of the editoral board of the Plymouth University Law and Criminal Justice Review and of the steering group of the Law and Criminal Justice Centre.
Grants & contracts
Gray, P. (2010-3) Youth Offending Team Partnerships and the Social Context of Youth Crime. Plymouth Law School SRA Grant.
Gray, P. (2000-5) Evaluation of the Plymouth Restorative Justice Programme. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales.
Gray, P. (2000-3) Evaluation of the Plymouth Mentoring Programme. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales.
Gray, P. (2000-3) Evaluation of the Plymouth Bail Support Project. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales.
Gray, P. and Gilling, D. (2000) Plymouth Youth Inclusion Programme: Neighbourhood Audit. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England And Wales.
Gray, P. (1999-2002) Social Exclusion and Policing the Margins: Youth Justice Policy and Practice in the 1990s. Funded by the University of Plymouth QR Fund.
Gray, P. (1997-8) The Politics of Youth Justice in the People's Republic of China. Funded by CRCG, University of Hong Kong.
Gray, P. (1995-8) The Experiences of Teenage and Young Adult Women in the Hong Kong Criminal Justice System. Funded by CRCG, University of Hong Kong.
Gray, P. (1992-5) The Social Causes of Juvenile Crime in Hong Kong. Contract research funded by Hong Kong Government and CRCG, University of Hong Kong.
Gray, P. (1989-91) Inside the Hong Kong Juvenile Court: The Decision-making Process in Action. Funded by UG, Baptist University of Hong Kong.
- Social and Public Policy
Key publications are highlightedJournals
Gray, P. (2013) ‘Assemblages of Penal Governance, Social Justice and Youth Justice Partnerships’, Theoretical Criminology: An International Journal, Vol.17 (4):516-533.
Reports & invited lectures
Refereed Conference Contributions
Gray, P., with Blagg, H. and Smith, R. (2013) ‘Mapping Restorative Justice: Contested Political, Cultural and Local Practices’. Paper presented at the Howard League What is Justice? Re-imagining Penal Policy Conference, Keble College, Oxford University (October).
Blagg, H., Gray, P. and Smith, R. (2013) 'Mapping Restorative Justice: Contested Political, Cultural and Local Practices'. Paper presented at the Locating Restorative Justice within Criminal Justice: Challenges in Theory and Practice Conference , Durham (May).
Gray, P. (2012) ‘Assemblages of Penal Governance, Social Justice and Youth Justice Partnerships’. Paper presented at the European Society of Criminology Conference, Bilbao, Spain (September).
Gray, P. (2011) ‘The Failure of the Social and Resolving Strategic Dilemmas in Youth Justice Partnerships’. Paper presented at the European Society of Criminology Conference, Vilnius, Lithuania (September).
Gray, P. (2011) Youth Custody, Resettlement and the Right to Social Justice: Implementing the 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Invited speaker at research seminar at the Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Hong Kong Baptist University (June).
Gray, P. (2011) 'The Significance and Hidden Dilemmas of Restorative Justice for Youth Justice in England and Wales . Invited speaker at seminar held by the Department of Health and Social Care, Open University, Milton Keynes (October).
Gray, P. (2008) 'Youth Custody and Social Exclusion: The Socio-Political Constitution of Resettlement'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, University of Huddersfield (July).
Gray, P. (2007) 'Youth Justice and the Political Economy of Risk'. Paper presented at the European Society of Criminology Conference, University of Bologna (September).
Gray, P. (2007) Youth Justice, Social Inclusion and Young Offenders' Rights to Social Justice'. Paper presented at the Criminal Justice and Social Justice: New Directions Conference, King's College, University of London (July).
Gray, P. (2005) 'Youth Justice, Social Exclusion and the Demise of Social Justice'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, University of Leeds (July).
Gray, P. (2005) ‘Restorative Justice and Developing Alternatives to Imprisonment for Women Offenders’. Paper presented to the Devon and Cornwall Local Criminal Justice Board (April).
Gray, P. (2005) 'Young Offenders and Social Exclusion: Whither Restorative Social Justice?'. Paper presented at the International Network for Research on Restorative Justice and the Centre for Restorative Justice Conference, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia (February).
Gray, P., Moseley, J. and Browning, R.(2002) 'The Politics of Risk and Young Offenders' Experiences of Social Exclusion and Restorative Justice'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, University of Keele (July).
Gray, P. (2002) 'Restorative Justice and Social Exclusion: Young People's Experiences in the New Youth Justice System'. Paper presented at the Young People 2002: Research, Practice and Policy Conference, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, University of Keele (July).
Gray, P. (2000) 'Doing Time, Doing Gender-Class-Culture'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, Leicester (July).
Gray, P. (1999) 'The New Penality and Youth Justice Towards the Millenium'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, Liverpool (July).
Gray, P. (1997) 'The Experiences of Teenage and Young Adult Women in the Hong Kong Youth Justice System'. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, San Diego, USA (November).
Gray, P. (1997) 'The Experiences of Young Male Offenders in the Hong Kong Youth Justice System: Whither the Community-Based Rehabilitation Movement?'. Paper presented at the Pacific Rim Regional Conference on Reintegration of Discharged Prisoners, Hong Kong (January).
Gray, P. (1996) 'The Political Economy of Juvenile Justice in Hong Kong'. Paper presented at the Australian and New Zealand Criminology Conference, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand (January).
Gray, P. (1995) 'Deconstructing the Delinquent as a Subject of Class and Cultural Power'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, Loughborough University (July).
Gray, P. (1995) 'Developing Juvenile Justice Legislation: The UK and Hong Kong Experience'. Paper presented at the Training Workshop for Juvenile Justice Professionals, Ministry for the Care and Protection of Children and Swedish Save the Children Fund, Vietnam (March).
Gray, P. (1994) 'Juvenile Offenders, Community Treatment and the Family'. Paper presented at the International Conference on Family and Community Care, Hong Kong Council of Social Service, Hong Kong (April).