Dr Patricia Gray
Profiles

Dr Patricia Gray

Associate Professor (Reader) in Criminology and Criminal Justice

School of Law, Criminology and Government (Faculty of Arts and Humanities)

Role

Patricia Gray is a Reader in Criminology and  Criminal Justice . She joined the University of Plymouth in 1998 and previously worked at the University of Hong Kong.

Qualifications

Patricia graduated with an MA (Hons) in Sociology from the University of Edinburgh and an MA in Applied Social Studies (incorporating a Certificate of Qualification in Social Work) from the University of Warwick . She was awarded a PhD in the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Bristol . After completing her undergraduate degree, Patricia worked as a Social Worker in Glasgow for four years. Her work mainly centred on interventions with young offenders. She then went to Hong Kong where she taught at the Hong Kong Baptist University and the University of Hong Kong . Patricia joined the University of Plymouth in 1998.

Professional membership

Member of the British Society of Criminology; Member of the European Society of Criminology; Member of the British Society of Criminology Youth criminology/Youth Justice Network. 

Roles on external bodies

Consultant to the Faculty of Health and Social Care, Health and Social Care Programme Youth Justice Award, Open University ( 2011 onwards).

Member of the Howard League for Penal Reform. Set up the Howard League  Student Society at Plymouth University ( 2011 onwards).
 http://www1.plymouth.ac.uk/research/lcjc/howardleague/Pages/default.aspx

Consultant to the Belgian Government Federal Science Policy Office, Society and Future research project on juvenile delinquency (2009).

Consultant to the Faculty of Education and Language Studies, Equality, Participation and Inclusion Programme, Open University (2009 onwards).

External reviewer for the Research Grants Council (equivalent to the ESRC in UK) in Hong Kong (2008 onwards). Since 2008 I have reviewed research on restorative justice, preventing youth crime, youth justice and cultural attitudes towards violence amongst young people in Hong Kong, Taiwan and China .

Reviewer for the Economic and Social Science Research Council (ESRC) in UK (2010 onwards). In past two years I have reviewed research on youth justice and community sentences.

Patricia was a member of the Women in Prison Steering Group, Devon Forum for Justice. On its behalf she completed research in 2004 on the sentencing to custody of women offenders in Plymouth. In 2005 she presented this research to the Devon and Cornwall Local Criminal Justice Board as part of a paper advocating the development of alternatives to imprisonment for women offenders.

Between 1999 and 2004 Patricia was a member of various steering committees under the auspices of Plymouth City Council and chaired by the Plymouth Youth Offending Team on developing restorative justice and social inclusion programmes for young offenders as part of changes to youth justice enacted by the 1998 Crime and Disorder Act.

Patricia has acted as an article reviewer for the journals Criminology and Criminal Justice; Contemporary Social Science; Policy and Politics; Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal ; Journal of Social Policy; Asian Journal of Criminology; Hong Kong Journal of Social Work; International Journal of Rural Crime; book reviewer for Routledge Publishing.

Teaching interests

Patricia teaches in four areas on the Criminology and Criminal Justice Studies undergraduate programme, namely youth crime and youth justice; comparative youth justice; penal theory and policy ; and gender and criminal justice. She also teaches on the new Masters Degree in Criminology  and is the Director of Studies for several postgraduate students, two of whom have recently successfully obtained PhDs.

Staff serving as external examiners

Currently Patricia is the External Assessor for the undergraduate and postgraduate Social Work/Criminal Justice Programmes at Hong Kong Baptist University, Peoples Republic of China (2007 onwards). In 2011 she was invited to Hong Kong to review these programmes and validate a new undergraduate degree. She has also acted as the External Examiner for PhD candidates at the Universities of Bristol and Hong Kong.

Research interests

Patricia's research interests are in the areas of youth crime and youth justice; comparative youth justice; penality and the governance of crime; risk, social exclusion and social justice; restorative justice; women's imprisonment; gender and criminal justice; and socio-legal issues. 

She has just completed research on Youth Offending Team Partnerships and the Social Context of Youth Crime. This research explores how Youth Offending Teams (YOTs) and their partner agencies can strengthen their work together to address young offenders' wider social needs in order to support desistance from crime. Her current research in collaboration with colleagues from the Universites of Plymouth and Durham is about 're-mapping and re-imagining restorative youth justice'.

Patricia is a member of the editoral board of the Plymouth University Law and Criminal Justice Review and of the steering group of the Law and Criminal Justice Centre.
http://www1.plymouth.ac.uk/research/lcjc/Pages/default.aspx )

Grants & contracts

Gray, P. (2010-3) Youth Offending Team Partnerships and the Social Context of Youth Crime. Plymouth Law School SRA Grant.

Gray, P. (2000-5) Evaluation of the Plymouth Restorative Justice Programme. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales. 


Gray, P. (2000-3) Evaluation of the Plymouth Mentoring Programme. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales. 

Gray, P. (2000-3) Evaluation of the Plymouth Bail Support Project. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales. 

Gray, P. and Gilling, D. (2000) Plymouth Youth Inclusion Programme: Neighbourhood Audit. Funded by the Youth Justice Board for England And Wales. 

Gray, P. (1999-2002) Social Exclusion and Policing the Margins: Youth Justice Policy and Practice in the 1990s. Funded by the University of Plymouth QR Fund. 

Gray, P. (1997-8) The Politics of Youth Justice in the People's Republic of China. Funded by CRCG, University of Hong Kong.

Gray, P. (1995-8) The Experiences of Teenage and Young Adult Women in the Hong Kong Criminal Justice System. Funded by CRCG, University of Hong Kong.

Gray, P. (1992-5) The Social Causes of Juvenile Crime in Hong Kong. Contract research funded by Hong Kong Government and CRCG, University of Hong Kong.

Gray, P. (1989-91) Inside the Hong Kong Juvenile Court: The Decision-making Process in Action. Funded by UG, Baptist University of Hong Kong.

Research groups

  • Social and Public Policy

Key publications are highlighted

Journals

Gray, P. (2013) ‘Assemblages of Penal Governance, Social Justice and Youth Justice Partnerships’, Theoretical Criminology: An International Journal, Vol.17 (4):516-533.

Articles
Smith R & Gray P 2018 'The Changing Shape of Youth Justice: Models of Practice' Criminology and Criminal Justice , DOI PEARL
Gray P 2015 '‘Child friendly’ international human rights standards and youth offending team partnerships' International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice 45, 59-74 , DOI PEARL
Gray P 2013 'Assemblages of penal governance, social justice and youth justice partnerships' Theoretical Criminology 17, (4) 516-533 , DOI
Gray P 2011 'Youth custody, resettlement and the right to social justice' Youth Justice: An International Journal 11, (3) 235-249 , DOI
Gray P 2011 'Youth Custody, Resettlement and Social Justice'
Gray P 2009 'The political economy of risk and the new governance of youth crime' Punishment and Society: The International Journal of Penology 11, (4) 443-458 , DOI
Gray P 2007 'Youth justice, social exclusion and the demise of social justice' Howard Journal of Criminal Justice 46, (4) 401-416 , DOI
Gray P 2006 'Women's experiences of incarceration in Hong Kong: Doing time, doing choice, doing class-gender-culture' INT J SOCIOL LAW 34, (2) 89-104 , DOI
Gray P 2005 'The politics of risk and young offenders' experiences of social exclusion and restorative justice' BRITISH JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY 45, (6) 938-957 , DOI
Gray P 1999 'Community corrections and the experiences of young male offenders in the Hong Kong youth justice system' JOURNAL OF SOCIAL POLICY 28, (4) 577-594
Gray P 1998 'Sovereignty and youth justice' Journal of Youth Studies 1, 23-34
Gray P 1997 'Deconstructing the delinquent as a subject of class and cultural power' J LAW SOC 24, (4) 526-551 , DOI
Gray P 1997 'The emergence of the disciplinary welfare sanction in Hong Kong' Howard Journal of Criminal Justice 36, (2) 187-208 , DOI
Gray P 1996 'The struggle for juvenile justice in Hong Kong 1932-1995' Hong Kong Law Journal 26, (3) 301-320
Gray P & Smith R 0 'Governance Through Diversion in Neoliberal Times and the Possibilities for Transformative Social Justice' Critical Criminology PEARL
Gray P & Smith R 0 'Shifting Sands: The reconfiguration of neoliberal youth penality' Theoretical Criminology: an international journal PEARL
Chapters
Gray PM 2012 'Women’s Experiences of Incarceration in Hong Kong: Doing Time, Doing Choice, Doing Class-Gender-Culture' in Walklate S Gender and Crime Routledge
Gray P 2010 'Social exclusion and criminal justice policies' in Herzog-Evans M Transnational Criminology Manual Netherlands International Courts Assoc/ Wolf Legal Publishers 333-352
Gray P 2010 'Challenging the individualised approach to young people's resettlement needs' Howard League for Penal Reform ECAN Bulletin 11-14
Gray P 2008 'Entries on Gatekeeping, Just Deserts and Recidivism' in Goldson B The Dictionary of Youth Justice Cullompton Willan
Gray P 2005 'Community Interventions' in Bateman T; Pitts J The RHP Companion to Youth Justice Lyme Regis Russell House 130-136
Gray P 1991 'Juvenile Crime and Disciplinary Welfare' in Vagg J; Traver H Crime and Justice in Hong Kong Hong Kong Oxford University Press 25-41
Conference Papers
Gray PM, Blagg H & Smith R 2013 'Mapping Restorative Justice: Contested Political, Cultural and Local Practices' Howard League What is Justice? Re-imagining Penal Policy Conference, Keble College, Oxford University Keble College, Oxford University 01/10/2013 02/10/2013
Gray P, Blagg H & Smith R 2013 'Mapping Restorative Justice: Contested Political, Cultural and Local Practices' Locating Restorative Justice within Criminal Justice: Challenges in Theory and Practice Durham 02/05/2013 03/05/2013
Gray P 2012 'Assemblages of Penal Governance, Social Justice and Youth Justice Partnerships' European Society of Criminology Conference Bilbao, Spain 12/09/2012 15/09/2012
Gray PM 2011 'The Significance and Hidden Dilemmas of Restorative Justice for Youth Justice in England and Wales' Department of Health and Social Care, Open University Milton Keynes, England 18/10/2011 18/10/2011
Gray P 2011 'The Failure of the Social and Resolving Strategic Dilemmas in Youth Justice Partnerships' European Society of Criminology Conference Vilnius, Lithuania 21/09/2011 24/09/2011
Gray PM 2011 'Youth Custody, Resettlement and the Right to Social Justice: Implementing the 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child' Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Hong Kong Baptist University Hong Kong 09/06/2011 09/06/2011
Gray P 2008 'Youth Custody and Social Exclusion: The Socio-Political Constitution of Resettlement' British Society of Criminology Conference University of Huddersfield 09/07/2008 11/07/2008
Reports
Gray PM, Simmonds L & Annison J 2016 The resettlement of women offenders: learning the lessons: a research project focusing on the experience of the female offender. PEARL
Gray P 2013 Youth Offending Team Partnerships and the Social Context of Youth Crime. Devon Youth Offending Service Plymouth University of Plymouth

Reports & invited lectures

Refereed Conference Contributions 

Gray, P., with Blagg, H. and Smith, R. (2013) ‘Mapping Restorative Justice: Contested Political, Cultural and Local Practices’. Paper presented at the Howard League What is Justice? Re-imagining Penal Policy Conference, Keble College, Oxford University (October).

Blagg, H., Gray, P. and Smith, R. (2013) 'Mapping Restorative Justice: Contested Political, Cultural and Local Practices'. Paper presented at the Locating Restorative Justice within Criminal Justice: Challenges in Theory and Practice Conference , Durham (May).

Gray, P. (2012) ‘Assemblages of Penal Governance, Social Justice and Youth Justice Partnerships’. Paper presented at the European Society of Criminology Conference, Bilbao, Spain (September).

Gray, P. (2011) ‘The Failure of the Social and Resolving Strategic Dilemmas in Youth Justice Partnerships’. Paper presented at the European Society of Criminology Conference, Vilnius, Lithuania (September).

Gray, P. (2011) Youth Custody, Resettlement and the Right to Social Justice: Implementing the 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Invited speaker at research seminar at the Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Hong Kong Baptist University (June).

Gray, P. (2011) 'The Significance and Hidden Dilemmas of Restorative Justice for Youth Justice in England and Wales . Invited speaker at seminar held by the Department of Health and Social Care, Open University, Milton Keynes (October).

Gray, P. (2008) 'Youth Custody and Social Exclusion: The Socio-Political Constitution of Resettlement'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, University of Huddersfield (July).

Gray, P. (2007) 'Youth Justice and the Political Economy of Risk'. Paper presented at the European Society of Criminology Conference, University of Bologna (September).

Gray, P. (2007) Youth Justice, Social Inclusion and Young Offenders' Rights to Social Justice'. Paper presented at the Criminal Justice and Social Justice: New Directions Conference, King's College, University of London (July).

Gray, P. (2005) 'Youth Justice, Social Exclusion and the Demise of Social Justice'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, University of Leeds (July).

Gray, P. (2005) Restorative Justice and Developing Alternatives to Imprisonment for Women Offenders’. Paper presented to the Devon and Cornwall Local Criminal Justice Board (April).

Gray, P. (2005) 'Young Offenders and Social Exclusion: Whither Restorative Social Justice?'. Paper presented at the International Network for Research on Restorative Justice and the Centre for Restorative Justice Conference, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia (February).

Gray, P., Moseley, J. and Browning, R.(2002) 'The Politics of Risk and Young Offenders' Experiences of Social Exclusion and Restorative Justice'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, University of Keele (July).

Gray, P. (2002) 'Restorative Justice and Social Exclusion: Young People's Experiences in the New Youth Justice System'. Paper presented at the Young People 2002: Research, Practice and Policy Conference, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, University of Keele (July).

Gray, P. (2000) 'Doing Time, Doing Gender-Class-Culture'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, Leicester (July).

Gray, P. (1999) 'The New Penality and Youth Justice Towards the Millenium'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, Liverpool (July).

Gray, P. (1997) 'The Experiences of Teenage and Young Adult Women in the Hong Kong Youth Justice System'. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, San Diego, USA (November).

Gray, P. (1997) 'The Experiences of Young Male Offenders in the Hong Kong Youth Justice System: Whither the Community-Based Rehabilitation Movement?'. Paper presented at the Pacific Rim Regional Conference on Reintegration of Discharged Prisoners, Hong Kong (January).

Gray, P. (1996) 'The Political Economy of Juvenile Justice in Hong Kong'. Paper presented at the Australian and New Zealand Criminology Conference, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand (January).

Gray, P. (1995) 'Deconstructing the Delinquent as a Subject of Class and Cultural Power'. Paper presented at the British Society of Criminology Conference, Loughborough University (July).

Gray, P. (1995) 'Developing Juvenile Justice Legislation: The UK and Hong Kong Experience'. Paper presented at the Training Workshop for Juvenile Justice Professionals, Ministry for the Care and Protection of Children and Swedish Save the Children Fund, Vietnam (March).

Gray, P. (1994) 'Juvenile Offenders, Community Treatment and the Family'. Paper presented at the International Conference on Family and Community Care, Hong Kong Council of Social Service, Hong Kong (April).