Dr Lijun Tang

Dr Lijun Tang

Lecturer in International Shipping and Port Management

Plymouth Business School (Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Business)



Lecturer in International Shipping and Port Management


PhD in Social Sciences, Cardiff University
MSc in International Maritime Studies, Southampton Solent University
BSc in Nautical Sciences, Shanghai Maritime University

Professional membership

Member of the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport
Member of Nautical Institute
Member of British Association of Chinese Studies



Teaching interests


MAR207 Maritime Geography and Economics
MAR210 Maritime Management and Markets
MAR326 Port and Intermodalism
MAR705 Shipping Finance, Management and LaW
MAR706 Port Management and Policy



Research interests

Employment relations, occupational health and safety, new technology in shipping, CSR and sustainability in the maritime industry.




Tang, L. & Zhang, P. (2021). Human Resource Management in Shipping: Issues, Challenges and Solutions. London: Routledge.

Zhang, P. & Tang, L. (2021). Ship Management: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge.


Tang L & Bhattacharya S (Forthcoming) Revisiting the shortage of seafarer officers: A new approach to analysing statistical data. WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs.

Chen G & Tang L (2021) Competing for seafaring labour: social security and agency employment in Chinese shipping. Global Networks: a journal of transnational affairs. https://doi.org/10.1111/glob.12331

Chen C, Liu H, Tang L & Ren J (2021) A Range Adjusted Measure of Super-efficiency in Integer-valued Data Envelopment Analysis with Undesirable Outputs. Journal of Systems Science and Information. 9(4), 378-398.

Chen C, Ren J, Tang L & Liu H 2020. Additive integer-valued data envelopment analysis with missing data: A multi-criteria evaluation approach. PLOS ONE, 15, (6)

Zhang, X., Chen, W., Xi, Y., Hu, S., & Tang, L. (2020). Dynamics Simulation of the Risk Coupling Effect between Maritime Pilotage Human Factors under the HFACS Framework. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 8(2), 144.

Tang, L. & Zhang, P. 2019. Global problems, local solutions: Unfree labour relations and seafarer employment with crewing agencies in China. Industrial Relations Journal, 50, (3) 277-291

Sampson, H., Turgo, N., Acejo, I., Ellis, N. and Tang, L. 2019. ‘Between a Rock and a Hard Place’: The Implications of Lost Autonomy and Trust for Professionals at Sea. Work, Employment and Society. DOI: 10.1177/0950017018821284

Xue, C. X. & Tang, L. 2019. Organisational support and safety management in shipping: A Study of shipboard safety supervision. The Economic and Labour Relations Review, DOI: 10.1177/1035304619869575

Xue C, Tang L & Walters D 2019. OHS Indicators and Under-reporting: Case Studies in Chinese Shipping. Relations industrielles/Industrial Relations 74, (1) 141-161.

Bhardwaj S, Bhattacharya S, Tang L & Howell K 2019. Technology introduction on ships: the tension between safety and economic rationality. Safety Science 115: 329-338

 Tang, L. & Gekara, V. 2018. The importance of customer expectations: an analysis of CSR in container shipping. Journal of Business Ethics. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-018-4062-4.

Tang, L. & Bhattacharya, S. 2018. Beyond the management-employee dyad: supply chain initiatives in shipping. Industrial Relations Journal 49, (3) 196-210.

Xue C, Tang L & Walters D 2018. Decoupled implementation? Incident reporting in Chinese Shipping. Economic and Industrial Democracy, DOI: 10.1177/0143831X18758175

Yang P & Tang L 2018. “Positive energy”: Hegemonic intervention and online media discourse in China's Xi Jinping era. China: An International Journal 16, (1) 1-22.

Tang L & Sampson H 2018. Improving training outcomes: the significance of motivation when learning about new shipboard technology. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 70, (3) 384-398

Xue C, Tang L & Walters D 2017. Who is dominant? Occupational Health and Safety management in Chinese shipping. Journal of Industrial Relations 59, (1) 65-84.

Sampson H & Tang L 2016. Strange things happen at sea: training and new technology in a multi-billion global industry. Journal of Education and Work 29, (8) 980-994

Tang, L., Shan, D. and Yang, P. 2016. Workers' rights defence on China's internet: an analysis of actors. Information, Communication & Society 19(8), 1171-1186.

Zhao, Z., Jepsen, J. R. and Tang, L. 2016. The reform of Chinese state-owned ship crewing agencies and implications for China's seafaring labour export. Maritime Policy & Management 43(6), 737-747

Tang, L., Llangco, M. O. S. and Zhao, Z. 2016. Transformations and continuities of issues related to Chinese participation in the global seafarers' labour market. Maritime Policy & Management 43(3), 344-355.

 Yang, P., Tang, L. and Wang, X. 2015. Diaosi as infrapolitics: scatological tropes, identity-making and cultural intimacy on China's Internet. Media, Culture & Society 37(2), 197-214.

Abila, S. S. and Tang, L. 2014. Trauma, post-trauma, and support in the shipping industry: The experience of Filipino seafarers after pirate attacks. Marine Policy 46, 32-136.

Tang, L. 2013. The politics of flies: mocking news in Chinese cyberspace. Chinese Journal of Communication 6(4), 482-496.

Bhattacharya, S. and Tang, L. 2013. Fatigued for safety? Supply chain occupational health and safety initiatives in shipping. Economic and Industrial Democracy 34(3), 383-399.

Tang, L. 2013. The role of nationalism in the olympics: reflecting on the 2012 London Games. Sociological Research Online 18(2), article number: 16.

Tang, L. 2013. Consuming news in Chinese cyberspace: a case study. Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies 27(5), 740-751.

Bhattacharya, S. and Tang, L. 2013. Middle managers' role in safeguarding OHS: The case of the shipping industry. Safety Science 51(1), 63-68.

Tang, L. 2012. 'In the name of love': Learning through online support. Convergence 18(4), 465-472.

Tang, L. 2012. Waiting together: Seafarer-partners in cyberspace. Time & Society 21(2), 223-240.

Tang, L. and Sampson, H. A. 2012. The interaction between mass media and the internet in non-democratic states: the case of China. Media, Culture & Society 34(4), 457-471.

Tang, L. and Yang, P. 2011. Symbolic power and the internet: the power of a ‘horse’. Media, Culture & Society 33(5), 675-691.

Tang, L. and Bhattacharya, S. 2011. Power and resistance: A case study of satire on the internet. Sociological Research Online 16(2), article number: 11.

Tang, L. 2010. Empowering or Disempowering? Online Support Among Seafarer-Partners. Sociological Research Online 15(2), article number: 6.

Tang, L. 2010. Development of online friendship in different social spaces. Information, Communication & Society 13(4), 615-633.

Tang, L. 2009. Shaping feelings in cyberspace: The case of Chinese seafarer-partners. Emotion, Space and Society 2(2), 104-110.


Tang L 2020. On-line support groups for families in China. In Gekara V and Sampson H (eds.) The World of the Seafarer: qualitative accounts of working in the global shipping industry. Springer.

Tang L & Chen G 2017. Costs and benefits of mobility: the case of Chinese seafarers. In: Monios J; Wilmsmeier G (eds.) Maritime Mobilities. London: Routledge

Tang L 2012. Online Friendship. In: Yang Z (ed.) Encyclopedia of Cyber Behavior. Hershey, Pennsylvania: IGI Global.


Acejo I, Sampson H, Turgo N, Ellis N & Tang L 2018. The causes of maritime accidents in the period 2002-2016.

Sampson H, Ellis N, Acejo I, Turgo N & Tang L 2018. The working and living conditions of seafarers on cargo ships in the period 2011-2016.

Sampson H, Acejo I, Ellis N, Tang L & Turgo N 2016. The relationships between seafarers and shore-side personnel: an outline report based on research undertaken in the period 2012-2016.

Sampson H, Acejo I, Ellis N, Tang L & Turgo N 2016. The use of mandatory equipment on board cargo ships: An outline report based on research undertaken in the period 2012-2016.

Ellis N, Sampson H, Acejo I, Tang L, Turgo N & Zhao Z 2012. Seafarer accommodation on contemporary cargo ships.

Sampson H & Tang L 2011. New shipboard technology and training provision for seafarers.

Other Publications

Tang, L. 2021. Is there really a shortage of seafarer officers? Seaways, March 2021.

Tang, L. 2006. Online Support and Help for Seafarers’ Partners. The Sea, Issue 180 Mar/Apr.