Dr Julian Stander

Dr Julian Stander

Associate Professor in Mathematics and Statistics

School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics (Faculty of Science and Engineering)

Dr Julian Stander can be contacted through arrangement with our Press Office, to speak to the media on these areas of expertise.
  • Statistics – applied



MA in Mathematics from the University of Oxford (First Class Honours Moderations, First Class Honours Finals, Scholar of Hertford College)Diploma in Mathematical Statistics (with distinction and University prize) from the University of Cambridge (Darwin College)
PhD from the University of Bath for a thesis entitled Some Topics in Statistical Image Analysis.
Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.
I have been at the University of Plymouth since October 1993. Before coming to Plymouth, I held a Royal Society European Science Exchange Programme Fellowship at the Istituto per le Applicazioni del Calcolo,CNR, Rome. I worked again at this institute for six months during 2000 supported by the European Union's research network on Statistical and Computational Methods for the Analysis of Spatial Data.

Professional membership

Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.I was a Council member of the Royal Statistical Society for four years.
I served as Treasurer for COPS, the UK and Ireland Committee of Professors of Statistics, for over 20 years.
I served as Chair and am Treasurer of the Royal Statistical Society South West Group.
I served for many years on the committees of the General Applications Section (Secretary and Chair).
I was Associate Editor for the Journal of the Royal Statistical SocietyD "The Statistician".
I was chairman of the Organising Committee for RSS 2002, which was held in Plymouth. I have also organised other meetings.

Roles on external bodies

I sit on the Advisory Board of the London Taught Course Centre.Former Chair and current Treasurer of the South West Local Group of the Royal Statistical Society.
Former Treasurer of the UK and Ireland Committee of Professors of Statistics.
I was a Council Member of the Royal Statistical Society for four years.
I was Secretary and Chair of the General Applications Section, Royal Statistical Society for many years.
I was a Committee Member of the Statistical Image Analysis and Processing Study Group.
I have served as a member of the President Nominating Committee, Royal Statistical Society.
I was chairman of the Local Organising Committee for RSS 2002, the international conference of the Royal Statistical Society.
I was invited to be a member of the three person International Review of Research of the Department of Statistical Science, University of Bologna, Italy, 2003.
I have served as an External Examiner at a number of universities (Reading, Oxford, Bath, etc).


Teaching interests

I am a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.I was delighted to be Runner Up for the SSTAR Postgraduate Teacher/Supervisor of the Year Award 2017/18. 
I teach a range of modules and short courses. I particularly enjoy MATH3613 Data Modelling and I pleased that we now work with Stan software to perform Bayesian inference.
I look after the BSc (Hons) Exchange: Maths/Stats.
I am interested in teaching Data Science, using R to improve teaching and learning, visualising student assessment and feedback data, and communicating statistical and scientific ideas to a variety of audience.
Further details are available upon request. Thank you.

Staff serving as external examiners

I have served as External Examiner for:
  • the MSc in Applied Statistics, University of Oxford;
  • the Statistics Programmes, University of Reading;
  • the Statistics Programmes, University of Bath;
  • various PhDs.


Research interests

I collaborate with colleagues at the University of Plymouth and elsewhere in the following research area:
  • Modelling high dimensional data;
  • Detecting change points;
  • Time series modelling;
  • Survival analysis;
  • Mixture modelling;
  • Applied statistics.
Often, my research is interdisciplinary, which helps to ensure that it is impact rich.
More details are available upon request. Thank you.
I am a member of the University of Plymouth's Centre for Mathematical Sciences and the Big Data Group.

Research groups

Other research

For many years I analysed the annual Plymouth and South West Co-operative Society Staff Questionnaire. I provide help with data analysis across the University. I help industry solve problems.

Research degrees awarded to supervised students

I have supervised six successful PhD students.I have supervised many Italian project students.

Grants & contracts

2017-2018 With Dr Dalla Valle (PI), High-Dimensional Bayesian Dependence Modelling with Conditional Copulas, Royal Society International Exchanges.2006 With Dr Yu, Ng and Feng, Quantile Regression, LMS and Mobust Methods in the 21st Century, International Centre for Mathematical Sciences.
2001-2003. Grant from the EU's Fifth Framework Programme for the project IST-2000-25069 CASC on Computational Aspects of Statistical Confidentiality. This grant was used to employ a postdoctoral worker for one year.
I have obtained a number of grants of travel and long visits. One such visit was over 6 months.


Academic journal publications

41. Dema, E., Stander, J., Cortina-Borja, M., Thorne, C. and Bailey, H. (2022) Estimating the number of livebirths to Hepatitis C seropositive women in England in 2013 and 2018 using Bayesian modelling. PLOS ONE. November 21, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0274389

40. Stander, J., Farrington, D. P. and Lubert, C. (2022) Understanding how offending prevalence and frequency change with age in the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development using Bayesian statistical models. Journal of Quantitative Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10940-022-09544-x

39. Cutello, C. A., Hellier, E., Stander, J.and Hanoch, Y. (2020). Evaluating the effectiveness of a young driver education intervention: Learn2Live. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 69, 375–384.

38. Stander, M. and Stander, J.(2020). A simple method for correcting for the Will Rogers phenomenon. Biometrical Journal, 62 (4), 1080–1089.

37. Cai, Y. and Stander, J.(2019). The threshold GARCH model: Estimation and density forecasting for financial returns. Journal of Financial Econometrics, 18 (2), 395–424.

36. Eichenseer, K., Balthasar, U., Smart, C., Stander, J., Haaga, K. and Kiessling, W. (2019) Jurassic shift from abiotic to biotic control on marine ecological success. Nature Geoscience,12, pages638–642.

35. Stander, J.,Dalla Valle, L., Taglioni, C., Liseo, B., Wade, A. and Cortina-Borja, M. (2019) Analysis of paediatric visual acuity using Bayesian copula models with sinh-arcsinh marginal densities. Statistics in Medicine, 15 August 2019, Vol.38(18), pp.3421-3443. DOI: 10.1002/sim.8176.

34. Cai, Y. and Stander,J.(2019) The threshold GARCH model: estimation and density forecasting for financial returns. Journal of Financial Econometrics. https://doi.org/10.1093/jjfinec/nbz014

33. Dalla Valle, L., Stander, J., Gresty, K.,Eales, J. and Wei, Y. (2018) Stakeholder perspectives on graphical tools for visualising student assessment and feedback data. Research in Learning Technology. Volume 26, No. 1997. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25304/rlt.v26.1997

32. Stander, J., Dalla Valle, L. and Cortina Borja, M. (2018) A Bayesian survival analysis of a historical dataset: how long do popes live? The American Statistician, 72:4, 368-375, DOI: 10.1080/00031305.2017.1328374

31. Stander, J.and Dalla Valle, L. (2017) On enthusing students about Big Data and social media visualization and analysis using R, RStudio and RMarkdown. Journal of Statistics Education, 25, 2, 60–67. Lesson outlines presented as Supplementary Material. http://tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10691898.2017.1322474

30. Al-Saadony, M., Hewson, P. and Stander, J.(2013) Cholesky decomposition for the Vasicek interest rate model. International Journal of Statistics and Probability, 2, 22–28.

29, Cai, Y., Stander, J.and Davies, N. (2012) A new Bayesian approach to quantile autoregressive time series model estimation and forecasting. Journal of Time Series Analysis, 33, 683–698.

28. Stander, J.and Eales, J. (2011) Using R for teaching financial mathematics and statistics. MSOR Connections, 11, 1,7–11.

27. Thompson, P., Cai, Y., Moyeed, R.,Reeve, D. and Stander, J.(2010) Bayesian nonparametric quantile regression using splines. ComputationalStatistics & Data Analysis, 54,1138–1150.

26. Eales, J. and Stander, J.(2009) Using Minitab for teaching statistics in higher education. MSOR Connections, 9, 3,39–41.

25. Thompson, P., Cai, Y., Reeve, D. and Stander, J.(2009) Automated threshold selection methods for extreme wave analysis. Coastal Engineering, 56, 1013–1021.

24. De Pasquale, F. and Stander, J.(2009) A multi-scale method based on non-parametric deformable templates for medical image analysis. Pattern Analysis and Applications, 12, 179–192.

23. Cai, Y. and Stander, J.(2008) Quantile self-exciting threshold autoregressive time series models. Journal of Time Series Analysis, 29, 186–202.

22. Yu, K. and Stander, J.(2007) Bayesian analysis of a Tobit quantile regression model. Journal of Econometrics, 137, 260–276.

21. Brooker,S., Alexander. N., Geiger, S., Moyeed, R. A., Stander, J., Fleming, F., Hotez, P., Correa-Oliveira, R. and Bethony, J. (2006) Contrasting patterns in the small-scale heterogeneity ofhuman helminth infections in urban and rural environments in Brazil. InternationalJournal for Parasitology, 36,1143–1151.

20. Polettini S. and Stander,J.(2005) Bayesian models for risk estimation in statistical disclosure limitation. Quaderni di Statistica, 7, 69–90.

19. De Pasquale, F., Barone, P., Sebastiani, G. and Stander, J.(2004) Bayesian analysis of dynamic Magnetic Resonance breast images. Applied Statistics, 53, 475–493.

18. Alexander, N. D., Moyeed, R. A., Hyun, P. J., Dimber, Z. B., Bockarie, M. J., Stander, J., Grenfell, B. T., Kazura,J. W. and Alpers, M. P. (2003) Spatial variation of Anopheles-transmitted Wuchereria bancrofti and Plasmodium falciparum infection densities in Papua NewGuinea. Filaria Journal, 2003, 2:14.

17. Franconi, L. and Stander, J.(2003) Spatial and non-spatial model-based protection for the release of business microdata. Statistics and Computing, 13,295–305.

16. Polettini, S. and Stander, .(2003) A Comment on ‘A Theoretical Basis for Perturbation Methods’ by Krishnamurty Muralidhar and Rathindra Sarathy. Statistics and Computing, 13,337–338.

15. Barone, P., Sebastiani, G. and Stander, J.(2002) Over-relaxation methods and coupled Markov chains for Monte Carlo simulation. Statistics and Computing, 12, 17–26.

14. Franconi, L. and Stander, J.(2002) Model based disclosure limitation for business microdata. Journal of the Royal Statistical SocietyD, 51, 51–61.

13. Ambroze, A., Wade, G., Serdean, C., Tomlinson M., Stander, J.and Borda, M. (2001) Turbocode protection of a video watermark channel. IEEProc.-Vis. Image Signal Process., 148,54–58.

12. Barone, P., Sebastiani, G. and Stander, J.(2001) General over-relaxation Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms for Gaussian densities. Statistics and Probability Letters, 52, 115–124.

11. Alexander, N., Moyeed, R. and Stander, J.(2000) Spatial modelling of individual-level parasite counts using the negative binomial distribution. Biostatistics,1, 453–463.

10. Luan, J., Stander,J.and Wright, D. (2000) A filter function algorithm for the detection of solid objects in noisy images. Statistica Applicata, 12, 407–423.

9. Luan, J., Stander, J.and Wright, D. (1998) On shape detection in noisy images with particular reference to ultrasonography. Statistics and Computing, 8, 377–389.

8. Frigessi, A., Martinelli, F. and Stander. J.(1997) Computational complexity of Markov chain Monte Carlo methods for finite Markov random fields. Biometrika, 84, 1–18.

7. Wright, D., Stander, J.and Nicolaides, K. (1997) Non-parametric density estimation and discrimination from images of shape. Applied Statistics, 46, 365–380.

6. Wright, D. and Stander, J.(1996) S-PLUS version 3.1, Release 1 for Windows. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 49, 206–208.

5. Stander, J.and Silverman, B. W. (1995) Minimax estimation of linear functionals, particularly in nonparametric regression and positron emission tomography. Computational Statistics, 10, 259–283.

4. Frigessi, A. and Stander, J.(1994) Informative priors for the Bayesian classification of satellite images. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 89, 703–709.

3. Stander, J.and Silverman, B. W. (1994) Temperature schedules for simulated annealing. Statistics and Computing, 4, 21–32.

2. Silverman, B. W., Jennison, C., Stander, J.and Brown, T. C. (1990) The specification of edge penalties for regular and irregular pixel images. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, PAMI–12, 1017–1024.

1. Stander,J., Farrington, D. P., Hill, G. and Altham, P. M. E. (1989) Markov chain analysis and specialization in criminal careers. BritishJournal of Criminology, 29,317–335.

Review article

Yu,K., Lu, Z. and Stander, J.(2003) Quantile regression: applications and current research areas. Journal of the Royal Statistical SocietyD, 52, 331–350.

Contribution to discussions

2. Stander, J. and Dalla Valle, L. (2017) Contribution to the Discussion on the paper by Cannings,T. I. and Samworth, R. J. (2017) Random-projection ensemble classification. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society B, 79, 959–1035.

1. Stander, J. and Moyeed, R. (2011) Contribution to the Discussion on the paper by Wild, C.J., Pfannkuch, M., Regan, M. and Horton, N. J. (2011) Towards more accessible conceptions of statistical inference. Journal of the Royal Statistical SocietyA, 174, 247–295.

2. James, G., Burley, D. M., Steele, N., Clements, R., Searl, J. W., Dyke, P.,Wright, J., Craven, M., Reis, T. and Stander,J.(2018) Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics, Fifth Edition. Prentice Hall.

1. Franconi, L., Stander, J.and Pezzulli, S. (1996) Statistica: Esercizi per le Scienze Applicate. Tutor Series. Etas Libri. Milano Italy. 352 pages.

Conference Papers
Internet Publications
Research dissemination

17. Stander, J. (2023) Is Rome becoming the 'Infernal City'?  https://significancemagazine.com/is-rome-becoming-the-infernal-city/

16. Cortina Borja, M., Stander, J.and Sebastiani, G. (2022) On Sir David Cox's publications. Significance 19 (2):39-40 Apr 2022. https://rss.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/1740-9713.01634

15. Prestige, E., Stander, J. and Wei, Y. (2022) Covid lockdowns in the UK: Estimating their effects on transmission. Significance 19 (2):14-18 Apr 2022. https://rss.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1740-9713.01628

14. Stander, J., Tzioli, K. and Cortina Borja, M. (2021). 200 years of Greek independence. . . and Prime Ministers. Significance. https://www.significancemagazine.com/politics/700-200-years-of-greek-independence-and-prime-ministers

13. Sebastiani, G. and Stander, J. (2020). Returning to schools and universities in the time of coron-
avirus: Some statistical suggestions. Significance. https://www.significancemagazine.com/science/ 687-returning-to-schools-and-universities-in-the-time-of-coronavirus-some-statistical-suggestions? highlight=WyJzdGFuZGVyIl0=

12. Sebastiani, G., Stander, J.and Cortina Borja, M. (2020). Some comparisons between Italy and the UK for Covid-19: March to April 2020. Significance. https://www.significancemagazine.com/science/ 657-some-comparisons-between-italy-and-the-uk-for-covid-19-march-to-april-2020?highlight= WyJzdGFuZGVyIl0=

11. Statso, Stander, J.and Cortina Borja, M. (2020). Has English league football be- come less exciting? Significance. https://www.significancemagazine.com/sports/

10.Cortina Borja, M. and Stander, J.(2018) Visualising ages and life trajectories of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom. Significance. https://www.significancemagazine.com/politics/581-visualising-ages-and-life-trajectories-of-prime-ministers-of-the-united-kingdom.

9. Cangelosi, S., DallaValle, L. and Stander, J.(2017) Visualising regional data using the geofacet R package. Significance. https://www.significancemagazine.com/politics/561-visualising-regional-data-using-the-geofacet-r-package.

8. Cortina Borja, M., Stander, J.and Dalla Valle, L. (2016) Brexit: surname diversity and voting patterns. Significance, 13, 4, pages 8–9. Available online (expanded version) at https://www.statslife.org.uk/politics/2943-the-eu-referendum-surname-diversity-and-voting-patterns.

7. Stander, J., Dalla Valle, L. and Cortina Borja, M. (2016) How long can Pope Francis expect to live? Significance, 13, 1, pages 12–13. Available online (expanded version) at https://www.statslife.org.uk/culture/2686-statistically-speaking-how-long-can-pope-francis-expect-to-live.

6. Stander, J., Dalla Valle, L. and Contina Borja, M. (2016) Sentiments, surnames and so long EU. Communicator, Autumn 2016 – Special Supplement Science Communication. Pages 19–23.

5. Stander, J., Dalla Valle, L., Eales, J., Baldino, A. and Cortina Borja, M. (2016) The EU referendum: extracting insights from Facebook using R. Significance. https://www.statslife.org.uk/politics/2889-what-information-can-we-extract-from-social-media-about-the-uk-s-eu-referendum. Published19/5/2016, updated 20/6/2016.

4. Cortina Borja, M. and Stander, J.(2015) How Frank Wilcoxon helped statisticians walk thenon-parametric path. Significance. https://www.statslife.org.uk/history-of-stats-science/2590-how-frank-wilcoxon-helped-statisticians-walk-the-non-parametric-path.

3. Hewson, P., Kalinauskaite, A., Stander, J.and Cai, Y. (2010) Barefoot statisticians. Significance, 7, 4, 182–184.

2. Stander,J.(1998) Image analysis – a modern application of mathematics. Public Awareness and Schools Support for Mathematics, 4. https://plus.maths.org/content/os/issue4/stander/index.

1. Stander,J.(1998) Solution to the taxi problem revisited. Public Awareness and Schools Support for Mathematics, 4. https://plus.maths.org/content/os/issue4/puzzle/taxi/solution.

Burridge,J. Franconi, L., Polettini, S. and Stander, J.(2002) A methodological framework for statistical disclosure limitation of business microdata. Technical Report1.1-D4, CASC Project.

R Software Package

Lemon,J., Bolker, B., Oom, S., Klein, E., Rowlingson, B., Wickham, H., Tyagi,A., Eterradossi, O., Grothendieck, G., Toews, M., Kane, J., Cheetham, M.,Turner, R., Witthoft, C., Stander, J., Petzoldt, T., Duursma, R., Biancotto, E., Levy, O., Dutang, C., Solymos, P., Engelmann, R., Hecker, M., Steinbeck, F., Borchers, H., Singmann, H., Toal, T.,Ogle, D., Baral, D. and Groemping, U. (2017) plotrix: various plottingfunctions. R package. https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/plotrix/index.html.

Other Publications
Book Reviews

3. Stander, J. (1997) Markov chain Monte Carlo in practice (review). Journal of the Royal Statistical SocietyA, 160,158–159.

2. Stander, J. (1990) Statistical applications in criminal justice (review). Journal of the Royal Statistical SocietyD, 39,469.

1. Stander, J. (1990) Statistics for GCSE (review). Journal of the Royal Statistical Society D, 39, 92–93.



Conferences organised

I have been a member of the Programme Committee for four conferences and a member of the Organising Committee for another.In addition, I was Chair of the Local Organising Committee for the Royal Statistical Society Biennial General Conference, University of Plymouth, September 2002.
I hosted the meeting of the Computational Aspects of Statistical Confidentiality (CASC) group in Plymouth, April 2002.

Other academic activities

I take part in Schools, Public and Community Outreach.As an example, I was interviewed for the BBC’s “More or Less”programmeabout my work on predicting life spans. 

Additional information

I play the flute.I lived and worked in Italy and can speak good Italian.