Professor John Spicer
Profiles

Professor John Spicer

Professor

School of Biological and Marine Sciences (Faculty of Science and Engineering)

John can be contacted through arrangement with our Press Office, to speak to the media on these areas of expertise.
  • Biodiversity
  • Ocean acidification
  • Oxygen in marine environment
  • Sandhoppers and strandlines
  • Evolution and development
  • Science and faith
Biography

Biography

Professor of Marine Zoology

Qualifications

B.Sc.(Hons) Zoology, Glasgow 1982

Ph.D. in Zoology, Glasgow 1987

P.G.C.E.(S) (with distinctions), Jordanhill College

Glasgow 1991

Research

Research

Publications

Publications

Key publications

Key publications are highlighted

Journals
Articles
Bednaršek N, Calosi P, Feely RA, Ambrose R, Byrne M, Chan KYK, Dupont S, Padilla-Gamiño JL, Spicer JI & Kessouri F (2021) 'Synthesis of Thresholds of Ocean Acidification Impacts on Echinoderms' Frontiers in Marine Science 8, , DOI
Tills O, Spicer JI, Ibbini Z & Rundle SD (2021) 'Spectral phenotyping of embryonic development reveals integrative thermodynamic responses' BMC Bioinformatics 22, (1) , DOI Open access
Wilson CH, Nancollas SJ, Rivers ML, Spicer JI & McGaw IJ (2021) 'Effects of handling during experimental procedures on stress indices in the green shore crab, Carcinus maenas (L)' Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 54, (2) 65-86 , DOI
Collins M, Truebano M, Verberk WCEP & Spicer JI (2021) 'Do aquatic ectotherms perform better under hypoxia after warm acclimation?' The Journal of Experimental Biology 224, (3) jeb232512-jeb232512 Publisher Site , DOI Open access
Collins M, Clark MS, Spicer JI & Truebano M (2020) 'Transcriptional frontloading contributes to cross‐tolerance between stressors' Evolutionary Applications , DOI Open access
Clayton KA & Spicer JI (2020) 'Evidence for physiological niche expansion of an intertidal flatworm: evolutionary rescue in the wild' Marine Ecology Progress Series 651, (0) 85-95 Publisher Site , DOI Open access
Verberk WCEP, Calosi P, Brischoux F, Spicer J, Garland TJ & Bilton D (2020) 'Universal metabolic constraints shape the evolutionary ecology of diving in animals' Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , DOI Open access
Small DP, Calosi P, Rastrick SPS, Turner LM, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2020) 'The effects of elevated temperature and PCO2 on the energetics and haemolymph pH homeostasis of juveniles of the European lobster, Homarus gammarus' The Journal of Experimental Biology 223, (8) jeb209221-jeb209221 , DOI Open access
Bednaršek N, Feely RA, Beck MW, Alin SR, Siedlecki SA, Calosi P, Norton EL, Saenger C, Štrus J & Greeley D (2020) 'Exoskeleton dissolution with mechanoreceptor damage in larval Dungeness crab related to severity of present-day ocean acidification vertical gradients' Science of The Total Environment 716, (0) 0-0 , DOI Open access
Truebano M, Robertson SD, Houston SJS & Spicer JI (2020) 'Ontogeny of osmoregulation in the brackishwater amphipod Gammarus chevreuxi' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 524, 151312-151312 , DOI Open access
McCoy JCS, Spicer JI, Tills O & Rundle SD (2020) 'Both maternal and embryonic exposure to mild hypoxia influence embryonic development of the intertidal gastropod Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)' Journal of Experimental Biology 223, (20) , DOI Open access
McCoy JCS, Spicer JI, Tills O & Rundle SD (2020) 'Both maternal and embryonic exposure to mild hypoxia influence embryonic development of the intertidal gastropod Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)' J Exp Biol Author Site , DOI
Collins M, Tills O, Turner LM, Clark MS, Spicer JI & Truebano M (2019) 'Moderate reductions in dissolved oxygen may compromise performance in an ecologically-important estuarine invertebrate' Science of the Total Environment 693, 133444-133444 , DOI Open access
Spicer JI, Morley SA & Bozinovic F (2019) 'Physiological diversity, biodiversity patterns and global climate change: testing key hypotheses involving temperature and oxygen' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 374, (1778) 20190032-20190032 , DOI Open access
Spicer JI & Morley SA (2019) 'Will giant polar amphipods be first to fare badly in an oxygen-poor ocean? Testing hypotheses linking oxygen to body size' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 374, (1778) 0-0 , DOI Open access
Chadwick M, Harper EM, Lemasson A, Spicer JI & Peck LS (2019) 'Quantifying susceptibility of marine invertebrate biocomposites to dissolution in reduced pH' Royal Society Open Science 6, (6) 190252-190252 , DOI Open access
Guscelli E, Spicer JI & Calosi P (2019) 'The importance of inter‐individual variation in predicting species' responses to global change drivers' Ecology and Evolution 9, (8) 4327-4339 , DOI Open access
Tills O, Spicer JI, Grimmer A, Marini S, Jie VW, Tully E & Rundle SD (2018) 'A high-throughput and open-source platform for embryo phenomics' PLOS Biology 16, (12) e3000074-e3000074 , DOI Open access
Arnberg M, Calosi P, Spicer JI, Taban IC, Bamber SD, Westerlund S, Vingen S, Baussant T, Bechmann RK & Dupont S (2018) 'Effects of oil and global environmental drivers on two keystone marine invertebrates' Scientific Reports 8, (1) 0-0 Author Site , DOI Open access
Calder-Potts RN, Spicer JI, Calosi P, Findlay HS, Queirós AM & Widdicombe S (2018) 'Density-dependent responses of the brittlestar Amphiura filiformis to moderate hypoxia and consequences for nutrient fluxes' Marine Ecology Progress Series 594, 175-191 , DOI Open access
Truebano M, Tills O, Collins M, Clarke C, Shipsides E, Wheatley C & Spicer JI (2018) 'Short-term acclimation in adults does not predict offspring acclimation potential to hypoxia' Scientific Reports 8, (1) 0-0 , DOI Open access
Verberk WCEP, Calosi P, Spicer JI, Kehl S & Bilton DT (2017) 'Does plasticity in thermal tolerance trade off with inherent tolerance? The influence of setal tracheal gills on thermal tolerance and its plasticity in a group of European diving beetles' J Insect Physiol Author Site , DOI Open access
Collins M, Tills O, Spicer JI & Truebano M (2017) 'De novo transcriptome assembly of the amphipod Gammarus chevreuxi exposed to chronic hypoxia' Marine Genomics 33, 17-19 , DOI Open access
Ellis RP, Davison W, Queirós AM, Kroeker KJ, Calosi P, Dupont S, Spicer JI, Wilson RW, Widdicombe S & Urbina MA (2017) 'Does sex really matter? Explaining intraspecies variation in ocean acidification responses' Biology Letters 13, (2) 0-0 , DOI Open access
McConville K, Atkinson A, Fileman ES, Spicer JI & Hirst AG (2016) 'Disentangling the counteracting effects of water content and carbon mass on zooplankton growth' Journal of Plankton Research , DOI
Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2016) 'Heterokairy: a significant form of developmental plasticity?' BIOLOGY LETTERS 12, (9) Author Site , DOI Open access
Tills O, Sun X, Rundle SD, Heimbach T, Gibson T, Cartwright A, Palmer M, Rudin-Bitterli T & Spicer JI (2016) 'Reduced pH affects pulsing behaviour and body size in ephyrae of the moon jellyfish, Aurelia aurita' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 480, 54-61 , DOI
Rudin-Bitterli TS, Spicer JI & Rundle SD (2016) 'Differences in the timing of cardio-respiratory development determine whether marine gastropod embryos survive or die in hypoxia' The Journal of Experimental Biology 219, (Pt 7) 1076-1085 , DOI Open access
Small DP, Calosi P, Boothroyd D, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2016) 'The sensitivity of the early benthic juvenile stage of the European lobster Homarus gammarus (L.) to elevated pCO2 and temperature' Marine Biology 163, (3) , DOI
Truebano M, Tills O & Spicer JI (2016) 'Embryonic transcriptome of the brackishwater amphipod Gammarus chevreuxi' Marine Genomics 28, 5-6 , DOI
Orland C, Queiros AM, Spicer JI, McNeill CL, Higgins S, Goldworthy S, Zananiri T, Archer L & Widdicombe S (2016) 'Application of computer-aided tomography techniques to visualize kelp holdfast structure reveals the importance of habitat complexity for supporting marine biodiversity' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 477, 47-56 Author Site , DOI
Rodríguez-Romero A, Jarrold MD, Massamba-N'Siala G, Spicer JI & Calosi P (2015) 'Multi-generational responses of a marine polychaete to a rapid change in seawater p CO 2' Evolutionary Applications 9, (9) 1082-1095 , DOI
Ricevuto E, Benedetti M, Regoli F, Spicer JI & Gambi MC (2015) 'Antioxidant capacity of polychaetes occurring at a natural CO2 vent system: Results of an in situ reciprocal transplant experiment' Marine Environmental Research 112, 44-51 , DOI
Small DP, Calosi P, Boothroyd D, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2015) 'Stage-Specific Changes in Physiological and Life-History Responses to Elevated Temperature and Pco2 during the Larval Development of the European Lobster Homarus gammarus (L.)' Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 88, (5) 494-507 , DOI
Calder-Potts R, Spicer JI, Calosi P, Findlay HS & Widdicombe S (2015) 'A mesocosm study investigating the effects of hypoxia and population density on respiration and reproductive biology in the brittlestar Amphiura filiformis' Marine Ecology Progress Series 534, 135-147 , DOI
Davies JS, Stewart HA, Narayanaswamy BE, Jacobs C, Spicer J, Golding N & Howell KL (2015) 'Benthic Assemblages of the Anton Dohrn Seamount (NE Atlantic): Defining Deep-Sea Biotopes to Support Habitat Mapping and Management Efforts with a Focus on Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems' PLOS ONE 10, (5) e0124815-e0124815 , DOI Open access
Ellis RP, Widdicombe S, Parry H, Hutchinson TH & Spicer JI (2015) 'Pathogenic challenge reveals immune trade-off in mussels exposed to reduced seawater pH and increased temperature' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 462, 83-89 Author Site , DOI
Rastrick SPS, Calosi P, Calder-Potts R, Foggo A, Nightingale G, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2014) 'Living in warmer, more acidic oceans retards physiological recovery from tidal emersion in the velvet swimming crab, Necora puber' J Exp Biol 217, (Pt 14) 2499-2508 Author Site , DOI
Ellis RP, Spicer JI, Byrne JJ, Sommer U, Viant MR, White DA & Widdicombe S (2014) '(1)H NMR metabolomics reveals contrasting response by male and female mussels exposed to reduced seawater pH, increased temperature, and a pathogen' Environ Sci Technol 48, (12) 7044-7052 Author Site , DOI
Sanders T, Widdicombe S, Calder-Potts R & Spicer JI (2014) 'Environmental hypoxia but not minor shell damage affects scope for growth and body condition in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis (L.)' Mar Environ Res 95, 74-80 Author Site , DOI
Rudin-Bitterli TS, Tills O, Spicer JI, Culverhouse PF, Wielhouwer EM, Richardson MK & Rundle SD (2014) 'Combining motion analysis and microfluidics--a novel approach for detecting whole-animal responses to test substances' PLoS One 9, (12) Author Site , DOI Open access
Spicer JI (2014) 'What can an ecophysiological approach tell us about the physiological responses of marine invertebrates to hypoxia?' J Exp Biol 217, (Pt 1) 46-56 Author Site , DOI
Jarrold MD, Calosi P, Verberk WCEP, Rastrick SPS, Atfield A & Spicer JI (2013) 'Physiological plasticity preserves the metabolic relationship of the intertidal non-calcifying anthozoan-Symbiodinium symbiosis under ocean acidification' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 449, 200-206 Author Site , DOI
Tills O, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2013) 'Variance in developmental event timing is greatest at low biological levels: implications for heterochrony' BIOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 110, (3) 581-590 Author Site , DOI
Tills O, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2013) 'Parent--offspring similarity in the timing of developmental events: an origin of heterochrony?' Proc Biol Sci 280, (1769) Author Site , DOI
Widdicombe S, Blackford JC & Spicer JI (2013) 'Assessing the environmental consequences of CO2 leakage from geological CCS: generating evidence to support environmental risk assessment' Mar Pollut Bull 73, (2) 399-401 Author Site , DOI
McConville K, Halsband C, Fileman ES, Somerfield PJ, Findlay HS & Spicer JI (2013) 'Effects of elevated CO2 on the reproduction of two calanoid copepods' Mar Pollut Bull 73, (2) 428-434 Author Site , DOI
Arnberg M, Calosi P, Spicer JI, Tandberg AHS, Nilsen M, Westerlund S & Bechmann RK (2013) 'Elevated temperature elicits greater effects than decreased pH on the development, feeding and metabolism of northern shrimp (Pandalus borealis) larvae' MARINE BIOLOGY 160, (8) 2037-2048 Author Site , DOI
Spicer JI (2013) 'Physiological changes accompanying the presence of black gill syndrome in the high shore amphipod Traskorchestia traskiana' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 446, 131-138 Author Site , DOI
Cripps G, Widdicombe S, Spicer JI & Findlay HS (2013) 'Biological impacts of enhanced alkalinity in Carcinus maenas' Mar Pollut Bull 71, (1-2) 190-198 Author Site , DOI
Calosi P, Turner LM, Hawkins M, Bertolini C, Nightingale G, Truebano M & Spicer JI (2013) 'Multiple Physiological Responses to Multiple Environmental Challenges: An Individual Approach' Integrative and Comparative Biology 53, (4) 660-670 , DOI
Calosi P, Rastrick SP, Graziano M, Thomas SC, Baggini C, Carter HA, Hall-Spencer JM, Milazzo M & Spicer JI (2013) 'Distribution of sea urchins living near shallow water CO(2) vents is dependent upon species acid-base and ion-regulatory abilities' Mar Pollut Bull Author Site , DOI Open access
Tills O, Bitterli T, Culverhouse P, Spicer JI & Rundle S (2013) 'A novel application of motion analysis for detecting stress responses in embryos at different stages of development' BMC Bioinformatics 14, Author Site , DOI Open access
Calosi P, Rastrick SPS, Lombardi C, de Guzman HJ, Davidson L, Jahnke M, Giangrande A, Hardege JD, Schulze A & Spicer JI (2013) 'Adaptation and acclimatization to ocean acidification in marine ectotherms: an in situ transplant experiment with polychaetes at a shallow CO2 vent system' Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 368, (1627) Author Site , DOI
Bitterli TS, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2012) 'Development of cardiovascular function in the marine gastropod Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus)' J Exp Biol 215, (Pt 13) 2327-2333 Author Site , DOI
Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2012) 'Acute extracellular acid-base disturbance in the burrowing sea urchin Brissopsis lyrifera during exposure to a simulated CO2 release' Sci Total Environ 427-428, 203-207 Author Site , DOI
Calosi P, Bilton DT, Spicer JI, Verberk WCEP, Atfield A & Garland T (2012) 'The comparative biology of diving in two genera of European Dytiscidae (Coleoptera)' J Evol Biol 25, (2) 329-341 Author Site , DOI
de la Haye KL, Spicer JI, Widdicombe S & Briffa M (2012) 'Reduced pH sea water disrupts chemo-responsive behaviour in an intertidal crustacean' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 412, 134-140 Author Site , DOI
Bozinovic F, Calosi P & Spicer JI (2011) 'Physiological Correlates of Geographic Range in Animals' ANNUAL REVIEW OF ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION, AND SYSTEMATICS, VOL 42 42, 155-179 Author Site , DOI
Tills O, Rundle SD, Salinger M, Haun T, Pfenninger M & Spicer JI (2011) 'A genetic basis for intraspecific differences in developmental timing?' EVOLUTION & DEVELOPMENT 13, (6) 542-548 Author Site , DOI
Spicer JI, Widdicombe S, Needham HR & Berge JA (2011) 'Impact of CO2-acidified seawater on the extracellular acid-base balance of the northern sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 407, (1) 19-25 Author Site , DOI
de la Haye KL, Spicer JI, Widdicombe S & Briffa M (2011) 'Reduced sea water pH disrupts resource assessment and decision making in the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus' ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR 82, (3) 495-501 Author Site , DOI
Spicer JI, Rundle SD & Tills O (2011) 'Studying the altered timing of physiological events during development: it's about time…or is it?' Respir Physiol Neurobiol 178, (1) 3-12 Author Site , DOI
Verberk WCEP, Bilton DT, Calosi P & Spicer JI (2011) 'Oxygen supply in aquatic ectotherms: partial pressure and solubility together explain biodiversity and size patterns' Ecology 92, (8) 1565-1572 Author Site , DOI
Wood HL, Spicer JI, Kendall MA, Lowe DM & Widdicombe S (2011) 'Ocean warming and acidification; implications for the Arctic brittlestar Ophiocten sericeum' POLAR BIOLOGY 34, (7) 1033-1044 Author Site , DOI
Ellis RP, Parry H, Spicer JI, Hutchinson TH, Pipe RK & Widdicombe S (2011) 'Immunological function in marine invertebrates: responses to environmental perturbation' Fish Shellfish Immunol 30, (6) 1209-1222 Author Site , DOI
Rundle SD, Smirthwaite JJ, Colbert MW & Spicer JI (2011) 'Predator cues alter the timing of developmental events in gastropod embryos' Biol Lett 7, (2) 285-287 Author Site , DOI
Morley SA, Lemmon V, Obermueller BE, Spicer JI, Clark MS & Peck LS (2011) 'Duration tenacity: A method for assessing acclimatory capacity of the Antarctic limpet, Nacella concinna' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 399, (1) 39-42 Author Site , DOI
Findlay HS, Wood HL, Kendall MA, Spicer JI, Twitchett RJ & Widdicombe S (2011) 'Comparing the impact of high CO2 on calcium carbonate structures in different marine organisms' MARINE BIOLOGY RESEARCH 7, (6) 565-575 Author Site , DOI
Marchant HK, Calosi P & Spicer JI (2010) 'Short-term exposure to hypercapnia does not compromise feeding, acid-base balance or respiration of Patella vulgata but surprisingly is accompanied by radula damage' JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM 90, (7) 1379-1384 Author Site , DOI
Findlay HS, Burrows MT, Kendall MA, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2010) 'Can ocean acidification affect population dynamics of the barnacle Semibalanus balanoides at its southern range edge?' Ecology 91, (10) 2931-2940 Author Site , DOI
Wood HL, Spicer JI, Lowe DM & Widdicombe S (2010) 'Interaction of ocean acidification and temperature; the high cost of survival in the brittlestar Ophiura ophiura' MARINE BIOLOGY 157, (9) 2001-2013 Author Site , DOI
Sanchez-Fernandez D, Calosi P, Atfield A, Arribas P, Velasco J, Spicer JI, Millan A & Bilton DT (2010) 'Reduced salinities compromise the thermal tolerance of hypersaline specialist diving beetles' PHYSIOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY 35, (3) 265-273 Author Site , DOI
Mourabit S, Rundle SD, Spicer JI & Sloman KA (2010) 'Alarm substance from adult zebrafish alters early embryonic development in offspring' Biol Lett 6, (4) 525-528 Author Site , DOI
Findlay HS, Kendall MA, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2010) 'Post-larval development of two intertidal barnacles at elevated CO2 and temperature' MARINE BIOLOGY 157, (4) 725-735 Author Site , DOI
Findlay HS, Kendall MA, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2010) 'Relative influences of ocean acidification and temperature on intertidal barnacle post-larvae at the northern edge of their geographic distribution' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 86, (4) 675-682 Author Site , DOI
Dissanayake A, Clough R, Spicer JI & Jones MB (2010) 'Effects of hypercapnia on acid-base balance and osmo-/iono-regulation in prawns (Decapoda: Palaemonidae)' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 11, (1) 27-36 Author Site , DOI
Small D, Calosi P, White D, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2010) 'Impact of medium-term exposure to CO2 enriched seawater on the physiological functions of the velvet swimming crab Necora puber' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 10, (1) 11-21 Author Site , DOI
Spicer JI & Saborowski R (2010) 'Physiology and metabolism of Northern krill (Meganyctiphanes norvegica Sars)' Adv Mar Biol 57, 91-126 Author Site , DOI
Spicer JI & Saborowski R (2010) 'PHYSIOLOGY AND METABOLISM OF NORTHERN KRILL (MEGANYCTIPHANES NORVEGICA SARS)' ADVANCES IN MARINE BIOLOGY, VOL 57 57, 91-126 Author Site , DOI
Tills O, Spicer JI & Rundle SD (2010) 'Salinity-induced heterokairy in an upper-estuarine population of the snail Radix balthica (Mollusca: Pulmonata)' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 9, (1) 95-105 Author Site , DOI
Janas U & Spicer JI (2010) 'Seasonal and temperature effects on osmoregulation by the invasive prawn Palaemon elegans Rathke, 1837 in the Baltic Sea' MARINE BIOLOGY RESEARCH 6, (3) 333-337 Author Site , DOI
Calosi P, Bilton DT, Spicer JI, Votier SC & Atfield A (2010) 'What determines a species' geographical range? Thermal biology and latitudinal range size relationships in European diving beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)' J Anim Ecol 79, (1) 194-204 Author Site , DOI
Gaston KJ, Chown SL, Calosi P, Bernardo J, Bilton DT, Clarke A, Clusella-Trullas S, Ghalambor CK, Konarzewski M & Peck LS (2009) 'Macrophysiology: a conceptual reunification' Am Nat 174, (5) 595-612 Author Site , DOI
Egilsdottir H, Spicer JI & Rundle SD (2009) 'The effect of CO2 acidified sea water and reduced salinity on aspects of the embryonic development of the amphipod Echinogammarus marinus (Leach)' Mar Pollut Bull 58, (8) 1187-1191 Author Site , DOI
Smirthwaite J, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2009) 'The use of developmental sequences for assessing evolutionary change in gastropods' AMERICAN MALACOLOGICAL BULLETIN 27, (1-2) 105-111 Author Site , DOI
Arnold KE, Wells C & Spicer JI (2009) 'Effect of an insect juvenile hormone analogue, Fenoxycarb on development and oxygen uptake by larval lobsters Homarus gammarus (L.)' Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 149, (3) 393-396 Author Site , DOI
Arnold KE, Findlay HS, Spicer JI, Daniels CL & Boothroyd D (2009) 'Effect of CO2-related acidification on aspects of the larval development of the European lobster, Homarus gammarus (L.)' BIOGEOSCIENCES 6, (8) 1747-1754 Author Site , DOI
Byrne RA, Rundle SD, Smirthwaite JJ & Spicer JI (2009) 'Embryonic rotational behaviour in the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis: influences of environmental oxygen and development stage' ZOOLOGY 112, (6) 471-477 Author Site , DOI
Findlay HS, Kendall MA, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2009) 'Future high CO2 in the intertidal may compromise adult barnacle Semibalanus balanoides survival and embryonic development rate' MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES 389, 193-202 Author Site , DOI
Ellis RP, Bersey J, Rundle SD, Hall-Spencer JM & Spicer JI (2009) 'Subtle but significant effects of CO2 acidified seawater on embryos of the intertidal snail, Littorina obtusata' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 5, (1) 41-48 Author Site , DOI Open access
Wood HL, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2009) 'The influence of hypercapnia and the infaunal brittlestar Amphiura filiformis on sediment nutrient flux - will ocean acidification affect nutrient exchange?' BIOGEOSCIENCES 6, (10) 2015-2024 Author Site , DOI
Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2008) 'Predicting the impact of ocean acidification on benthic biodiversity: What can animal physiology tell us?' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 366, (1-2) 187-197 Author Site , DOI
Mowles SL, Briffa M, Cotton PA & Spicer JI (2008) 'The role of circulating metal ions during shell fights in the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus' ETHOLOGY 114, (10) 1014-1022 Author Site , DOI
Wood HL, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2008) 'Ocean acidification may increase calcification rates, but at a cost' Proc Biol Sci 275, (1644) 1767-1773 Author Site , DOI
Calosi P, Bilton DT & Spicer JI (2008) 'Thermal tolerance, acclimatory capacity and vulnerability to global climate change' Biology Letters 4, (1) 99-102 , DOI
Janas U & Spicer JI (2008) 'Does the effect of low temperature on osmoregulation by the prawn Palaemon elegans Rathke, 1837 explain winter migration offshore?' MARINE BIOLOGY 153, (5) 937-943 Author Site , DOI
Bibby R, Widdicombe S, Parry H, Spicer J & Pipe R (2008) 'Effects of ocean acidification on the immune response of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 2, (1) 67-74 Author Site , DOI
Findlay HS, Kendall MA, Spicer JI, Turley C & Widdicombe S (2008) 'Novel microcosm system for investigating the effects of elevated carbon dioxide and temperature on intertidal organisms' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 3, (1) 51-62 Author Site , DOI
Calosi P, Bilton DT & Spicer JI (2007) 'The diving response of a diving beetle: effects of temperature and acidification' Journal of Zoology 273, (3) 289-297 Author Site , DOI
Calosi P, Bilton DT & Spicer JI (2007) 'The diving response of the diving beetle Ilybius montanus (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae): the effects of temperature and acidification' Journal of Zoology 273, 289-297
Smirthwaite JJ, Rundle SD, Bininda-Emonds ORP & Spicer JI (2007) 'An integrative approach identifies developmental sequence heterochronies in freshwater basommatophoran snails' Evolution & Development 9, (2) 122-130
Miles H, Widdicombe S, Spicer JI & Hall-Spencer J (2007) 'Effects of anthropogenic seawater acidification on acid-base balance in the sea urchin Psammechinus miliaris' Marine Pollution Bulletin 54, (1) 89-96 Open access
Spicer JI, Raffo A & Widdicombe S (2007) 'Influence of CO2-related seawater acidification on extracellular acid-base balance in the velvet swimming crab Necora puber' Marine Biology 151, (3) 1117-1125
Spicer J (2007) 'Just because they can, doesn't mean they do! The importance of field-based ecophysiology' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 146, (4) S75-S75
Bibby R, Cleall-Harding P, Rundle S, Widdicombe S & Spicer J (2007) 'Ocean acidification disrupts induced defences in the intertidal gastropod Littorina littorea' Biology Letters 3, (6) 699-701
Spicer JI & Rundle SD (2007) 'Plasticity in the timing of physiological development: Physiological heterokairy - What is it, how frequent is it, and does it matter?' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 148, (4) 712-719
Calosi P, Bilton DT, Spicer JI & Atfield A (2007) 'Thermal tolerance and geographic range size in the Agabus brunneus group of European diving beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)' Journal of Biogeography 35, 295-305
Calosi P, Bilton D & Spicer J (2007) 'What determines a species' geographic range? Thermal biology and geographical range sizerelationships in European diving beetles' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 146, (4) S209-S209
Sanders JL, Kendall MA, Hawkins AJS & Spicer JI (2007) 'Can functional groups be used to indicate estuarine ecological status?' Hydrobiologia 588, 45-58
Spicer JI & Janas U (2006) 'The beachflea Platorchestia platensis (Krøyer, 1845): A new addition to the Polish fauna (with a key to Baltic talitrid amphipods)' Oceanologia 48, (2) 321-329
Byrne RA, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2006) 'Embryonic larval heart and cardiac response to hypoxia in a prosobanch mollusc' Integrative and Comparative Biology 46, E175-E175
Spicer JI (2006) 'Gut reaction by heartless shrimps: experimental evidence for the role of the gut in generating circulation before cardiac ontogeny' Biology Letters 2, (4) 580-582
Spicer JI & Rundle SD (2006) 'Out of place and out of time - towards a more integrated approach to heterochrony' Animal Biology 56, (4) 487-502
Spicer JI & Janas U (2006) 'The beachflea Platorchestia platensis (Kroyer, 1845): a new addition to the Polish fauna (with a key to Baltic talitrid amphipods)' Oceanologia 48, (2) 287-295
Smirthwaite J, Rundle S & Spicer J (2005) '2 cells, 4 cells, 8 cells...... Trochophore, veliger, hippo??' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 141, (3) S124-S125
Byrne RA, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2005) 'Effects of oxygen tension on embryonic behavior in the pondsnail, Lymnaea stagnalis' Integrative and Comparative Biology 45, (6) 1115-1115
Cowling J, Spicer JI, Gaston KJ & Weeks JM (2004) 'Current status of an amphipod invader, Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt, 1925), in Britain' Journal of Natural History 38, (13) 1665-1675
Cowling JE, Weeks JA, Spicer JI & Gaston KJ (2004) 'Physiological tolerances of the euterrestrial amphipod Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) as a key to its geographical distribution? A test using mesocosms' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 139, (2) 251-259
Camus L, Davies PE, Spicer JI & Jones MB (2004) 'Temperature-dependent physiological response of Carcinus maenas exposed to copper' Marine Environmental Research 58, (2-5) 781-785
Rundle SD, Spicer JI, Coleman RA, Vosper J & Soane J (2004) 'Environmental calcium modifies induced defences in snails' Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 271, S67-S70
Baden SP, Hakansson CLJ & Spicer JI (2003) 'Between-individual variation in haemocyanin concentrations in the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus following exposure to hypoxia and manganese' Marine Biology 143, (2) 267-273
Spicer JI & Hodgson E (2003) 'Between-population variation in haemocyanin subunit composition of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Crustacea : Amphipoda)' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 83, (5) 945-947
Spicer JI & Burggren WW (2003) 'Development of physiological regulatory systems: altering the timing of crucial events' Zoology 106, (2) 91-99
Cowling JE, Spicer JI, Weeks JM & Gaston KJ (2003) 'Environmental tolerances of an invasive terrestrial amphipod, Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) in Britain' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 136, (3) 735-747
Spicer JI (2003) 'Following changes in timing during the development of physiological function' Integrative and Comparative Biology 43, (6) 967-967
Spicer JI & Stromberg JO (2003) 'Metabolic responses to low salinity of the shipworm Teredo navalis (L.)' Sarsia 88, (4) 302-305
Spicer JI (2003) 'Phenotypic plasticity of developmental physiology itineraries: Insights from crustaceans' Integrative and Comparative Biology 43, (6) 939-939
Spicer JI & Hodgson E (2003) 'Structural basis for salinity-induced alteration in oxygen binding by haemocyanin from the estuarine amphipod Chaetogammarus marinus (L.)' Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 76, (6) 843-849
Spicer JI & Stromberg JO (2003) 'Developmental changes in the responses of O-2 uptake and ventilation to acutely declining O-2 tensions in larval krill Meganyctiphanes norvegica' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 295, (2) 207-218
Spicer JI & Eriksson SP (2003) 'Does the development of respiratory regulation always accompany the transition from pelagic larvae to benthic fossorial postlarvae in the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus (L.)?' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 295, (2) 219-243
Johns DG, Edwards M, Richardson A & Spicer JI (2003) 'Increased blooms of a dinoflagellate in the NW Atlantic' Marine Ecology-Progress Series 265, 283-287
Spicer JI & Strömberg JO (2002) 'Diel vertical migration and the haemocyanin of Norway krill Meganyctiphanes norvegica' Marine Ecology - Progress Series 238, 153-162
Stromberg JO, Spicer JI, Liljebladh B & Thomasson MA (2002) 'Northern krill, Meganyctiphanes norvegica, come up to see the last eclipse of the millennium?' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 82, (5) 919-920
Spicer JI, Dando CL & Maltby L (2002) 'Anaerobic capacity of a crustacean sensitive to low environmental oxygen tensions, the freshwater amphipod Gammarus pulex (L.)' Hydrobiologia 477, (1-3) 189-194
Gaston KJ & Spicer JI (2001) 'The relationship between range size and niche breadth: a test using five species ofGammarus(Amphipoda)' Global Ecology and Biogeography 10, (2) 179-188 , DOI
Spicer JI (2001) 'Development of cardiac function in crustaceans: Patterns and processes' American Zoologist 41, (5) 1068-1077
Spicer JI & Baden SP (2001) 'Environmental hypoxia and haemocyanin between-individual variability in Norway lobsters Nephrops norvegicus (L.)' Marine Biology 139, (4) 727-734
Spicer JI & Stratford J (2001) 'Student perceptions of a virtual field trip to replace a real field trip' Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 17, (4) 345-354
Hodgson E & Spicer JI (2001) 'Subunit compositions of crustacean haemocyanins are species-specific: evidence from non-decapod species' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 128, (4) 873-888
Gaston KJ & Spicer JI (2001) 'The relationship between range size and niche breadth: a test using five species of Gammarus (Amphipoda)' Global Ecology and Biogeography 10, 209-218
Strömberg J-O & Spicer JI (2000) 'Cold comfort for krill? Respiratory consequences of diel vertical migration byMeganyctiphanes norvegicainto deep hypoxic waters' Ophelia 53, (3) 213-217 , DOI
Spicer JI (2000) 'Development of cardiac function in crustaceans: patterns, processes and implications' AMERICAN ZOOLOGIST 40, (6) 1218-1218 Author Site
Spicer JI & Baden SP (2000) 'Natural variation in the concentrations of haemocyanin from three decapod crustaceans, Nephrops norvegicus , Liocarcinus depurator and Hyas aranaeus' Marine Biology 136, (1) 55-61 , DOI
Spicer JI & El-Gamal MM (1999) 'Hypoxia accelerates the development of respiratory regulation in brine shrimp - But at a cost' Journal of Experimental Biology 202, (24) 3637-3646
Spicer & Gaston (1999) 'Amphipod gigantism dictated by oxygen availability?' Ecology Letters 2, (6) 397-403 , DOI
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1999) 'Developmental ecophysiology of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Talitridae) III. Physiological competency as a possible explanation for timing of hatchling release' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 232, (2) 275-283 , DOI
Spicer JI, Thomasson MA & Strömberg JO (1999) 'Possessing a poor anaerobic capacity does not prevent the diel vertical migration of Nordic krill Meganyctiphanes norvegica into hypoxic waters' Marine Ecology Progress Series 185, 181-187 , DOI
Gaston KJ & Spicer JI (1998) 'Do upper thermal tolerances differ in geographically separated populations of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Crustacea: Amphipoda)?' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 229, (2) 265-276 , DOI
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1998) 'The physiological ecology of talitrid amphipods: an update' Canadian Journal of Zoology 76, (11) 1965-1982 , DOI
Gaston K, Blackburn T & Spicer J (1998) 'Reply from K.J. Gaston, T.M. Blackburn and J.I. Spicer' Trends in Ecology & Evolution 13, (6) 242-242 , DOI
Spicer JI, Morritt D & Maltby L (1998) 'Effect of water-borne zinc on osmoregulation in the freshwater amphipodGammarus pulex(L.) from populations that differ in their sensitivity to metal stress' Functional Ecology 12, (2) 242-247 , DOI
Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM & Spicer JI (1998) 'Rapoport's rule: time for an epitaph?' Trends in Ecology & Evolution 13, (2) 70-74 , DOI
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1996) 'Developmental ecophysiology of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) (Crustacea: Amphipoda) II. Embryonic osmoregulation' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 207, (1-2) 205-216 , DOI
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1996) 'Developmental ecophysiology of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) (Crustacea: Amphipoda). I. Female control of the embryonic environment' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 207, (1-2) 191-203 , DOI
Spicer JI & Tabel H (1996) 'Notes on the occurrence of the introduced landhopperArcitalitrus dorrieni(Hunt, 1925) on Guernsey, Channel Islands' Journal of Natural History 30, (11) 1625-1632 , DOI
Spicer JI & Morritt D (1996) 'Ontogenic changes in cardiac function in crustaceans' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 114, (1) 81-89 , DOI
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1996) 'The Culture of Eggs and Embryos of Amphipod Crustaceans: Implications For Brood Pouch Physiology' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 76, (2) 361-376 , DOI
Spicer JI (1995) 'Effect of water-borne copper on respiratory and cardiac function during the early ontogeny of the brine shrimp, Artemia franciscana Kellogg 1908 (Branchiopoda: Anostraca)' Journal of Comparative Physiology B 165, (6) , DOI
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1995) 'Changes in the pattern of osmoregulation in the brackish water amphipodGammarus duebeni Lilljeborg (crustacea) during embryonic development' Journal of Experimental Zoology 273, (4) 271-281 , DOI
Spicer JI (1995) 'Oxygen and acid-base status of the sea urchin Psammechinus miliaris during environmental hypoxia' Marine Biology 124, (1) 71-76 , DOI
Spicer JI (1995) 'Ontogeny of respiratory function in crustaceans exhibiting either direct or indirect development' Journal of Experimental Zoology 272, (6) 413-418 , DOI
Spicer JI (1994) 'Ontogeny of cardiac function in the brine shrimpArtemia franciscana Kellogg 1906 (Branchiopoda: Anostraca)' Journal of Experimental Zoology 270, (6) 508-516 , DOI
Duncan P, Spicer JI, Taylor AC & Davies PS (1994) 'Acid-base disturbances accompanying emersion in the scallop Pecten maximus (L.)' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 182, (1) 15-25 , DOI
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1994) 'Oxygen-binding by haemocyanins from an ecological series of amphipod crustaceans' Marine Biology 120, (2) 231-237 , DOI
Spicer JI, Morritt D & Taylor AC (1994) 'Effect of low temperature on oxygen uptake and haemolymph ions in the sandhopper Talitrus saltator (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 74, (2) 313-321 , DOI
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1994) 'The origin and metabolic significance of exosomatic water in the semi-terrestrial beachflea,Orchestia gammarellus(Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Journal of Zoology 232, (4) 617-632 , DOI
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1993) 'A brief re-examination of the function and regulation of extracellular magnesium and its relationship to activity in crustacean arthropods' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 106, (1) 19-23 , DOI
Spicer JI & Weber RE (1992) 'Respiratory impairment by water-borne copper and zinc in the edible crab cancer pagurus (L.) (Crustacea: Decapoda) during hypoxic exposure' Marine Biology 112, (3) 429-435 , DOI
Spicer J & McMahon B (1992) 'Haemocyanin oxygen binding and the physiological ecology of a range of talitroidean amphipods (Crustacea)' Journal of Comparative Physiology B 162, (1) , DOI
Spicer J & McMahon B (1991) 'Haemocyanin oxygen binding and the physiological ecology of a range of talitroidean amphipods (Crustacea) II. Effect of freezing, inorganic ions, and urate on O2 binding in vitro' Journal of Comparative Physiology B 161, (2) , DOI
Taylor AC & Spicer JI (1991) 'Acid-base disturbances in the haemolymph of the prawns, Palaemon elegans (Rathke) and P. serratus (Pennant) (Crustacea: Decapoda) during exposure to hypoxia' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 98, (3-4) 445-452 , DOI
Spicer JI & Weber RE (1991) 'Respiratory impairment in crustaceans and molluscs due to exposure to heavy metals' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Comparative Pharmacology 100, (3) 339-342 , DOI
Spicer JI & McMahon BR (1990) 'Haemocyanin oxygen binding and the physiological ecology of a range of talitroidean amphipods (Crustacea) I. pH, temperature, and l-lactate sensitivity' Journal of Comparative Physiology B 160, (2) 195-200 , DOI
Spicer JI, Taylor AC & McMahon BR (1990) '(O2-binding properties of haemocyanin from the sandhopper Talitrus saltator (Montagu, 1808) (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 135, (3) 213-228 , DOI
Spicer JI, Hill AD, Taylor AC & Strang RHC (1990) 'Effect of aerial exposure on concentrations of selected metabolites in blood of the Norwegian lobsterNephrops norvegicus (Crustacea: Nephropidae)' Marine Biology 105, (1) 129-135 , DOI
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1989) 'O2-binding by the blood of the landhopper, Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 92, (3) 421-422 , DOI
Spicer JI, Taylor AC & Hill AD (1988) 'Acid-base status in the sea urchins Psammechinus miliaris and Echinus esculentus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) during emersion' Marine Biology 99, (4) 527-534 , DOI
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1987) 'Carbon dioxide transport and acid-base regulation in the blood of the beach-hopper Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Ophelia 28, (1) 49-61 , DOI
Taylor AC & Spicer JI (1987) 'Metabolic responses of the prawns Palaemon elegans and P. serratus (Crustacea: Decapoda) to acute hypoxia and anoxia' Marine Biology 95, (4) 521-530 , DOI
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1987) 'Respiration in air and water of some semi- and fully terrestrial talitrids (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Talitridae)' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 106, (3) 265-277 , DOI
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1987) 'Ionic regulation and salinity related changes in haemolymph protein in the semi-terrestrial beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 88, (2) 243-246 , DOI
Taylor AC, Spicer JI & Preston T (1987) 'The relationship between osmoregulation and nitrogen metabolism in the intertidal prawn, Palaemon elegans (Rathke)' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 88, (2) 291-298 , DOI
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1986) 'A comparative study of the gill area relationships in some talitrid amphipods' Journal of Natural History 20, (4) 935-947 , DOI
Moore PG & Spicer JI (1986) 'On the status ofArcitalitrus dorrieni(Crustacea: Amphipoda) on the island of Colonsay, Inner Hebrides' Journal of Natural History 20, (3) 667-680 , DOI
Taylor AC & Spicer JI (1986) 'Oxygen-transporting properties of the blood of two semi-terrestrial amphipods, Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) and O. mediterranea (Costa)' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 97, (2) 135-150 , DOI
Books
Spicer JI (2006) Biodiversity: A beginner's guide. Oneworld Books, Oxford
Burggren WW; Pelster B; Reiber CL; Spicer JI; Warburton S (2005) New Directions in Developmental Physiology. Oxford University Press: Oxford
Gaston KJ & Spicer JI (2003) Biodiversity: An introduction. (2nd ed). Blackwells
Gaston KJ & Spicer JI (2002) BIOPOIKILOTHTA. Mia eisagwgh (Greek Translation of Biodiversity).
Barnes RSK, Calow P, Olive PJW, Golding DW & Spicer JI (2001) The invertebrates: a new synthesis (3rd edition).
Chapters
Spicer JI, Tills OA, Truebano M & Rundle SD (2018) 'Developmental Plasticity and Heterokairy' in Burggren W; Dubanksy B Development and Environment , DOI
Conference Papers
Verberk WCEP, Bilton DT, Calosi P & Spicer JI (2013) 'How oxygen and temperature changes across latitude and elevation determine ecological distribution patterns' E219-E219
Calosi P, Turner LM, Hawkins M, Nightingale G, Bertolini C, Truebano-Garcia M, Ford A & Spicer JI (2013) 'The effect of exposure to multiple environmental challenges on multiple physiological responses: an inter-individual approach' E28-E28
Mourabit S, Rundle SD, Spicer JI & Sloman KA (2009) 'Alarm substance alters early embryonic development in two Danio species' S105-S105 , DOI
Calosi P, Donohue P, Alber S & Spicer JI (2009) 'Synergistic effect of ocean acidification and elevated temperature on the physiological ecology of the intertidal crab Porcellana platycheles' S169-S169 , DOI
Mesher C, Foggo A & Spicer JI (2009) 'Understanding physiological tolerance through thermal limits of three amphipod species' S170-S170 , DOI
Sanders JL, Kendall MA, Hawkins AJS & Spicer JI (2007) 'Can functional groups be used to indicate estuarine ecological status?' 45-58 , DOI