Professor Geoff Millward
Profiles

Professor Geoff Millward

Emeritus Professor

Faculty of Science and Engineering

Role

Research in Marine and Environmental Sciences.

Researcher in the Consolidated Radio-isotope Facility (CORiF).

Qualifications

MSc, PhD

Geoff Millward obtained his Graduateship of the Royal Institute of Chemistry in 1967 by part-time study, while working at the British Rail Research Laboratories at Derby and Doncaster. Subsequently, he undetook a PhD study, at the University of Keele, of gas phase reaction kinetics related to improving the efficiency of propulsion for hypersonic flight.

He obtained his PhD in 1970 and immediately emigrated to Canada where he undertook a postdoctoral study, at the University of Calgary, on the thermal stability of fluorochlorocarbon compounds used in the manufacture the heat shields on hypersonic vehicles. During this time he published several papers in the Journal of Physical Chemistry, Faraday Transactions, the International Journal of Chemical Kinetics and the Journal of Chemical Physics. He was then invited to join Simon Bauer's research team at Cornell University, New York, to work on a NASA contract, concerned with the thermal stability of sulphur compounds. In 1972, NASA announced the termination of the "Apollo" programme and he returned to the UK with the intention of starting in a new research field.

He entered the Oceanography Department at Southampton University as an MSc student and was awarded an MSc 1973. His research project was on the reactivity of mercury, which gave him an opportunity to transfer his knowledge of kinetics and mechanisms into the aquatic field. In 1973 he was appointed as a lecturer in Plymouth Polytechnic, where he has been ever since. Over the last 35 years most of his research has concerned reaction kinetics in aquatic systems, mainly involving praticle-water interactions, as well as being being involved in major thematic programmes, such as the North Sea Project, the Land-Ocean Interaction Study (LOIS) and Environmental Diagnostics.

In 1989 he was presented with a Churchill Silver Medal by Queen Elizabeth for his work on the North Sea.

Professional membership

2017-presentTrustee Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association

Roles on external bodies

2017 Guest editor for a special edition of Estuarine Coastal andShelf Science on papers presented at ECSA-55.

2015 Guest editor for a special edition of Marine Pollution Bulletin on the English Channel and its catchments.

2014 Guest editor for a special edition of Journal of Environmental Radioactivity on radioactivity and impact on health.

2013 Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Science: member of a research assessment panel for Environmental Sciences.

2012-2016 President of the Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association.

2012 Scientific Committee on Ocean Research (SCOR) Visiting Scholar to Thailand. 

2008-2009 Guest editor for a special edition of Marine Pollution Bulletin on the Severn Estuary.

2006-2009 Member of the EPSRC Peer Review College.

2006 Registered consultant with the Portuguese Research Foundation.

2004-2007 Founder member and Member of the Steering Committee of the the NERC-funded AQUANET on Natural Aquatic Colloids. 

2003-2008 Member of the External Advisory Committee of the Center for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM), University of Aveiro.  

2003-2006 Member of the Center of Excellence for Baltic Development, Education and Research (BALTDER), Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk, Poland.

2004 Chair of the Working Party on Background Concentrations of Natural and Xenobiotic Substances for the Oslo and Paris Commissions (OSPAR), The Hague, Netherlands.

2003-2004 Senior Editor for a volume of "Marine Pollution Bulletin" containing the reviewed papers delivered at ECSA-34.

2002-2003 Guest Editor (with Professor M.B. Jones) for a Special Volume of "Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science" to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the founding of ECSA.

2002-2003 Guest Editor (with C. Neal) for a Special Volume of "Science of the Total Environment" on modelling of environmental processes.

 

Teaching interests

 Education of students using the Consolidated Radio-isotope Facility, in particular on radiological safety, measurement of environmental radioactivity its and its distribution in natural and polluted environments throughout the world. There is also an commitment to the evaluation of processes related to the environmental transport of radionuclides. 

 

Staff serving as external examiners

EXTERNAL EXAMINATION OF TAUGHT DEGREES

2005-2008 External Examiner for MSc programmes at School of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Southampton.

2000-2004 BSc Marine Chemistry, University of Wales-Bangor.

2000-2003 BSc Environmental Science, University of Wales-Bangor.

EXAMINATION OF RESEARCH DEGREES

2013 University of Tasmania, Australia

2009 University of Sindh, Pakistan

2007 University of Aveiro, Portugal

2005 University of Greenwich.

2005 PhD University of Aveiro, Portugal.

2004 PhD University Of Lancaster.

2004 PhD University of Wales-Bangor.

2003 PhD University of Vigo, Spain.

2002 PhD University of Wales-Cardiff.

2002 PhD University of Aveiro, Portugal.

2002 MPhil University of the West Indies, Jamaica.

Research interests

Professor Millward has 30 years research experience focussing on the development of a fundamental understanding of contaminant behaviour in marine systems and the uptake of pollutants by marine organisms and he has published over 100 technical papers on the subject.  

His research has received research grants from funding agencies (including DTI, EA, EU, NERC) and commissioned work for regulatory authorities. He has successfully supervised 30 Ph.D. students, in collaboration with the Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML) and British Maritime Technology (BMT), on the behaviour of heavy metals (e.g. As, Cd, Hg, Pb) and micro-organic pollutants (PCBs, PAHs, surfactants). In 1989 he was awarded a Churchill Silver Medal for his studies of the North Sea. 

His research involves examination of particle character, coupled with radiochemical techniques to evaluate the kinetics and mechanisms of particle-water interactions of contaminants. Evaluation of time-dependent uptake, involving a range of particle types, can be used in the development of predictive, computer-based models for contaminant transport. The results of these studies are being used to enhance the performance of advanced computer codes (ECoS and PISCES) which are capable of predicting the fate of contaminants in natural and polluted systems. Professor Millward has worked on the the Ria de Aveiro, with Portuguese colleagues, studying in the fate of Hg contamination from a chlor-alkali plant. His group has evaluated the impact of the construction of a tidal barrage, in Plymouth, for the Environment Agency.

Research degrees awarded to supervised students

Kavinseksan, C. (2007). PhD "Metal Binding in Sediments and Cockles from Tropical and Temperate Estuaries".

Rattanchongkiat, S. (2004). PhD "Arsenic in the Pak Pa-Nang River Basin, Thailand".

Watts, S.J. (2004). PhD "Recovery of the Mersey Estuary from Metal Contamination".

Dale, A. (2003). PhD "The Oceanography and Modelling of the Pontevedra Ria (NW Spain)".

Jones-Hughes, T.L. (2002). PhD "The Influence of Surfactants on the Sorption of Phenanthrene in Natural Waters".

Rees, A.P. (2001). PhD "The Uptake and Flux of Dissolved Nitrogen in Marine Waters".

Richards, J.P. (2001). PhD "Implementing Marine Pollution Policy: Proposals for Change".

Since 1980 Professor Millward has supervised 36 PhDs and 2 MPhils.

Grants & contracts

2007 EPSRC £34,611 Mobilisation and transport of contaminated sediments in a high capacity flume

2006 Enviros Consulting & Environment Agency. £10,000. Interactions of radionuclides with sewage sludge.

2006 Environment Agency. £4,000. Review of the Severn Estuary in collaboration with the MBA.

2005 EU £120,000 Marie Curie Postdoctoral Fellowship.

2005 EPSRC £145,000 A test bed for coupling chemical reactivity with hydrodynamics.  

2004 NERC £60,000 Formation of the "AQUANET" Geocolloids Group, with the University of Birmingham.  

2003 NERC £ 26,500 Characteristics of estuarine particles, with the University of Birmingham.

2003 Thai Govt £ 60,000 PhD Research Studentship for 4 years.

2002 Leverhulme £105,000 Organic nitrogen in estuaries.

2002 British Council £ 5,000 Arsenic contamination in Thailand.

2001Thai Govt £ 60,000 PhD Research Studentship for 4 years.

Key publications are highlighted

Journals

Wynants, M., Millward, G., Patrick, A., Taylor, A., Munishi, L., Mtei, K., . . . Blake, W. H. (2020). Determining tributary sources of increased sedimentation in East-African Rift Lakes. Science of The Total Environment, 717, 137266. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137266

Owens, P. N., Blake, W. H., & Millward, G. E. (2019). Extreme levels of fallout radionuclides and other contaminants in glacial sediment (cryoconite) and implications for downstream aquatic ecosystems. Scientific Reports, 9, 12531. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-48873-z

Taylor, A., Blake, W. H., Iurian, A. R., Millward, G. E., & Mabit, L. (2019). The use of Be-7 as a soil and sediment tracer. In Assessing Recent Soil Erosion Rates through the Use of Beryllium-7 (Be-7) (pp. 1-13). Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-10982-0_1

Iurian, A. R., & Millward, G. E. (2019). Measurement of Be-7 in environmental materials. In Assessing Recent Soil Erosion Rates through the Use of Beryllium-7 (Be-7) (pp. 29-44). Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-10982-0_3

Blake, W. H., Taylor, A., Iurian, A. R., Millward, G. E., & Mabit, L. (2019). Conversion of Be-7 activity concentrations into soil and sediment redistribution amounts. In Assessing Recent Soil Erosion Rates through the Use of Beryllium-7 (Be-7) (pp. 45-59). Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-10982-0_4

Rattikansukha, C., Millward, G. E., & Langston, W. J. (2019). Partitioning of Cd, Zn and Fe in the tissues and cytosols of blood cockles (Anadara granosa) from the Gulf of Thailand. Estuaries and Coasts, 42, 237-249. doi:10.1007/s12237-018-0452-1

Millward, G. E., & Turner, A. (2018). Metal Pollution ☆. In Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene (pp. 77-85). Elsevier. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-809665-9.09114-x

Foulkes, M., Millward, G., Henderson, S., & Blake, W. (2017). Bioaccessibility of U, Th and Pb in solid wastes and soils from an abandoned uranium mine. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 173, 85-96. doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.11.030

Millward, G. E., & Taylor, A. (2017). Sediment Analysis ☆. In Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering. Elsevier. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-409547-2.14329-x

Little, S., Spencer, K. L., Schuttelaars, H. M., Millward, G. E., & Elliott, M. (2017). Unbounded boundaries and shifting baselines: Estuaries and coastal seas in a rapidly changing world. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 198, 311-319. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2017.10.010

Iurian, A. R., Millward, G. E., Sima, O., Taylor, A., & Blake, W. (2017). Self-attenuation corrections for Pb-210 in gamma-ray spectrometry using well and coaxial HPGe detectors. Applied Radiation and Isotopes. doi:10.1016/j.apradiso.2017.06.048

Millward, G. E., Jha, A. N., Minier, C., Pope, N. D., & Langston, W. J. (2015). The English Channel and its catchments: Status and responses to contaminants. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 95, 523-528. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.02.004

Tappin, A. D., & Millward, G. E. (2015). The English Channel: Contamination status of its transitional and coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 95, 529-550. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.12.012

Shams, L., Turner, A., Millward, G. E., & Brown, M. T. (2014). Extra- and intra-cellular accumulation of platinum group elements by the marine microalga, Chlorella stigmatophora. Water Research, 50, 432-440. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2013.10.055

Varma, R., Turner, A., Brown, M. T., & Millward, G. E. (2013). Metal accumulation kinetics by the estuarine macroalga, Fucus ceranoides. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 128, 33-40. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2013.05.014

Fitzsimons, M. F., Lohan, M., Tappin, A. D., & Millward, G. E. (2012). Role of suspended particles in estuarine and coastal biogeochemistry. In E. Wolanski, & D. McLusky (Eds.), Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science (Vol. 12, pp. 71-114). Academic Press.

Millward, G. E., Kadam, S., & Jha, A. N. (2012). Tissue-specific assimilation, depuration and toxicity of nickel in Mytilus edulis.. Environmental Pollution, 162, 406-412. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2011.11.034

Takahashi, C. K., Turner, A., Millward, G. E., & Glegg, G. A. (2012). Persistence and metallic composition of paint particles in sediments from a tidal inlet.. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64, 133-137. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.10.010

Jaeschke, B. C., Millward, G. E., Moody, A. J., & Jha, A. N. (2011). Tissue-specific incorporation and genotoxicity of different forms of tritium in the marine mussel, Mytilus edulis.. Environmental Pollution, 159, 274-280. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2010.08.033

Tappin, A. D., Millward, G. E., & Fitzsimons, M. F. (2010). Particle-water interactions of organic nitrogen in turbid estuaries. Marine Chemistry, 122, 28-38. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2010.08.006

Langston, W. J., Jonas, P. J. C., & Millward, G. E. (2010). The Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel: a 25 year critical review.. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 61, 1-4. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.12.009

Jonas, P. J. C., & Millward, G. E. (2010). Metals and nutrients in the Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel: contemporary inputs and distributions.. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 61, 52-67. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.12.013

Couceiro, F., Rauen, W., Millward, G. E., Lin, B., Turner, A., & Falconer, R. (2009). Transport and reactivity of nickel in estuarine sediments: Results from a high capacity flume. Marine Chemistry, 117, 71-76. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2009.06.005

Santos-Echeandia, J., Prego, R., Cobelo-Garcia, A., & Millward, G. E. (2009). Porewater geochemistry in a Galician Ria (NW Iberian Peninsula): Implications for benthic fluxes of dissolved trace elements (Co, Cu, Ni, Pb, V, Zn). Marine Chemistry, 117, 77-87. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2009.05.001

Turner, A., Millward, G. E., & Stemp, M. (2009). Distribution of tritium in estuarine waters: the role of organic matter. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 100, 890-895. doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2009.06.018

 


Articles
Wynants M, Millward G, Patrick A, Taylor A, Munishi L, Mtei K, Brendonck L, Gilvear D, Boeckx P & Ndakidemi P 2020 'Determining tributary sources of increased sedimentation in East-African Rift Lakes' Science of The Total Environment 717, 137266-137266 , DOI
Owens PN, Blake WH & Millward GE 2019 'Extreme levels of fallout radionuclides and other contaminants in glacial sediment (cryoconite) and implications for downstream aquatic ecosystems' Scientific Reports 9, (1) , DOI PEARL
Rattikansukha C, Millward GE & Langston WJ 2018 'Partitioning of Cd, Zn and Fe in the Tissues and Cytosols of Blood Cockles (Anadara granosa) from the Gulf of Thailand' Estuaries and Coasts 42, (1) 237-249 , DOI
Little S, Spencer KL, Schuttelaars HM, Millward GE & Elliott M 2017 'Unbounded boundaries and shifting baselines: Estuaries and coastal seas in a rapidly changing world' Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 198, 311-319 , DOI
Iurian AR, Millward GE, Sima O, Taylor A & Blake W 2017 'Self-attenuation corrections for Pb-210 in gamma-ray spectrometry using well and coaxial HPGe detectors' Applied Radiation and Isotopes , DOI PEARL
Loring DH, Rantala RTT, Millward GE, Ackroyd DR, Morris AW, Bale AJ & Howland RJM 2017 'Sediment mobility and its contribution to trace metal cycling and retention in a macrotidal estuary' WATER SCI. & TECHNOL. 18, (4-5 , 1986) 111-119
Foulkes M, Millward G, Henderson S & Blake W 2016 'Bioaccessibility of U, Th and Pb in solid wastes and soils from an abandoned uranium mine' Journal of Environmental Radioactivity , DOI PEARL
Millward GE, Jha AN, Minier C, Pope ND & Langston WJ 2015 'The English Channel and its catchments: Status and responses to contaminants' Marine Pollution Bulletin 95, (2) 523-528 , DOI
Tappin AD & Millward GE 2015 'The English Channel: Contamination status of its transitional and coastal waters' Marine Pollution Bulletin 95, (2) 529-550 , DOI PEARL
Jha AN, Blake WH & Millward GE 2014 'Preface: environmental radioactivity: implications for human and environmental health' Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 133, 1-4 , DOI
Shams L, Turner A, Millward GE & Brown MT 2014 'Extra- and intra-cellular accumulation of platinum group elements by the marine microalga, Chlorella stigmatophora' Water Research 50, 432-440 , DOI PEARL
Varma R, Turner A, Brown MT & Millward GE 2013 'Metal accumulation kinetics by the estuarine macroalga, Fucus ceranoides' Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 128, 33-40 , DOI PEARL
Millward GE, Kadam S & Jha AN 2012 'Tissue-specific assimilation, depuration and toxicity of nickel in Mytilus edulis' Environ Pollut 162, 406-412 Author Site , DOI
Takahashi CK, Turner A, Millward GE & Glegg GA 2012 'Persistence and metallic composition of paint particles in sediments from a tidal inlet' Mar Pollut Bull 64, (1) 133-137 Author Site , DOI
Jaeschke BC, Millward GE, Moody AJ & Jha AN 2011 'Tissue-specific incorporation and genotoxicity of different forms of tritium in the marine mussel, Mytilus edulis' Environ Pollut 159, (1) 274-280 Author Site , DOI
Tappin AD, Millward GE & Fitzsimons MF 2010 'Particle-water interactions of organic nitrogen in turbid estuaries' MARINE CHEMISTRY 122, (1-4) 28-38 Author Site , DOI
Jonas PJC & Millward GE 2010 'Metals and nutrients in the Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel: contemporary inputs and distributions' Mar Pollut Bull 61, (1-3) 52-67 Author Site , DOI
Langston WJ, Jonas PJC & Millward GE 2010 'The Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel: a 25 year critical review' Mar Pollut Bull 61, (1-3) 1-4 Author Site , DOI
Turner A, Millward GE & Stemp M 2009 'Distribution of tritium in estuarine waters: the role of organic matter' J Environ Radioact 100, (10) 890-895 Author Site , DOI
Cobelo-Garcia A, Turner A & Millward GE 2008 'Fractionation and reactivity of platinum group elements during estuarine mixing' Environ Sci Technol 42, (4) 1096-1101 Author Site , DOI
Turner A, Le Roux SM & Millward GE 2008 'Adsorption of cadmium to iron and manganese oxides during estuarine mixing' MARINE CHEMISTRY 108, (1-2) 77-84 Author Site , DOI
Couceiro F, Tumer A & Millward GE 2007 'Adsorption and desorption kinetics of rhodium (III) and platinum (IV) in turbid suspensions: Potential tracers for sediment transport in estuarine flumes' Marine Chemistry 107, (3) 308-318
Cobelo-Garcia A, Turner A, Millward GE & Couceiro F 2007 'Behaviour of palladium(II), platinum(IV), and rhodium(III) in artificial and natural waters: Influence of reactor surface and geochemistry on metal recovery' Analytica Chimica Acta 585, (2) 202-210
Tappin AD, Millward GE & Fitzsimons MF 2007 'Distributions, cycling and recovery of amino acids in estuarine waters and sediments' Environmental Chemistry Letters 5, (3) 161-167
Coelho JP, Policarpo E, Pardal MA, Millward GE, Pereira ME & Duarte AC 2007 'Mercury contamination in invertebrate biota in a temperate coastal lagoon (Ria de Aveiro, Portugal)' Marine Pollution Bulletin 54, (4) 475-480
Monterroso P, Pato P, Pereira ME, Millward GE, Vale C & Duarte A 2007 'Metal-contaminated sediments in a semi-closed basin: Implications for recovery' Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 71, (1-2) 148-158
Tappin AD, Fitzsimons MF & Millward GE 2007 'Natural estuarine particles and their uptake of nitrogen in estuaries' Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 71, (15) A1005-A1005
Tappin AD, Millward GE & Fitzsimons MF 2007 'The distribution, cycling and recovery of amino acids in estuarine waters and sediments. , ' Environmental Chemistry Letters 5, 161-167
Foulkes M, Rattanachongkiat S, Utoomprukporn W, Taiyaqupt M, Tantichodok P, Chongprasith P & Millward G 2007 'Water chemistry and arsenic concentrations in Pak Panang Bay, Southern Thailand: Influences of the North East Monsoon' Journal of Coastal Research 23, (3) 731-739
Turner A, Crussell M, Millward GE, Cobelo-Garcia A & Fisher AS 2006 'Adsorption kinetics of platinum group elements in river water' Environmental Science & Technology 40, (5) 1524-1531
Jha AN, Dogra Y, Turner A & Millward GE 2006 'Are low doses of tritium genotoxic to Mytilus edulis?' Marine Environmental Research 62, S297-S300
Fitzsimons MF, Millward GE, Revitt DM & Dawit MD 2006 'Desorption kinetics of ammonium and methylamines from estuarine sediments: Consequences for the cycling of nitrogen' Marine Chemistry 101, (1-2) 12-26
Cobelo-Garcia A, Millward GE, Prego R & Lukashin V 2006 'Metal concentrations in Kandalaksha Bay, White Sea (Russia) following the spring snowmelt' Environmental Pollution 143, (1) 89-99
Jha AN, Dogra Y, Turner A & Millward GE 2005 'Impact of low doses of tritium on the marine mussel, Mytilus edulis: Genotoxic effects and tissue-specific bioconcentration' Mutation Research-Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis 586, (1) 47-57
Doucet FJ, Lead JR, Maguire L, Achterberg EP & Millward GE 2005 'Visualisation of natural aquatic colloids and particles - a comparison of conventional high vacuum and environmental scanning electron microscopy' Journal of Environmental Monitoring 7, (2) 115-121
Rattanachongkiat S, Millward GE & Foulkes ME 2004 'Determination of arsenic species in fish, crustacean and sediment samples from Thailand using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)' Journal of Environmental Monitoring 6, (4) 254-261
Millward GE & Poutanen EL 2004 'Estuaries and brackish waters: Pollution barriers or sources to the sea? Editorial' Marine Pollution Bulletin 49, (3) 147-147
Turner A, Millward GE & Le Roux SM 2004 'Significance of oxides and particulate organic matter in controlling trace metal partitioning in a contaminated estuary' Marine Chemistry 88, (3-4) 179-192
Turner A, Le Roux SM & Millward GE 2004 'Speciation and partitioning of cadmium and zinc in two contrasting estuaries: The role of hydrophobic organic matter' Limnology and Oceanography 49, (1) 11-19
Dale AW, Prego R, Millward GE & Gomez-Gesteira M 2004 'Transient oceanic and tidal contributions to water exchange and residence times in a coastal upwelling system in the NE Atlantic: the Pontevedra Ria, Galicia' Marine Pollution Bulletin 49, (3) 235-248
Martino M, Turner A & Millward GE 2003 'Influence of organic complexation on the adsorption kinetics of nickel in river waters' Environmental Science & Technology 37, (11) 2383-2388
Neal C, Leeks GJL, Millward GE, Harris JRW, Huthnance JM & Rees JG 2003 'Land Ocean Interaction: processes, functioning and environmental management: a UK perspective' Science of the Total Environment 314, 801-819
Neal C, Leeks GJL, Millward GE, Harris JRW, Huthnance JM & Rees JG 2003 'Land–ocean interaction: processes, functioning and environmental management from a UK perspective: an introduction' Science of the Total Environment 314, 3-11
Achterberg EP, Herzl VMC, Braungardt CB & Millward GE 2003 'Metal behaviour in an estuary polluted by acid mine drainage: the role of particulate matter' Environmental Pollution 121, (2) 283-292
Millward GE & Liu YP 2003 'Modelling metal desorption kinetics in estuaries' Science of the Total Environment 314, 613-623
Punt AG, Millward GE & Harris JRW 2003 'Modelling solute transport in the Tweed Estuary, UK using ECoS' Science of the Total Environment 314, 715-725
Prego R, Cobelo-Garcia A, Lukashin V, Gordeev V & Millward GE 2003 'Particulate nickel distribution and fluxes in the sediments and suspended particulate matter of Kandalaksha Bay (White Sea, Russia)' Oceanology 43, S173-S178
Utoomprurkporn W, Millward GE, Foulkes M, Rattanachongkiat S, Taiyagupt M & Tantichodok P 2003 'Seasonality in arsenic biogeochemistry: Pak Panang Bay, southern Thailand' Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 67, (18) A506-A506
Herzl VMC, Millward GE, Wollast R & Achterberg EP 2003 'Species of dissolved Cu and Ni and their adsorption kinetics in turbid riverwater' Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 56, (1) 43-52
Millward GE, Sands TK, Nimmo M, Turner A & Tappin AD 2002 'Nickel in the Humber plume: Influences of particle dynamics and reactivity' Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 54, (5) 821-832
Martino M, Turner A, Nimmo A & Millward GE 2002 'Resuspension, reactivity and recycling of trace metals in the Mersey Estuary, UK' Marine Chemistry 77, (2-3) 171-186
2002 'Strategic estuarine research in the new millennium: papers to mark the 30th anniversary of ECSA' Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 55, 805-1008
Turner A & Millward GE 2002 'Suspended particles: Their role in estuarine biogeochemical cycles' Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 55, (6) 857-883
Knapinska-Skiba D, Bojanowski R, Radecki Z & Millward GE 2001 'Activity concentrations and fluxes of radiocesium in the southern Baltic sea' Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 53, (6) 779-786
Tappin A, Millward GE & Fitzsimons MF 2001 'Distribution, cycling and recovery of amino acids in estuarine waters and sediments' Environmental Chemistry Letters 5, 161-167
Le Roux SM, Turner A, Millward GE, Ebdon L & Appriou P 2001 'Partitioning of mercury onto suspended sediments in estuaries' Journal of Environmental Monitoring 3, (1) 37-42
Turner A, Millward GE & Le Roux SM 2001 'Sediment-water partitioning of inorganic mercury in estuaries' Environmental Science & Technology 35, (23) 4648-4654
Turner A & Millward GE 2000 'Particle dynamics and trace metal reactivity in estuarine plumes' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 50, (6) 761-774 Author Site , DOI
Millward GE, Rowley C, Sands TK, Howland RJM & Pantiulin A 1999 'Metals in the sediments and mussels of the Chupa Estuary (White Sea) Russia' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 48, (1) 13-25 Author Site , DOI
Howland RJM, Pantiulin AN, Millward GE & Prego R 1999 'The hydrography of the Chupa Estuary, White Sea, Russia' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 48, (1) 1-12 Author Site , DOI
Liu YP, Millward GE & Harris JRW 1998 'Modelling the distributions of dissolved Zn and Ni in the Tamar Estuary using hydrodynamics coupled with chemical kinetics' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 47, (5) 535-546 Author Site , DOI
Millward GE, Morris AW & Tappin AD 1998 'Trace metals at two sites in the southern North Sea: Results from a sediment resuspension study' CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH 18, (11) 1381-1400 Author Site , DOI
Punt AG, Millward GE & Jones MB 1998 'Uptake and depuration of 63Ni by Mytilus edulis' Sci Total Environ 214, 71-78 Author Site , DOI
Pereira ME, Duarte AC, Millward GE, Vale C & Abreu SN 1998 'Tidal export of particulate mercury from the most contaminated area of Aveiro's Lagoon, Portugal' SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 213, (1-3) 157-163 Author Site , DOI
Williams MR, Millward GE, Nimmo M & Fones G 1998 'Fluxes of Cu, Pb and Mn to the northeastern Irish Sea: The importance of sedimental and atmospheric inputs' MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN 36, (5) 366-375 Author Site , DOI
Allison N, Millward GE & Jones MB 1998 'Particle processing by Mytilus edulis: effects on bioavailability of metals' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 222, (1-2) 149-162 Author Site , DOI
Williams MR & Millward GE 1998 'Dynamics of particulate trace metals in the tidal reaches of the Ouse and Trent, UK' MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN 37, (3-7) 306-315 Author Site
Tappin AD, Burton JD, Millward GE & Statham PJ 1997 'A numerical transport model for predicting the distributions of Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn in the southern North Sea: the sensitivity of model results to the uncertainties in the magnitudes of metal inputs' JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS 13, (1-4) 173-204 Author Site , DOI
Millward GE, Kitts HJ, Ebdon L, Allen JI & Morris AW 1997 'Arsenic in the Thames Plume, UK' MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 44, (1) 51-67 Author Site , DOI
Millward GE, Kitts HJ, Ebdon L, Allen JI & Morris AW 1997 'Arsenic species in the Humber Plume, UK' CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH 17, (4) 435-454 Author Site , DOI
Millward GE, Kitts HJ, Comber SDW, Ebdon L & Howard AG 1996 'Methylated arsenic in the southern North Sea' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 43, (1) 1-18 Author Site , DOI
Millward GE, Allen JI, Morris AW & Turner A 1996 'Distributions and fluxes of non-detrital particulate Fe,Mn,Cu,Zn in the Humber coastal zone, UK' CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH 16, (7) 967-993 Author Site , DOI
Tyler AO & Millward GE 1996 'Distribution and partitioning of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls in the Humber Estuary, UK' MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN 32, (5) 397-403 Author Site , DOI
Ng B, Turner A, Tyler AO, Falconer RA & Millward GE 1996 'Modelling contaminant geochemistry in estuaries' WATER RESEARCH 30, (1) 63-74 Author Site , DOI
Smith JA, Millward GE, Babbedge NH, Attrill MJ & Jones MB 1995 'Changes in benthic community structure following construction of a harbour impoundment scheme' Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 29, (3-4) 449-457 , DOI
Pereira ME, Duarte AC & Millward GE 1995 'Seasonal variability in mercury inputs into the Ria de Aveiro, Portugal' Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 29, (3-4) 291-296 , DOI
TAPPIN AD, MILLWARD GE, STATHAM PJ, BURTON JD & MORRIS AW 1995 'TRACE-METALS IN THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN NORTH-SEA' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 41, (3) 275-323 Author Site , DOI
BELLERBY RGJ, TURNER DR, MILLWARD GE & WORSFOLD PJ 1995 'SHIPBOARD FLOW-INJECTION DETERMINATION OF SEA-WATER PH WITH SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC DETECTION' ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA 309, (1-3) 259-270 Author Site , DOI
SMITH JA, MILLWARD GE & BABBEDGE NH 1995 'MONITORING AND MANAGEMENT OF WATER AND SEDIMENT QUALITY CHANGES CAUSED BY A HARBOR IMPOUNDMENT SCHEME' ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL 21, (2) 197-204 Author Site , DOI
Williams MR, Millward GE, Hill SJ & Morris AW 1994 '206/207PB isotopic ratios applied to particulate transport processes-North eastern Irish Sea' Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 28, (3-4) 353-358 , DOI
Millward GE, Williams MR & Clifton RJ 1994 'Particle sources and trace element reactivity in the Humber plume' Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 28, (3-4) 359-364 , DOI
KITTS HJ, MILLWARD GE, MORRIS AW & EBDON L 1994 'ARSENIC BIOGEOCHEMISTRY IN THE HUMBER ESTUARY, UK' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 39, (2) 157-172 Author Site , DOI
SEEBOLD CR, GLASSON DR, MILLWARD GE & GRAHAM MA 1994 'DIESEL PARTICULATE CHARACTERIZATION BY VACUUM MICROBALANCE TECHNIQUES' THERMOCHIMICA ACTA 240, 257-264 Author Site , DOI
TURNER A & MILLWARD GE 1994 'PARTITIONING OF TRACE-METALS IN A MACROTIDAL ESTUARY - IMPLICATIONS FOR CONTAMINANT TRANSPORT MODELS' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 39, (1) 45-58 Author Site , DOI
TYLER AO, MILLWARD GE, JONES PH & TURNER A 1994 'POLYCHLORINATED DIBENZO-PARA-DIOXINS AND POLYCHLORINATED DIBENZOFURANS IN SEDIMENTS FROM UK ESTUARIES' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 39, (1) 1-13 Author Site , DOI
TURNER A, MILLWARD GE & TYLER AO 1994 'THE DISTRIBUTION AND CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION OF PARTICLES IN A MACROTIDAL ESTUARY' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 38, (1) 1-17 Author Site , DOI
MILLWARD GE, EBDON L & WALTON AP 1993 'SEASONALITY IN ESTUARINE SOURCES OF METHYLATED ARSENIC' APPLIED ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY 7, (7) 499-511 Author Site , DOI
BELLERBY RGJ, MILLWARD GE, TURNER DR & WORSFOLD PJ 1993 'APPROACHES TO THE CONTINUOUS MONITORING OF SEAWATER PH AND ITS ROLE IN THE GLOBAL CARBON-CYCLE' TRAC-TRENDS IN ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 12, (9) 382-386 Author Site
Scott PM 1993 'Recent developments in methods of analysis for mycotoxins in foodstuffs' TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 12, (9) 382-386 , DOI
JAGO CF, BALE AJ, GREEN MO, HOWARTH MJ, JONES SE, MCCAVE IN, MILLWARD GE, MORRIS AW, ROWDEN AA & WILLIAMS JJ 1993 'RESUSPENSION PROCESSES AND SESTON DYNAMICS, SOUTHERN NORTH-SEA' PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES 343, (1669) 475-491 Author Site , DOI
TURNER A, MILLWARD GE, BALE AJ & MORRIS AW 1993 'APPLICATION OF THE K(D) CONCEPT TO THE STUDY OF TRACE-METAL REMOVAL AND DESORPTION DURING ESTUARINE MIXING' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 36, (1) 1-13 Author Site , DOI
TURNER A, MILLWARD GE, BALE AJ & MORRIS AW 1992 'THE SOLID-SOLUTION PARTITIONING OF TRACE-METALS IN THE SOUTHERN NORTH-SEA - INSITU RADIOCHEMICAL EXPERIMENTS' CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH 12, (11) 1311-1329 Author Site , DOI
TURNER A, MILLWARD GE, SCHUCHARDT B, SCHIRMER M & PRANGE A 1992 'TRACE-METAL DISTRIBUTION COEFFICIENTS IN THE WESER ESTUARY (GERMANY)' CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH 12, (11) 1277-1292 Author Site , DOI
MILLWARD GE, GLEGG GA & MORRIS AW 1992 'ZN AND CU REMOVAL KINETICS IN ESTUARINE WATERS' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 35, (1) 37-54 Author Site , DOI
TURNER A, MILLWARD GE & MORRIS AW 1991 'PARTICULATE METALS IN 5 MAJOR NORTH-SEA ESTUARIES' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 32, (4) 325-346 Author Site , DOI
Seebold CR, Glasson DR, Millward GE, Graham MA, Bond GC, Namijo SN, Wakeman JS, Price D, Horrocks AR & Akalin M 1990 'Application of evolved gas analysis' Analytical Proceedings 27, (6) 145-145 , DOI
Walton AP, Ebdon L & Millward GE 1988 'Methylation of inorganic lead by Tamar Estuary (UK) sediments' Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2, (1) 87-90 , DOI
AUSTIN LS & MILLWARD GE 1988 'SIMULATED EFFECTS OF TROPOSPHERIC EMISSIONS ON THE GLOBAL ANTIMONY CYCLE' ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT 22, (7) 1395-1403 Author Site , DOI
GLEGG GA, TITLEY JG, MILLWARD GE, GLASSON DR & MORRIS AW 1988 'SORPTION BEHAVIOR OF WASTE-GENERATED TRACE-METALS IN ESTUARINE WATERS' WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 20, (6-7) 113-121 Author Site
MOORE RM & MILLWARD GE 1988 'THE KINETICS OF REVERSIBLE TH REACTIONS WITH MARINE PARTICLES' GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA 52, (1) 113-118 Author Site , DOI
ACKROYD DR, MILLWARD GE & MORRIS AW 1987 'PERIODICITY IN THE TRACE-METAL CONTENT OF ESTUARINE SEDIMENTS' OCEANOLOGICA ACTA 10, (2) 161-168 Author Site
Ebdon L, Walton AP, Millward GE & Whitfield M 1987 'Methylated arsenic species in estuarine porewaters' Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1, (5) 427-433 , DOI
TITLEY JG, GLEGG GA, GLASSON DR & MILLWARD GE 1987 'SURFACE-AREAS AND POROSITIES OF PARTICULATE MATTER IN TURBID ESTUARIES' CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH 7, (11-12) 1363-1366 Author Site , DOI
ACKROYD DR, BALE AJ, HOWLAND RJM, KNOX S, MILLWARD GE & MORRIS AW 1986 'DISTRIBUTIONS AND BEHAVIOR OF DISSOLVED CU, ZN AND MN IN THE TAMAR ESTUARY' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 23, (5) 621-640 Author Site , DOI
AUSTIN LS & MILLWARD GE 1986 'ATMOSPHERE-COASTAL OCEAN FLUXES OF PARTICULATE ARSENIC AND ANTIMONY' CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH 6, (3) 459-474 Author Site , DOI
Sparkes S, Ebdon L, Bysouth SR, Tyson JF, Nabi A, Worsfold PJ, Power A, Dadgar D, Memon MH & Worsfold PJ 1986 'Research and development topics in Analytical Chemistry' Analytical Proceedings 23, (12) 410-410 , DOI
MARSH JG, CROSBY SA, GLASSON DR & MILLWARD GE 1984 'BET NITROGEN ADSORPTION STUDIES OF IRON-OXIDES FROM NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC SOURCES' THERMOCHIMICA ACTA 82, (1) 221-229 Author Site , DOI
MOORE RM & MILLWARD GE 1984 'DISSOLVED-PARTICULATE INTERACTIONS OF ALUMINUM IN OCEAN WATERS' GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA 48, (2) 235-241 Author Site , DOI
CROSBY SA, MILLWARD GE, BUTLER EI, TURNER DR & WHITFIELD M 1984 'KINETICS OF PHOSPHATE ADSORPTION BY IRON OXYHYDROXIDES IN AQUEOUS SYSTEMS' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 19, (2) 257-270 Author Site , DOI
AUSTIN LS & MILLWARD GE 1984 'MODELING TEMPORAL VARIATIONS IN THE GLOBAL TROPOSPHERIC ARSENIC BURDEN' ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT 18, (9) 1909-1919 Author Site , DOI
CROSBY SA, GLASSON DR, CUTTLER AH, BUTLER I, TURNER DR, WHITFIELD M & MILLWARD GE 1983 'SURFACE-AREAS AND POROSITIES OF FE(III)-DERIVED AND FE(II)-DERIVED OXYHYDROXIDES' ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 17, (12) 709-713 Author Site , DOI
Bland S, Ackroyd DR, Marsh JG & Millward GE 1982 'Heavy metal content of oysters from the Lynher Estuary, U.K' Sci Total Environ 22, (3) 235-241 Author Site , DOI
Millward GE 1982 'Nonsteady state simulations of the global mercury cycle' Journal of Geophysical Research 87, (C11) 8891-8897 , DOI
MILLWARD GE & MOORE RM 1982 'THE ADSORPTION OF CU, MN AND ZN BY IRON OXYHYDROXIDE IN MODEL ESTUARINE SOLUTIONS' WATER RESEARCH 16, (6) 981-985 Author Site , DOI
CROSBY SA, BUTLER EI, TURNER DR, WHITFIELD M, GLASSON DR & MILLWARD GE 1981 'PHOSPHATE ADSORPTION ONTO IRON OXYHYDROXIDES AT NATURAL CONCENTRATIONS' ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 2, (8) 371-378 Author Site , DOI
MILLWARD GE & HERBERT I 1981 'THE DISTRIBUTION OF MERCURY IN THE SEDIMENTS OF THE PLYM ESTUARY' ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION SERIES B-CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL 2, (4) 265-274 Author Site , DOI
MILLWARD GE & GRIFFIN JH 1980 'CONCENTRATIONS OF PARTICULATE MERCURY IN THE ATLANTIC MARINE ATMOSPHERE' SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 16, (3) 239-248 Author Site , DOI
MILLWARD GE 1980 'THE ADSORPTION OF CADMIUM BY IRON(III) PRECIPITATES IN MODEL ESTUARINE SOLUTIONS' ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 1, (8) 394-399 Author Site , DOI
MILLWARD GE & LEBIHAN A 1978 'FLAMELESS ATOMIC-ABSORPTION ANALYSES OF MERCURY IN MODEL AQUATIC SYSTEMS' WATER RESEARCH 12, (11) 979-984 Author Site , DOI
Chapters
Blake WH, Taylor A, Iurian AR, Millward GE & Mabit L 2019 'Conversion of Be-7 Activity Concentrations into Soil and Sediment Redistribution Amounts' Assessing Recent Soil Erosion Rates through the Use of Beryllium-7 (Be-7) Springer International Publishing 45-59 , DOI
Iurian AR & Millward GE 2019 'Measurement of Be-7 in Environmental Materials' Assessing Recent Soil Erosion Rates through the Use of Beryllium-7 (Be-7) Springer International Publishing 29-44 , DOI
Millward GE, Turner A & He X 2019 'Metal Pollution' Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences Elsevier 342-349 , DOI
Taylor A, Blake WH, Iurian AR, Millward GE & Mabit L 2019 'The Use of Be-7 as a Soil and Sediment Tracer' Assessing Recent Soil Erosion Rates through the Use of Beryllium-7 (Be-7) Springer International Publishing 1-13 , DOI
Millward GE & Turner A 2018 'Metal Pollution ☆' Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene Elsevier 77-85 , DOI
Millward GE & Taylor A 2017 'Sediment Analysis ☆' Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering Elsevier , DOI
Fitzsimons MF, Lohan M, Tappin AD & Millward GE 2012 'Role of Suspended Particles in Estuarine and Coastal Biogeochemistry' in Wolanski E; McLusky D Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science Academic Press 71-114
Millward GE 2005 'GEOCHEMISTRY | Sediment' Encyclopedia of Analytical Science Elsevier 181-188 , DOI
Tappin AD, Millward GE & Burton JD 2001 'Estuarine and Coastal Water Chemistry' in Huntley DA; Leeks GJL; Walling DE Land Ocean Interaction : Measuring and Modelling Fluxes from River Basins to Coastal Seas IAWQ Publishing 241-279
Millward GE & Turner A 2001 'Metal pollution' in Steele J; Thorpe S; Turekian K Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences 1730-1737
Millward GE & Turner A 2001 'Metal Pollution' Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences Elsevier 768-775 , DOI
Conference Papers
Santos-Echeandia J, Prego R, Cobelo-Garcia A & Millward GE 2009 'Porewater geochemistry in a Galician Ria (NW Iberian Peninsula): Implications for benthic fluxes of dissolved trace elements (Co, Cu, Ni, Pb, V, Zn)' 1-/-0/1900 1-/-0/1900 77-87 , DOI
Couceiro F, Rauen W, Millward GE, Lin B, Turner A & Falconer R 2009 'Transport and reactivity of nickel in estuarine sediments: Results from a high capacity flume' 1-/-0/1900 1-/-0/1900 71-76 , DOI
Millward GE, Sands TK & Jago CF 1999 'Particulate metals and their settling velocities in the Humber Estuary, UK' 1-/-0/1900 1-/-0/1900 145-168 , DOI
Pereira ME, Duarte AC, Millward GE, Abreu SN & Vale C 1998 'An estimation of industrial mercury stored in sediments of a confined area of the Lagoon of Aveiro (Portugal)' 1-/-0/1900 1-/-0/1900 125-130 , DOI
Millward GE & Glegg GA 1997 'Fluxes and retention of trace metals in the Humber Estuary' 1-/-0/1900 1-/-0/1900 97-105 , DOI
MILLWARD GE 1995 'PROCESSES AFFECTING TRACE-ELEMENT SPECIATION IN ESTUARIES - A REVIEW' 1-/-0/1900 1-/-0/1900 609-614 , DOI
MILLWARD GE, TURNER A, GLASSON DR & GLEGG GA 1990 'INTRA-ESTUARINE AND INTER-ESTUARINE VARIABILITY OF PARTICLE MICROSTRUCTURE' 1-/-0/1900 1-/-0/1900 289-300 , DOI