Dr Christopher Smart
Associate Professor (Reader) in Palaeontology
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (Faculty of Science and Engineering)
Teaching and research in palaeontology, micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography.
Stage 4 Earth Sciences Tutor.
2016 - NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (NIGL) support - Smart,C. W. [PI] and Wall-Palmer, D., Shelled heteropods: morphology, molecular taxonomy and global distributions (IP-1598-1115) (£5,200).
2014 - Palaeontological Association Undergraduate Research Bursary - Smart, C. W. [Principal Supervisor], additional supervisors: Hart, M. B. and Wall-Palmer, D., student: Curtis Bracher (Stage 2 BSc Geology, PU), Variations in seasonality of productivity over the last 20 kyr in the bathyal NE Atlantic using foraminifera (£1600).
1997 - Certificate in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education (University of Plymouth, UK)
1996 - The President's Award, The Geological Society of London
1993 - PhD Micropalaeontology, University of Southampton, UK
1989 - BSc (Hons) Geology, 1st Class, University of Exeter, UK
Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research (Member)
The Micropalaeontological Society (Member)
The Palaeontological Association (Member)
Roles on external bodies
2007-2011: Member of the Editorial Board of Micropaleontology
Teaching in palaeontology, micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography across the Earth Sciences programmes (undergraduate and postgraduate level). Currently, I teach on the following modules:
•GEOL1001/PGG1001 (The Dynamic Earth/Physical Geography and Geology Interactions) – the fossil record
•GEOL1003 (Geosystems) – atmosphere and oceans; microfossils and climate change
•GEOL1004 (Palaeontology and Stratigraphy) – palaeontology
•GEOL2001 (Palaeontology and Sedimentology) – aspects of micropalaeontology
•Stage 2 tutorials
•GEOL3004 (Advanced Palaeontology and Sedimentology) [Module Leader] – Cenozoic micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography
•GEOL3009 (Professional Case Studies) - palaeoceanography
•Stage 4 Project Adviser/Tutor (geological mapping)
Stage 5 (MGeol):
•GEOL5003 (Advanced Analytical Skills) – micropalaeontology
•MGeol Project Adviser – various palaeontology, micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography projects
•MAR514 (Marine Science) – aspects of palaeoceanography
•MSc/MRes Project Adviser: on average 1-2 students per year (MSc Applied MarineScience; previously: MSc/MRes Global Environmental Change; MSc/MRes MarineMicropalaeontology, MSc/MRes Marine Geosciences) – various palaeontology,micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography projects
•Stage 1 Earth Sciences residential field-trip to Cornwall and Dorset[ Field-trip Leader 2008-2015]
•Stage 1 Earth Sciences and PGG residential field-trip to Cornwall [Field-tripLeader to SW Wales 2004-2007]
•Stage 2 Earth Sciences field-trip to Pembrokeshire, SW Wales
Staff serving as external examiners
2013 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2006 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2004 - PhD, University College London
2004 - PhD, University of Southampton
2001 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2001 - PhD, University of Southampton
1999 - PhD, University College London
I am interested in past climate and oceanographic change and I use microfossils (mainly foraminifera) to reconstruct past environments on various time scales. My research focusses on the ecology, palaeoecology and taxonomy of benthic and planktic foraminifera, and planktic gastropods. I study the assemblages and geochemical composition of their shells in order to understand the impact of climatic and environmental changes on modern and fossil organisms, particularly during the Neogene and Quaternary.
Current research projects: Streptochilus: morphology and palaeoecology; Miocene palaeoceanography; palaeoceanography of the Atlantic and Southern Oceans during the last 20 kyr; Recent foraminifera from SW England; planktic gastropods; changes in ocean acidification using foraminifera and planktic gastropods.
University of Plymouth Research Group Membership:
Grants & contracts
2016 NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (NIGL) support - Smart,C. W. [PI] and Wall-Palmer, D., Shelled heteropods: morphology, molecular taxonomy and global distributions (IP-1598-1115) (£5,200).
2014 Palaeontological Association Undergraduate Research Bursary -Smart, C. W. [Principal Supervisor], additional supervisors: Hart, M. B. and Wall-Palmer, D., student: Curtis Bracher (Stage 2 BSc Geology, PU), Variations in seasonality of productivity over the last 20 kyr in the bathyal NE Atlantic using foraminifera (£1600).
2014-2017 Plymouth University awarded a Leverhulme Trust Research Grant on ‘Shelled heteropods: morphology, molecular taxonomy and global distributions’ (£164,585). Project directed by Dr Christopher Smart (Principal Applicant), Dr Richard Kirby (Marine Institute) (Co-applicant) and Dr Debbie Wall-Palmer (Research Assistant).
2013 Marine Institute Small Collaborative Research Grant, Plymouth University - Smart, C. W. [PI], Hall-Spencer, J. and Hart, M. B., Holocene sea level rise and the separation of Jersey from France. (£5,000).
2013 NERC Research Grant (Directed, Research Programmes, IODP) - Smart, C. W. (PI) High resolution oxygen isotope stratigraphy of Integrated Ocean Drilling Program sites U1394, U1395 and U1396, off-shore Montserrat, Lesser Antilles (NE/K002724/1) (£59,354).
2012 Marine Institute Small Collaborative Research Grant, Plymouth University - Smart, C. W. [PI] and Shapiro, G., Can dense water overflow off continental shelves (cascading) be recognised in the geological past? (£4,775).
2011 NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (NIGL) support - Smart, C. W., Hart, M. B. and Wall-Palmer, D., The response of pteropod and related faunas to climate change and ocean acidification (IP-1250-0511) (£7,300).
2007 Royal Society Conference Grant - To attend the 9th International Conference on Paleoceanography (ICP9), 3-7 September 2007, Shanghai, China (£1,750).
2006-2008 The Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant - Tephrochronology of marine sediments around the volcanic island of Montserrat, Caribbean Sea (£58,492) - Hart, M. B., Smart, C. W., Price, G. D. and Sparks, S. J.
2004-2005 NERC/UKIODP Rapid Response Award - Miocene deep-sea benthic foraminiferal faunas from a depth transect on the Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic (ODP Leg 208): palaeoceanographic implications (£965)
2003-2004 Royal Society Research Grant - Quaternary oceanic seasonality (£8,645)
2001-2002 NERC/UKODP Rapid Response Award - A high-resolution comparison of abundance records of planktonic foraminifera and radiolarians during the last 35 kyr from ODP Hole 658C (Leg 108): implications for upwelling intensity (£1,162)
2000-2001 NERC/UKODP Rapid Response Award - Pleistocene climatic history reflected in planktonic foraminifera from ODP Site 1073 (Leg 174A), New Jersey margin, NW Atlantic Ocean (£1,800)
- Palaeontology and Palaeoenvironments
Key publications are highlightedJournals