Dr Christopher Smart
Profiles

Dr Christopher Smart

Associate Professor (Reader) in Palaeontology

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (Faculty of Science & Engineering)

Role

Teaching and research in palaeontology, micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography.
Stage 4 Earth Sciences Tutor and project co-ordinator.

RECENT FUNDING

2016 - NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (NIGL) support - Smart,C. W. [PI] and Wall-Palmer, D., Shelled heteropods: morphology, molecular taxonomy and global distributions (IP-1598-1115) (£5,200).

2014 - Palaeontological Association Undergraduate Research Bursary - Smart, C. W. [Principal Supervisor], additional supervisors: Hart, M. B. and Wall-Palmer, D., student: Curtis Bracher (Stage 2 BSc Geology, PU), Variations in seasonality of productivity over the last 20 kyr in the bathyal NE Atlantic using foraminifera (£1600).

2014 - Plymouth University awarded a Leverhulme Trust Research Grant on ‘Shelled heteropods: morphology, molecular taxonomy and global distributions’ (£164,585 over 3 years). Project directed by Dr Christopher Smart (Principal Applicant), Dr Richard Kirby (Marine Institute) (Co-applicant) and Dr Debbie Wall-Palmer (Research Assistant).


Qualifications

1997 - Certificate in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education (University of Plymouth, UK)
1996 - The President's Award, The Geological Society of London
1993 - PhD Micropalaeontology, University of Southampton, UK
1989 - BSc (Hons) Geology, 1st Class, University of Exeter, UK

Professional membership

Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research (Member)
The Micropalaeontological Society (Member)
The Palaeontological Association (Member)

Roles on external bodies

2015-present: Member of the English Riviera Global Geopark Management Group (Torbay, UK) - Plymouth University representative (http://www.englishrivierageopark.org.uk/)
2010-present: Member of the Paleogene Planktonic Foraminifera Working Group (http://www.paleogene.org/working-group/north-europe/)
2007-2011: Member of the Editorial Board of Micropaleontology

Teaching interests

Teaching in palaeontology, micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography across the Earth Sciences programmes (undergraduate and postgraduate level). Currently, I teach on the following modules: 

Stage1:

•GEOL1001/PGG1001 (The Dynamic Earth/Physical Geography and GeologyInteractions) – the fossil record

•GEOL1003 (Geosystems) – atmosphere and oceans; microfossils and climate change

•GEOL1004 (Palaeontology and Stratigraphy) – palaeontology

• Stage1 tutorials

Stage2:

•GEOL2001 (Palaeontology and Sedimentology) – aspects of micropalaeontology

•Stage 2 tutorials

Stage4:

•GEOL3004 (Advanced Palaeontology and Sedimentology) [Module Leader] – Cenozoicmicropalaeontology and palaeoceanography

•GEOL3001 (Geological Mapping Research Project and Professional Skills) [ModuleLeader]

•GEOL3002 (Earth Science Independent Research Project and Professional Skills)[Module Leader]

•Stage 4 Project Adviser/Tutor: average 6 students per year (geological mappingand palaeoecology)

Stage5 (MGeol):

•GEOL5003 (Advanced Analytical Skills) – micropalaeontology

•MGeol Project Adviser – various palaeontology, micropalaeontology andpalaeoceanography projects

MSc/MRes:

•MAR514 (Marine Science) – aspects of palaeoceanography

•MSc/MRes Project Adviser: on average 1-2 students per year (MSc Applied MarineScience; previously: MSc/MRes Global Environmental Change; MSc/MRes MarineMicropalaeontology, MSc/MRes Marine Geosciences) – various palaeontology,micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography projects

Fieldwork:

•Stage 1 Earth Sciences residential field-trip to Cornwall and Dorset[Field-trip Leader 2008-2015]

•Stage 1 Earth Sciences and PGG residential field-trip to Cornwall [Field-tripLeader to SW Wales 2004-2007]

•Stage 2 Earth Sciences field-trip to Pembrokeshire, SW Wales

Staff serving as external examiners

2015 - PhD, University of St Andrews
2015 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2014 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2013 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2006 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2004 - PhD, University College London
2004 - PhD, University of Southampton
2001 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2001 - PhD, University of Southampton
1999 - PhD, University College London

Research interests

My research interests include the ecology, palaeoecology and taxonomy of benthic and planktic foraminifera, and Cenozoic palaeoceanography.

Current research projects include: 
- Streptochilus: morphology and palaeoecology
- Miocene palaeoceanography
- Palaeoceanography of the Atlantic and Southern Oceans during the last 20 kyr
- Changes in ocean acidification using foraminifera and pteropods

- Shelled heteropods

 
University of Plymouth Research Group Membership: 

Grants & contracts

2016 NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (NIGL) support - Smart,C. W. [PI] and Wall-Palmer, D., Shelled heteropods: morphology, molecular taxonomy and global distributions (IP-1598-1115) (£5,200).

2014 Palaeontological Association Undergraduate Research Bursary -Smart, C. W. [Principal Supervisor], additional supervisors: Hart, M. B. and Wall-Palmer, D., student: Curtis Bracher (Stage 2 BSc Geology, PU), Variations in seasonality of productivity over the last 20 kyr in the bathyal NE Atlantic using foraminifera (£1600).

2014 Plymouth University awarded a Leverhulme Trust Research Grant on ‘Shelled heteropods: morphology, molecular taxonomy and global distributions’ (£164,585 over 3 years). Project directed by Dr Christopher Smart (Principal Applicant), Dr Richard Kirby (Marine Institute) (Co-applicant) and Dr Debbie Wall-Palmer (Research Assistant).

2013 Marine Institute Small Collaborative Research Grant, Plymouth University - Smart, C. W. [PI], Hall-Spencer, J. and Hart, M. B., Holocene sea level rise and the separation of Jersey from France. (£5,000).

2013 NERC Research Grant (Directed, Research Programmes, IODP) - Smart, C. W. (PI) High resolution oxygen isotope stratigraphy of Integrated Ocean Drilling Program sites U1394, U1395 and U1396, off-shore Montserrat, Lesser Antilles (NE/K002724/1) (£59,354).

2012 Marine Institute Small Collaborative Research Grant, Plymouth University - Smart, C. W. [PI] and Shapiro, G., Can dense water overflow off continental shelves (cascading) be recognised in the geological past? (£4,775).

2011 NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (NIGL) support - Smart, C. W., Hart, M. B. and Wall-Palmer, D., The response of pteropod and related faunas to climate change and ocean acidification (IP-1250-0511) (£7,300).

2007 Royal Society Conference Grant - To attend the 9th International Conference on Paleoceanography (ICP9), 3-7 September 2007, Shanghai, China (£1,750).

2006-2008 The Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant - Tephrochronology of marine sediments around the volcanic island of Montserrat, Caribbean Sea (£58,492) - Hart, M. B., Smart, C. W., Price, G. D. and Sparks, S. J.

2004-2005 NERC/UKIODP Rapid Response Award - Miocene deep-sea benthic foraminiferal faunas from a depth transect on the Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic (ODP Leg 208): palaeoceanographic implications (£965)

2003-2004 Royal Society Research Grant - Quaternary oceanic seasonality (£8,645)

2001-2002 NERC/UKODP Rapid Response Award - A high-resolution comparison of abundance records of planktonic foraminifera and radiolarians during the last 35 kyr from ODP Hole 658C (Leg 108): implications for upwelling intensity (£1,162)

2000-2001 NERC/UKODP Rapid Response Award - Pleistocene climatic history reflected in planktonic foraminifera from ODP Site 1073 (Leg 174A), New Jersey margin, NW Atlantic Ocean (£1,800)

Research groups

  • Palaeontology and Palaeoenvironments

Key publications are highlighted

Journals
Articles
Wall-Palmer D, Smart CW, Kirby R, Hart MB, Peijnenburg KTCA & Janssen AW 2016 'A review of the ecology, palaeontology and distribution of atlantid heteropods (Caenogastropoda: Pterotracheoidea: Atlantidae)' Journal of Molluscan Studies eyv063-eyv063 , DOI PEARL
Wall-Palmer D, Burridge AK, Peijnenburg KTCA, Janssen A, Goetze E, Kirby R, Hart MB & Smart CW 2016 'Evidence for the validity of Protatlanta sculpta (Gastropoda: Pterotracheoidea)' Contributions to Zoology 85, (4) 423-435 PEARL
Hart MB, de Jonghe A, Page KN, Price GD & Smart CW 2016 'EXCEPTIONAL ACCUMULATIONS OF STATOLITHS IN ASSOCIATION WITH THE CHRISTIAN MALFORD LAGERSTA¨ TTE (CALLOVIAN, JURASSIC) IN WILTSHIRE, UNITED KINGDOM' Palaios , DOI PEARL
Hart MB, FitzPatrick MEJ & Smart CW 2016 'The Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary: Foraminifera, sea grasses, sea level change and sequence stratigraphy' Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 441, 420-429 , DOI
Boulton SJ, Smart CW, Consolaro C & Snider A 2016 'The Miocene – Pliocene boundary and the Messinian Salinity Crisis in the easternmost Mediterranean: insights from the Hatay Graben (Southern Turkey)' Sedimentary Geology 332, 51-51 , DOI PEARL
Hart MB, Stubbles SJ, Smart CW, Fisher JK, Hoddinott C, Marshall-Penn I & Yeo A 2015 'Foraminifera from the Fowey Estuary, Cornwall' Geoscience in South-West England 13, 304-315 PEARL
Hart MB, Cartwright K, Fisk B, Smart CW, Consolaro C & Hall-Spencer JM 2015 'Foraminifera of the Fal Estuary (Cornwall), including taxa associated with maerl beds' Geoscience in South-West England 13, 483-490 PEARL
Hall-Spencer JM, Pettit LR, Newcomb LA, Carrington E, Smart CW, Hart MB & Milazzo M 2015 'IT WILL TAKE MORE THAN SEAWEED TO DEALWITH OCEAN ACIDIFICATION' EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYCOLOGY 50, 198-198 Author Site PEARL
Pettit LR, Smart CW, Hart MB, Milazzo M & Hall-Spencer JM 2015 'Seaweed fails to prevent ocean acidification impact on foraminifera along a shallow-water CO 2 gradient' Ecology and Evolution 5, (9) 1784-1793 , DOI PEARL
Hart MB, Clarke MR, De Jonghe A, Price GD, Page KN & Smart CW 2015 'Statoliths from the Jurassic succession of south-west England, United Kingdom' Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 134, (2) 199-205 , DOI PEARL
Wall-Palmer D, Smart CW & Hart MB 2015 'the Late Quaternary fossil record of holoplanktonic gastropods at IODP Sites U1395 and U1394' Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program , DOI
Wall-Palmer D, Smart CW, Hart MB, Leng MJ, Borghini M, Manini E, Aliani S & Conversi A 2014 'Late Pleistocene pteropods, heteropods and planktonic foraminifera from the Caribbean Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean' MICROPALEONTOLOGY 60, (6) 557-578 Author Site
Wall-Palmer D, Coussens M, Talling PJ, Jutzeler M, Cassidy M, Marchant I, Palmer MR, Watt SFL, Smart CW & Fisher JK 2014 'Late Pleistocene stratigraphy of IODP Site U1396 and compiled chronology offshore of south and south west Montserrat, Lesser Antilles' GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS 15, (7) 3000-3020 Author Site , DOI
Hart MB, Leighton AD, Smart CW, Pettit LR, Medina-Sánchez IN, Harries PJ, Cárdenas AL, Hall-Spencer JM & Prol-Ledesma RM 2014 'Ocean acidification in modern seas and its recognition in the geological record: the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary in Texas and Alabama' Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions 64, 193-213 PEARL
Leighton AD 2014 'Possible hyperthermal events (Dan-C2 and Lower 29n) in the lowermost Paleocene of the Brazos River area, Texas' Rendiconti online della Società Geologica Italiana 31, 141-142 , DOI
Pettit LR, Hart MB, Medina-Sánchez AN, Smart CW, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Hall-Spencer JM & Prol-Ledesma RM 2013 'Benthic foraminifera show some resilience to ocean acidification in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico' Mar Pollut Bull 73, (2) 452-462 Author Site , DOI PEARL
Wall-Palmer D, Smart CW & Hart MB 2013 'In-life pteropod shell dissolution as an indicator of past ocean carbonate saturation' QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS 81, 29-34 Author Site , DOI
Hart MB, De Jonghe A, Rundle AJ & Smart CW 2013 'Statoliths: neglected microfossils' JOURNAL OF MICROPALAEONTOLOGY 32, 219-220 Author Site , DOI
Trofimovs J, Talling PJ, Fisher JK, Sparks RSJ, Watt SFL, Hart MB, Smart CW, Le Friant A, Cassidy M & Moreton SG 2013 'Timing, origin and emplacement dynamics of mass flows offshore of SE Montserrat in the last 110 ka: Implications for landslide and tsunami hazards, eruption history, and volcanic island evolution' Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 14, (2) 385-406 Author Site , DOI
Hart MB, Hudson W, Smart CW & Tyszka J 2012 'A reassessment of 'Globigerina bathoniana' Pazdrowa, 1969 and the palaeoceanographic significance of Jurassic planktic foraminifera from southern Poland' Journal of Micropalaeontology 31, (2) 97-109
Wall-Palmer D, Hart MB, Smart CW, Sparks RSJ, Le Friant A, Boudon G, Deplus C & Komorowski JC 2012 'Pteropods from the Caribbean Sea: variations in calcification as an indicator of past ocean carbonate saturation' BIOGEOSCIENCES 9, (1) 309-315 Author Site , DOI
Hart MB, Yancey TE, Leighton AD, Miller B, Liu C, Smart CW & Twitchett RJ 2012 'The Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary on the Brazos river, Texas: new stratigraphic sections and revised interpretations' Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Journal 1, 69-80
Leighton AD, Hart MB & Smart CW 2011 'A preliminary investigation into calcareous dinoflagellate cysts and problematic microfossils from an expanded Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary section at Kulstirenden, Stevns Klint, Denmark' CRETACEOUS RESEARCH 32, (5) 606-617 Author Site , DOI
Wall-Palmer D, Jones MT, Hart MB, Fisher JK, Smart CW, Hembury DJ, Palmer MR & Fones GR 2011 'Explosive volcanism as a cause for mass mortality of pteropods' Marine Geology 282, (3–4) 231-239 Author Site , DOI
Sadri S, Hart MB & Smart CW 2011 'Foraminifera from the sea grass communities of the proposed conservation zone in Tor Bay' Geoscience in South-West England 12, 269-277
De Jonghe A, Hart MB, Grimes ST, Mitlehner AG, Price GD & Smart CW 2011 'Middle Eocene diatoms from Whitecliff Bay, Isle of Wight, England: stratigraphy and preservation' PROCEEDINGS OF THE GEOLOGISTS ASSOCIATION 122, (3) 472-483 Author Site , DOI
Smart CW, Waelbroeck C, Michel E & Mazaud A 2010 'Benthic foraminiferal abundance and stable isotope changes in the Indian Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean during the last 20kyr: Paleoceanographic implications' Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 297, (3-4) 537-548 , DOI
Trofimovs J, Fisher JK, MacDonald HA, Talling PJ, Sparks RSJ, Hart MB, Smart CW, Boudon G, Deplus C & Komorowski J-C 2010 'Evidence for carbonate platform failure during rapid sea-level rise; ca 14 000 year old bioclastic flow deposits in the Lesser Antilles' SEDIMENTOLOGY 57, (3) 735-759 Author Site , DOI
Maslin MA & Smart CW 2010 'Holocene bipolar climate seesaw: possible subtle evidence from the deep North East Atlantic Ocean?' J QUATERNARY SCI 25, (3) 237-242 , DOI
Gregory TR, Smart CW, Hart MB, Masse G, Vare LL & Belt ST 2010 'Holocene palaeoceanographic changes in Barrow Strait, Canadian Arctic: foraminiferal evidence' JOURNAL OF QUATERNARY SCIENCE 25, (6) 903-910 Author Site , DOI
Dias BB, Hart B, Smart CW & Hall-Spencer JM 2010 'Modern seawater acidification: the response of foraminifera to high-CO2 conditions in the Mediterranean Sea' JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY 167, (5) 843-846 Author Site , DOI PEARL
Gregory TR, Smart CW, Hart MB, Masse G, Vare LL & Belt ST 2010 'Reply to Comment: Holocene palaeoceanographic changes in Barrow Strait, Canadian Arctic: foraminiferal evidence' JOURNAL OF QUATERNARY SCIENCE 25, (7) 1192-1192 Author Site , DOI
Hart MB, Price GD & Smart CW 2009 'Foraminifera and sequence stratigraphy of the lower part of the Speeton Clay Formation (Lower Cretaceous) in N. E. England' Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 110A, 423-442
Smart CW, Maslin MA & Dixon KE 2009 'NE Atlantic surface water mass changes over the last 15 kyr' Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 282, (1-4) 58-66 , DOI
Hudson W, Hart MB & Smart CW 2009 'Palaeobiogeography of early planktonic foraminifera' BULLETIN DE LA SOCIETE GEOLOGIQUE DE FRANCE 180, (1) 27-38 Author Site
Vare LL, Masse G, Gregory TR, Smart CW & Belt ST 2009 'Sea ice variations in the central Canadian Arctic Archipelago during the Holocene' QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS 28, (13-14) 1354-1366 Author Site , DOI
Darling KF, Thomas E, Kasemann SA, Seears HA, Smart CW & Wade CM 2009 'Surviving mass extinction by bridging the benthic/planktic divide' PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 106, (31) 12629-12633 Author Site , DOI
Smart CW 2008 'Abyssal NE Atlantic benthic foraminifera during the last 15 kyr: Relation to variations in seasonality of productivity' Marine Micropaleontology 69, (2) 193-211 , DOI
Le Friant A, Lock EJ, Hart MB, Boudon G, Sparks RSJ, Leng MJ, Smart CW, Komorowski JC, Deplus C & Fisher JK 2008 'Late Pleistocene tephrochronology of marine sediments adjacent to Montserrat, Lesser Antilles volcanic arc' Journal of the Geological Society 165, (1) 279-289 Author Site , DOI
Fisher JK, Hart MB, Smart CW, Leng MJ, Sparks RSJ, Talling PJ & Trofimovs J 2008 'Tephrochronology of marine sediments around the Island of Montserrat, Lesser Antilles volcanic arc' The Sedimentary Record 6, 4-8
Hart MB & Smart CW 2008 'The 2007 recipient of the Brady Medal: Professor John W. Murray' JOURNAL OF MICROPALAEONTOLOGY 27, 95-96 Author Site
Smart CW & Thomas E 2007 'Emendation of the genus Streptochilus Bronnimann and Resig 1971 (Foraminifera) and new species from the lower Miocene of the Atlantic and Indian oceans' Micropaleontology 53, (1-2) 73-103
Smart CW, Thomas E & Ramsay ATS 2007 'Middle-late Miocene benthic foraminifera in a western equatorial Indian Ocean depth transect: Paleoceanographic implications' Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 247, (3-4) 402-420
Hart MB, Aze T, Hudson W & Smart CW 2007 'Planktic foraminifera from the proposed GSSP for the Oxfordian Stage: Redcliff Point, near Weymouth' Geoscience in south-west England 11, 273-279
Hart MB, Aze T, Hudson W & Smart CW 2007 'Planktic foraminifera from the proposed GSSP for the Oxfordian Stage: Redcliff Point, near Weymouth' GEOSCIENCE IN SOUTH-WEST ENGLAND, VOL 11, PT 4, 2007 11, 273-279
Smart CW & Gooday AJ 2006 'Benthic foraminiferal trends in relation to an organic enrichment gradient on the continental slope (850 m water depth) off North Carolina (USA)' Journal of Foraminiferal Research 36, (1) 34-43
Haslett SK & Smart CW 2006 'Late quaternary upwelling off tropical NW Africa: new micropalaeontological evidence from ODP Hole 658C' Journal of Quaternary Science 21, (3) 259-269
Smart CW & Thomas E 2006 'The enigma of early Miocene biserial planktic foraminifera' Geology 34, (12) 1041-1044
Olson HC & Smart CW 2004 'Pleistocene climatic history reflected in planktonic foraminifera from ODP site 1073 (Leg 174A), New Jersey margin, NW Atlantic Ocean' Marine Micropaleontology 51, (3-4) 213-238
Hart MB, Hylton MD, Oxford MJ, Price GD, Hudson W & Smart CW 2003 'The search for the origin of the planktic Foraminifera' Journal of the Geological Society 160, 341-343
Smart CW 2002 'A comparison between smaller (>63 μm) and larger (>150 μm) planktonic foraminiferal faunas from the Pleistocene of ODP Site 1073 (Leg 174A), New Jersey margin, NW Atlantic Ocean' Journal of Micropalaeontology 21, 137-147
Smart CW 1998 'Diversity patterns of Miocene benthic foraminifera in the Somali Basin, northwestern Indian Ocean' MICROPALEONTOLOGY 44, (3) 256-264 , DOI
Smart CW & Gooday AJ 1997 'Recent benthic foraminifera in the abyssal Northeast Atlantic Ocean; relation to phytodetrital inputs' The Journal of Foraminiferal Research 27, (2) 85-92 , DOI
Smart CW, Murray JW & Thomas E 1996 'New observations on Seabrookia rugosa Watanabe, 1989 (foraminifera)' Journal of Foraminiferal Research 26, 24-26
Smart CW & Ramsay ATS 1995 'Benthic foraminiferal evidence for the existence of an early Miocene oxygen-depleted oceanic water mass?' Journal of the Geological Society, London 152, 735-738
Smart CW & Murray JW 1995 'Miocene deep-sea benthic foraminifera from the Atlantic and Indian Oceans: diversity patterns and palaeoceanography' Revista Española de Paleontología No. Homenaje al Dr. Guillermo Colom, 59-68
Smart CW, King SC, Gooday AJ, Murray JW & Thomas E 1994 'A benthic foraminiferal proxy of pulsed organic matter paleofluxes' Marine Micropaleontology 23, 89-99
Smart CW & Murray JW 1994 'An early Miocene Atlantic-wide foraminiferal/palaeoceanographic event' Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 108, 139-148
Murray JW & Smart CW 1994 'Distribution of smaller benthic foraminifera in the Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean' Journal of Micropalaeontology 13, 47-53
Books
Hart MB, Kaminski MA & Smart CW 2000 Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on Agglutinated Foraminifera. 7 Grzybowski Foundation Special Publication
Chapters
Wall-Palmer D, Smart CW & Hart MB 2015 'Data report: the Late Quaternary fossil record of holoplanktonic gastropods at IODP Sites U1395 and U1394' in Le Friant A; Ishizuka O; Stroncik NA Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, 340 , DOI PEARL
Hart MB, Searle SR, Feist SE, Leighton AD, Price GD, Smart CW & Twitchett RJ 2011 'The distribution of benthic foraminifera across the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary in Texas (Brazos River) and Denmark (Stevns Klint)' in Keller G; Adatte T End-Cretaceous mass extinction and the Chicxulub impact in Texas USA SEPM 179-196
Messenger RW, Hart MB, Smart CW, Leng MJ, Lock EJ & Howard AK 2010 'Pteropod faunas as indicators of Late Pleistocene climate change in the Caribbean Sea' in Whittaker JE; Hart MB Micropalaeontology, Sedimentary Environments and Stratigraphy: A Tribute to Dennis Curry (1912-2001) 17-28 , DOI
Smart CW 2002 'Environmental applications of deep-sea benthic foraminifera' in Haslett SK Quaternary Environmental Micropalaeontology Arnold 14-58
Ramsay ATS, Smart CW & Zachos JC 1998 'A model of early to middle Miocene deep ocean circulation for the Atlantic and Indian oceans' in Cramp A; MacLeod CJ; Lee SV; Jones EJW Geological evolution of ocean basins: results from the Ocean Drilling Program 55-70
Conference Papers
Hart M, Leighton A, Yancey T, Hampton M, Liu C, Miller B, Smart C & Twitchett R 2014 'Cretaceous-Palaeogene Boundary Events in Texas: New Sections, Revised Micropalaeontological Interpretations, and Clarification of the Stratigraphy' //0 //0 37-41 , DOI
Hart MB, Hudson W, Smart CW & Tyszka J 2011 'Jurassic planktic foraminifera and palaeoceanographic change in southern Poland and adjacent areas of Europe' //0 //0 90-91
Gooday AJ & Smart CW 2000 'Wall structure and test morphology in three large deep-sea agglutinated foraminifera, Rhabdammina parabyssorum Stschedrina 1952, R. abyssorum Sars 1869 and Astrorhiza granulosa (Brady 1879) (Foraminiferida, Textulariina)' Hart MB; Kaminski MA; Smart CW //0 //0 Grzybowski Foundation 105-115
Smart CW 1992 'Early to middle Miocene benthic foraminiferal faunas from DSDP Sites 518 and 529, South Atlantic: preliminary investigations' Takayanagi Y; Saito T Benthos '90 Sendai, Japan 28/09/1990 02/10/1990 Japan Tokai University Press, Japan 245-248