Dr Christopher Smart
Profiles

Dr Christopher Smart

Associate Professor (Reader) in Palaeontology

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (Faculty of Science and Engineering)

Role

Teaching and research in palaeontology, micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography.
Stage 4 Earth Sciences Tutor.

RECENT FUNDING

2016 - NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (NIGL) support - Smart,C. W. [PI] and Wall-Palmer, D., Shelled heteropods: morphology, molecular taxonomy and global distributions (IP-1598-1115) (£5,200).

2014 - Palaeontological Association Undergraduate Research Bursary - Smart, C. W. [Principal Supervisor], additional supervisors: Hart, M. B. and Wall-Palmer, D., student: Curtis Bracher (Stage 2 BSc Geology, PU), Variations in seasonality of productivity over the last 20 kyr in the bathyal NE Atlantic using foraminifera (£1600).

2014-2017 - Plymouth University awarded a Leverhulme Trust Research Grant on ‘Shelled heteropods: morphology, molecular taxonomy and global distributions’ (£164,585 over 3 years). Project directed by Dr Christopher Smart (Principal Applicant), Dr Richard Kirby (Marine Institute) (Co-applicant) and Dr Debbie Wall-Palmer (Research Assistant).

Qualifications

1997 - Certificate in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education (University of Plymouth, UK)
1996 - The President's Award, The Geological Society of London
1993 - PhD Micropalaeontology, University of Southampton, UK
1989 - BSc (Hons) Geology, 1st Class, University of Exeter, UK

Professional membership

Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research (Member)
The Micropalaeontological Society (Member)
The Palaeontological Association (Member)

Roles on external bodies

2015-present: Member of the English Riviera Global Geopark Management Group (Torbay, UK) - Plymouth University representative (http://www.englishrivierageopark.org.uk/)
2010-present: Member of the Paleogene Planktonic Foraminifera Working Group (http://www.paleogene.org/working-group/north-europe/)
2007-2011: Member of the Editorial Board of Micropaleontology

Teaching interests

Teaching in palaeontology, micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography across the Earth Sciences programmes (undergraduate and postgraduate level). Currently, I teach on the following modules: 

Stage 1:

•GEOL1001/PGG1001 (The Dynamic Earth/Physical Geography and Geology Interactions) – the fossil record

•GEOL1003 (Geosystems) – atmosphere and oceans; microfossils and climate change

•GEOL1004 (Palaeontology and Stratigraphy) – palaeontology

•Stage1 tutorials

Stage 2:

•GEOL2001 (Palaeontology and Sedimentology) – aspects of micropalaeontology

•Stage 2 tutorials

Stage 4:

•GEOL3004 (Advanced Palaeontology and Sedimentology) [Module Leader] – Cenozoic micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography

•GEOL3009 (Professional Case Studies) - palaeoceanography

•Stage 4 Project Adviser/Tutor (geological mapping)

Stage 5 (MGeol):

•GEOL5003 (Advanced Analytical Skills) – micropalaeontology

•MGeol Project Adviser – various palaeontology, micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography projects

MSc/MRes:

•MAR514 (Marine Science) – aspects of palaeoceanography

•MSc/MRes Project Adviser: on average 1-2 students per year (MSc Applied MarineScience; previously: MSc/MRes Global Environmental Change; MSc/MRes MarineMicropalaeontology, MSc/MRes Marine Geosciences) – various palaeontology,micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography projects

Fieldwork:

•Stage 1 Earth Sciences residential field-trip to Cornwall and Dorset[ Field-trip Leader 2008-2015]

•Stage 1 Earth Sciences and PGG residential field-trip to Cornwall [Field-tripLeader to SW Wales 2004-2007]

•Stage 2 Earth Sciences field-trip to Pembrokeshire, SW Wales

Staff serving as external examiners

2016 - PhD, University of Southampton
2015 - PhD, University of St Andrews
2015 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2014 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2013 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2006 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2004 - PhD, University College London
2004 - PhD, University of Southampton
2001 - PhD, University of Plymouth
2001 - PhD, University of Southampton
1999 - PhD, University College London

Research interests

My research interests include the ecology, palaeoecology and taxonomy of benthic and planktic foraminifera, and Cenozoic palaeoceanography.

Current research projects include: 
- Streptochilus: morphology and palaeoecology
- Miocene palaeoceanography
- Palaeoceanography of the Atlantic and Southern Oceans during the last 20 kyr
- Changes in ocean acidification using foraminifera and pteropods

- Shelled heteropods

University of Plymouth Research Group Membership: 

Grants & contracts

2016 NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (NIGL) support - Smart,C. W. [PI] and Wall-Palmer, D., Shelled heteropods: morphology, molecular taxonomy and global distributions (IP-1598-1115) (£5,200).

2014 Palaeontological Association Undergraduate Research Bursary -Smart, C. W. [Principal Supervisor], additional supervisors: Hart, M. B. and Wall-Palmer, D., student: Curtis Bracher (Stage 2 BSc Geology, PU), Variations in seasonality of productivity over the last 20 kyr in the bathyal NE Atlantic using foraminifera (£1600).

2014-2017 Plymouth University awarded a Leverhulme Trust Research Grant on ‘Shelled heteropods: morphology, molecular taxonomy and global distributions’ (£164,585). Project directed by Dr Christopher Smart (Principal Applicant), Dr Richard Kirby (Marine Institute) (Co-applicant) and Dr Debbie Wall-Palmer (Research Assistant).

2013 Marine Institute Small Collaborative Research Grant, Plymouth University - Smart, C. W. [PI], Hall-Spencer, J. and Hart, M. B., Holocene sea level rise and the separation of Jersey from France. (£5,000).

2013 NERC Research Grant (Directed, Research Programmes, IODP) - Smart, C. W. (PI) High resolution oxygen isotope stratigraphy of Integrated Ocean Drilling Program sites U1394, U1395 and U1396, off-shore Montserrat, Lesser Antilles (NE/K002724/1) (£59,354).

2012 Marine Institute Small Collaborative Research Grant, Plymouth University - Smart, C. W. [PI] and Shapiro, G., Can dense water overflow off continental shelves (cascading) be recognised in the geological past? (£4,775).

2011 NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (NIGL) support - Smart, C. W., Hart, M. B. and Wall-Palmer, D., The response of pteropod and related faunas to climate change and ocean acidification (IP-1250-0511) (£7,300).

2007 Royal Society Conference Grant - To attend the 9th International Conference on Paleoceanography (ICP9), 3-7 September 2007, Shanghai, China (£1,750).

2006-2008 The Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant - Tephrochronology of marine sediments around the volcanic island of Montserrat, Caribbean Sea (£58,492) - Hart, M. B., Smart, C. W., Price, G. D. and Sparks, S. J.

2004-2005 NERC/UKIODP Rapid Response Award - Miocene deep-sea benthic foraminiferal faunas from a depth transect on the Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic (ODP Leg 208): palaeoceanographic implications (£965)

2003-2004 Royal Society Research Grant - Quaternary oceanic seasonality (£8,645)

2001-2002 NERC/UKODP Rapid Response Award - A high-resolution comparison of abundance records of planktonic foraminifera and radiolarians during the last 35 kyr from ODP Hole 658C (Leg 108): implications for upwelling intensity (£1,162)

2000-2001 NERC/UKODP Rapid Response Award - Pleistocene climatic history reflected in planktonic foraminifera from ODP Site 1073 (Leg 174A), New Jersey margin, NW Atlantic Ocean (£1,800)

Research groups

  • Palaeontology and Palaeoenvironments

Key publications are highlighted

Journals
Articles
Hart MB, Hughes Z, Page KN, Price GD & Smart CW 2018 'Arm hooks of coleoid cephalopods from the Jurassic succession of the Wessex Basin, Southern England' Proceedings of the Geologists' Association , DOI PEARL
Wall-Palmer D, Metcalfe B, Leng MJ, Sloane HJ, Ganssen G, Vinayachandran PN & Smart CW 2018 'Vertical distribution and diurnal migration of atlantid heteropods' Marine Ecology Progress Series 587, 1-15 , DOI PEARL
Wall-Palmer D, Burridge AK, Goetze E, Stokvis FR, Janssen AW, Mekkes L, Moreno-Alcántara M, Bednaršek N, Schiøtte T & Vinther Sørensen M 2017 'Biogeography and genetic diversity of the atlantid heteropods' Progress in Oceanography , DOI PEARL
Barlow NLM, Long AJ, Gehrels WR, Saher MH, Scaife RG, Davies HJ, Penkman KEH, Bridgland DR, Sparkes A & Smart CW 2017 'Relative sea-level variability during the late Middle Pleistocene: New evidence from eastern England' Quaternary Science Reviews 173, 20-39 , DOI PEARL
Leighton AD, Hart MB, Smart CW, Leng MJ & Hampton M 2017 'Timing recovery after the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary: evidence from the Brazos River, Texas, USA' Journal of Foraminiferal Research 47, (3) 229-238 , DOI PEARL
Wall-Palmer D, Burridge AK, Peijnenburg KTCA, Janssen A, Goetze E, Kirby R, Hart MB & Smart CW 2016 'Evidence for the validity of Protatlanta sculpta (Gastropoda: Pterotracheoidea)' Contributions to Zoology 85, (4) 423-435 PEARL
Hart MB, de Jonghe A, Page KN, Price GD & Smart CW 2016 'EXCEPTIONAL ACCUMULATIONS OF STATOLITHS IN ASSOCIATION WITH THE CHRISTIAN MALFORD LAGERSTA¨ TTE (CALLOVIAN, JURASSIC) IN WILTSHIRE, UNITED KINGDOM' Palaios , DOI PEARL
Boulton SJ, Smart CW, Consolaro C & Snider A 2016 'The Miocene – Pliocene boundary and the Messinian Salinity Crisis in the easternmost Mediterranean: insights from the Hatay Graben (Southern Turkey)' Sedimentary Geology 332, 51-51 , DOI PEARL
Wall-Palmer D, Smart CW, Kirby R, Hart MB, Peijnenburg KTCA & Janssen AW 2016 'A review of the ecology, palaeontology and distribution of atlantid heteropods (Caenogastropoda: Pterotracheoidea: Atlantidae)' Journal of Molluscan Studies eyv063-eyv063 , DOI PEARL
Hart MB, FitzPatrick MEJ & Smart CW 2016 'The Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary: Foraminifera, sea grasses, sea level change and sequence stratigraphy' Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 441, 420-429 , DOI
Wall-Palmer D, Smart CW & Hart MB 2015 'the Late Quaternary fossil record of holoplanktonic gastropods at IODP Sites U1395 and U1394' Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program , DOI
Hart MB, Clarke MR, De Jonghe A, Price GD, Page KN & Smart CW 2015 'Statoliths from the Jurassic succession of south-west England, United Kingdom' Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 134, (2) 199-205 , DOI PEARL
Pettit LR, Smart CW, Hart MB, Milazzo M & Hall-Spencer JM 2015 'Seaweed fails to prevent ocean acidification impact on foraminifera along a shallow-water CO 2 gradient' Ecology and Evolution 5, (9) 1784-1793 , DOI PEARL
Hart MB, Stubbles SJ, Smart CW, Fisher JK, Hoddinott C, Marshall-Penn I & Yeo A 2015 'Foraminifera from the Fowey Estuary, Cornwall' Geoscience in South-West England 13, 304-315 PEARL
Hart MB, Cartwright K, Fisk B, Smart CW, Consolaro C & Hall-Spencer JM 2015 'Foraminifera of the Fal Estuary (Cornwall), including taxa associated with maerl beds' Geoscience in South-West England 13, 483-490 PEARL
Hall-Spencer JM, Pettit LR, Newcomb LA, Carrington E, Smart CW, Hart MB & Milazzo M 2015 'IT WILL TAKE MORE THAN SEAWEED TO DEALWITH OCEAN ACIDIFICATION' EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYCOLOGY 50, 198-198 Author Site PEARL
Wall-Palmer D, Coussens M, Talling PJ, Jutzeler M, Cassidy M, Marchant I, Palmer MR, Watt SFL, Smart CW & Fisher JK 2014 'Late Pleistocene stratigraphy of IODP Site U1396 and compiled chronology offshore of south and south west Montserrat, Lesser Antilles' GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS 15, (7) 3000-3020 Author Site , DOI
Leighton AD 2014 'Possible hyperthermal events (Dan-C2 and Lower 29n) in the lowermost Paleocene of the Brazos River area, Texas' Rendiconti online della Società Geologica Italiana 31, 141-142 , DOI
Wall-Palmer D, Smart CW, Hart MB, Leng MJ, Borghini M, Manini E, Aliani S & Conversi A 2014 'Late Pleistocene pteropods, heteropods and planktonic foraminifera from the Caribbean Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean' MICROPALEONTOLOGY 60, (6) 557-578 Author Site
Hart MB, Leighton AD, Smart CW, Pettit LR, Medina-Sánchez IN, Harries PJ, Cárdenas AL, Hall-Spencer JM & Prol-Ledesma RM 2014 'Ocean acidification in modern seas and its recognition in the geological record: the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary in Texas and Alabama' Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions 64, 193-213 PEARL
Wall-Palmer D, Smart CW & Hart MB 2013 'In-life pteropod shell dissolution as an indicator of past ocean carbonate saturation' QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS 81, 29-34 Author Site , DOI
Pettit LR, Hart MB, Medina-Sánchez AN, Smart CW, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Hall-Spencer JM & Prol-Ledesma RM 2013 'Benthic foraminifera show some resilience to ocean acidification in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico' Mar Pollut Bull 73, (2) 452-462 Author Site , DOI PEARL
Trofimovs J, Talling PJ, Fisher JK, Sparks RSJ, Watt SFL, Hart MB, Smart CW, Le Friant A, Cassidy M & Moreton SG 2013 'Timing, origin and emplacement dynamics of mass flows offshore of SE Montserrat in the last 110 ka: Implications for landslide and tsunami hazards, eruption history, and volcanic island evolution' Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 14, (2) 385-406 Author Site , DOI
Hart MB, De Jonghe A, Rundle AJ & Smart CW 2013 'Statoliths: neglected microfossils' JOURNAL OF MICROPALAEONTOLOGY 32, 219-220 Author Site , DOI
Hart MB, Hudson W, Smart CW & Tyszka J 2012 'A reassessment of 'Globigerina bathoniana' Pazdrowa, 1969 and the palaeoceanographic significance of Jurassic planktic foraminifera from southern Poland' Journal of Micropalaeontology 31, (2) 97-109
Wall-Palmer D, Hart MB, Smart CW, Sparks RSJ, Le Friant A, Boudon G, Deplus C & Komorowski JC 2012 'Pteropods from the Caribbean Sea: variations in calcification as an indicator of past ocean carbonate saturation' BIOGEOSCIENCES 9, (1) 309-315 Author Site , DOI
Hart MB, Yancey TE, Leighton AD, Miller B, Liu C, Smart CW & Twitchett RJ 2012 'The Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary on the Brazos river, Texas: new stratigraphic sections and revised interpretations' Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Journal 1, 69-80
Leighton AD, Hart MB & Smart CW 2011 'A preliminary investigation into calcareous dinoflagellate cysts and problematic microfossils from an expanded Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary section at Kulstirenden, Stevns Klint, Denmark' CRETACEOUS RESEARCH 32, (5) 606-617 Author Site , DOI
De Jonghe A, Hart MB, Grimes ST, Mitlehner AG, Price GD & Smart CW 2011 'Middle Eocene diatoms from Whitecliff Bay, Isle of Wight, England: stratigraphy and preservation' PROCEEDINGS OF THE GEOLOGISTS ASSOCIATION 122, (3) 472-483 Author Site , DOI
Wall-Palmer D, Jones MT, Hart MB, Fisher JK, Smart CW, Hembury DJ, Palmer MR & Fones GR 2011 'Explosive volcanism as a cause for mass mortality of pteropods' Marine Geology 282, (3–4) 231-239 Author Site , DOI
Sadri S, Hart MB & Smart CW 2011 'Foraminifera from the sea grass communities of the proposed conservation zone in Tor Bay' Geoscience in South-West England 12, 269-277
Smart CW, Waelbroeck C, Michel E & Mazaud A 2010 'Benthic foraminiferal abundance and stable isotope changes in the Indian Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean during the last 20kyr: Paleoceanographic implications' Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 297, (3-4) 537-548 , DOI
Gregory TR, Smart CW, Hart MB, Masse G, Vare LL & Belt ST 2010 'Reply to Comment: Holocene palaeoceanographic changes in Barrow Strait, Canadian Arctic: foraminiferal evidence' JOURNAL OF QUATERNARY SCIENCE 25, (7) 1192-1192 Author Site , DOI
Dias BB, Hart B, Smart CW & Hall-Spencer JM 2010 'Modern seawater acidification: the response of foraminifera to high-CO2 conditions in the Mediterranean Sea' JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY 167, (5) 843-846 Author Site , DOI PEARL
Maslin MA & Smart CW 2010 'Holocene bipolar climate seesaw: possible subtle evidence from the deep North East Atlantic Ocean?' J QUATERNARY SCI 25, (3) 237-242 , DOI
Gregory TR, Smart CW, Hart MB, Masse G, Vare LL & Belt ST 2010 'Holocene palaeoceanographic changes in Barrow Strait, Canadian Arctic: foraminiferal evidence' JOURNAL OF QUATERNARY SCIENCE 25, (6) 903-910 Author Site , DOI
Trofimovs J, Fisher JK, MacDonald HA, Talling PJ, Sparks RSJ, Hart MB, Smart CW, Boudon G, Deplus C & Komorowski J-C 2009 'Evidence for carbonate platform failure during rapid sea-level rise; ca 14 000 year old bioclastic flow deposits in the Lesser Antilles' SEDIMENTOLOGY 57, (3) 735-759 Author Site , DOI
Smart CW, Maslin MA & Dixon KE 2009 'NE Atlantic surface water mass changes over the last 15 kyr' Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 282, (1-4) 58-66 , DOI
Darling KF, Thomas E, Kasemann SA, Seears HA, Smart CW & Wade CM 2009 'Surviving mass extinction by bridging the benthic/planktic divide' PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 106, (31) 12629-12633 Author Site , DOI
Vare LL, Masse G, Gregory TR, Smart CW & Belt ST 2009 'Sea ice variations in the central Canadian Arctic Archipelago during the Holocene' QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS 28, (13-14) 1354-1366 Author Site , DOI
Hart MB, Price GD & Smart CW 2009 'Foraminifera and sequence stratigraphy of the lower part of the Speeton Clay Formation (Lower Cretaceous) in N. E. England' Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 110A, 423-442
Hudson W, Hart MB & Smart CW 2009 'Palaeobiogeography of early planktonic foraminifera' BULLETIN DE LA SOCIETE GEOLOGIQUE DE FRANCE 180, (1) 27-38 Author Site , DOI
Smart CW 2008 'Abyssal NE Atlantic benthic foraminifera during the last 15 kyr: Relation to variations in seasonality of productivity' Marine Micropaleontology 69, (2) 193-211 , DOI
Le Friant A, Lock EJ, Hart MB, Boudon G, Sparks RSJ, Leng MJ, Smart CW, Komorowski JC, Deplus C & Fisher JK 2008 'Late Pleistocene tephrochronology of marine sediments adjacent to Montserrat, Lesser Antilles volcanic arc' Journal of the Geological Society 165, (1) 279-289 Author Site , DOI
Fisher JK, Hart MB, Smart CW, Leng MJ, Sparks RSJ, Talling PJ & Trofimovs J 2008 'Tephrochronology of marine sediments around the Island of Montserrat, Lesser Antilles volcanic arc' The Sedimentary Record 6, 4-8
Hart MB & Smart CW 2008 'The 2007 recipient of the Brady Medal: Professor John W. Murray' JOURNAL OF MICROPALAEONTOLOGY 27, 95-96 Author Site , DOI
Hart MB, Aze T, Hudson W & Smart CW 2007 'Planktic foraminifera from the proposed GSSP for the Oxfordian Stage: Redcliff Point, near Weymouth' GEOSCIENCE IN SOUTH-WEST ENGLAND, VOL 11, PT 4, 2007 11, 273-279
Smart CW & Thomas E 2007 'Emendation of the genus Streptochilus Bronnimann and Resig 1971 (Foraminifera) and new species from the lower Miocene of the Atlantic and Indian oceans' Micropaleontology 53, (1-2) 73-103
Smart CW, Thomas E & Ramsay ATS 2007 'Middle-late Miocene benthic foraminifera in a western equatorial Indian Ocean depth transect: Paleoceanographic implications' Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 247, (3-4) 402-420
Hart MB, Aze T, Hudson W & Smart CW 2007 'Planktic foraminifera from the proposed GSSP for the Oxfordian Stage: Redcliff Point, near Weymouth' Geoscience in south-west England 11, 273-279
Smart CW & Gooday AJ 2006 'Benthic foraminiferal trends in relation to an organic enrichment gradient on the continental slope (850 m water depth) off North Carolina (USA)' Journal of Foraminiferal Research 36, (1) 34-43
Haslett SK & Smart CW 2006 'Late quaternary upwelling off tropical NW Africa: new micropalaeontological evidence from ODP Hole 658C' Journal of Quaternary Science 21, (3) 259-269
Smart CW & Thomas E 2006 'The enigma of early Miocene biserial planktic foraminifera' Geology 34, (12) 1041-1044
Olson HC & Smart CW 2004 'Pleistocene climatic history reflected in planktonic foraminifera from ODP site 1073 (Leg 174A), New Jersey margin, NW Atlantic Ocean' Marine Micropaleontology 51, (3-4) 213-238
Hart MB, Hylton MD, Oxford MJ, Price GD, Hudson W & Smart CW 2003 'The search for the origin of the planktic Foraminifera' Journal of the Geological Society 160, 341-343
Smart CW 2002 'A comparison between smaller (>63 μm) and larger (>150 μm) planktonic foraminiferal faunas from the Pleistocene of ODP Site 1073 (Leg 174A), New Jersey margin, NW Atlantic Ocean' Journal of Micropalaeontology 21, 137-147
Smart CW 1998 'Diversity patterns of Miocene benthic foraminifera in the Somali Basin, northwestern Indian Ocean' MICROPALEONTOLOGY 44, (3) 256-264 , DOI
Smart CW & Gooday AJ 1997 'Recent benthic foraminifera in the abyssal Northeast Atlantic Ocean; relation to phytodetrital inputs' The Journal of Foraminiferal Research 27, (2) 85-92 , DOI
Smart CW, Murray JW & Thomas E 1996 'New observations on Seabrookia rugosa Watanabe, 1989 (foraminifera)' Journal of Foraminiferal Research 26, 24-26
Smart CW & Ramsay ATS 1995 'Benthic foraminiferal evidence for the existence of an early Miocene oxygen-depleted oceanic water mass?' Journal of the Geological Society, London 152, 735-738
Smart CW & Murray JW 1995 'Miocene deep-sea benthic foraminifera from the Atlantic and Indian Oceans: diversity patterns and palaeoceanography' Revista Española de Paleontología No. Homenaje al Dr. Guillermo Colom, 59-68
Smart CW, King SC, Gooday AJ, Murray JW & Thomas E 1994 'A benthic foraminiferal proxy of pulsed organic matter paleofluxes' Marine Micropaleontology 23, 89-99
Smart CW & Murray JW 1994 'An early Miocene Atlantic-wide foraminiferal/palaeoceanographic event' Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 108, 139-148
Murray JW & Smart CW 1994 'Distribution of smaller benthic foraminifera in the Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean' J.MICROPALAEONTOL. 13, (1) 47-53 , DOI
Books
Hart MB, Kaminski MA & Smart CW 2000 Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on Agglutinated Foraminifera. 7 Grzybowski Foundation Special Publication
Chapters
Smart CW & Thomas E 2018 'Taxonomy, biostratigraphy, and phylogeny of Oligocene Streptochilus' in Wade BS; Olsson RK; Pearson PN; Huber BT; Berggren WA Atlas of Oligocene Planktonic Foraminifera Cushman Foundation of Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication, No. 46 495-510 PEARL
Wall-Palmer D, Smart CW & Hart MB 2015 'Data report: the Late Quaternary fossil record of holoplanktonic gastropods at IODP Sites U1395 and U1394' in Le Friant A; Ishizuka O; Stroncik NA Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, 340 , DOI PEARL
Hart MB, Searle SR, Feist SE, Leighton AD, Price GD, Smart CW & Twitchett RJ 2011 'The distribution of benthic foraminifera across the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary in Texas (Brazos River) and Denmark (Stevns Klint)' in Keller G; Adatte T End-Cretaceous mass extinction and the Chicxulub impact in Texas USA SEPM 179-196
Messenger RW, Hart MB, Smart CW, Leng MJ, Lock EJ & Howard AK 2010 'Pteropod faunas as indicators of Late Pleistocene climate change in the Caribbean Sea' in Whittaker JE; Hart MB Micropalaeontology, Sedimentary Environments and Stratigraphy: A Tribute to Dennis Curry (1912-2001) 17-28 , DOI
Smart CW 2002 'Environmental applications of deep-sea benthic foraminifera' in Haslett SK Quaternary Environmental Micropalaeontology Arnold 14-58
Ramsay ATS, Smart CW & Zachos JC 1998 'A model of early to middle Miocene deep ocean circulation for the Atlantic and Indian oceans' in Cramp A; MacLeod CJ; Lee SV; Jones EJW Geological evolution of ocean basins: results from the Ocean Drilling Program 55-70
Conference Papers
Border M, Hart MB, Powe N & Smart CW 2016 '7th international conference on UNESCO Global Geoparks, 2016: The rock connects us' 72-78
Hart MB, Molina GS, Smart CW & Widdicombe CE 2016 'The western channel observatory: Benthic foraminifera in the plankton following storms' 39-45
Hart M, Leighton A, Yancey T, Hampton M, Liu C, Miller B, Smart C & Twitchett R 2014 'Cretaceous-Palaeogene Boundary Events in Texas: New Sections, Revised Micropalaeontological Interpretations, and Clarification of the Stratigraphy' 37-41 , DOI
Hart MB, Hudson W, Smart CW & Tyszka J 2011 'Jurassic planktic foraminifera and palaeoceanographic change in southern Poland and adjacent areas of Europe' 90-91
Gooday AJ & Smart CW 2000 'Wall structure and test morphology in three large deep-sea agglutinated foraminifera, Rhabdammina parabyssorum Stschedrina 1952, R. abyssorum Sars 1869 and Astrorhiza granulosa (Brady 1879) (Foraminiferida, Textulariina)' Hart MB; Kaminski MA; Smart CW Grzybowski Foundation 105-115
Smart CW 1992 'Early to middle Miocene benthic foraminiferal faunas from DSDP Sites 518 and 529, South Atlantic: preliminary investigations' Takayanagi Y; Saito T Benthos '90 Sendai, Japan 28/09/1990 02/10/1990 Japan Tokai University Press, Japan 245-248