Dr Andrew Turner
Profiles

Dr Andrew Turner

Associate Professor (Reader) in Environmental Sciences

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (Faculty of Science and Engineering)

Andrew can be contacted through arrangement with our Press Office, to speak to the media on these areas of expertise.
  • Marine pollution
  • Plastic pollution
  • Estuarine chemistry
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Marine chemistry
  • Toxins in consumer products
  • Mining waste
Biography

Biography

  • I am an Associate Professor in marine and environmental biogeochemistry at the University of Plymouth. My teaching focuses on marine, terrestrial and atmospheric processes and the impacts of pollutants on these processes, environmental impact assessment, waste management and analytical chemistry.

    My research is mainly related to marine pollution by plastics, pharmaceuticals, antifouling paints, rare earth elements and other emerging contaminants, human health impacts arising from exposure to chemicals and microplastics, contamination of consumer plastics through recycling of electronic waste, and the analysis of low-density materials through X-ray fluorescence. I have also recently seen the many benefits of combining conventional scientific research with citizen science.

    I am currently collaborating with colleagues from Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Birmingham University, The Cornish Plastic Pollution Coalition, The University of Geneva and Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, and I am on various advisory boards and committees, including “Lead Safe World” and the International Scientific Committee for Estuarine Biogeochemistry .Research outputs are in numerous scientific publications and reports, as well as media outlets, blogs and forums.


  • Reader in Environmental Sciences (Biogeochemistry)
  • Lecturer on the Environmental Science, Environmental Management, Ocean Science, Applied Marine Science and Environmental Consultancy programmes
  • Project tutor for Environmental Science and Environmental Management
  • Module leader for ENVS2005; ENVS2007; ENVS3001; ENVS3003

Qualifications

  • BSc (Hons) in Oceanography and Meteorology
  • PhD in Marine Chemistry 
  • SEDA in Higher Education 

Professional membership

  • Member of the Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association
  • Full member of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography

Roles on external bodies

  • Advisory committee for LEAD safe group
  • Member of the International Scientific Committee for Estuarine Biogeochemistry
  • Guest associate editor for Marine Chemistry
  • Editorial board for Marine Pollution Bulletin
  • Editor for Frontiers topic "Plastics in the Environment: Understanding Impacts and Identifying Solutions"

Teaching

Teaching

Teaching interests

  • Marine and environmental biogeochemistry
  • Marine pollution
  • Environmental radioactivity
  • Air quality modelling
  • Environmental impact and risk assessment
  • Applied statistics and data management
  • Meteorology
  • Persistent organic pollutants
  • Plastic recycling and pollution
  • Waste management and WEEE

Staff serving as external examiners

  • PhD, University of Sydney (2002)
  • PhD, Queen Mary College, University of London (2010)
  • PhD, University of Vigo (2009)
  • PhD, Brunel University (2012)
  • PhD, Stockholm University (2013)
  • PhD, Queen Mary College, University of London (2015)
  • PhD, Andhra University, India (2015)
  • PhD, Stockholm University (2019)

Research

Research

Research interests

Behaviour and fate of trace metals in natural waters

  • Conceptual and empirical modelling of the particle-water interactions of trace metals and organic contaminants in natural waters
  • Thermodynamic speciation modelling of metals in estuaries
  • Mercury cycling in estuaries and coastal waters
  • Hydrophobic and amphiphilic properties of trace metals in contaminated rivers
  • Radionuclide behaviour in coastal waters 
  • The influence of surfactants on the behaviour of organic and inorganic contaminants in natural waters 
  • Uptake of metals by marine macroalgae and microalgae 
  • Interactions of metals with plastic production pellets in sea water

Emerging pollutants

  • Behaviour and environmental impacts of cytotoxic drugs
  • The behaviour of the platinum group metals in natural waters
  • Interactions of thallium with natural surfaces
  • Effects of antifouling paint residues on the distributions and effects of biocides in coastal waters
  • Toxicity of nanoparticles to fresh water and marine organisms

Bioaccessibility, bioavailability and toxicity of contaminants

  • Human bioaccessibility of metals in household dust, road dust and urban paints
  • Invertebrate bioavailability of sediment-bound contaminants using enzymatic digestions and proteins
  • Toxicity of tyre wear constituents in marine systems
  • Toxicity of metals and surfactants to marine macroalgae
  • Bioaccessibility of metal pigments in marine plastics
  • Mobility of metals in ceramicware and consumer glassware
Development and application of field-portable XRF
  • Development of XRF for the analysis of low density materials (plastics, paints)
  • Application of XRF for the analysis of macroalgae
  • In situ monitoring of trace elements in sediments
  • Metals in microplastics
  • Occurrence of harmful elements in the domestic setting and in consumer products
  • Use of XRF to characterise plastic WEEE
Environmental plastics

  • Microplastics in the marine environment
  • Microplastic transport in the atmosphere and terrestrial environment
  • Uptake of microplastics by marine life
  • Human impacts of microplastic exposure



    Other research


    Google scholar:

    https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=ny-KMX0AAAAJ&hl=en

    Research Gate:

    https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Andrew-Turner-34

    • Recent international plenary and keynote presentations: POPS 12, University of Birmingham; COSTAction, Zagreb; Illinois Sustainable Technology Center; Marine Fouling and Corrosion, Toulon; Environmental Geochemistry and Health, Galway
    • Regular reviewer for Environmental Science and Technology, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Environmental Pollution, The Science of the Total Environment, Marine Chemistry, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Limnology and Oceanography, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Chemosphere, Applied Geochemistry, Chemosphere, Environmental Chemistry
    • Guest associate editor of Marine Chemistry
    • Editorial board member for Marine Pollution Bulletin
    • Advisory committee member for LEAD Safe
    • Organising committee member for Estuarine Biogeochemistry
    • Chapter contributions in encyclopedias and texts on subjects ranging from oceanography to human health
    • Current and recent collaborations:
      • Derriford Hospital
      • Birmingham University (Environmental Sciences)
      • University of Cardiff (School of Engineering)
      • OMYA AG
      • Plymouth Marine Laboratory
      • University of Bordeaux 1 (Geochimie et Ecotoxicologie des Metaux dans les systemes Aquatiques)
      • University of Geneva (Institute FA Morel)
      • University of Nova Gorica (Laboratory for Environmental Research)
      • Lead Paint Safety Association: www.lipsa.org.uk
      • Cornish Plastic Pollution Coalition
      • Rame Peninsula Beach Care
      • Friends of Portheras Cove
      • Marine Biological Association
      • ENEA (Frascati, Italy)
      • Shiraz University (Department of Earth Sciences);
      • Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (Environmental Technologies Centre)
      • King's College, London (MRC-PHE Centre for Environment and Health)
      • Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science
      • Illinois Sustainable Technology Center
      • Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (Central Environmental Laboratory)
      • Spanish National Research Council
    • Editor's choice for front cover of Environmental Science and Technology, March 2018.
    • European Chemicals Agency consultation on lead chromate

    Research degrees awarded to supervised students

    • D. Mohammed; Toxicity of metals and surfactants to freshwater macroalgae. MPhil (2017).
    • C. Levy; Study of modified calcium carbonates as active-agent slow-release and environmental clean-up agents. PhD (2016)
    • N. Vyas; Effectiveness of a closed system device in reducing occupational exposure and environmental concentrations of anticancer drugs. PhD (2014).
    • L. Holmes; Interactions of trace metals with plastics in the marine environment. PhD (2013)
    • L. Dallas; Assessing the impacts of chronic exposure of contaminants on marine organisms. PhD (2013)
    • C. M. Gribble; Surface adsorption and pore-level properties of mineral and related systems of relevance to the recycling of paper. PhD (2010)
    • L. Shams; Uptake of platinum group elements by the marine microalga, Chlorella stigmatophora. PhD (2010)
    • S. Batchelli: Multi-method characterisation of terrestrial and marine colloids in coastal waters. PhD (2010) 
    • S.J. Watts; Recovery of the Mersey Estuary from metal contamination. PhD (2004)
    • E. Mawji; Speciation and hydrophobicity of trace metals, MRes (2003)
    • Y. Dogra; Biological effects of tritium, MRes (2003)
    • T.L. Jones-Hughes; Surfactants in rivers and estuaries, PhD (2003)
    • M.S. Williams; Radionuclides in estuaries, PhD (2001)
    • S.M. Le Roux; Speciation and reactivity of metals in estuaries, PhD (2000)
    • A. Punt; Estuarine modelling of trace metals, PhD (2000)
    • M. Martino; Reactivity of nickel in estuaries, PhD (2000)
    • M.C. Rawling; Partitioning of organics micropollutants in estuaries, PhD (1999)
    • T.J. Mathews; Void structure, colloid and tracer transport properties of stratified porous media, PhD(1998)
    • T.K. Sands; Metal Reactivity in the North Sea, PhD (1997)
    • Supervisor for research projects of 60 MSc Students

     

    Current PhD students

    • C. Crawford; Analytical, taxicogenomics and modelling approaches to determine the impacts of radionuclides and metals.

    Grants & contracts

    Channel Catchment Cluster (3C): Recent developments in tools and techniques for water quality management in the France (channel) England region; European Commission(INTERREG IV A); 2013-2015 (Co-I)

    EU Horizon 2020 9 Transversal actions for tritium (TRANSAT); 2017-2021 (Co-I).

    Publications

    Publications

    Key publications

    Key publications are highlighted

    Journals
    Articles
    Abbasi S, Rezaei M, Ahmadi F & Turner A (2022) 'Atmospheric transport of microplastics during a dust storm' Chemosphere 292, 133456-133456 , DOI
    Amiri H, Hoseini M, Abbasi S, Malakootian M, Hashemi M, Jaafarzadeh N & Turner A (2022) 'Geophagy and microplastic ingestion' Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 106, 104290-104290 , DOI
    Scott JW, Turner A, Prada AF & Zhao L (2022) 'Heterogeneous weathering of polypropylene in the marine environment' Science of The Total Environment 812, 152308-152308 , DOI
    Abbasi S, Turner A, Sharifi R, Nematollahi MJ, Keshavarzifard M & Moghtaderi T (2022) 'Microplastics in the school classrooms of Shiraz, Iran' Building and Environment 207, 108562-108562 , DOI
    Turner A, Amos SL & Williams T (2021) 'Coastal dunes as a sink and secondary source of marine plastics: A study at Perran Beach, southwest England' Marine Pollution Bulletin 173, 113133-113133 , DOI
    Filella M, Rodríguez-Murillo J-C & Turner A (2021) 'What the presence of regulated chemical elements in beached lacustrine plastics can tell us: the case of Swiss lakes' Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 193, (11) , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Ostle C & Wootton M (2021) 'Occurrence and chemical characteristics of microplastic paint flakes in the North Atlantic Ocean' Science of The Total Environment 806, , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2021) 'Paint particles in the marine environment: An overlooked component of microplastics' Water Research X 12, , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Williams T (2021) 'The role of kelp in the transport and fate of negatively buoyant marine plastic' Journal of Sea Research 175, , DOI Open access
    Filella M, Turner A & Arp HPH (2021) 'Editorial: Plastics in the Environment: Understanding Impacts and Identifying Solutions' Frontiers in Environmental Science 9, , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Filella M (2021) 'Hazardous metal additives in plastics and their environmental impacts' Environment International 156, 0-0 , DOI Open access
    Abbasi S & Turner A (2021) 'Dry and wet deposition of microplastics in a semi-arid region (Shiraz, Iran)' Science of The Total Environment 786, 0-0 , DOI Open access
    Abbasi S, Turner A, Hoseini M & Amiri H (2021) 'Microplastics in the Lut and Kavir Deserts, Iran' Environmental Science & Technology 55, (9) 5993-6000 , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Williams T & Pitchford T (2021) 'Transport, weathering and pollution of plastic from container losses at sea: Observations from a spillage of inkjet cartridges in the North Atlantic Ocean' Environmental Pollution 284, 117131-117131 , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Scott JW & Green LA (2021) 'Rare earth elements in plastics' Science of The Total Environment 774, 0-0 , DOI Open access
    Biver M, Turner A & Filella M (2021) 'Antimony release from polyester textiles by artificial sweat solutions: A call for a standardized procedure' Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 119, , DOI Open access
    Kajander V, Sewell G & Turner A (2021) 'Bioaccumulation and toxicity of oxaliplatin in fresh water: A study with Lemna minor' Environmental Advances 3, , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Filella M (2021) 'Corrigendum to “The influence of additives on the fate of plastics in the marine environment, exemplified with barium sulphate” [Mar. Pollut. Bull. 158 (2020) 111352]' Marine Pollution Bulletin 162, 111787-111787 , DOI
    Turner A & Filella M (2021) 'Polyvinyl chloride in consumer and environmental plastics, with a particular focus on metal-based additives' Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts 23, (9) 1376-1384 , DOI Open access
    Muller-Karanassos C, Arundel W, Lindeque PK, Vance T, Turner A & Cole M (2020) 'Environmental concentrations of antifouling paint particles are toxic to sediment-dwelling invertebrates' Environmental Pollution 268, 115754-115754 , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Filella M (2020) 'Lead in plastics – Recycling of legacy material and appropriateness of current regulations' Journal of Hazardous Materials 404, 124131-124131 , DOI Open access
    Alnajar N, Jha AN & Turner A (2020) 'Impacts of microplastic fibres on the marine mussel, Mytilus galloprovinciallis' Chemosphere 262, 128290-128290 , DOI Open access
    Abbasi S & Turner A (2020) 'Human exposure to microplastics: A study in Iran' Journal of Hazardous Materials 403, 123799-123799 , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2020) 'Polystyrene foam as a source and sink of chemicals in the marine environment: An XRF study' Chemosphere 263, 128087-128087 , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2020) 'Foamed Polystyrene in the Marine Environment: Sources, Additives, Transport, Behavior, and Impacts' Environmental Science & Technology 54, (17) 10411-10420 , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Filella M (2020) 'The influence of additives on the fate of plastics in the marine environment, exemplified with barium sulphate' Marine Pollution Bulletin 158, 111352-111352 , DOI Open access
    Filella M, Martignier A & Turner A (2020) 'Kohl containing lead (and other toxic elements) is widely available in Europe' Environmental Research 187, 109658-109658 , DOI Open access
    Smith EC & Turner A (2020) 'Mobilisation kinetics of Br, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb and Sb in microplastics exposed to simulated, dietary-adapted digestive conditions of seabirds' Science of The Total Environment 733, 138802-138802 , DOI Open access
    James E & Turner A (2020) 'Mobilisation of antimony from microplastics added to coastal sediment' Environmental Pollution 264, 114696-114696 , DOI Open access
    Braungardt C, Chen X, Chester-Sterne D, Quinn JGA & Turner A (2020) 'Arsenic concentrations, distributions and bioaccessibilities at a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Devon Great Consols, Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape)' Environmental Pollution 264, 114590-114590 , DOI Open access
    Knight LJ & Turner A (2020) 'Particle-water interactions of bismuth under simulated estuarine conditions' Chemosphere 251, 126400-126400 , DOI Open access
    Fatunsin OT, Oluseyi TO, Drage D, Abdallah MA-E, Turner A & Harrad S (2020) 'Children's exposure to hazardous brominated flame retardants in plastic toys' Science of The Total Environment 720, 137623-137623 , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Arnold R & Williams T (2020) 'Weathering and persistence of plastic in the marine environment: Lessons from LEGO' Environmental Pollution 262, 114299-114299 , DOI Open access
    Holmes LA, Thompson RC & Turner A (2020) 'In vitro avian bioaccessibility of metals adsorbed to microplastic pellets' Environmental Pollution 261, 114107-114107 , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Holmes L, Thompson RC & Fisher AS (2020) 'Metals and marine microplastics: Adsorption from the environment versus addition during manufacture, exemplified with lead' Water Research 173, 115577-115577 , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Filella M (2020) 'Antimony in paints and enamels of everyday items' Science of the Total Environment 713, 136588-136588 , DOI Open access
    Filella M, Hennebert P, Okkenhaug G & Turner A (2019) 'Occurrence and fate of antimony in plastics' Journal of Hazardous Materials 121764-121764 , DOI Open access
    Measey J, Tarrant J, Rebelo A, Turner A, Du Preez L, Mokhatla M & Conradie W (2019) 'Has strategic planning made a difference to amphibian conservation research in South Africa?' Bothalia 49, (1) , DOI
    Shaw EJ & Turner A (2019) 'Recycled electronic plastic and marine litter' Science of the Total Environment 694, 133644-133644 , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Wallerstein C, Arnold R & Webb D (2019) 'Marine pollution from pyroplastics' Science of the Total Environment 694, 0-0 , DOI Open access
    Martin K & Turner A (2019) 'Mobilization and bioaccessibility of cadmium in coastal sediment contaminated by microplastics' Marine Pollution Bulletin 146, 940-944 , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2019) 'Heavy Metals in the Glass and Enamels of Consumer Container Bottles' Environmental Science and Technology , DOI Open access
    Muller-Karanassos C, Turner A, Arundel W, Vance T, Lindeque PK & Cole M (2019) 'Antifouling paint particles in intertidal estuarine sediments from southwest England and their ingestion by the harbour ragworm, Hediste diversicolor' Environmental Pollution 249, 163-170 , DOI Open access
    Filella M & Turner A (2019) 'Highlights of Analytical Sciences in Switzerland' CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry 73, (1) 91-91 , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2019) 'Trace elements in laundry dryer lint: A proxy for household contamination and discharges to waste water' Science of the Total Environment 665, 568-573 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Wallerstein C & Arnold R (2019) 'Identification, origin and characteristics of bio-bead microplastics from beaches in western Europe' Science of the Total Environment 664, 938-947 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2018) 'Cadmium pigments in consumer products and their health risks' Science of the Total Environment 657, 1409-1418 , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2018) 'Lead pollution of coastal sediments by ceramic waste' Marine Pollution Bulletin 138, 171-176 , DOI Open access
    Khalil AB, Salih BT, Chinengo O, Bardies MRD, Turner A & Abdel Wareth LO (2018) 'Trimester specific reference ranges for serum TSH and Free T4 among United Arab Emirates pregnant women' Practical Laboratory Medicine 12, e00098-e00098 , DOI
    Abbasi S, Keshavarzi B, Moore F, Turner A, Kelly FJ, Dominguez AO & Jaafarzadeh N (2018) 'Distribution and potential health impacts of microplastics and microrubbers in air and street dusts from Asaluyeh County, Iran' Environmental Pollution 244, 153-164 , DOI
    Mirza I, AbdelWareth LO, Liaqat M, Anderson P, Palmer B, Turner A, Pallinalakam F, Ali HB, Tantia E & Lari S (2018) 'Establishing a Clinical Laboratory in a Tertiary/Quaternary Care Greenfield Hospital in the Middle East: Recounting the Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi Experience' Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 142, (9) 1023-1035 , DOI
    Liaqat M, Turner A, Anderson P, Palmer B, Taher SA, Koshy Z, de Jesus W, Kolar V, Burton T & Nahal A (2018) 'Establishing an Anatomic Pathology Laboratory at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi' Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 142, (9) 1036-1046 , DOI
    Turner A & Taylor A (2018) 'On site determination of trace metals in estuarine sediments by field-portable-XRF' Talanta 190, 498-506 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Chan CC & Brown MT (2018) 'Application of field-portable-XRF for the determination of trace elements in deciduous leaves from a mine-impacted region' Chemosphere 209, 928-934 , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2018) 'Black plastics: Linear and circular economies, hazardous additives and marine pollution' Environment International 117, 308-318 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Abbasi S, Soltani N, Keshavarzi B, Moore F, Turner A & Hassanaghaei M (2018) 'Microplastics in different tissues of fish and prawn from the Musa Estuary, Persian Gulf' Chemosphere 205, 80-87 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2018) 'Mobilisation kinetics of hazardous elements in marine plastics subject to an avian physiologically-based extraction test' Environ Pollut 236, 1020-1026 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Filella M & Turner A (2018) 'Observational Study Unveils the Extensive Presence of Hazardous Elements in Beached Plastics from Lake Geneva' Frontiers in Environmental Science 6, , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2018) 'Concentrations and Migratabilities of Hazardous Elements in Second-Hand Children's Plastic toys' Environmental Science and Technology 52, (5) 3110-3116 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Lazic V, Filella M & Turner A (2018) 'Determination of antimony concentrations in widely used plastic objects by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)' Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 33, (11) 1917-1924 Author Site , DOI
    Dallas LJ, Turner A, Bean TP, Lyons BP & Jha AN (2017) 'An integrated approach to assess the impacts of zinc pyrithione at different levels of biological organization in marine mussels' Chemosphere 196, 531-539 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Lewis M (2017) 'Lead and other heavy metals in soils impacted by exterior legacy paint in residential areas of south west England' Science of the Total Environment 619-620, 1206-1213 , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2017) 'High levels of migratable lead and cadmium on decorated drinking glassware' Science of the Total Environment , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2017) 'In situ elemental characterisation of marine microplastics by portable XRF' Marine Pollution Bulletin Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Filella M (2017) 'Bromine in plastic consumer products - Evidence for the widespread recycling of electronic waste' Science of The Total Environment 601-602, 374-379 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Massos A & Turner A (2017) 'Cadmium, lead and bromine in beached microplastics' Environ Pollut 227, 139-145 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Levy CL, Matthews GP, Laudone GM, Beckett S, Turner A, Schoelkopf J & Gane PAC (2017) 'Mechanism of adsorption of actives onto microporous functionalised calcium carbonate (FCC)' Adsorption 23, 603-612 Publisher Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Poon H, Taylor A & Brown MT (2017) 'In situ determination of trace elements in Fucus spp. by field-portable-XRF' Science of The Total Environment 593-594, 227-235 , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2017) 'Trace elements in fragments of fishing net and other filamentous plastic litter from two beaches in SW England' Environmental Pollution , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Filella M (2017) 'Field-portable-XRF reveals the ubiquity of antimony in plastic consumer products' Sci Total Environ Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Sasse J & Varadi A (2016) 'Rapid detection of pathological mutations and deletions of the haemoglobin beta gene (HBB) by High Resolution Melting (HRM) analysis and Gene Ratio Analysis Copy Enumeration PCR (GRACE-PCR)' BMC Medical Genetics 17, (1) , DOI
    Schäfer J, Coynel A, Turner A & Koch BP (2016) 'The 13th International Estuarine Biogeochemistry Symposium: ‘Estuaries and bays under anthropogenic pressure: past-present-future’' Marine Chemistry 185, 1-2 , DOI
    Bull A, Brown MT & Turner A (2016) 'Novel use of field-portable-XRF for the direct analysis of trace elements in marine macroalgae' Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) , DOI Open access
    Dallas LJ, Bean TP, Turner A, Lyons BP & Jha AN (2016) 'Exposure to tritiated water at an elevated temperature: Genotoxic and transcriptomic effects in marine mussels (M. galloprovincialis)' Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 164, 325-336 , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Lau KS (2016) 'Elemental concentrations and bioaccessibilities in beached plastic foam litter, with particular reference to lead in polyurethane' MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN 112, (1-2) 265-270 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2016) 'Heavy metals, metalloids and other hazardous elements in marine plastic litter' Marine Pollution Bulletin , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Solman KR (2016) 'Analysis of the elemental composition of marine litter by field-portable-XRF' Talanta 159, 262-271 , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Kearl ER & Solman KR (2016) 'Response to Gottesfeld and Jacobs 2016' SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 562, 998-998 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Rees A (2016) 'The environmental impacts and health hazards of abandoned boats in estuaries' Regional Studies in Marine Science 6, 75-82 , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Solman KR (2016) 'Lead in exterior paints from the urban and suburban environs of Plymouth, south west England' SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 547, 132-136 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Kearl ER & Solman KR (2016) 'Lead and other toxic metals in playground paints from South West England' SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 544, 460-466 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Dallas LJ, Devos A, Fievet B, Turner A, Lyons BP & Jha AN (2016) 'Radiation dose estimation for marine mussels following exposure to tritium: Best practice for use of the ERICA tool in ecotoxicological studies' JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY 155, 1-6 Author Site , DOI
    Vyas N, Turner A, Clark JM & Sewell GJ (2016) 'Evaluation of a closed-system cytotoxic transfer device in a pharmaceutical isolator' J Oncol Pharm Pract 22, (1) 10-19 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Kearns J & Turner A (2016) 'An evaluation of the toxicity and bioaccumulation of bismuth in the coastal environment using three species of macroalga' ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 208, 435-441 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Sasse J & Varadi A (2015) 'Development and validation of a high throughput, closed tube method for the determination of haemoglobin alpha gene (HBA1 and HBA2) numbers by gene ratio assay copy enumeration-PCR (GRACE-PCR)' BMC Medical Genetics 16, (1) , DOI
    Tatsi K, Turner A, Handy RD & Shaw BJ (2015) 'The acute toxicity of thallium to freshwater organisms: Implications for risk assessment' Science of The Total Environment 536, 382-390 , DOI Open access
    Levy CL, Matthews GP, Laudone GM, Gribble CM, Turner A, Ridgway CJ, Gerard DE, Schoelkopf J & Gane PAC (2015) 'Diffusion and Tortuosity in Porous Functionalized Calcium Carbonate' Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 54, (41) 9938-9947 , DOI
    Comber SDW (2015) 'Determining riverine sediment storage mechanisms of biologically reactive phosphorus in situ using DGT' Environmental Science and Pollution Research , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Holmes LA (2015) 'Adsorption of trace metals by microplastic pellets in fresh water' Environmental Chemistry 12, (5) 600-600 , DOI
    Turner A, Comber S, Rees AB, Gkiokas D & Solman K (2015) 'Metals in boat paint fragments from slipways, repair facilities and abandoned vessels: an evaluation using field portable XRF' Talanta 131, 372-378 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Mascorda L (2015) 'Particle-water interactions of platinum-based anticancer drugs in river water and estuarine water' Chemosphere 119, 415-422 Author Site , DOI
    Cobelo-Garcia A, Lopez-Sanchez DE, Schaefer J, Petit JCJ, Blanc G & Turner A (2014) 'Behavior and fluxes of Pt in the macrotidal Gironde Estuary (SW France)' MARINE CHEMISTRY 167, 93-101 Author Site , DOI
    Holmes LA, Turner A & Thompson RC (2014) 'Interactions between trace metals and plastic production pellets under estuarine conditions' MARINE CHEMISTRY 167, 25-32 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Schaefer J (2014) 'Twelfth International Estuarine Biogeochemistry Symposium - "An integrated approach to estuarine biogeochemistry"' MARINE CHEMISTRY 167, 1-1 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A (2014) 'Mobilisation and bioaccessibility of lead in paint from abandoned boats' Mar Pollut Bull 89, (1-2) 35-39 Author Site , DOI
    Hasan CK, Turner A, Readman J & Frickers T (2014) 'Environmental Risks Associated with Booster Biocides Leaching from Spent Anti-Fouling Paint Particles in Coastal Environments' WATER ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH 86, (12) 2330-2337 Author Site , DOI
    Dallas LJ, Di Y, Bean TP, Lyons BP, Turner A & Jha AN (2014) 'Adverse outcome pathways for metal and radionuclide exposure: an ecotoxicological perspective using mussels as a sentinel organism' MUTAGENESIS 29, (6) 541-541 Author Site
    Turner A & Glegg G (2014) 'TBT-based antifouling paints remain on sale' Marine Pollution Bulletin 88, (1-2) 398-400 , DOI
    Vyas N, Turner A & Sewell G (2014) 'Platinum-based anticancer drugs in waste waters of a major UK hospital and predicted concentrations in recipient surface waters' Sci Total Environ 493, 324-329 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Vyas N, Yiannakis D, Turner A & Sewell GJ (2014) 'Occupational exposure to anti-cancer drugs: A review of effects of new technology' J Oncol Pharm Pract 20, (4) 278-287 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Sasse J & Varadi A (2014) 'Hb Fontainebleau (HBA2: c.64G > C) in the United Arab Emirates' Hemoglobin 38, (3) 216-220 , DOI
    Shams L, Turner A, Millward GE & Brown MT (2014) 'Extra- and intra-cellular accumulation of platinum group elements by the marine microalga, Chlorella stigmatophora' Water Research 50, 432-440 , DOI Open access
    Tatsi K & Turner A (2014) 'Distributions and concentrations of thallium in surface waters of a region impacted by historical metal mining (Cornwall, UK)' Sci Total Environ 473-474, 139-146 Author Site , DOI
    Sharp A & Turner A (2013) 'Concentrations and bioaccessibilities of trace elements in barbecue charcoals' J Hazard Mater 262, 620-626 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Pilsbury A (2013) 'Accumulation of aqueous and dietary thallium by the marine snail, Littorina littorea' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 129, 73-76 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A (2013) 'Selenium in sediments and biota from estuaries of southwest England' Mar Pollut Bull 73, (1) 192-198 Author Site , DOI
    Varma R, Turner A, Brown MT & Millward GE (2013) 'Metal accumulation kinetics by the estuarine macroalga, Fucus ceranoides' Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 128, 33-40 , DOI Open access
    Shaw BJ, Ramsden CS, Turner A & Handy RD (2013) 'A simplified method for determining titanium from TiO2 nanoparticles in fish tissue with a concomitant multi-element analysis' Chemosphere 92, (9) 1136-1144 Author Site , DOI
    Dallas LJ, Bean TP, Turner A, Lyons BP & Jha AN (2013) 'Oxidative DNA damage may not mediate Ni-induced genotoxicity in marine mussels: assessment of genotoxic biomarkers and transcriptional responses of key stress genes' Mutat Res 754, (1-2) 22-31 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A (2013) 'Metal contamination of soils, sediments and dusts in the vicinity of marine leisure boat maintenance facilities' JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS 13, (6) 1052-1056 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A, Turner D & Braungardt C (2013) 'Biomonitoring of thallium availability in two estuaries of southwest England' Mar Pollut Bull 69, (1-2) 172-177 Author Site , DOI
    Abdel-Wareth L, Haq A, Turner A, Khan S, Salem A, Mustafa F, Hussein N, Pallinalakam F, Grundy L & Patras G (2013) 'Total Vitamin D Assay Comparison of the Roche Diagnostics “Vitamin D Total” Electrochemiluminescence Protein Binding Assay with the Chromsystems HPLC Method in a Population with both D2 and D3 forms of Vitamin D' Nutrients 5, (3) 971-980 , DOI
    Li H, Turner A & Brown MT (2013) 'Accumulation of Aqueous and Nanoparticulate Silver by the Marine Gastropod Littorina littorea' WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION 224, (1) Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A & Furniss O (2012) 'An evaluation of the toxicity and bioaccumulation of thallium in the coastal marine environment using the macroalga, Ulva lactuca' Mar Pollut Bull 64, (12) 2720-2724 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Hallett L (2012) 'Bioaccessibility of Zinc in Estuarine Sediment Contaminated by Tire Wear Particles' WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION 223, (8) 4889-4894 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Hambling J (2012) 'Bioaccessibility of Trace Metals in Sediment, Macroalga and Antifouling Paint to the Wild Mute Swan, Cygnus olor' WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION 223, (5) 2503-2509 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Sogo YSK (2012) 'Concentrations and bioaccessibilities of metals in exterior urban paints' Chemosphere 86, (6) 614-618 Author Site , DOI
    Holmes LA, Turner A & Thompson RC (2012) 'Adsorption of trace metals to plastic resin pellets in the marine environment' Environ Pollut 160, (1) 42-48 Author Site , DOI
    Anagboso MU, Turner A & Braungardt CB (2012) 'Fractionation of thallium in the tamar estuary, south west England' Journal of Geochemical Exploration , DOI
    Turner A, Brice D & Brown MT (2012) 'Interactions of silver nanoparticles with the marine macroalga, Ulva lactuca' Ecotoxicology 21, (1) 148-154 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Takahashi CK, Turner A, Millward GE & Glegg GA (2012) 'Persistence and metallic composition of paint particles in sediments from a tidal inlet' Mar Pollut Bull 64, (1) 133-137 Author Site , DOI
    Easton C, Turner A & Sewell G (2011) 'An evaluation of the toxicity and bioaccumulation of cisplatin in the marine environment using the macroalga, Ulva lactuca' Environ Pollut 159, (12) 3504-3508 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Law S & Turner A (2011) 'Thallium in the hydrosphere of south west England' Environ Pollut 159, (12) 3484-3489 Author Site , DOI
    Varma R, Turner A & Brown MT (2011) 'Bioaccumulation of metals by Fucus ceranoides in estuaries of South West England' Mar Pollut Bull 62, (11) 2557-2562 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Degaffe FS & Turner A (2011) 'Leaching of zinc from tire wear particles under simulated estuarine conditions' Chemosphere 85, (5) 738-743 Author Site , DOI
    Gribble CM, Matthews GP, Laudone GM, Turner A, Ridgway CJ, Schoelkopf J & Gane PAC (2011) 'Porometry, porosimetry, image analysis and void network modelling in the study of the pore-level properties of filters' CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE 66, (16) 3701-3709 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A (2011) 'Oral bioaccessibility of trace metals in household dust: a review' Environ Geochem Health 33, (4) 331-341 Author Site , DOI
    Huntingford EJ & Turner A (2011) 'Trace metals in harbour and slipway sediments from the island of Malta, central Mediterranean' Mar Pollut Bull 62, (7) 1557-1561 Author Site , DOI
    Masakorala K, Turner A & Brown MT (2011) 'Toxicity of Synthetic Surfactants to the Marine Macroalga, Ulva lactuca' WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION 218, (1-4) 283-291 Author Site , DOI
    Jessop A & Turner A (2011) 'Leaching of Cu and Zn from discarded boat paint particles into tap water and rain water' Chemosphere 83, (11) 1575-1580 Author Site , DOI
    Mulholland R & Turner A (2011) 'Accumulation of platinum group elements by the marine gastropod Littorina littorea' Environ Pollut 159, (4) 977-982 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Holmes L (2011) 'Occurrence, distribution and characteristics of beached plastic production pellets on the island of Malta (central Mediterranean)' Mar Pollut Bull 62, (2) 377-381 Author Site , DOI
    Gribble CM, Matthews GP, Turner A, Gantenbein D, Schoelkopf J & Gane PAC (2011) 'Equilibrium coefficients for the adsorption of colloidal stickies onto mineral suspension particulates to improve paper recycling' NORDIC PULP & PAPER RESEARCH JOURNAL 26, (4) 421-428 Author Site , DOI
    Gribble CM, Matthews GP, Turner A, Gantenbein D, Schoelkopf J & Gane PAC (2011) 'Equilibrium coefficients for the adsorption of colloidal stickies onto mineral suspension particulates to improve paper recycling' Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal 26, (4) 421-428 , DOI
    Vonlanthen S, Brown MT & Turner A (2011) 'Toxicity of the amphoteric surfactant, cocamidopropyl betaine, to the marine macroalga, Ulva lactuca' Ecotoxicology 20, (1) 202-207 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Gribble CM, Matthews GP, Gantenbein D, Turner A, Schoelkopf J & Gane PAC (2010) 'Adsorption of surfactant-rich stickies onto mineral surfaces' J Colloid Interface Sci 352, (2) 483-490 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A, Cabon A, Glegg GA & Fisher AS (2010) 'Sediment–water interactions of thallium under simulated estuarine conditions' Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, (23) 6779-6787 , DOI
    Turner A & Rice L (2010) 'Toxicity of tire wear particle leachate to the marine macroalga, Ulva lactuca' Environ Pollut 158, (12) 3650-3654 Author Site , DOI
    Ashton K, Holmes L & Turner A (2010) 'Association of metals with plastic production pellets in the marine environment' Mar Pollut Bull 60, (11) 2050-2055 Author Site , DOI
    Parks R, Donnier-Marechal M, Frickers PE, Turner A & Readman JW (2010) 'Antifouling biocides in discarded marine paint particles' Mar Pollut Bull 60, (8) 1226-1230 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Hefzi B (2010) 'Levels and Bioaccessibilities of Metals in Dusts from an Arid Environment' WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION 210, (1-4) 483-491 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Radford A (2010) 'Bioaccessibility of trace metals in boat paint particles' Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 73, (5) 817-824 Author Site , DOI
    Curtis L, Turner A, Vyas N & Sewell G (2010) 'Speciation and reactivity of Cisplatin in river water and seawater' Environ Sci Technol 44, (9) 3345-3350 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Jones DE & Turner A (2010) 'Bioaccessibility and mobilisation of copper and zinc in estuarine sediment contaminated by antifouling paint particles' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 87, (3) 399-404 Author Site , DOI
    Jones D & Turner A (2010) 'Bioaccessibility and mobilisation of copper and zinc in estuarine sediment contaminated by antifouling paint particles' Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 87, (3) 399-404
    Turner A (2010) 'Marine pollution from antifouling paint particles' Mar Pollut Bull 60, (2) 159-171 Author Site , DOI
    Dai M & Turner A (2009) '10th International Estuarine Biogeochemistry Symposium - "Estuaries in a Changing World"' MARINE CHEMISTRY 117, (1-4) 1-1 Author Site , DOI
    Holmes L & Turner A (2009) 'Leaching of hydrophobic Cu and Zn from discarded marine antifouling paint residues: evidence for transchelation of metal pyrithiones' Environ Pollut 157, (12) 3440-3444 Author Site , DOI
    Gammon M, Turner A & Brown MT (2009) 'Accumulation of Cu and Zn in discarded antifouling paint particles by the marine gastropod, Littorina littorea' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 84, (4) 447-452 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A, Millward GE & Stemp M (2009) 'Distribution of tritium in estuarine waters: the role of organic matter' J Environ Radioact 100, (10) 890-895 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A, Pollock H & Brown MT (2009) 'Accumulation of Cu and Zn from antifouling paint particles by the marine macroalga, Ulva lactuca' Environ Pollut 157, (8-9) 2314-2319 Author Site , DOI Open access
    Turner A, Singh N & Richards JP (2009) 'Bioaccessibility of metals in soils and dusts contaminated by marine antifouling paint particles' Environ Pollut 157, (5) 1526-1532 Author Site , DOI
    Singh N & Turner A (2009) 'Trace metals in antifouling paint particles and their heterogeneous contamination of coastal sediments' Mar Pollut Bull 58, (4) 559-564 Author Site , DOI
    Singh N & Turner A (2009) 'Leaching of copper and zinc from spent antifouling paint particles' Environ Pollut 157, (2) 371-376 Author Site , DOI
    Singh A & Turner A (2009) 'Surfactant-induced mobilisation of trace metals from estuarine sediment: implications for contaminant bioaccessibility and remediation' Environ Pollut 157, (2) 646-653 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A, Barrett M & Brown MT (2009) 'Processing of antifouling paint particles by Mytilus edulis' Environ Pollut 157, (1) 215-220 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Price S (2008) 'Bioaccessibility of platinum group elements in automotive catalytic converter particulates' Environ Sci Technol 42, (24) 9443-9448 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A, Singh N & Millard L (2008) 'Bioaccessibility and bioavailability of Cu and Zn in sediment contaminated by antifouling paint residues' Environ Sci Technol 42, (23) 8740-8746 Author Site , DOI
    Masakorala K, Turner A & Brown MT (2008) 'Influence of synthetic surfactants on the uptake of Pd, Cd and Pb by the marine macroalga, Ulva lactuca' Environ Pollut 156, (3) 897-904 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A, Pedroso SS & Brown MT (2008) 'Influence of salinity and humic substances on the uptake of trace metals by the marine macroalga, Ulva lactuca: Experimental observations and modelling using WHAM' MARINE CHEMISTRY 110, (3-4) 176-184 Author Site , DOI
    French B & Turner A (2008) 'Mobilization, adsorption, and bioavailability of Pt and Pd in coastal sediments: the role of the polychaete, Arenicola marina' Environ Sci Technol 42, (10) 3543-3549 Author Site , DOI
    Cobelo-Garcia A, Turner A & Millward GE (2008) 'Fractionation and reactivity of platinum group elements during estuarine mixing' Environ Sci Technol 42, (4) 1096-1101 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A, Le Roux SM & Millward GE (2008) 'Adsorption of cadmium to iron and manganese oxides during estuarine mixing' MARINE CHEMISTRY 108, (1-2) 77-84 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Xu J (2008) 'Influence of ionic surfactants on the flocculation and sorption of palladium and mercury in the aquatic environment' Water Res 42, (1-2) 318-326 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A (2007) 'A binary aqueous component model for the sediment - Water partitioning of trace metals in natural waters' Environmental Science & Technology 41, (11) 3977-3983
    Kalman J & Turner A (2007) 'An evaluation of metal bioaccessibility in estuarine sediments using the commercially available protein, bovine serum albumin' Marine Chemistry 107, (4) 486-497
    Kalman J & Turner A (2007) 'An evaluation of the bioaccessibility of metals in estuairne sediments using the commercially available protein, bovine serum albumin' Marine Chemistry 107, 486-497
    Turner A & Ip KH (2007) 'Bioaccessibility of metals in dust from the indoor environment: Application of a physiologically based extraction test' Environmental Science & Technology 41, (22) 7851-7856
    Turner A, Glegg G & Fitzer S (2007) 'Impacts of boat paint chips on the distribution and availability of copper in an English Ria' Environmental Pollution 151, 176-181
    Turner A (2007) 'Particle-water interactions of platinum group elements under estuarine conditions' Marine Chemistry 103, (1-2) 103-111
    Turner A & Wu KT (2007) 'Removal of platinum group elements in an estuarine turbidity maximum' Marine Chemistry 107, (3) 295-307
    Odjegba V, Brown M & Turner A (2007) 'Studies on the effects of platinum group metals (PGMs) on Lactuca sativa L' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 146, (4) S261-S261
    Turner A, Lewis MS, Shams L & Brown MT (2007) 'Uptake of platinum group elements by the marine macroalga, Ulva lactuca' Marine Chemistry 105, (3-4) 271-280
    Couceiro F, Tumer A & Millward GE (2007) 'Adsorption and desorption kinetics of rhodium (III) and platinum (IV) in turbid suspensions: Potential tracers for sediment transport in estuarine flumes' Marine Chemistry 107, (3) 308-318
    Cobelo-Garcia A, Turner A, Millward GE & Couceiro F (2007) 'Behaviour of palladium(II), platinum(IV), and rhodium(III) in artificial and natural waters: Influence of reactor surface and geochemistry on metal recovery' Analytica Chimica Acta 585, (2) 202-210
    Odjegba VJ, Brown MT & Turner A (2007) 'Studies on the effects of platinum group elements on Lactuca sativa' L. American Journal of Plant Physiology 2, 183-194
    Turner A, Crussell M, Millward GE, Cobelo-Garcia A & Fisher AS (2006) 'Adsorption kinetics of platinum group elements in river water' Environmental Science & Technology 40, (5) 1524-1531
    Jha AN, Dogra Y, Turner A & Millward GE (2006) 'Are low doses of tritium genotoxic to Mytilus edulis?' Marine Environmental Research 62, S297-S300
    Turner A (2006) 'Enzymatic mobilisation of trace metals from estuarine sediment' Marine Chemistry 98, (2-4) 140-147
    Turner A & Martino M (2006) 'Modelling the equilibrium speciation of nickel in the Tweed Estuary, UK: Voltammetric determinations and simulations using WHAM' Marine Chemistry 102, (3-4) 198-207
    Turner A & Bishop E (2006) 'Processing of the chemical components of estuarine sediment by the lugworm, Arenicola marina' Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 68, (1-2) 86-92
    Turner A & Simmonds L (2006) 'Elemental concentrations and metal bioaccessibility in UK household dust' Science of the Total Environment 371, (1-3) 74-81
    Turner A & Mawji E (2005) 'Hydrophobicity and reactivity of trace metals in the low-salinity zone of a turbid estuary' Limnology and Oceanography 50, (3) 1011-1019
    Turner A & Mawji E (2005) 'Octanol-solubility of dissolved and particulate trace metals in contaminated rivers: implications for metal reactivity and availability' Environmental Pollution 135, (2) 235-244
    Turner A & Williamson I (2005) 'Octanol-water partitioning of chemical constituents in river water and treated sewage effluent' Water Research 39, (18) 4325-4334
    Turner A & Williamson I (2005) 'On the relationship between D-OW and K-OW in natural waters' Environmental Science & Technology 39, (22) 8719-8727
    Jones-Hughes T & Turner A (2005) 'Sorption of ionic surfactants to estuarine sediment and their influence on the sequestration of phenanthrene' Environmental Science & Technology 39, (6) 1688-1697
    Jha AN, Dogra Y, Turner A & Millward GE (2005) 'Impact of low doses of tritium on the marine mussel, Mytilus edulis: Genotoxic effects and tissue-specific bioconcentration' Mutation Research-Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis 586, (1) 47-57
    Martino M, Turner A & Nimmo M (2004) 'Distribution, speciation and particle-water interactions of nickel in the Mersey Estuary, UK' Marine Chemistry 88, (3-4) 161-177
    Turner A & Mawji E (2004) 'Hydrophobicity and octanol-water partitioning of trace metals in natural waters' Environmental Science & Technology 38, (11) 3081-3091
    Turner A, Millward GE & Le Roux SM (2004) 'Significance of oxides and particulate organic matter in controlling trace metal partitioning in a contaminated estuary' Marine Chemistry 88, (3-4) 179-192
    Turner A, Le Roux SM & Millward GE (2004) 'Speciation and partitioning of cadmium and zinc in two contrasting estuaries: The role of hydrophobic organic matter' Limnology and Oceanography 49, (1) 11-19
    Martino M, Turner A & Millward GE (2003) 'Influence of organic complexation on the adsorption kinetics of nickel in river waters' Environmental Science & Technology 37, (11) 2383-2388
    Turner A (2003) 'Salting out of chemicals in estuaries: implications for contaminant partitioning and modelling' Science of the Total Environment 314, 599-612
    Millward GE, Sands TK, Nimmo M, Turner A & Tappin AD (2002) 'Nickel in the Humber plume: Influences of particle dynamics and reactivity' Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 54, (5) 821-832
    Martino M, Turner A, Nimmo A & Millward GE (2002) 'Resuspension, reactivity and recycling of trace metals in the Mersey Estuary, UK' Marine Chemistry 77, (2-3) 171-186
    Turner A & Rawling MC (2002) 'Sorption of benzo[a]pyrene to sediment contaminated by acid mine drainage: contrasting particle concentration-dependencies in river water and seawater' Water Research 36, (8) 2011-2019
    Turner A & Millward GE (2002) 'Suspended particles: Their role in estuarine biogeochemical cycles' Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 55, (6) 857-883
    Turner A, Martino M & Le Roux SM (2002) 'Trace metal distribution coefficients in the Mersey estuary, UK: Evidence for salting out of metal complexes' Environmental Science & Technology 36, (21) 4578-4584
    Le Roux SM, Turner A, Millward GE, Ebdon L & Appriou P (2001) 'Partitioning of mercury onto suspended sediments in estuaries' Journal of Environmental Monitoring 3, (1) 37-42
    Turner A, Henon DN & Dale JLL (2001) 'Pepsin-digestibility of contaminated estuarine sediments' Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 53, (5) 671-681
    Turner A, Millward GE & Le Roux SM (2001) 'Sediment-water partitioning of inorganic mercury in estuaries' Environmental Science & Technology 35, (23) 4648-4654
    Turner A & Rawling MC (2001) 'The influence of salting out on the sorption of neutral organic compounds in estuaries' Water Research 35, (18) 4379-4389
    Turner A & Olsen YS (2000) 'Chemical versus enzymatic digestion of contaminated estuarine sediment: Relative importance of iron and manganese oxides in controlling trace metal bioavailability' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 51, (6) 717-728 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Millward GE (2000) 'Particle dynamics and trace metal reactivity in estuarine plumes' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 50, (6) 761-774 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A (2000) 'Trace metal contamination in sediments from UK estuaries: An empirical evaluation of the role of hydrous iron and manganese oxides' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 50, (3) 355-371 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A & Rawling MC (2000) 'The behaviour of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in estuaries' MARINE CHEMISTRY 68, (3) 203-217 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A, Hyde TL & Rawling MC (1999) 'Transport and retention of hydrophobic organic micropollutants in estuaries: Implications of the particle concentration effect' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 49, (5) 733-746 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A (1999) 'Diagnosis of chemical reactivity and pollution sources from particulate trace metal distributions in estuaries' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 48, (2) 177-191 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A, Nimmo M & Thuresson KA (1998) 'Speciation and sorptive behaviour of nickel in an organic-rich estuary (Beaulieu, UK)' MARINE CHEMISTRY 63, (1-2) 105-118 Author Site , DOI
    Rawling MC, Turner A & Tyler AO (1998) 'Particle-water interactions of 2,2',5,5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl under simulated estuarine conditions' MARINE CHEMISTRY 61, (3-4) 115-126 Author Site , DOI
    Turner A (1996) 'Trace-metal partitioning in estuaries: Importance of salinity and particle concentration' MARINE CHEMISTRY 54, (1-2) 27-39 Author Site , DOI
    Millward GE, Allen JI, Morris AW & Turner A (1996) 'Distributions and fluxes of non-detrital particulate Fe,Mn,Cu,Zn in the Humber coastal zone, UK' CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH 16, (7) 967-993 Author Site , DOI
    Thuresson AK, Turner A, Nimmo M & OHare TJ (1996) 'The influence of changing environmental conditions on the partitioning of nickel in rivers and estuaries: A comparison between predicted results and field data' ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 211, 58-GEOC Author Site
    Turner A (1996) 'Trace metal partition coefficients in estuaries: Modelling the effects of salinity, particle concentration and particle character' ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 211, 117-GEOC Author Site
    Ng B, Turner A, Tyler AO, Falconer RA & Millward GE (1996) 'Modelling contaminant geochemistry in estuaries' WATER RESEARCH 30, (1) 63-74 Author Site , DOI
    TURNER A & MILLWARD GE (1994) 'PARTITIONING OF TRACE-METALS IN A MACROTIDAL ESTUARY - IMPLICATIONS FOR CONTAMINANT TRANSPORT MODELS' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 39, (1) 45-58 Author Site , DOI
    TYLER AO, MILLWARD GE, JONES PH & TURNER A (1994) 'POLYCHLORINATED DIBENZO-PARA-DIOXINS AND POLYCHLORINATED DIBENZOFURANS IN SEDIMENTS FROM UK ESTUARIES' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 39, (1) 1-13 Author Site , DOI
    TURNER A, MILLWARD GE & TYLER AO (1994) 'THE DISTRIBUTION AND CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION OF PARTICLES IN A MACROTIDAL ESTUARY' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 38, (1) 1-17 Author Site , DOI
    BURTON JD, ALTHAUS M, MILLWARD GE, MORRIS AW, STATHAM PJ, TAPPIN AD & TURNER A (1993) 'PROCESSES INFLUENCING THE FATE OF TRACE-METALS IN THE NORTH-SEA' PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES 343, (1669) 557-568 Author Site , DOI
    TURNER A, MILLWARD GE, BALE AJ & MORRIS AW (1993) 'APPLICATION OF THE K(D) CONCEPT TO THE STUDY OF TRACE-METAL REMOVAL AND DESORPTION DURING ESTUARINE MIXING' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 36, (1) 1-13 Author Site , DOI
    TURNER A, MILLWARD GE, BALE AJ & MORRIS AW (1992) 'THE SOLID-SOLUTION PARTITIONING OF TRACE-METALS IN THE SOUTHERN NORTH-SEA - INSITU RADIOCHEMICAL EXPERIMENTS' CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH 12, (11) 1311-1329 Author Site , DOI
    TURNER A, MILLWARD GE, SCHUCHARDT B, SCHIRMER M & PRANGE A (1992) 'TRACE-METAL DISTRIBUTION COEFFICIENTS IN THE WESER ESTUARY (GERMANY)' CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH 12, (11) 1277-1292 Author Site , DOI
    TURNER A, MILLWARD GE & MORRIS AW (1991) 'PARTICULATE METALS IN 5 MAJOR NORTH-SEA ESTUARIES' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 32, (4) 325-346 Author Site , DOI
    Chapters
    Turner A (2019) 'Bioaccessibility of Trace Metals in Household Dust' Encyclopedia of Environmental Health Elsevier 301-306 , DOI
    Millward GE, Turner A & He X (2019) 'Metal Pollution' Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences Elsevier 342-349 , DOI
    Millward GE & Turner A (2018) 'Metal Pollution ☆' Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene Elsevier 77-85 , DOI
    Turner A (2011) 'Bioaccessibility of Trace Metals in Household Dust' Encyclopedia of Environmental Health Elsevier 317-322 , DOI
    Millward GE & Turner A (2001) 'Metal pollution' in Steele J; Thorpe S; Turekian K Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences 1730-1737
    Millward GE & Turner A (2001) 'Metal Pollution' Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences Elsevier 768-775 , DOI
    Conference Papers
    Couceiro F, Rauen W, Millward GE, Lin B, Turner A & Falconer R (2009) 'Transport and reactivity of nickel in estuarine sediments: Results from a high capacity flume' 71-76 , DOI
    Gribble CM, Matthews GP, Turner A, Gantenbein D, Schoelkopf J & Gane PAC (2009) 'A model description of adsorption of surfactant-rich stickies onto hydrophobic mineral surfaces' 7th International Paper and Coating Chemistry Symposium McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada 6-/-0/20096-/-0/2009
    Couceiro F, Turner A & Millward GE (2007) 'Adsorption and desorption kinetics of rhodium (III) and platinum (IV) in turbid suspensions: Potential tracers for sediment transport in estuarine flumes' 308-318 , DOI
    MILLWARD G, TURNER A, GLASSON D & GLEGG G (1990) 'Intra- and inter-estuarine variability of particle microstructure' Elsevier BV 289-300 , DOI
    Personal

    Personal

    Conferences organised

    • Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association. Local meeting: "Estuaries of South West England". Plymouth, April 2005.
    • 12th International Estuarine Biogeochemistry Symposium: "An Integrated Approach to Estuarine Biogeochemistry". Plymouth, July 2013.
    • Marine Pollution and the English Channel - a public engagement event. Plymouth, September 2014.

    Other academic activities

    msn


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    In the press:

    BBC News

    https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-42832978

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    The Independent

    https://www.independent.co.uk/news/health/second-hand-toys-toxic-plastic-dangerous-safety-risk-children-study-university-of-plymouth-a8181551.html

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    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/playgrounds-could-be-painted-with-dangerous-levels-of-lead-a6832826.html

    Food Packaging Forum

    https://www.foodpackagingforum.org/news/rare-earth-elements-found-in-fcms-recycled-plastics

    Alamy

    https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-general-view-of-plastic-toys-a-study-by-dr-andrew-turner-of-the-university-175791105.html

    The Express

    https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/968137/Recycling-plastic-health-hazard-lead-poisoning-recycle-electrical-equipment

    Medical News Today

    https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320766.php

    Chemical Watch

    https://chemicalwatch.com/63753/uk-study-raises-fears-about-chemicals-in-secondhand-toys

    Science Daily

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/02/210217091025.htm

    Reuters

    https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-health-kids-toys/hand-me-down-plastic-toys-may-not-be-good-for-kids-idUKKBN1FT2U2

    i News

    https://inews.co.uk/news/health/childrens-health-risk-second-hand-toys/

    Packaging insights

    https://www.packaginginsights.com/news/plastic-recycling-gone-wrong-study-finds-rare-metals-in-cosmetic-and-food-packaging.html

    Ecowatch

    https://www.ecowatch.com/black-plastics-chemicals-recycling-2573650529.html

    The Sun

    https://www.thesun.co.uk/tech/9751669/uk-beaches-plastic-rocks-cornwall/

    HiTecher

    https://hitecher.com/news/plastic-has-learned-to-disguise-itself-as-stone

    Country Life

    https://www.countrylife.co.uk/news/researchers-discover-concerning-plastic-pebbles-littering-uk-beaches-201983

    Science Times

    https://www.sciencetimes.com/articles/29734/20210218/rare-metals-found-toys-food-packaging-due-plastic-recycling.htm

    Technology Times, Pakistan

    https://www.technologytimes.pk/plastics-new-pollution-pyroplastics/

    VAU (editor's choice)

    https://vastuullisuusuutiset.fi/en/chief-editors-choice/plastic-recycling-results-in-rare-metals-being-found-in-childrens-toys-and-food-packaging/

    Bioplastics News

    https://bioplasticsnews.com/2019/08/19/national-geographic-discovers-new-form-of-plastic-pollution/

    Altasea

    https://altasea.org/tag/pyroplastics/

    Packaging Gateway

    https://www.packaging-gateway.com/news/scientist-warn-marine-plastic-pollution/

    Scientias, Netherlands

    https://www.scientias.nl/weer-een-nieuwe-vorm-van-plastic-vervuiling-ontdekt-pyroplastics/

    Science Times

    https://www.sciencetimes.com/articles/23640/20190821/newly-discovered-plastic-waste-looks-just-like-pebbles.htm

    Breaking News WS

    http://breakingnews.ws/plastic-pollution-that-look-like-rocks-and-pebbles-have-been-found-littering-british-beaches-and-may-be-leaking-lead-into-the-environment.html

    India Times

    https://indiatimespost.com/mystery-as-uk-beaches-plagued-by-plastic-that-looks-exactly-like-rocks-and-some-contain-deadly-metals/

    Yahoo

    https://uk.news.yahoo.com/warning-over-new-kind-of-plastic-pollution-which-looks-like-ordinary-pebbles-190739346.html

    https://ca.news.yahoo.com/paint-particles-abundant-microplastic-oceans-161628621.html

    https://uk.news.yahoo.com/lego-bricks-could-survive-ocean-111433822.html

    IFL Science

    https://www.iflscience.com/environment/study-identifies-new-form-of-plastic-pollution-on-beaches-that-looks-like-pebbles/

    Silicon Republic

    https://www.siliconrepublic.com/innovation/laundry-lint-mussel-deformities

    Science Hook

    https://sciencehook.com/environment/plastic-pollution-identical-to-the-appearance-of-rocks-3601

    Ecotextile

    https://www.ecotextile.com/2020100526771/materials-production-news/textile-lint-damaging-marine-animals-study.html

    Weather.com

    https://weather.com/science/environment/news/2019-08-16-plastic-pebbles-spotted-on-english-beaches

    Science Times

    https://www.sciencetimes.com/articles/27554/20201002/mussel-exposure-microfibers-cause-serious-physiological-genetic-damage.htm

    Newsbreak

    https://www.newsbreak.com/news/2074594318651/laundry-lint-is-causing-a-big-problem-for-mussels-across-the-globe

    Ecosuck

    https://ecosuck.org/new-plastic-pollution-formed-by-fire-looks-like-rocks-pyroplastics-national-geographic/

    The Ecologist

    https://theecologist.org/2020/oct/05/tumble-dryers-harming-marine-species

    Newsfactory

    https://www.newsfactory.su/en/the-science/129321-plastic-began-to-be-disguised-as-rocks-why-is-it-dangerous

    Daily Mail

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-7371323/Plastic-pollution-look-like-rocks-pebbles-littering-British-beaches.html

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-8798923/Tumble-dryer-lint-damage-gills-liver-DNA-marine-life-study-finds.html

    UUX News China

    http://www.uux.cn/viewnews-97229.html

    Daily Ember

    https://webgram.life/hashtag/TheDailyEmber

    First Post

    https://www.firstpost.com/tech/science/barbecued-plastic-forms-pebbles-and-is-taking-over-the-beaches-in-the-uk-7190581.html

    Forbes

    https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidbressan/2019/08/21/plastic-pollution-is-creating-fake-pebbles/#72275db32355

    Families Online

    https://www.familiesonline.co.uk/news/second-hand-toys-could-harm-children

    Daily Mail

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/pa/article-5316485/Health-warning-second-hand-plastic-toys.html

    Breaking News .ie

    https://www.breakingnews.ie/world/health-warning-over-second-hand-plastic-toys-824963.html

    Lifehacker

    https://offspring.lifehacker.com/your-old-legos-might-be-toxic-1822608757

    Resource Recycling

    https://resource-recycling.com/plastics/2018/06/20/study-e-plastic-additives-carry-over-post-processing/

    Yorkshire Post

    https://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/read-this/second-hand-toys-could-pose-a-risk-to-childrens-health/

    Treehugger

    https://www.treehugger.com/family/second-hand-toys-pose-risks-childrens-health.html

    Recycling International

    https://recyclinginternational.com/plastics/e-scrap-plastics-are-causing-widespread-contimination-of-toxic-substances/

    The Sun

    https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/5436922/second-hand-plastic-toys-including-lego-could-harm-children-with-toxic-chemicals/

    Devonlive

    https://www.devonlive.com/news/health/disney-glasses-sold-amazon-range-2606878

    Phys.org

    https://phys.org/news/2018-12-high-carcinogenic-chemical-everyday-consumer.html

    Walesonline

    https://www.walesonline.co.uk/whats-on/shopping/amazon-stops-selling-disney-tumblers-15922540

    Australiamyasalon

    http://australia.myasalon.com/world-news-and/amazon-stops-selling-painted-childrens-disney-drinking-glasses-containing-potentially-toxic-metal-international-de/

    New York Post

    https://nypost.com/2017/11/06/dont-let-your-kids-drink-out-of-these-toxic-cups/

    Eurekalert

    https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-11/uop-dgc110117.php

    The Express

    https://www.express.co.uk/life-style/health/876499/cancer-infertility-warning-deadly-chemicals-glasses-lead-cadmium

    Daily Mail

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5052789/Decorated-glasses-contain-toxic-metals-like-lead.html

    Plymouth Herald

    Huffington Post

    https://consent.yahoo.com/collectConsent?sessionId=3_cc-session_da08f3b9-4da6-4709-8b3b-9c16fdd4de22&lang=en-gb&inline=false

    Daily Telegraph

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/12118503/Paint-in-childrens-playgrounds-still-contains-dangerous-levels-of-lead.html

    Daily Mail

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3414945/Harmful-levels-lead-paint-dozens-playgrounds-Climbing-frames-swings-slides-roundabouts-equipment-contaminated.html

    Play Inspections

    http://playinspections.co.uk/toxic-paint-levels-at-playgrounds-research-suggests

    ITV News

    http://www.itv.com/news/westcountry/2016-01-25/playground-paint-could-be-poisoning-children/

    Regulatory Information and Management Systems

    http://www.riams.org/2016/01/25/high-levels-of-lead-found-in-playground-paint/

    The Sun

    https://www.thesun.co.uk/archives/news/231372/could-playgrounds-poison-your-child-dangerous-toxic-paint-is-putting-kids-at-risk/

    NHS News

    https://www.nhs.uk/news/neurology/playground-equipment-contains-toxic-levels-of-lead-paint/

    Nursing Practice

    https://www.nursinginpractice.com/article/children-risk-due-lead-paint-playgrounds

    Local Government News

    https://www.localgov.co.uk/Hazardous-paint-used-in-playgrounds-warn-scientists/40192

    The Playing Field

    https://www.theplayingfield.org.uk/the-use-of-paint-on-playground-equipment/

    Buzz Bournemouth

    http://buzz.bournemouth.ac.uk/2016/01/toxic-paint-children-playground-new-forest/

    Public Sector News

    http://www.publicsectorexecutive.com/Public-Sector-News/high-levels-of-toxic-paint-in-playgrounds-put-children-at-risk

    The Guardian

    https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/oct/09/the-eco-guide-to-unleaded-playgrounds

    Accident Advice

    https://www.accidentadvicehelpline.co.uk/blog/study-urges-playground-paint-monitoring/

    News24

    http://www.news24.com/You/Archive/playground-paint-discovered-to-contain-dangerous-amount-of-lead-20170728

    EnvironmentAnalyst

    https://environmentonsite.com/44730/high-lead-chromium-and-cadmium-levels-found-in-childrens-playgrounds

    Deccan Chronicle

    http://www.deccanchronicle.com/health-and-wellbeing/250116/playground-paints-may-pose-risk-for-children-study.html

    Yeovil Express

    http://www.yeovilexpress.co.uk/news/somerset_news/14228009.Are_some_of_Somerset_s_playgrounds_a_toxic_timebomb_for_kids_/

    Medical News Today

    http://stock-sector.com/medical-news-today-playground-paint-a-health-threat-for-children/

    ZeeNews India

    http://zeenews.india.com/news/health/health-news/paint-on-playground-equipment-poses-risk-for-children-study_1848972.html

    Stock Sector Medical News

    http://stock-sector.com/medical-news-today-playground-paint-a-health-threat-for-children/

    Lead Safe

    http://www.leadsafe.co.uk/dangerous-levels-of-lead-found-in-childrens-playgrounds/

    Durability and Design

    http://www.durabilityanddesign.com/news/?fuseaction=view&id=14353

    BT News

    http://home.bt.com/news/science-news/warning-over-toxic-metals-in-paint-on-playground-equipment-11364035796877

    Supa Net

    https://www.supanet.com/are-playgrounds-hazardous-to-your-health-a17032.html

    Med India

    http://www.medindia.net/news/dangerous-levels-of-lead-found-in-paint-on-playground-equipment-157202-1.htm

    Headline News Today

    http://headlinenewstoday.net/toxic-paint-levels-at-playgrounds.html

    Tech Times

    http://www.techtimes.com/articles/127366/20160125/paints-used-in-playgrounds-contain-40-times-recommended-lead.htm

    Indo Asian News

    https://in.news.yahoo.com/paint-playground-equipment-poses-risk-children-study-091004591.html

    Lab Go

    http://my.labgo.in/toxic-paint-levels-playgrounds/

    Top News

    http://www.topnews.in/research-reveals-alarming-toxic-lead-levels-playgrounds-2406742

    UKIP News

    http://www.ukip.org/ukip_mep_dr_julia_reid_has_expressed_her_dismay_after_inspections_of_play_equipment_across_the_south_west_uncovered_damning_findings

    VHI Exodus

    http://vhi.exodus.ie/news.asp?id=200911

    Med News

    https://med.news.am/eng/news/9149/harmful-levels-of-lead-in-paint-at-dozens-of-playgrounds.html

    Parent Herald

    http://www.parentherald.com/articles/17620/20160127/lead-paint-on-playground-equipment-lead-poisoning-toxic-lead-levels.htm

    Much Gossip

    http://www.muchgossip.co.uk/web#!/zoom/playground-paint-discovered-to-contain-dangerous-amount-of-l/3f06687acaa495e855487bc04c6a8344

    Pasion sports

    http://pasionsports.com/2016/01/playground-paint-discovered-to-contain-risky-amount-of-lead/

    Healng

    https://healng.com/i/2016-01-25-Toxic-paint-levels-at-playgrounds-research-suggests-BBC-News

    Health Medicine Network

    http://healthmedicinet.com/i/playground-paints-should-be-monitored-to-reduce-potential-danger-to-public-health/

    Press Reader

    https://www.pressreader.com/india/the-times-of-india-new-delhi-edition/20160126/282316794055565

    Burnham on Sea News

    http://www.burnham-on-sea.com/news/2016/playgrounds-toxic-paint-26-01-16.php

    OPFA, Oxford

    http://www.opfa.org.uk/uploads/1/4/6/9/14692756/winter2016final.pdf

    South China Morning Post

    http://www.scmp.com/lifestyle/health-beauty/article/1906610/toxic-playground-paint-warning-dna-affects-both-health-and

    Four Cow Farm

    https://fourcowfarm.com/toxic-paint-levels-at-playgrounds-research-suggests-bbc-news/

    Playforce News

    http://www.playforce.co.uk/about-us/news/no-toxic-paint-or-anything-bad-for-you-at-playforce

     Environment Journal

    https://environmentjournal.online/articles/lego-can-survive-in-the-ocean-for-1300-years/

    Live Science

    https://www.livescience.com/underwater-lego-bricks-degrade.html

    Kids News

    https://www.kidsnews.com.au/environment/scientists-discover-lego-lost-at-sea-could-survive-1300-years/news-story/2cb3bad984e2f1a37598bcb9da914b60

    Ecowatch

    https://www.ecowatch.com/legos-in-oceans-2645523633.html

    The Independent

    https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/lego-ocean-plastic-pollution-degrade-a9404111.html

    Interesting Engineering

    https://interestingengineering.com/lego-bricks-could-survive-for-up-to-1300-years-in-the-ocean-study-reports

    The Sun

    https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/11187873/lego-bricks-survive-sea-1300-years/

    The Times

    https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/lego-may-survive-for-1-300-years-in-ocean-gc5vls9cb

    Yale Environment

    https://e360.yale.edu/digest/lego-bricks-could-linger-in-the-ocean-for-1-300-years-study-finds

    Big Think

    https://bigthink.com/surprising-science/legos-in-ocean?rebelltitem=4

    New York Post

    https://nypost.com/2020/03/17/legos-could-last-in-the-ocean-for-up-to-1300-years/

    BBC Newsround

    https://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/51924514

    Daily Mail

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-8116629/Lego-bricks-survive-ocean-1-300-years-study-finds.html

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-9571979/Inkjet-cartridges-container-fell-ship-near-New-York-4-000-miles-away.html

    The Herald Scotland

    https://www.heraldscotland.com/news/18308018.lego-bricks-survive-ocean-1-300-years-study-finds/

    Digital Journal

    http://www.digitaljournal.com/news/environment/lego-bricks-take-hundreds-of-years-to-breakdown-in-the-ocean/article/569125

    Phys Org

    https://phys.org/news/2020-03-lego-bricks-survive-ocean-years.html

    The Guardian

    http://guardian.newspaperdirect.com/epaper/Interstitial.aspx

    aol

    https://consent.yahoo.com/collectConsent?sessionId=3_cc-session_b89d6a34-3837-4f68-8109-db83d86e98e7&lang=en-GB&inline=false

    Smithsonian Magazine

    https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lego-pieces-could-last-1300-years-marine-environments-180974491/

    The Vegan Review

    https://theveganreview.com/weee-rear-earth-elements-weak-recycling-chain-electronic-waste/

    Florida News Times

    https://floridanewstimes.com/plastic-recycling-will-allow-childrens-toys-and-food-packaging-to-contain-rare-metals/140312/

    Interesting Engineering

    https://interestingengineering.com/precious-metals-found-in-everyday-plastic-items-and-kids-toys

    Newsbinding

    https://newsbinding.com/health/what-happens-when-a-shipping-container-is-lost-at-sea-popular-science/

    The Recycler

    https://www.therecycler.com/posts/inky-seas-map-pollution/

    Physics Today

    https://physicstoday.scitation.org/do/10.1063/PT.6.1.20210507a/full/

    Zenger News

    https://www.zenger.news/2021/10/16/study-finds-large-amounts-of-toxic-paint-flakes-copper-and-lead-in-the-north-atlantic/

     

     

     

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