How hot was the Jurassic Greenhouse climate?

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To apply please use the online application form. Simply search for PhD Geological Sciences (and select the entry point of October 2023), then clearly state that you are applying for a PhD studentship and name the project at the top of your personal statement.

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For more information on the admissions process please contact research.degree.admissions@plymouth.ac.uk.

Director of Studies: Professor Gregory Price
2nd Supervisor: Dr Rhodri Jerrett (rhodri.jerrett@manchester.ac.uk), Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester
3rd Supervisor Professor: Paul Dennis (P.Dennis@uea.ac.uk), School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia
4th Supervisor: Dr Alina D. Marca (A.Marca@uea.ac.uk) School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia
Applications are invited for a 3.5 years PhD studentship. The studentship will start on 01 October 2023.

Project description

Scientific background
Examination of warm intervals in Earth's history help develop insight into the behavior of the climate system under elevated carbon dioxide and temperature. One such interval is the Jurassic which sees atmospheric CO2 concentrations close to current concentrations of ∼400 ppm or higher. A significant feature of this warmer world was the presence of large epicontinental seaways such as the Middle-Late Jurassic Sundance Sea of North America (e.g. Danise et al. 2020). At its greatest extent the Sundance Sea stretched from Utah to the Arctic Ocean. These large epicontinental seaways are the dominant source for much of our information about ancient marine climates and biodiversity. There is, however, growing evidence that these seaways are often decoupled from open-ocean conditions because of variations in water mass, depth, salinity, and stratification and being a loci of anoxia. Hence, understanding these systems is critical to reconstruct the role epicontinental seaways play in terms of ocean circulation, carbon cycling, and climate amelioration.
Research methodology
This research will investigate key sites within the Sundance Sea, in the USA and Canada. Using stable isotopes and clumped isotopes biogenic carbonate samples derived from fieldwork, will be analysed to reconstruct temperature and carbon cycling at unprecedented spatial resolution. The carbonate clumped isotope thermometer is a valuable tool for reconstructing temperatures in epicontinental settings due to its independence from the isotopic composition of the water from which a carbonate precipitates (Price et al. 2019; Vickers et al. 2019; Bajnai et al. 2020; Paxton et al. 2020). Analytical techniques will be used to evaluate the geochemical character and biogenic preservation (e.g., Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometer (ICP-AES) and the cathodoluminescence petrography. 
Training
The student will receive specialist training in fieldwork and sequence stratigraphy utilising Plymouth/Manchester expertise. In world class laboratory facilities in Plymouth, the student will receive comprehensive training in clean handling, training in isotope geochemistry, cathodoluminescence petrography and other analytical techniques (e.g. ICP-AES) and clumped isotopes (at UEA).
Person specification
We are looking for a highly self-motivated graduate with a BSc degree in Earth Sciences. You will be inquisitive, enjoy problem-solving with a genuine passion for geosciences. 
Funding notes
This project has been shortlisted for funding by the ARIES NERC DTP and will start on 1 October 2023.
Successful candidates who meet UKRI’s eligibility criteria will be awarded a NERC studentship for 3.5 years, covering fees, stipend (£17,668 p.a. for 2022-23 rate) and research funding. International applicants (EU and non-EU) are eligible for fully-funded UKRI studentships.
ARIES students benefit from bespoke graduate training and £2,500 for external training, travel and conferences.
ARIES is committed to equality, diversity, widening participation and inclusion. Academic qualifications are considered alongside non-academic experience. Our recruitment process considers potential with the same weighting as past experience.
For information and full eligibility visit https://www.aries-dtp.ac.uk/.
Apply
Please clearly state the name of the studentship project code PRICE_P23ARIES that you are applying for on your personal statement.
If you wish to discuss this project further informally, please contact Professor Gregory Price.
Please see our 'how to apply for a research degree' page for a list of supporting documents to upload with your application.
For more information on the admissions process generally, please contact research.degree.admissions@plymouth.ac.uk.
The closing date for applications is 23:59 (UK Time) 11 January 2023. 

References

1 Bajnai, D., Guo, W.,Löffler, N., Methner, K., Krsnik, E., Coplen, T.B., Gischle, E., Henkel, D.,Price, G.D., Raddatz J., Fiebig, J. 2020 Coupled clumped isotope thermometryreveals unbiased carbonate formation temperatures. Nature Communications11(1):4005

2 Price, G.D., BajnaiD., and Fiebig, J. 2020 Latitudinal seawater temperature gradients and theoxygen isotope composition of Early Cretaceous seas. PalaeogeographyPalaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2020.109777

3 Danise, S., Price,G.D., Alberti, M., Holland S.M. 2020 Isotopic evidence for partial geochemicaldecoupling between a Jurassic epicontinental sea and the open ocean. GondwanaResearch, 82, 97–107.

4 Vickers, M.L.,Bajnai, D., Price, G.D., Linckens, J. and Fiebig, J. 2019. Southernhigh-latitude warmth during the Jurassic–Cretaceous: New evidence from clumpedisotope thermometry. Geology, 47, 724–728.

5 Paxton, R.B., Dennis,PF; Marca, A.D., Hendry J.P., Hudson, J.D., Andrews, J.E. 2021 Taking the heatout of British Jurassic septarian concretions Depositional Record 7, 333-343.