- Dr Paul Cole
- Professor Jenni Barclay (UEA)
- Dr Arjan Dijkstra
- Professor Richard Robertson (UWI, Seismic Research Centre, Trinidad)
The volcanic islands of St Kitts and Nevis, in the West Indies represent archetypes of Small Island Developing States (SIDS) where new knowledge of previous volcanism could significantly improve hazard and risk mitigation. Archaeological evidence points to impact of prehistoric societies on these islands by volcanic activity, and, there is evidence that St Kitts may have been active between its first recorded siting, by Columbus in 1493 and European settlement around 1623. Activity at Nevis is likely considerably older.
This studentship will:
- undertake fieldwork on St Kitts and Nevis to document and interpret the critical volcanic products and make detailed sub-sampling of key sequences for further analysis
- use geochemical and petrological analysis to relate the activity to pre-eruptive perturbations in magma storage conditions and
- determine the age of the most recent volcanic products exposed on St Kitts and Nevis
- undertake archival work to investigate the ‘possible’ volcanism since 1493, the role the volcanic landscape has played in current settlement patterns and the influence of other major natural hazards in recent times.
A secondary aim will be understand the
importance of volcanic activity in the context of other geophysical and
hydrometeorological hazards, and to consider how this information can be
applied in volcanic hazard assessment.
It is anticipated that the successful student will spend time at the UWI Seismic Research Centre towards the end of the studentship (potentially as an intern) integrating the new knowledge into SRC’s hazard assessment and mitigation plans for future volcanic emergencies on both islands.