Mr Thomas Raymen

Mr Thomas Raymen

Lecturer in Criminology

Plymouth School of Law (Faculty of Business)


MSc Criminology Programme Lead

Lecturer in Criminology


In 2012 I was awarded the ESRC 1+3 Studentship to complete my postgraduate and doctoral research at Durham University. At Durham University, I was awarded an MA Social Research Methods, achieving a distinction and progressing on to doctoral study in the School of Applied Social Sciences at Durham University. During my time at Durham I taught undergraduate criminological theory in addition to being part of the team that piloted the innovative Inside-Out teaching programme at HMP Durham and HMP Frankland. 

My doctoral thesis looked into the burgeoning criminological area of 'deviant leisure'. I conducted a two-year participatory ethnography of the cultural lifestyle sport of parkour and freerunning to explore the contradictions in the nexus between deviance and leisure and how they manifest in the spatial context of post-crash, post-industrial cities. I was awarded my PhD in Sociology and Social Policy in 2017. This doctoral thesis will form the basis of a forthcoming monograph Parkour, Deviance and Leisure in the Late-Capitalist City with Emerald Publishers in 2018.

During this time, through presenting at conferences and publishing in peer-reviewed journals, I moved into the ultra-realist school of criminological thought, joining and developing the deviant leisure research network with Dr Oliver Smith, with the aim of fusing the theoretical strands of cultural criminology and ultra-realist criminology through a critical interrogation of the normalisation of harm in commodified forms of leisure. I have since published in a range of internationally-renowned peer-review journals, and I continue to publish and present in this area at international conferences, including the publication of several forthcoming books and edited collections in this area. 

In October 2015 I left Durham University to take a position as Lecturer in Criminology in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice Studies at Plymouth University. At the 2016 British Society of Criminology conference I was awarded the Brian Williams Prize for best single-authored criminology article by an early-career research. This award was attributed to my article 'Designing-in Crime by Designing-Out the Social: Situational Crime Prevention and the Intensification of Harmful Subjectivities' in the British Journal of Criminology. 

In 2016 I took on the role of Programme Lead for the MSc Criminology. I teach on a variety of modules across the undergraduate and postgraduate programmes.

Professional membership

Postgraduate Research Representative on British Society of Criminology's Critical Criminology committee. 

Member, European Society of Criminology

Member, British Society of Criminology

Teaching interests

I teach on a variety of modules for the Undergraduate and Masters programmes in Criminology and Criminal Justice Studies. These include:

Level 1

CCJS1109 Crime in Context
LAW1000PP Ethics and Justice in the Balance

Level 2 

CCJS2115 Crime, Theory, Culture
CCJS2124 Inside-Out Prison Exchange Programme

Level 3

CCJS3161 Visual Criminology

MSc Criminology

CRIM714 Criminology Theory

CRIM739 Crime, Culture and Global Society

Research interests

I have a wide and varied range of cross-disciplinary interests. My research interests span the fields of criminology, leisure studies, philosophy, cultural geography and urban studies. The vast majority of my research focuses on a criminological exploration of the deviant leisure perspective. Namely, the normalised harms that emerge from commodified leisure in consumer capitalism. In particular, my research has focused on urban lifestyle sports, gambling, philosophy of harm, ethics and morality, and the night-time economy and violence in leisure. As an ethnographer, I have a particular interest in ethnographic and qualitative methods. 


Raymen, T. (2018) Parkour, Deviance and Leisure in the Late-Capitalist City: An Ethnography. Emerald

Smith, O. and Raymen, T. (forthcoming) Deviant Leisure and Social Harm. Policy Press

Edited Collections

Raymen, T. and Smith, O. (2018) Deviant Leisure: Exploring the Boundaries of Leisure and Harm. Palgrave

Journal Articles

Raymen, T. and Smith, O. (forthcoming) 'Lifestyle Gambling, Indebtedness and Anxiety: This is the Ladbrokes Life'. Journal of Consumer Culture

Raymen, T. (2017) 'Living in the End Times Through Popular Culture: An ultra-realist analysis of The Walking Dead as popular criminology'. Crime, Media Culture. doi: 10.1177/1741659017721277

Smith, O. and Raymen, T. (2016) 'Deviant Leisure: A Criminological Perspective'. Theoretical Criminology. doi. 10.1177/1362480616660188

Raymen, T. (2016) 'Designing-in Crime by Designing-Out the Social? Situational Crime Prevention and the Intensification of Harmful Subjectivities'. British Journal of Criminology. 56(3): 497-514. doi: 

Raymen, T. and Smith, O. (2016) 'What's deviance got to do with it? Black Friday Sales, Violence and Hyper-Conformity'. British Journal of Criminology. 56(2) 389-405. doi: 

Smith, O. and Raymen, T. (2015) 'Shopping with Violence: Black Friday Sales in the British Context'. Journal of Consumer Culture. doi. 

Reports & invited lectures

Raymen, T. (2017) 'Criminology's Moral Crisis in an Era of Liberalism'. British Society of Criminology Conference. Sheffield Hallam University. July 2016

Raymen, T. (2017) 'Lifestyle Gambling and Harm in Accelerated Culture'. British Society of Criminology Conference. Sheffield Hallam University. July 2016

Raymen, T. (2016) 'Theorising Harm for Deviant Leisure'. American Society of Criminology Conference. New Orleans, LA, USA

Raymen, T. (2016) 'Lifestyle Gambling Indebtedness and Harm: A Deviant Leisure Perspective'. American Society of Criminology Conference. New Orleans, LA, USA

Raymen, T. (2016) 'Deviant Leisure: A Criminological Perspective'. British Society of Criminology. University of Nottingham. 

Raymen, T. (2015) 'What the Fuck is Wrong with Parkour? Parkour, Exclusion, and Urban Space'. Plymouth University Research Seminar Series. Plymouth University. March, 2015.

Raymen, T.  and Smith, O. (2015). 'Shopping with Violence: Black Friday and Deviant Leisure'. American Society of Criminology Conference. Washington DC. November, 2015. 

Raymen, T. (2016) 'Ethnographer for a Day? Time-Bound Violence and Ethnographic Research'. Crime and Control Ethnography Symposium. University of Birmingham.

Raymen, T. (2014) 'Re-thinking Parkour as Resistance'. National Deviancy Conference. Teesside University. June, 2014. 

Raymen, T. (2014) 'Parkour and the Production of Space'. Sports, Politics, and Public Policy PSA Conference. Durham University. April, 2014.