Mr Thomas Raymen

Mr Thomas Raymen

Lecturer in Criminology

Plymouth School of Law (Faculty of Business)


Lecturer in Criminology


I began my higher education study at Canterbury Christ Church University in 2009, where I was awarded a BSc in Applied Criminology with Legal Studies with first-class honours. At the end of my undergraduate studies, I was awarded the ESRC 1+3 Studentship to complete my postgraduate and doctoral research at Durham University. At Durham, I was awarded an MA Social Research Methods, achieving a distinction and progressing on to doctoral study in the School of Applied Social Sciences at Durham University. During my time at Durham I taught undergraduate criminological theory in addition to being part of the team that piloted the innovative Inside-Out teaching programme at HMP Durham and HMP Frankland. 

My doctoral thesis looked into the burgeoning criminological area of 'deviant leisure'. I conducted a two-year participatory ethnography of the cultural lifestyle sport of parkour and freerunning to explore the contradictions in the nexus between deviance and leisure and how they manifest in the spatial context of post-crash, post-industrial cities. During this time, through presenting at conferences and publishing in peer-reviewed journals, I moved into the ultra-realist school of criminological thought, joining and developing the deviant leisure research network with Dr Oliver Smith, with the aim of fusing the theoretical strands of cultural criminology and ultra-realist criminology through a critical interrogation of the normalisation of harm in commodified forms of leisure. I have since published in a range of internationally-renowned peer-review journals, and I continue to publish and present in this area at international conferences with a series of forthcoming books and articles surrounding the topic of deviant leisure. 

In October 2015 I left Durham University to take a position as Lecturer in Criminology in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice Studies at Plymouth University. In this role I teach on a variety of modules across the undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. I invited PhD applications in the areas of crime and consumer culture, youth crime and deviance, and the broad area of 'deviant leisure'. 

Professional membership

Postgraduate Research Representative on British Society of Criminology's Critical Criminology committee. 

Member, European Society of Criminology

Member, British Society of Criminology

Teaching interests

I teach on a variety of modules for the Undergraduate and Masters programmes in Criminology and Criminal Justice Studies. These include:

Level 2 

Crime, Theory, Culture

Level 3

Visual Criminology

Crime and the City

The Inside-Out Prison Exchange Programme. 

MA Criminology and Criminal Justice Studies

Criminological Theory

Deviant Leisure

Research interests

I have a wide and varied range of cross-disciplinary interests. My research interests span the fields of criminology,leisure studies, cultural geography and urban studies. The vast majority of my research focusesupon a criminological exploration of the concept of 'deviant leisure', namelythe normalised and commodified harms that emerge at the intersection ofdeviance and leisure. Particularly: urban lifestyle sports, gambling, the night-time economy andviolence within leisure.

I also have interests in young people, contemporary urban spaces, and the criminal justice system under conditions of neoliberalism and austerity. As an ethnographer, I have a particular interest in ethnographic and qualitative methods, specifically those which incorporate a focus on the visual and visual methods.   

Raymen, T. (2015) 'Designing-in Crime by Designing-Out the Social? Situational Crime Prevention and the Intensification of Harmful Subjectivities'. British Journal of Criminology. Available at:

Smith, O. and Raymen, T. (2015) 'Shopping with Violence: Black Friday Sales in the British Context'. Journal of Consumer Culture. Available at:http: //

Raymen, T. and Smith, O. (2016) 'What's Deviance Got to Do With It? Black Friday Sales, Violence, and Hyper-Conformity'. British Journal of Criminology. 56(2): 389-405

Raymen, T. (Forthcoming) 'Visual Ethnography and Ultra-Realism: Exploring the Visual Production of Parkour and the 'Real''. Methodological Innovations: Special Issue. 

Smith, O. and Raymen, T. (forthcoming) 'Deviant Leisure: A Criminological Perspective' Theoretical Criminology


Reports & invited lectures

Raymen, T. (2014) 'Re-thinking Parkour as Resistance'. National Deviancy Conference. Teesside University. June, 2014. 

Raymen, T. (2014) 'Parkour and the Production of Space'. Sports, Politics, and Public Policy PSA Conference. Durham University. April, 2014.

Raymen, T. (2015) 'What the Fuck is Wrong with Parkour? Parkour, Exclusion, and Urban Space'. Plymouth University Research Seminar Series. Plymouth University. March, 2015.

Raymen, T.  and Smith, O. (2015). 'Shopping with Violence: Black Friday and Deviant Leisure'. American Society of Criminology Conference. Washington DC. November, 2015. 

Raymen, T. (2016) 'Ethnographer for a Day? Time-Bound Violence and Ethnographic Research'. Crime and Control Ethnography Symposium. University of Birmingham.