- John Bull Building, Tamar Science Park, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA
Dr Thomas Gale
Clinical Associate Professor in Clinical Skills
Peninsula Medical School (Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry)
Director of Assessment
Director of Clinical Skills and Simulation
Programme Lead, Masters in Simulation and Patient Safety
BMedSci, BM BS, FRCA, MEd
Royal College of Anaesthetists
Association for the Study of Medical Education
Association for Simulated Practitioners in Healthcare
Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Roles on external bodies
Member, Recruitment Committee, Royal College of Anaesthetists
Council member of European Board of Medical Assessors
Member of Quality Group for Medical and Dental Recruitment and Selection, Health Education England
2014 – date
Evaluation of Immersive Simulation as training tool for Healthcare workers in West Africa – Principle investigator and Lead for evaluation
Immersive Simulation modules developed as collaborative project between Mentor, Masanga UK and Peninsula Medical School. Grant recently awarded by Mentor and Telegraph Charities Appeal. Evaluation will involve assessment of knowledge, skills and confidence gained for use of Personal Protective Equipment plus challenges of successful implementation in West Africa. Pilot sites also being identified in UK and US for in depth analysis of learner engagement, recall and retention of immerse learning format compared to traditional methods.
2014 – date
Systematic review of the National licensing exam literature – co-investigator
Awarded General Medical Council grant to perform a systematic review of evidence for reliability and validity of national licensing medical examinations in the international literature. This will help to inform GMC policy for further development of National licensing examinations in the UK.
2014 – date
Development and evaluation of the Multiple Mini Interview for selection of undergraduate nursing students – co-investigator
Established collaboration with Queens University Belfast, to use methodology developed in Plymouth to develop and evaluate innovative method for selection of nursing students.
2013 – date
Transforming Undergraduate Learning with Interprofessional Simulation – Project Lead
Awarded £56,550 through Teaching Development Grant with the Higher Education Academy. Joint project with Faculty of Health at Plymouth University to develop evidence based debriefing methods for team based simulation for final year medical and nursing students. 136 students recruited to study. Methods adopted in 4 neighbouring institutions.
2012 – date
NIHR portfolio study to evaluate predictive validity of selection centre scores of applicants to anaesthesia training with subsequent success in professional examinations – Principal investigator
170 applicants recruited (recruitment complete – in follow-up)
2012 – 2014
The Effect of Simulation Based Arterial Line Insertion Training on the Performance of Novice Anaesthetists
Supervisor for Tim Starkie – Masters in Clinical Education student.
Randomised controlled trial to investigate the effect of simulation training on subsequent proficiency at aterial line insertion in clinical practice.
2013 – date
A Quality Improvement Project: Can Regular Debriefing Improve Safety and Efficiency in Obstetric Theatres?
Supervisor for Gemma Crossingham- Masters in Clinical Education student.
Mixed methods study to implement and evaluate debriefing for elective and emergency obstetric cases.
2012 – date
Simulation and assessment of dental extraction proficiency
Co-supervisor for Nigel Honey – PhD student
Evaluation of training needs in exodontia amongst Foundation Programme dentists. Defining simulation curriculum by expert consensus and evaluating a range of simulation modalities for for use in training exodontia.
PEDRIO grant (Plymouth University) amount awarded: £8,171
2009 – 2011
Academy of Medical Royal Colleges Selection Pilot.
Lead for delivery and evaluation of Situational Judgment Test.
National pilot of machine marked tests for recruitment to all specialties during ST1 recruitment in 2010. 351 applicants completed the test in 21 driving test centres across the UK over 2 consecutive days. Test statistics showed good reliability (Cronbach’s alpha=0.84) and 82% of items were successful (item partial >0.2). Good evidence of construct validity was established in relation to shortlisting and interview scores.
Ongoing work with the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists to tailor test for potential pilot in this specialty for 2012 / 13.
2009 – 2013
Critical incident algorithms for use in training novice anaesthetists. SW School of Anaesthesia. Chief investigator.
Delphi analysis performed to achieve expert consensus of anaesthetists in the Peninsula for an algorithm to train crisis management to novice anaesthetists.
Subsequent randomised controlled trial comparing 2 different critical incident algorithms in novice anaesthetists starting training in the SW School of Anaesthesia. Performance of both algorithms assessed using video rating of simulated performance. Recruitment complete and analyses underway.
Project written up as dissertation towards Masters in Clinical Education through the Graduate School of PCMD (provisional mark 86%).
2008 – 2013
Acute Specialties Selection Pilot; Principle Investigator.
SW Peninsula Deanery.
Development and evaluation of shortlisting and interview methods for recruitment to acute specialties training programmes with longitudinal follow-up. Pilot extended to 3 Deaneries in 2009 and 8 Deaneries across England in 2010.
Department of Health grants awarded for pilot:
February 2008 £75,035
November 2008 £126,500
December 2008 £16,635
July 2009 £55,519
Included in the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Clinical Research Network Portfolio; December 2010.
Results have been used to inform best practice in developing a national model for recruitment to anaesthesia and ACCS in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland. The national process has standardised and streamlined interview methods across the UK which involves three stations with two independent raters in each station. Scoring matrices (assessing non-technical skills of applicants) which were developed from the pilot are incorporated and an on-line assessor training tool has been developed for all interviewers involved in national selection for Anaesthesia and ACCS.
Key publications are highlightedJournals