Dr Michaela Gummerum

Dr Michaela Gummerum

Associate Professor (Reader) in Psychology

School of Psychology (Faculty of Health & Human Sciences)


2005 PhD in Psychology, Free University Berlin, Germany
2002 Diploma (MA) in Psychology, Free University Berlin, Germany

Since 2013        Associate Professor (Reader) in Psychology, University of Plymouth   
2007-2013         Lecturer In Psychology, University of Plymouth
2005-2007         Postdoctoral Fellow, CHILD, University of British Columbia, Canada
2003-2005         Fellow, International Max Planck Research School LIFE, 
                        MPI for Human Development, University of Michigan, University of Virginia
2002-2005         Doctoral Fellow, Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition
                        Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany

Professional membership

Professional Memberships: 
Association for Moral Education
European Society for Developmental Psychology
International Collaboration on Complex Interventions
Jean Piaget Society
Society for Research in Child Development

Research interests

  • Social development
  • Moral development (behavior, emotions, and reasoning)
  • Development of children's friendships and parent-child relationships
  • Cross-cultural psychology (mainly China, Japan, Europe)
  • Economic game theory
  • Ecological approaches to development

Grants & contracts

2013-2016                  ESRC: “The role of anger and attentional control in the development of punishment” (with Van Dillen, L., & van Dijk, E., C0-PIs, £251,000)

2010-2011                  British Academy: “The Development of Moral Sensitivity in Friendship 
Relationships: A Cross-cultural Perspective” (with Malti, T., Co-PI, £ 4400).

2010-2011                  ESRC: “The development of punishment” (£72,908)

2009-2010                  The Leverhulme Trust: “Do primary school children exchange information during group collaboration?” (with Leman, P., Co-PI; £42,521).

2009-2010                  Sino-British Fellowship Trust: “Social change and Chinese children’s and adolescents’ conceptions of family relationships” (with Zhu, L., Co-PI, and Hanoch, Y., Co-PI; £7394)

2008                           Great Britain Sasakawa Foundation, Grant for Research and Travel at Hokkaido University, Japan (with Hanoch, Y., Co-PI; £2000)

2008                            British Academy, Travel Grant (£500)

2008                            International Collaboration on Complex Interventions, Travel Grant

2006                            International Collaboration on Complex Interventions, Travel Grant

2005-2007                  Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Canada, Postdoctoral Fellowship

2002-2005                   Max Planck Society, Predoctoral Fellowship

2000                            German Academic Exchange Service, Travel Grant

Research groups

  • Centre for Research in Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (CBCB)
  • Cognition


Published/In press


López-Pérez, B., Howells, L, & Gummerum, M. (in press). Cruel to be Kind: Factors Underlying Altruistic Interpersonal Affect Worsening. Psychological Science.

Francis,K. B., Howard, I. S., Gummerum,M., Ganis, G., Anderson, G., & Terbeck, S. Virtual morality: Transitioning from moral judgment to moral action? PLoS One.

López-Pérez,B., Ambrona, T., & Gummerum, M. (in press).Interpersonal emotion regulation in Asperger’s Syndrome and Borderline Personality Disorder. British Journal of Clinical Psychology.

White, C., Gummerum, M., & Hanoch,Y.(in press). The framing of online risk: Differences in young adults' and adolescents' representations of risky online gambles. Decision.

White, C., Gummerum, M., Wood, S., & Hanoch, Y. (i npress). Internet safety and the Silver Surfer: The relationship between gist reasoning and adults' risky online behaviour. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making.

Gummerum, M., López-Pérez, B.,Ambrona,T., Rodríguez-Cano, S., Dellaria, G., Smith, G., & Wilson, E. (2016).Children’s moral emotion attribution in the Happy Victimizer Task: The role of response format. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 177, 1-16.

Gummerum, M., Van Dillen, L. F., VanDijk,E., & López-Pérez, B. (2016). Costly third-party interventions: The role of incidental anger and attention focus in the punishment of the perpetrator and compensation of the victim. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology,65, 94-104.

López-Pérez, B., Sanchez, J., &Gummerum, M. (2016).Children’s and adolescents’ conceptions of happiness. Journal of Happiness Studies,17, 2431-2455.

López-Pérez, B., Wilson, E., Dellaria,G.,& Gummerum, M.(2016). Developmental differences in children’s interpersonal emotion regulation. Motivation and Emotion, 40, 767-780.

Malti, T., Gummerum, M., Ongley, S. F.,Chaparro, M. P.,Nola, M.,& Bae, N.Y. (2016). Who is worthy of my generosity? Recipient characteristics and children’s sharing behavior. International Journal of Behavioral Development. 40,31-40.

Lahat, A., Gummerum, M., Mackay,L.,&Hanoch, Y.(2015).Cognitive processing of moral and social judgments: A comparison ofoffenders, students, and control participants. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68, 350-362.

López-Pérez, B., Gummerum,M.,Keller,M.,Filippova,  E.,& Gordillo, V. (2015).Sociomoral reasoning in children and adolescents from two collectivistic cultures. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 12, 204-219.

López-Pérez, B., Hanoch,Y.,Holt,K.,& Gummerum,M.(2015). Cognitive and Affective Empathy,Personal Belief in a Just World, and Bullying Among Offenders. Journal f Interpersonal Violence.

Needham,M.,Gummerum,M.,Mandeville-Norden,R.,Rakestrow-Dickens,J., Mewse, A., Barnes,A.,& Hanoch Y.(2015).Effectiveness of alcohol treatment programs in reducing recidivism:Findings from the United Kingdom. Alcoholism:Clinical and ExperimentalResearch. 39,1100-1107

White, C., Gummerum, M.,& Hanoch,Y.(2015). Adolescents‘ and young adults’ online risky behaviours:Insights from Fuzzy-Trace Theory. Risk Analysis, 35,1407-1422.

Choma, B. L., Hanoch, Y.,Hodson,G.,& Gummerum,M.(2014). Risk propensity among liberals and conservatives: The effect o frisk perception, expected benefits, and risk domain. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 713-721.

Gummerum, M., & Denham,S.(2014).Cognitive Innovation:From Cell to Society. Europe's Journal of Psychology10(4),586.

Gummerum, M., & Chu,M.T.(2014).Outcomes and intentions in children’s, adolescents’ and adults’second-and third-party punishment behaviour. Cognition, 133, 97-103.

Gummerum, M., Hanoch, Y., & Rolison,J.J.(2014). Offenders‘risk taking behaviour and attitude inside and outside the prison walls. Risk Analysis, 34, 1870-1881.

Gummerum, M., Leman, P. J.,& Hollins, T.S. (2014). Howdo children share information in groups? Developmental Psychology,50, 2105-2114.

Li, J., Zhu, L.Q., & Gummerum,M.(2014).The relationship between moral judgment and cooperation in children with high-functioning autism. Scientific Reports, 4,4314;DOI:10.1038/srep04314.

Ruggeri, A., Gummerum, M., & Hanoch,Y.(2014).Braving difficult choices alone: Children’s and adolescents’ medical decisionmaking. PLoS One, 9 (8),e103287.

Choma, B., Hanoch, Y., Gummerum,M.,&  Hodson,G.(2013). Relations between risk perceptions and socio-political ideology are domain and ideology dependent. Personality and Individual Differences,54, 29-34.

Gummerum, M., Cribbett, C., Nogueira Nicolau, A., &Uren, R.(2013). Counterfactual reasoning and moral emotion attribution [Special Issue on “Meaning, Measurement, and Correlates of Moral Development”]. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 10, 144-158.

Gummerum, M., Leman, P.J., & Hollins, T.S.(2013).Children’s collaborative recall of shared and unshared information. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 31, 302-317.

Hanoch, Y., Rolison, J., & Gummerum,M.(2013). Good things come to those who wait: Time discounting differences between adult offenders and non-offenders. Personality and Individual Differences,54, 128-132.

Rolison, J., Hanoch, Y., & Gummerum,M.(2013).Characteristics of offenders: The HEXACO model of personality as a frameworkfor studying offenders’ personality. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology,24, 71-82.

Rolison, J. J., Hanoch, Y.,& Gummerum, M.(2013). When opportunity matters: Comparing the risk-taking attitudes of prisoners and recently released ex-prisoners. Risk Analysis,33, 2013-2022.

Atkin, L. M., & Gummerum,M.(2012).Moral and group-based criteria in children's evaluations of peers after transgression. Infant and Child Development, 21,189-197.

Gummerum, M., & Hanoch,Y.(2012).Altruism behind bars:Sharing, justice, perspective taking and empathy among inmates. Social Justice Research, 25,61-78.

Gummerum, M., & Keller,M.(2012).East German children’sand adolescents’ friendship and moral reasoning before and after German reunification. Journal of Genetic Psychology,173, 440-462.

Hanoch Y., Gummerum M.,Rolison,J.(2012).Second-to-fourth digit ratio and impulsivity: A comparison between offenders and non offenders. PLoS ONE, 7(10), 1-4.

Li, J., Zhu, L., Gummerum, M.,&Sun,Y.(in press). Social value orientation in childhood across different contexts: Evidence from China. International Journal of Psychology,48, 469-480.

Malti, T., Gummerum, M., Keller, M.,Chaparro, M. P., &Buchmann, M. (2012). Early sympathy and social acceptance predict the development of sharing in children. PLoS ONE, 7(12), e52017. 

Hanoch, Y., & Gummerum, M. (2011). A comparison of the risk-taking behaviors of prisoners and non-prisoners. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 24,431-442.

Himmelstein, M., Miron-Shatz, T.,Hanoch, Y.,Gummerum,M.(2011). Over-the-counter cough and cold medicines fo rchildren: Parental usage, perception and trust in the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Health, Risk& Society, 13, 451-468.

Gummerum, M., Hanoch, Y., Keller ,M.,Parsons, K.,& Hummel, A.(2010). Preschoolers‘ allocations in the dictator game. The role of moral emotions. Journal of Economic Psychology,31, 25-34.

Hanoch, Y., Gummerum, M.,&Miron-Shatz, T.,&Himmelstein,M. S. (2010). Parents‘ decisionsf ollowing the Food and Drug Administration recommendation: The case of Over-the-Counter cough and cold medication. Child: Care, Health &Development, 36, 795-804.

Miron-Shatz, T., Barron, G., Hanoch,Y.,Gummerum, M. &Doniger, G. (2010). To give or not to give: Parental experience and compliance with the Food and Drug Administration warning about over-the-counter cold and cough medication usage. Judgment and Decision Making, 5, 428-436.

Pachur, T., Hanoch, Y., & Gummerum,M.(2010). Prospects behind bars. Analyzing decisions under risk in a prison population. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 17, 630-636.

Gummerum, M., Takezawa, M., &Keller,M.(2009). The influence of social category and reciprocity on adults 'and children's altruistic behaviour. Evolutionary Psychology,7, 295-316.

Leman, P. J., Keller, M.,Takezawa, M.,& Gummerum,M.(2009). Children’s and adolescents’ decisions about sharing money with others. Social Development, 18, 711-727.

Malti, T., Gummerum, M., Keller,M.,& Buchmann,M.(2009). Children’s sympathy and prosocial behavior:The role of moral motivation. Child Development, 80, 442-460.

Goelman, H., & The CHILDProject.(2008).Three complementary community-based approaches to the early identification of young at-risk children. Infants and Young Children, 21,306-323.

Gummerum, M., Hanoch, Y., & Keller,M.(2008).When child development meets economic game theory: An interdisciplinary approach to investigating social development. Human Development51, 235-261.

Gummerum, M., & Keller,M.(2008).Moral psychology and economic game theory. European Journal of Developmental Science2, 206-220.

Gummerum, M., & Keller,M.(2008).Freundschaftskonzepte und Handlungsvorstellungen in Freundschaft. Der Einfluss von Entwicklung und Kultur. Mittelweg,17, 42-54.

Gummerum, M., Keller, M.,Takezawa,M.,& Mata,J.(2008). To give or not to give: Children’s and adolescents’ sharing and moral negotiations in economic decision situations. Child Development,79, 561-576.

Gummerum, M., & Keller,M.(2008).Affection, virtue,pleasure, and profit: Developing an understanding o ffriendship closeness and intimacy in Western and Asian cultures. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 32, 130-143.

Hanoch, Y., & Gummerum,M.(2008).What can health psychologists learn from health economics? From monetary incentives to policy programs. Health Psychology Review,2, 2-19.

Hanoch, Y., Gummerum, M., & Katsikopoulos, K. V. (2007).Risk perception and consumption of over-the-counter drugs. British Medical Journal, Rapid Response, http://www.bmj.com/cgi/eletters/334/7600/917-b#165127.

Hanoch, Y., Katsikopoulos, K. V.,Gummerum, M.,& Brass,E. P.(2007). American and German students’ knowledge,perceptions, and behaviors with respect to Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers. Health Psychology,26, 802-806.

Malti, T., Gummerum, M., Buchmann,M.(2007).Contemporaneous and one-year-longitudinal prediction of children’ s prosocial behavior from sympathy and moral motivation. Journal of Genetic Psychology,168, 277-299.

Takezawa, M., Gummerum, M., &Keller,M.(2006). A stage for the rational tail of the emotional dog: Roles of mora lreasoning in group decision-making. Journal of Economic Psychology,27, 117-139.

Gummerum, M. (2005). The development of prosocial behavior: Integrating psychological, economic, and evolutionary perspectives. Doctoral dissertation,Free University Berlin, http://www.diss.fu-berlin.de/2007/292/indexe.html.

Gummerum, M., Keller, M.,&Takezawa,M.(2004). How do children play dictator and ultimatum game? The influence of psychological variables on the behavior of individuals and groups. International Journal of Psychology, 39, 565.

Keller, M., Gummerum, M.,Wang,X.T.,& Lindsey, S.(2004).Understanding perspectives and emotions in contract violation:Development of deontic and moral reasoning. Child Development, 75,614-635.

Gummerum, M., Keller, M., Takezawa,M.,& Wilke, A.(2003).Children's economic negotiations in Ultimatum andDictator Games. In P.M. Kappeler, C. Fichtel, & M.Schwibbe(Eds.),Proceedings of the 4thGöttinger Freilandtage on Cooperation inPrimates and Humans: Mechanisms andEvolution. Primate Report, 66,23.

Keller, M., &Gummerum,M.(2003). Freundschaft und Verwandtschaft:Beziehungsvorstellungen im Entwicklungsverlauf und im Kulturvergleich[Friendship and kinship:Development of relationship concepts indifferent cultures]. SozialerSinn,1, 95-121.

BookChaptersand Book Reviews

Keller, M., Gummerum, M.,Canz,T.,Gigerenzer,G., &Takezawa, M. (2013). The "is" and "ought” of sharing: The equalityheuristic across the lifespan. In R.Hertwig, U. Hoffrage & the ABCResearch Group, Simple heuristics ina social world (pp.171-195).Oxford:Oxford University Press.

Pivik, J., Herrington, S.,&Gummerum, M.(2011).Nurturant environments for children’s social, emotional andphysicalwell-being. In H.Goelman, J. Pivik, & M. Guhn (Eds.), Newapproachesto early child development: Rules, rituals and realities (pp.117-139). NewYork:PalgraveMacmillan.

Gummerum, M.(2010).Evolution undMoral-eine Annäherung. InB. Latzko & T. Malti(Eds.), MoralischeEntwicklung und Erziehung inKindheit und Adoleszenz (pp.105-120)Göttingen:Hogrefe.

Keller, M., & Gummerum, M. (2010).Zwischen Fairness undEigeninteresse: Moralentwicklung aus ökonomischer Sicht.In B.Latzko &T.Malti (Eds.), Moralische Entwicklung und Erziehungin Kindheit undAdoleszenz (pp. 105-120).Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Zhu,L.,Keller, M., Gummerum, M.,& Takezawa, M.(2010). A cross-culturalperspective on the developmentof sharing behavior. Integrating behaviouraleconomics and psychology. In R.Schwarzer & P. A. Frensch (Eds.), Personality,human development,and culture: International perspectives on psychologicalscience,Volume 2 (pp.141-153).Hove,UK: Psychology Press.

Gummerum, M. (2008). Messung undKorrelate von Religiosität[Measurement and correlates of religiosity] byCarmine Maiello. Journalof Moral Education, 37,261-263. 







Reports & invited lectures

Invited Presentations

Institute of Psychology, Universität Klagenfurt, Austria, May 2011.

Department of Psychology, Durham University, Durham, UK, February 2011.

Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, UK, October 2010.

Department of Psychology, Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan, July 2010.

Workshop “Assisting Decision Makers”, University College London, UK, April 2010.

Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, September 2009.

London Judgment and Decision Making Group, University College London, May 2009

Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, UK, November 2008.

Laboratory of Social Psychology, Department of Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Letters, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, August 2008.

Human Early Learning Partnership, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, July 2007.

Workshop “Supporting children’s social and emotional health: Assessment tools, research, and practice”. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, May 2006.

Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada, January 2006.

Department of Special Education and Educational Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, December 2005.

Human Early Learning Partnership, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, December 2005.

Institute of Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, April 2005.

Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA, December 2004.

Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany, May 2002.








Other academic activities

Editorial Activities
Since 2013    Associate Editor, British Journal of Developmental Psychology
Since 2013    Consulting Editor, Child Development

2007 – 2008  Guest Co-Editor, Special Issue on “Moral Emotions and Moral Cognitions: Perspectives in Developmental Science”, European Journal of Developmental Science


Ad-hoc Reviewer

British Journal of Developmental Psychology, Child Development, Cognition, Cognitive Development, Developmental Science, European Journal of Developmental Science, Infant and Child Development, Journal of Economic Psychology, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Journal of Moral Education, Social Development

British Psychological Society, Developmental Section, 2007 Conference
Society for Research in Child Development, 2009 Conference

Oxford University Press

Grant Reviewer
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), UK

End of Grant Reviewer, ESRC, UK

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)


Consortium for Health, Intervention, Learning, and Development (CHILD)

Max Planck International Research School LIFE

Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition

Some of my collaborators:
Yaniv Hanoch, University of Plymouth
Tara Hollins, University College Plymouth St Mark & St John
Angela Jaramillo, University of British Columbia
Monika Keller, Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Patrick Leman
, Royal Holloway University of London
Tina Malti, University of Toronto
Azzurra Ruggeri, Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Kimberly Schonert-Reichl, University of British Columbia
Liqi Zhu
, Chinese Academy of Sciences