Dr Michaela Gummerum

Dr Michaela Gummerum

Associate Professor (Reader) in Psychology

School of Psychology (Faculty of Health and Human Sciences)


2005 PhD in Psychology, Free University Berlin, Germany
2002 Diploma (MA) in Psychology, Free University Berlin, Germany

Since 2013        Associate Professor (Reader) in Psychology, University of Plymouth   
2007-2013         Lecturer In Psychology, University of Plymouth
2005-2007         Postdoctoral Fellow, CHILD, University of British Columbia, Canada
2003-2005         Fellow, International Max Planck Research School LIFE, 
                        MPI for Human Development, University of Michigan, University of Virginia
2002-2005         Doctoral Fellow, Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition
                        Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany

Professional membership

Professional Memberships: 
Association for Moral Education
European Society for Developmental Psychology
International Collaboration on Complex Interventions
Jean Piaget Society
Society for Research in Child Development

Research interests

  • Social development
  • Moral development (behavior, emotions, and reasoning)
  • Development of children's friendships and parent-child relationships
  • Cross-cultural psychology (mainly China, Japan, Europe)
  • Economic game theory
  • Ecological approaches to development

Grants & contracts

2013-2016                  ESRC: “The role of anger and attentional control in the development of punishment” (with Van Dillen, L., & van Dijk, E., C0-PIs, £251,000)

2010-2011                  British Academy: “The Development of Moral Sensitivity in Friendship 
Relationships: A Cross-cultural Perspective” (with Malti, T., Co-PI, £ 4400).

2010-2011                  ESRC: “The development of punishment” (£72,908)

2009-2010                  The Leverhulme Trust: “Do primary school children exchange information during group collaboration?” (with Leman, P., Co-PI; £42,521).

2009-2010                  Sino-British Fellowship Trust: “Social change and Chinese children’s and adolescents’ conceptions of family relationships” (with Zhu, L., Co-PI, and Hanoch, Y., Co-PI; £7394)

2008                           Great Britain Sasakawa Foundation, Grant for Research and Travel at Hokkaido University, Japan (with Hanoch, Y., Co-PI; £2000)

2008                            British Academy, Travel Grant (£500)

2008                            International Collaboration on Complex Interventions, Travel Grant

2006                            International Collaboration on Complex Interventions, Travel Grant

2005-2007                  Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Canada, Postdoctoral Fellowship

2002-2005                   Max Planck Society, Predoctoral Fellowship

2000                            German Academic Exchange Service, Travel Grant

Research groups

  • Centre for Research in Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (CBCB)
  • Cognition



Published/In press


Ruggeri, A., Luan, S., Keller, M., & Gummerum, M. (in press). The influence of adult and peer models on children's and adolescents' sharing decisions. Child Development.

White, C., Cutello, C., Gummerum, M., & Hanoch, Y. (in press).A cross-cultural study of risky online self-presentation. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.

López-Pérez, B., Howells, L, & Gummerum, M. (in press). Cruel to be Kind: Factors Underlying Altruistic Interpersonal Affect Worsening. Psychological Science.

Francis,K. B., Howard, I. S., Gummerum,M., Ganis, G., Anderson,G., & Terbeck, S. Virtual morality: Transitioning from moral judgment to moral action? PLoS One.

López-Pérez,B., Ambrona, T., & Gummerum, M. (in press).Interpersonal emotion regulation in Asperger’s Syndrome and Borderline Personality Disorder. British Journal of Clinical Psychology.

White, C., Gummerum, M., & Hanoch,Y.(in press). The framing of online risk: Differences in young adults' and adolescents' representations of risky online gambles. Decision.

White, C., Gummerum, M., Wood, S., & Hanoch, Y. (in press).Internet safety and the Silver Surfer: The relationship between gist reasoningand adults' risky online behaviour. Journal of Behavioral DecisionMaking.

Gummerum, M., López-Pérez, B.,Ambrona,T., Rodríguez-Cano, S.,Dellaria, G., Smith, G., & Wilson, E. (2016).Children’s moral emotionattribution in the Happy Victimizer Task: The role of response format. TheJournal of Genetic Psychology, 177, 1-16.

Gummerum, M., Van Dillen, L. F., Van Dijk,E., & López-Pérez, B.(2016). Costly third-party interventions: The role of incidental anger andattention focus in the punishment of the perpetrator and compensation of thevictim. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology,65, 94-104.

López-Pérez, B., Sanchez, J., & Gummerum, M. (2016).Children’sand adolescents’ conceptions of happiness. Journal of HappinessStudies,17, 2431-2455.

López-Pérez, B., Wilson, E., Dellaria, G.,& Gummerum, M.(2016).Developmental differences in children’s interpersonal emotionregulation. Motivation and Emotion, 40, 767-780.

Malti, T., Gummerum, M., Ongley, S. F.,Chaparro, M. P.,Nola,M.,& Bae, N.Y. (2016). Who is worthy of my generosity? Recipientcharacteristics and children’s sharing behavior. International Journalof Behavioral Development. 40,31-40.

Lahat, A., Gummerum, M., Mackay ,L.,&Hanoch, Y.(2015).Cognitiveprocessing of moral and social judgments: A comparison of offenders, students,and control participants. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,68, 350-362.

López-Pérez, B.,Gummerum, M.,Keller,M., Filippova,  E.,& Gordillo, V. (2015).Sociomoralreasoning in children and adolescents from two collectivistic cultures. EuropeanJournal of Developmental Psychology, 12, 204-219.

López-Pérez, B., Hanoch,Y.,Holt,K.,&Gummerum, M.(2015). Cognitive and Affective Empathy,Personal Belief in a JustWorld, and Bullying Among Offenders. Journal f Interpersonal Violence.

Needham,M.,Gummerum, M.,Mandeville-Norden, R.,Rakestrow-Dickens,J.,Mewse, A., Barnes,A.,& Hanoch Y.(2015).Effectiveness of alcohol treatmentprograms in reducing recidivism:Findings from the United Kingdom. Alcoholism:Clinicaland Experimental Research. 39,1100-1107

White, C., Gummerum, M.,& Hanoch,Y.(2015). Adolescents‘and young adults’ online risky behaviours:Insights from Fuzzy-TraceTheory. Risk Analysis, 35,1407-1422.

Choma, B. L., Hanoch, Y.,Hodson, G.,&Gummerum,M.(2014). Risk propensity among liberals and conservatives: Theeffect o frisk perception, expected benefits, and risk domain. SocialPsychological and Personality Science, 5, 713-721.

Gummerum, M., & Denham,S.(2014).Cognitive Innovation:From Cellto Society. Europe's Journal of Psychology10(4),586.

Gummerum, M., & Chu, M.T.(2014).Outcomes and intentions inchildren’s, adolescents’ and adults’second-and third-party punishmentbehaviour. Cognition, 133, 97-103.

Gummerum, M., Hanoch, Y., &Rolison,J.J.(2014). Offenders‘risk taking behaviour and attitude insideand outside the prison walls. Risk Analysis, 34, 1870-1881.

Gummerum, M., Leman, P. J.,& Hollins, T.S. (2014). How dochildren share information in groups? DevelopmentalPsychology,50, 2105-2114.

Li, J., Zhu, L.Q., & Gummerum,M.(2014).The relationshipbetween moral judgment and cooperation in children with high-functioningautism. Scientific Reports, 4,4314;DOI:10.1038/srep04314.

Ruggeri, A., Gummerum, M., & Hanoch,Y.(2014).Braving difficultchoices alone: Children’s and adolescents’ medical decision making. PLoSOne, 9 (8),e103287.

Choma, B., Hanoch, Y.,Gummerum,M.,&  Hodson,G.(2013). Relations between riskperceptions and socio-political ideology are domain and ideologydependent. Personality and Individual Differences,54, 29-34.

Gummerum, M., Cribbett, C., Nogueira Nicolau, A., & Uren,R.(2013). Counterfactual reasoning and moral emotion attribution [Special Issueon “Meaning, Measurement, and Correlates of Moral Development”]. EuropeanJournal of Developmental Psychology, 10, 144-158.

Gummerum, M., Leman, P.J., & Hollins, T.S.(2013).Children’scollaborative recall of shared and unshared information. BritishJournal of Developmental Psychology, 31, 302-317.

Hanoch, Y., Rolison, J., & Gummerum, M.(2013). Good thingscome to those who wait: Time discounting differences between adult offendersand non-offenders. Personality and Individual Differences,54, 128-132.

Rolison, J., Hanoch, Y., & Gummerum, M.(2013).Characteristicsof offenders: The HEXACO model of personality as a framework for studyingoffenders’ personality. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry andPsychology,24, 71-82.

Rolison, J. J., Hanoch, Y.,& Gummerum, M.(2013). Whenopportunity matters: Comparing the risk-taking attitudes of prisoners andrecently released ex-prisoners. Risk Analysis,33, 2013-2022.

Atkin, L. M., & Gummerum, M.(2012).Moral and group-basedcriteria in children's evaluations of peers after transgression. Infantand Child Development, 21,189-197.

Gummerum, M., & Hanoch,Y.(2012).Altruism behind bars:Sharing,justice, perspective taking and empathy among inmates. Social JusticeResearch, 25,61-78.

Gummerum, M., & Keller,M.(2012).East German children’sandadolescents’ friendship and moral reasoning before and after Germanreunification. Journal of Genetic Psychology,173, 440-462.

Hanoch Y., Gummerum M., Rolison,J.(2012).Second-to-fourth digitratio and impulsivity: A comparison between offenders and non offenders. PLoSONE, 7(10), 1-4.

Li, J., Zhu, L., Gummerum, M.,& Sun,Y.(in press). Social valueorientation in childhood across different contexts: Evidence from China. InternationalJournal of Psychology,48, 469-480.

Malti, T., Gummerum, M., Keller, M., Chaparro, M. P.,& Buchmann, M. (2012). Early sympathy and social acceptance predict thedevelopment of sharing in children. PLoS ONE, 7(12), e52017. 

Hanoch, Y., & Gummerum, M. (2011). A comparison of therisk-taking behaviors of prisoners and non-prisoners. Journal ofBehavioral Decision Making, 24,431-442.

Himmelstein, M., Miron-Shatz, T.,Hanoch, Y.,Gummerum, M.(2011). Over-the-countercough and cold medicines for children: Parental usage, perception and trust inthe Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Health,Risk& Society, 13, 451-468.

Gummerum, M., Hanoch, Y., Keller ,M.,Parsons, K.,& Hummel,A.(2010). Preschoolers‘ allocations in the dictator game. The role of moralemotions. Journal of Economic Psychology,31, 25-34.

Hanoch, Y., Gummerum, M.,Miron-Shatz, T.,&Himmelstein,M.S. (2010). Parents‘ decisions following the Food and Drug Administrationrecommendation: The case of Over-the-Counter cough and cold medication. Child:Care, Health &Development, 36, 795-804.

Miron-Shatz, T., Barron, G., Hanoch,Y.,Gummerum, M. &Doniger,G. (2010). To give or not to give: Parental experience and compliance with theFood and Drug Administration warning about over-the-counter cold and coughmedication usage. Judgment and Decision Making, 5, 428-436.

Pachur, T., Hanoch, Y., & Gummerum,M.(2010). Prospects behindbars. Analyzing decisions under risk in a prison population. Psychonomic Bulletinand Review, 17, 630-636.

Gummerum, M., Takezawa, M., &Keller,M.(2009). The influence ofsocial category and reciprocity on adults 'and children's altruisticbehaviour. Evolutionary Psychology,7, 295-316.

Leman, P. J., Keller, M.,Takezawa, M.,&Gummerum,M.(2009). Children’s and adolescents’ decisions about sharingmoney with others. Social Development, 18, 711-727.

Malti, T., Gummerum, M., Keller,M.,&Buchmann,M.(2009). Children’s sympathy and prosocial behavior:The role ofmoral motivation. Child Development, 80, 442-460.

Goelman, H., & The CHILD Project.(2008).Three complementarycommunity-based approaches to the early identification of young at-riskchildren. Infants and Young Children, 21,306-323.

Gummerum, M., Hanoch, Y., & Keller,M.(2008).When childdevelopment meets economic game theory: An interdisciplinary approach toinvestigating social development. Human Development51, 235-261.

Gummerum, M., & Keller,M.(2008).Moral psychology and economicgame theory. European Journal of Developmental Science2, 206-220.

Gummerum, M., & Keller,M.(2008).Freundschaftskonzepte undHandlungsvorstellungen in Freundschaft. Der Einfluss von Entwicklung und Kultur. Mittelweg,17, 42-54.

Gummerum, M., Keller, M.,Takezawa,M.,& Mata,J.(2008). Togive or not to give: Children’s and adolescents’ sharing and moral negotiationsin economic decision situations. Child Development,79, 561-576.

Gummerum, M., & Keller,M.(2008).Affection, virtue,pleasure,and profit: Developing an understanding of friendship closeness and intimacy inWestern and Asian cultures. International Journal of BehavioralDevelopment, 32, 130-143.

Hanoch, Y., & Gummerum,M.(2008).What can health psychologistslearn from health economics? From monetary incentives to policy programs. HealthPsychology Review,2, 2-19.

Hanoch, Y., Gummerum, M., & Katsikopoulos, K. V. (2007).Riskperception and consumption of over-the-counter drugs. British MedicalJournal, Rapid Response, http://www.bmj.com/cgi/eletters/334/7600/917-b#165127.

Hanoch, Y., Katsikopoulos, K. V.,Gummerum, M.,& Brass,E.P.(2007). American and German students’ knowledge,perceptions, and behaviorswith respect to Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers. HealthPsychology,26, 802-806.

Malti, T., Gummerum, M., Buchmann,M.(2007).Contemporaneous andone-year-longitudinal prediction of children’ s prosocial behavior from sympathyand moral motivation. Journal of Genetic Psychology,168, 277-299.

Takezawa, M., Gummerum, M., &Keller,M.(2006). A stage for therational tail of the emotional dog: Roles of moral reasoning in groupdecision-making. Journal of Economic Psychology,27, 117-139.

Gummerum, M. (2005). The development of prosocial behavior:Integrating psychological, economic, and evolutionary perspectives. Doctoraldissertation,Free University Berlin, http://www.diss.fu-berlin.de/2007/292/indexe.html.

Gummerum, M., Keller, M.,&Takezawa,M.(2004). How do childrenplay dictator and ultimatum game? The influence of psychological variables onthe behavior of individuals and groups. International Journal ofPsychology, 39, 565.

Keller, M., Gummerum, M.,Wang,X.T.,& Lindsey, S.(2004).Understandingperspectives and emotions in contract violation:Development of deontic andmoral reasoning. Child Development, 75,614-635.

Gummerum, M., Keller, M., Takezawa, M.,& Wilke,A.(2003).Children's economic negotiations in Ultimatum andDictator Games. InP.M. Kappeler, C. Fichtel, & M.Schwibbe (Eds.),Proceedings of the4th Göttinger Freilandtage on Cooperation in Primates and Humans: Mechanismsand Evolution. Primate Report, 66,23.

Keller, M., &Gummerum,M.(2003). Freundschaft undVerwandtschaft:Beziehungsvorstellungen im Entwicklungsverlauf und imKulturvergleich[Friendship and kinship:Development of relationship conceptsindifferent cultures]. SozialerSinn,1, 95-121.

Book Chapters and Book Reviews

Keller, M., Gummerum, M.,Canz,T.,Gigerenzer,G., &Takezawa, M.(2013). The "is" and "ought” of sharing: Theequality heuristic across the lifespan. In R.Hertwig, U. Hoffrage & theABC Research Group, Simple heuristics ina social world (pp.171-195).Oxford:OxfordUniversity Press.

Pivik, J., Herrington, S.,& Gummerum, M.(2011). Nurturantenvironments for children’s social, emotional and physical well-being. InH.Goelman, J. Pivik, & M. Guhn (Eds.), New approaches to early childdevelopment: Rules, rituals and realities (pp.117-139). NewYork: PalgraveMacmillan.

Gummerum, M.(2010).Evolution und Moral-eine Annäherung. In B. Latzko& T. Malti(Eds.), Moralische Entwicklung und Erziehung in Kindheitund Adoleszenz (pp.105-120)Göttingen:Hogrefe.

Keller, M., & Gummerum, M. (2010).Zwischen Fairnessund Eigeninteresse: Moralentwicklung aus ökonomischer Sicht.In B.Latzko&T.Malti (Eds.), Moralische Entwicklung und Erziehungin Kindheitund Adoleszenz (pp. 105-120).Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Zhu,L.,Keller, M., Gummerum, M.,&Takezawa, M.(2010). A cross-cultural perspective on the development of sharingbehavior. Integrating behavioural economics and psychology. In R. Schwarzer &P. A. Frensch (Eds.), Personality,human development,and culture:International perspectives on psychological science,Volume 2 (pp.141-153).Hove,UK:Psychology Press.

Gummerum, M. (2008). Messung und Korrelate vonReligiositä t[Measurement and correlates of religiosity] by CarmineMaiello. Journal of Moral Education, 37,261-263. 








Reports & invited lectures

Invited Presentations

Institute of Psychology, Universität Klagenfurt, Austria, May 2011.

Department of Psychology, Durham University, Durham, UK, February 2011.

Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, UK, October 2010.

Department of Psychology, Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan, July 2010.

Workshop “Assisting Decision Makers”, University College London, UK, April 2010.

Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, September 2009.

London Judgment and Decision Making Group, University College London, May 2009

Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, UK, November 2008.

Laboratory of Social Psychology, Department of Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Letters, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, August 2008.

Human Early Learning Partnership, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, July 2007.

Workshop “Supporting children’s social and emotional health: Assessment tools, research, and practice”. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, May 2006.

Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada, January 2006.

Department of Special Education and Educational Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, December 2005.

Human Early Learning Partnership, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, December 2005.

Institute of Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, April 2005.

Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA, December 2004.

Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany, May 2002.








Other academic activities

Editorial Activities
Since 2013    Associate Editor, British Journal of Developmental Psychology
Since 2013    Consulting Editor, Child Development

2007 – 2008  Guest Co-Editor, Special Issue on “Moral Emotions and Moral Cognitions: Perspectives in Developmental Science”, European Journal of Developmental Science


Ad-hoc Reviewer

British Journal of Developmental Psychology, Child Development, Cognition, Cognitive Development, Developmental Science, European Journal of Developmental Science, Infant and Child Development, Journal of Economic Psychology, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Journal of Moral Education, Social Development

British Psychological Society, Developmental Section, 2007 Conference
Society for Research in Child Development, 2009 Conference

Oxford University Press

Grant Reviewer
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), UK

End of Grant Reviewer, ESRC, UK

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)


Consortium for Health, Intervention, Learning, and Development (CHILD)

Max Planck International Research School LIFE

Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition

Some of my collaborators:
Yaniv Hanoch, University of Plymouth
Tara Hollins, University College Plymouth St Mark & St John
Angela Jaramillo, University of British Columbia
Monika Keller, Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Patrick Leman
, Royal Holloway University of London
Tina Malti, University of Toronto
Azzurra Ruggeri, Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Kimberly Schonert-Reichl, University of British Columbia
Liqi Zhu
, Chinese Academy of Sciences