Professor Irving Kirsch
Profiles

Professor Irving Kirsch

Visiting Professor

School of Psychology (Faculty of Health and Human Sciences)

Role

Professor Emeritus

Key publications are highlighted

Journals
Articles
Mazzoni G, Venneri A, McGeown WJ & Kirsch I 2013 'Neuroimaging resolution of the altered state hypothesis' Cortex 49, (2) 400-410 Author Site , DOI
Jensen KB, Petrovic P, Kerr CE, Kirsch I, Raicek J, Cheetham A, Spaeth R, Cook A, Gollub RL 2013 'Sharing pain and relief: neural correlates of physicians during treatment of patients' Mol Psychiatry 13, (1-7) 1359-4184 Author Site , DOI
Loggia ML, Kim J, Gollub RL, Vangel MG, Kirsch I, Kong J, Wasan AD & Napadow V 2013 'Default mode network connectivity encodes clinical pain: an arterial spin labeling study' Pain 154, (1) 24-33 Author Site , DOI
Huedo-Medina TB, Kirsch I, Middlemass J, Klonizakis M & Siriwardena AN 2012 'Effectiveness of non-benzodiazepine hypnotics in treatment of adult insomnia: meta-analysis of data submitted to the Food and Drug Administration' BMJ 345, Author Site , DOI
Jensen KB, Kaptchuk TJ, Kirsch I, Raicek J, Lindstrom KM, Berna C, Gollub RL, Ingvar M & Kong J 2012 'Nonconscious activation of placebo and nocebo pain responses' Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109, (39) 15959-15964 Author Site , DOI
Khan A, Faucett J, Lichtenberg P, Kirsch I & Brown WA 2012 'A Systematic Review of Comparative Efficacy of Treatments and Controls for Depression' PLOS ONE 7, (7) Author Site , DOI
Michael RB, Garry M & Kirsch I 2012 'Suggestion, Cognition, and Behavior' CURRENT DIRECTIONS IN PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 21, (3) 151-156 Author Site , DOI
McGeown WJ, Venneri A, Kirsch I, Nocetti L, Roberts K, Foan L & Mazzoni G 2012 'Suggested visual hallucination without hypnosis enhances activity in visual areas of the brain' Conscious Cogn 21, (1) 100-116 Author Site , DOI
Hall KT, Lembo AJ, Kirsch I, Ziogas DC, Douaiher J, Jensen KB, Conboy LA, Kelley JM, Kokkotou E 2012 'Catechol-O-methyltransferase val158met polymorphism predicts placebo effect in irritable bowel syndrome' PLoS One 7, (10) Author Site , DOI
Cosgrove L, Shaughnessy AF, Wheeler EE, Austad KE, Kirsch I & Bursztajn HJ 2012 'The American Psychiatric Association's Guideline for Major Depressive Disorder: A Commentary' PSYCHOTHERAPY AND PSYCHOSOMATICS 81, (3) 186-188 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 2011 'Role of placebo in irritable bowel syndrome' J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 53 Suppl 2, S42-S43 Author Site
Wechsler ME, Kelley JM, Boyd IOE, Dutile S, Marigowda G, Kirsch I, Israel E & Kaptchuk TJ 2011 'Active albuterol or placebo, sham acupuncture, or no intervention in asthma' N Engl J Med 365, (2) 119-126 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 2011 'The Altered State Issue:Dead or Alive?' International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 59, (3) 350-362 , DOI
Kirsch I 2011 'Preface' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366, (1572) 1781-1782 , DOI
Kirsch I 2011 'Suggestibility and suggestive modulation of the Stroop effect' Conscious Cogn 20, (2) 335-336 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 2011 'The Use of Placebos in Clinical Trials and Clinical Practice' CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHIATRIE 56, (4) 191-192 Author Site , DOI
Kaptchuk TJ, Friedlander E, Kelley JM, Sanchez MN, Kokkotou E, Singer JP, Kowalczykowski M, Miller FG, Kirsch I 2010 'Placebos without deception: a randomized controlled trial in irritable bowel syndrome' PLoS One 5, (12) Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 2010 'Not all placebos are born equal' NEW SCIENTIST 208, (2790) 30-31 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 2010 'Review: benefits of antidepressants over placebo limited except in very severe depression' Evid Based Ment Health 13, (2) Author Site , DOI
Mazzoni G, Foan L, Hyland ME & Kirsch I 2010 'The effects of observation and gender on psychogenic symptoms' Health Psychol 29, (2) 181-185 Author Site , DOI
McGeown WJ, Mazzoni G, Venneri A & Kirsch I 2009 'Hypnotic induction decreases anterior default mode activity' Conscious Cogn 18, (4) 848-855 Author Site , DOI
Dienes Z, Brown E, Hutton S, Kirsch I, Mazzoni G & Wright DB 2009 'Hypnotic suggestibility, cognitive inhibition, and dissociation' CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION 18, (4) 837-847 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 2009 'Antidepressants and the placebo response' Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc 18, (4) 318-322 Author Site
Kirsch I 2009 'Dump the risky drugs' NEW SCIENTIST 204, (2730) 26-27 Author Site , DOI
Kong J, Kaptchuk TJ, Polich G, Kirsch I, Vangel M, Zyloney C, Rosen B & Gollub RL 2009 'An fMRI study on the interaction and dissociation between expectation of pain relief and acupuncture treatment' Neuroimage 47, (3) 1066-1076 Author Site , DOI
Kelley JM, Lembo AJ, Ablon JS, Villanueva JJ, Conboy LA, Levy R, Marci CD, Kerr CE, Kirsch I 2009 'Patient and practitioner influences on the placebo effect in irritable bowel syndrome' Psychosom Med 71, (7) 789-797 Author Site , DOI
Mazzoni G, Rotriquenz E, Carvalho C, Vannucci M, Roberts K & Kirsch I 2009 'Suggested visual hallucinations in and out of hypnosis' Conscious Cogn 18, (2) 494-499 Author Site , DOI
Kong J, Kaptchuk TJ, Polich G, Kirsch I, Vangel M, Zyloney C, Rosen B & Gollub R 2009 'Expectancy and treatment interactions: a dissociation between acupuncture analgesia and expectancy evoked placebo analgesia' Neuroimage 45, (3) 940-949 Author Site , DOI
Lynn SJ & Kirsch I 2009 'John F. Chaves (1941-2008)' AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGIST 64, (1) 50-50 Author Site , DOI
Kong J, Gollub RL, Polich G, Kirsch I, Laviolette P, Vangel M, Rosen B & Kaptchuk TJ 2008 'A functional magnetic resonance imaging study on the neural mechanisms of hyperalgesic nocebo effect' J Neurosci 28, (49) 13354-13362 Author Site , DOI
Scoboria A, Mazzoni G & Kirsch I 2008 '"Don't know" responding to answerable and unanswerable questions during misleading and hypnotic interviews' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-APPLIED 14, (3) 255-265 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 2008 'Challenging received wisdom: antidepressants and the placebo effect' Mcgill J Med 11, (2) 219-222 Author Site
Kaptchuk TJ, Kelley JM, Deykin A, Wayne PM, Lasagna LC, Epstein IO, Kirsch I & Wechsler ME 2008 'Do “placebo responders” exist?' Contemporary Clinical Trials 29, (4) 587-595 , DOI
Kaptchuk TJ, Kelley JM, Conboy LA, Davis RB, Kerr CE, Jacobson EE, Kirsch I, Schyner RN, Nam BH 2008 'Components of placebo effect: randomised controlled trial in patients with irritable bowel syndrome' BMJ 336, (7651) 999-1003 Author Site , DOI
Whalley B, Hyland ME & Kirsch I 2008 'Consistency of the placebo effect' J Psychosom Res 64, (5) 537-541 Author Site , DOI
Lynn SJ & Kirsch I 2008 'In Memoriam of John F. Chaves (1941–2008)' American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis 50, (4) 299-300 , DOI
Kirsch I & Johnson BT 2008 'How full is the glass?' BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL 336, (7645) 629-630 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I, Deacon BJ, Huedo-Medina TB, Scoboria A, Moore TJ & Johnson BT 2008 'Initial severity and antidepressant benefits: a meta-analysis of data submitted to the Food and Drug Administration' PLoS Med 5, (2) Author Site , DOI
Carvalho C, Kirsch I, Mazzoni G & Leal I 2008 'Portuguese norms for the waterloo-stanford group C (WSGC) scale of hypnotic susceptibility' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPNOSIS 56, (3) 295-305 Author Site , DOI
Carvalho C, Mazzoni G, Kirsch I, Meo M & Santandrea M 2008 'The effect of posthypnotic suggestion, hypnotic suggestibility, and goal intentions on adherence to medical instructions' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPNOSIS 56, (2) 143-155 Author Site , DOI
Richardson J, Smith JE, Mccall G, Richardson A, Pilkington K & Kirsch I 2007 'Hypnosis for nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy: a systematic review of the research evidence' EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER CARE 16, (5) 402-412 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I, Mazzoni G & Montgomery GH 2007 'Hypnotic history: a reply to critics' Am J Clin Hypn 49, (4) 249-254 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I & Moncrieff J 2007 'Clinical trials and the response rate illusion' Contemporary Clinical Trials 28, (4) 348-351
Richardson J, Smith JE, Mccall G, Richardson A, Pilkington K & Kirsch I 2007 'Hypnosis for nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy: a systematic review of the research evidence' European Journal of Cancer Care 16, (5) 402-412
Lorber W, Mazzoni G & Kirsch I 2007 'Illness by suggestion: Expectancy, modeling, and gender in the production of psychosomatic symptoms' Annals of Behavioral Medicine 33, (1) 112-116
Seedorf H, Scholz A, Kirsch I, Fenske C & Jude HD 2007 'Pivot appliances - is there a distractive effect on the temporomandibular joint?' Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 34, (1) 34-40
Kong J, Kaptchuk TJ, Polich G, Kirsch I & Gollub RL 2007 'Placebo analgesia: Findings from brain Imaging studies and emerging hypotheses' Reviews in the Neurosciences 18, (3-4) 173-190
Kirsch I, Mazzoni G & Montgomery GH 2007 'Remembrance of hypnosis past' American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis 49, (3) 171-178
Kong J, Gollub RL, Rosman IS, Webb JM, Vangel MG, Kirsch I & Kaptchuk TJ 2006 'Brain activity associated with expectancy-enhanced placebo analgesia as measured by functional magnetic resonance Imaging' Journal of Neuroscience 26, (2) 381-388
Scoboria A, Mazzoni G & Kirsch I 2006 'Effects of misleading questions and hypnotic memory suggestion on memory reports: A signal-detection analysis' International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 54, (3) 340-359
Conboy LA, Wasserman RH, Jacobson EE, Davis RB, Legedza ATR, Park M, Rivers AL, Morey EB, Nam BH, et. al 2006 'Investigating placebo effects in irritable bowel syndrome: A novel research design' Contemporary Clinical Trials 27, (2) 123-134
Kaptchuk TJ, Stason WB, Davis RB, Legedza ATR, Schnyer RN, Kerr CE, Stone DA, Nam BH, Kirsch I, et. al 2006 'Sham device versus inert pill: randomised controlled trial of two placebo treatments' British Medical Journal 332, (7538) 391-394
Raz A, Kirsch I, Pollard J & Nitkin-Kaner Y 2006 'Suggestion reduces the Stroop effect' Psychological Science 17, (2) 91-95
Scoboria A, Mazzoni G, Kirsch I & Jimenez S 2006 'The effects of prevalence and script information on plausibility, belief, and memory of autobiographical events' Applied Cognitive Psychology 20, (8) 1049-1064
Moncrieff J & Kirsch I 2005 'Efficacy of antidepressants in adults' British Medical Journal 331, (7509) 155-157
Kirsch I 2005 'Placebo psychotherapy: Synonym or oxymoron?' Journal of Clinical Psychology 61, (7) 791-803
Milling LS, Kirsch I, Allen GJ & Reutenauer EL 2005 'The effects of hypnotic and nonhypnotic imaginative suggestion on pain' Annals of Behavioral Medicine 29, (2) 116-127
Babington J, Erdmenger J, Evans N, Guralnik Z & Kirsch I 2004 'A gravity dual of chiral symmetry breaking' Fortschritte der Physik-Progress of Physics 52, (6-7) 578-582
Kirsch I 2004 'Conditioning, expectancy, and the placebo effect: Comment on Stewart-Williams and Podd (2004)' Psychological Bulletin 130, (2) 341-343
Kirsch I 2004 'Generalizations of the AdS/CFT correspondence' Fortschritte der Physik-Progress of Physics 52, (8) 727-826
Kirsch I & Lynn SJ 2004 'Hypnosis and will' Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27, (5) 667-+
Seedorf H, Seetzen F, Scholz A, Sadat-Khonsari MR, Kirsch I & Jude HD 2004 'Impact of posterior occlusal support on the condylar position' Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 31, (8) 759-763
Scoboria A, Mazzoni G, Kirsch I & Relyea M 2004 'Plausibility and belief in autobiographical memory' Applied Cognitive Psychology 18, (7) 791-807
Kirsch I & Mazzoni G 2004 'The effects of suggestion and belief on perception, memory, health, and cognition' International Journal of Psychology 39, (5-6) 477-478
Kirsch I, Lynn SJ, Vigorito M & Miller RR 2004 'The role of cognition in classical and operant conditioning' Journal of Clinical Psychology 60, (4) 369-392
Hadley DW, Jenkins J, Dimond E, Nakahara K, Grogan L, Liewehr DJ, Steinberg SM & Kirsch I 2003 'Genetic Counseling and testing in families with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer' Archives of Internal Medicine 163, (5) 573-582
Constable N, Erdmenger J, Guralnik Z & Kirsch I 2003 'Intersecting branes, defect conformal theories and tensionless strings' Fortschritte der Physik-Progress of Physics 51, (7-8) 732-737
Kirsch I 2003 'St John's wort, conventional medication, and placebo: an egregious double standard' Complementary Therapies in Medicine 11, (3) 193-195
Milling LS, Kirsch I, Meunier SA & Levine MR 2002 'Hypnotic analgesia and stress inoculation training: Individual and combined effects in analog treatment of experimental pain' Cognitive Therapy and Research 26, (3) 355-371
Scoboria A, Mazzoni G, Kirsch I & Milling LS 2002 'Immediate and persisting effects of misleading questions and hypnosis on memory reports' Journal of Experimental Psychology-Applied 8, (1) 26-32
Charney DS, Nemeroff CB, Lewis L, Laden SK, Gorman JM, Laska EM, Borenstein M, Bowden CL, Caplan A, et. al 2002 'National depressive and manic-depressive association consensus statement on the use of placebo in clinical trials of mood disorders' Archives of General Psychiatry 59, (3) 262-270
Maltby N, Kirsch I, Mayers M & Allen GJ 2002 'Virtual reality exposure therapy for the treatment of fear of flying: A controlled investigation' Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 70, (5) 1112-1118
Kirsch I & Scoboria A 2001 'Apples, oranges, and placebos: heterogeneity in a meta-analysis of placebo effects' Adv Mind Body Med 17, (4) 307-309 Author Site
Sullivan MJL, Rodgers WM & Kirsch I 2001 'Catastrophizing, depression and expectancies for pain and emotional distress' Pain 91, (1-2) 147-154
Mazzoni GAL, Loftus EF & Kirsch I 2001 'Changing beliefs about implausible autobiographical events: A little plausibility goes a long way' Journal of Experimental Psychology-Applied 7, (1) 51-59
Kirsch I & Braffman W 2001 'Imaginative suggestibility and hypnotizability' Current Directions in Psychological Science 10, (2) 57-61
Kirsch I 2001 'The altered states of hypnosis' Social Research 68, (3) 795-807
Kirsch I 2001 'The response set theory of hypnosis: Expectancy and physiology' American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis 44, (1) 69-73
Kirsch I 2000 'Montgomery GH, DuHamel KN, Redd WH: A meta-analysis of hypnotically induced analgesia: How effective is hypnosis? Int J Clin Exp Hypn 2000;48 : 138-153' FORSCHENDE KOMPLEMENTARMEDIZIN UND KLASSISCHE NATURHEILKUNDE 7, (5) 248-248 Author Site
Catanzaro SJ, Wasch HH, Kirsch I & Mearns J 2000 'Coping-related expectancies and dispositions as prospective predictors of coping responses and symptoms' JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY 68, (4) 757-788 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 2000 'Are drug and placebo effects in depression additive?' Biol Psychiatry 47, (8) 733-735 Author Site
Lynn SJ, Kirsch I, Barabasz A, Cardena E & Patterson D 2000 'Hypnosis as an empirically supported clinical intervention: The state of the evidence and a look to the future' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPNOSIS 48, (2) 239-259 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 2000 'Hypnotic suggestibility, nonhypnotic suggestibility, and their correlates' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 35, (3-4) 37-37 Author Site
Kirsch I, Milling LS & Burgess C 2000 'Suggestion difficulty as a hypothesized moderator of the relation between absorption and suggestibility: a new spectral analysis' Int J Clin Exp Hypn 48, (1) 32-43 Author Site
Kirsch I 2000 'The response set theory of hypnosis' Am J Clin Hypn 42, (3-4) 274-292 Author Site , DOI
Price DD, Milling LS, Kirsch I, Duff A, Montgomery GH & Nicholls SS 1999 'An analysis of factors that contribute to the magnitude of placebo analgesia in an experimental paradigm' PAIN 83, (2) 147-156 Author Site , DOI
Lilienfeld SO, Lynn SJ, Kirsch I, Chaves JF, Sarbin TR, Ganaway GK & Powell RA 1999 'Dissociative identity disorder and the sociocognitive model: Recalling the lessons of the past' PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN 125, (5) 507-523 Author Site , DOI
Braffman W & Kirsch I 1999 'Imaginative suggestibility and hypnotizability: an empirical analysis' J Pers Soc Psychol 77, (3) 578-587 Author Site
Kirsch I, Burgess CA & Braffman W 1999 'Attentional resources in hypnotic responding' Int J Clin Exp Hypn 47, (3) 175-191 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I & Lynn SJ 1999 'Automaticity in clinical psychology' Am Psychol 54, (7) 504-515 Author Site
Milling LS, Kirsch I & Burgess CA 1999 'Brief modification of suggestibility and hypnotic analgesia: too good to be true?' Int J Clin Exp Hypn 47, (2) 91-103 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I, Wickless C & Moffitt KH 1999 'Expectancy and suggestibility: are the effects of environmental enhancement due to detection?' Int J Clin Exp Hypn 47, (1) 40-45 Author Site , DOI
Comey G & Kirsch I 1999 'Intentional and spontaneous imagery in hypnosis: the phenomenology of hypnotic responding' Int J Clin Exp Hypn 47, (1) 65-85 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 1999 'Setting the record straight (again)' Am J Clin Hypn 41, (3) 226-230 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 1998 'Alert hypnosis: Implications for theory and research' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPNOSIS 46, (4) 403-403 Author Site
Kirsch I 1998 'Social psychological theories are not based on compliance: Setting the record straight' AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL HYPNOSIS 41, (2) 155-158 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 1998 'Placebo effect' NEW SCIENTIST 159, (2147) 52-52 Author Site
Kirsch I, Milling LS & Burgess C 1998 'Experiential scoring for the Waterloo-Stanford Group C scale' Int J Clin Exp Hypn 46, (3) 269-279 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 1998 'Comment on Montgomery and Kirsch, PAIN, 72 (1997) 107-113 - Reply to Staats et al' PAIN 76, (1-2) 269-270 Author Site
Perugini EM, Kirsch I, Allen ST, Coldwell E, Meredith JM, Montgomery GH & Sheehan J 1998 'Surreptitious observation of responses to hypnotically suggested hallucinations: a test of the compliance hypothesis' Int J Clin Exp Hypn 46, (2) 191-203 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I & Lynn SJ 1998 'Dissociating the wheat from the chaff in theories of hypnosis: Reply to Kihlstrom (1998) and Woody and Sadler (1998)' Psychol Bull 123, (2) 198-202 Author Site
Kirsch I & Lynn SJ 1998 'Dissociation theories of hypnosis' Psychol Bull 123, (1) 100-115 Author Site
Burgess CA, Kirsch I, Shane H, Niederauer KL, Graham SM & Bacon A 1998 'Facilitated communication as an ideomotor response' PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 9, (1) 71-74 Author Site , DOI
Milling LS, Kirsch I & Burgess CA 1997 'Assessment context and suggestion difficulty: Hypothesized moderators of the relation between absorption and suggestibility' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPNOSIS 45, (4) 473-473 Author Site
Kirsch I, Burgess CA & Braffman W 1997 'Attentional resources in hypnotic responding' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPNOSIS 45, (4) 475-475 Author Site
Braffman W, Kirsch I, Milling LS & Burgess CA 1997 'Expectancy, ironic processes, and the Chevreul pendulum illusion' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPNOSIS 45, (4) 474-474 Author Site
Burgess CA & Kirsch I 1997 'Honest warnings mitigate the negative effects of hypnosis on memory' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPNOSIS 45, (4) 470-470 Author Site
Kirsch I 1997 'The placebo effect in pain reduction' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPNOSIS 45, (4) 467-467 Author Site
Montgomery GH & Kirsch I 1997 'Classical conditioning and the placebo effect' Pain 72, (1-2) 107-113 Author Site
Kirsch I & Lynn SJ 1997 'Hypnotic involuntariness and the automaticity of everyday life' Am J Clin Hypn 40, (1) 329-348 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 1997 'Suggestibility or hypnosis: what do our scales really measure?' Int J Clin Exp Hypn 45, (3) 212-225 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 1997 'Fanciful interpretations of a musical dream' Am J Clin Hypn 39, (4) 281-282 Author Site
Kirsch I 1997 'Hypnotic suggestion: A musical mathaphor' AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL HYPNOSIS 39, (4) 271-277 Author Site
Kirsch I 1997 'Hypnotic responding and self-deception' Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20, (1) 118-119 , DOI
Kirsch I 1997 'Expectancy and conditioning in placebo analgesia - Related or independent mechanisms?' PAIN FORUM 6, (1) 59-61 Author Site
Schoenberger NE, Kirsch I, Gearan P, Montgomery G & Pastyrnak SL 1997 'Hypnotic enhancement of a cognitive behavioral treatment for public speaking anxiety' BEHAVIOR THERAPY 28, (1) 127-140 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 1997 'Response expectancy theory and application: A decennial review' APPLIED & PREVENTIVE PSYCHOLOGY 6, (2) 69-79 Author Site , DOI
Kirsch I 1996 'Hypnotic enhancement of cognitive-behavioral weight loss treatments—Another meta-reanalysis' Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 64, (3) 517-519 , DOI
Letters
Huedo-Medina TB, Johnson BT & Kirsch I 2012 'Kirsch et al.'s (2008) calculations are correct: reconsidering Fountoulakis & Möller's re-analysis of the Kirsch data' Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 15, (8) 1193-1198 Author Site , DOI