Dr Emma Milne

Dr Emma Milne

Lecturer in Criminology

School of Law, Criminology and Government (Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Business)


Dr Emma Milne is a Lecturer in Criminology in the School of Law, Criminology and Government at the University of Plymouth. Emma joined Plymouth in September 2019 after working for two years as a lecturer in criminology at Middlesex University. Emma was previously at the University of Essex completing her doctoral studies in sociology. Her PhD was funded by the Consortium for the Humanities and the Arts South-East England (CHASE), who are funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).


  • PhD Sociology, University of Essex
  • Postgraduate Certificate of Higher Education, Middlesex University
  • MA History, University of Essex
  • BA History and Sociology, University of Essex

Professional membership

  • British Society of Criminology (BSC), Sep 2013.
  • BSC Women, Crime and Criminal Justice Network, Jul 2015.
  • European Society of Criminology (ESC), Jul 2014.
  • ESC Working Group: Gender, Crime and Justice, May 2017.
  • ESC Working Group: Sentencing & Penal Decision-Making, Sep 2014.
  • REPROLAW: Reproduction, Ethics, Policy, Regulation, Obstetrics, and Law, Jul 2016.
  • Socio-Legal Studies Association, Mar 2014.

Roles on external bodies

Member of the Board of Trustees, Socio-Legal Studies Association, April 2020 – Present.

Chair, European Reproductive Justice Network (ERJN), January 2020 – Present.

Steering group member, Women, Crime and Criminal Justice network of British Society of Criminology, October 2016 – Present.

Teaching interests

  • Criminological theory, specifically critical and feminist theory
  • Gender and crime
  • Social control and regulation of women
  • Women's sexual and reproductive rights
  • Infant homicide and infanticide
  • Violence
  • International policing institutions and justice

Research interests

Emma’s research interests are in feminist criminology and social and legal regulations of women, particularly in relation to sex and reproduction. Her PhD considered criminal justice responses to women suspected of causing the death of their newborn children. She analysed contemporary examples of criminal court hearings relating to infanticide, child cruelty, abortion and concealment of birth. The wider context of Emma’s work is a consideration of social controls (including criminal justice regulations) on all women, notably in relation to pregnancy and reproductive function. Specific research interests include

  • Gender and crime
  • Motherhood and pregnancy
  • Women's reproductive rights
  • Regulation of women's sexuality and bodies
  • Infanticide/ neonaticide/ maternal filicide
  • Feminist criminology
  • Critical criminology
  • Women offenders
  • Violent women

Grants & contracts

Socio-Legal Studies Association Research Grants Scheme 2018, application submitted to fund further research into criminal justice responses to women suspected of killing their newborn children, purchase of court transcripts: £ 2,987.19.

PhD studentship award, CHASE DTP (Consortium for the Humanities and the Arts South-East England Doctoral Training Partnership) funded by the AHRC, awarded April 2014: tuition fees, maintenance grant and research costs.

International Placement Scheme, AHRC, Kluge Center Research Fellow, Library of Congress, Washington D.C. awarded July 2015: additional maintenance grant, visa and flights expenses.

Key publications are highlighted

Milne E 2020 'Book review: Ross McGarry and Sandra Walklate, A Criminology of War?' Theoretical Criminology Publisher Site , DOI
Milne E 2020 'Birth Rights and Wrongs: How Medicine and Technology Are Remaking Reproduction and the Law, written by Fox, Dov' European Journal of Health Law 27, (1) 79-82 , DOI
Milne E 2020 'Book Review: Alexandra Fanghanel, Disrupting Rape Culture: Public Space, Sexuality and Revolt' Qualitative Research 146879411989937-146879411989937 , DOI
Milne E 2020 'Putting the Fetus First — Legal Regulation, Motherhood, and Pregnancy' Michigan Journal of Gender & Law 27, (1) 149-211 Publisher Site , DOI PEARL
Milne E 2019 'Concealment of Birth: Time to Repeal a 200-Year-Old “Convenient Stop-Gap”?' Feminist Legal Studies 27, (2) 139-162 Publisher Site , DOI PEARL
Milne E 2018 'The Moral Case for Abortion, written by Ann Furedi' European Journal of Health Law 25, (2) 223-227 , DOI
Milne E 2017 'Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in Adults: Ethical and Legal Perspectives: An Overview on FASD for Professionals, edited by Monty Nelson and Marguerite Trussler' European Journal of Health Law 24, (5) 646-649 , DOI
2018 Women and the Criminal Justice System. Springer International Publishing , DOI
Milne E, Thom B & Herring R 2020 'Drinking in pregnancy: shifting towards the 'precautionary principle'' in MacGregor S; Thom B Risk and Substance Use: Framing Dangerous People and Dangerous Places Abingdon Routledge 66-87 Publisher Site , DOI PEARL
Brennan K & Milne E 2018 'Criminalising Neonaticide: Reflections on Law and Practice in England and Wales' Women and the Criminal Justice System Springer International Publishing 95-117 , DOI PEARL
Milne E & Turton J 2018 'Understanding Violent Women' Women and the Criminal Justice System Springer International Publishing 119-139 , DOI
Brennan K, Milne E, South N & Turton J 2018 'Women and the Criminal Justice System—Moving Beyond the Silo' Women and the Criminal Justice System Springer International Publishing 1-11 , DOI
Other Publications

Commentaries and newspaper articles

Brennan K and Milne E (2019) Infanticide: guarding against harshness. New Law Journal. 18 January. 169 (7824): 13-4.

Brennan K and Milne E (2018) The law of infanticide is supposed to provide merciful treatment for vulnerable mothers. The Conversation. 3 August.

Milne E (2017) Murder or infanticide? Understanding the causes behind the most shocking of crimes. The Conversation. 30 June. Republished by The Independent. 3 July 2017.

Turton J and Milne E (2016) Courts Must Stop Judging Women Who Kill Their Babies as Morally 'Good' or 'Bad'. The Conversation. 3 May.


Milne E (2017) Suspicious perinatal death and the law: criminalising mothers who do not conform. PhD Thesis. University of Essex.