Dr Dan Haspel

Dr Dan Haspel

Technical Specialist (Electron Microscopy)

School of Engineering (Faculty of Science and Engineering)


This is a new role that has been created as part of an EU-funded (European Regional Development Fund) research collaboration project supporting  industry within the south west of England (Plymouth Materials Characterisation Project). As one of the new Technical Specialists I will be jointly responsible for the day-to-day running and management of the new FIB-SEM (focused ion beam scanning electron microscope), which was also acquired using ERDF. Within this role I will be utilising my knowledge of materials engineering developed through completing my MEng in Automotive Materials Engineering and undertaking my PhD in Developing a Dual-Layer System for the Mitigation of Tin Whiskers, both at Loughborough University. I have also worked for a number of different companies including, Engineering Support Technician at Ross Ceramics, Rolls Royce plc (Derbyshire), Research Assistant at Loughborough University (Leicestershire) and Research Engineer at IHI Corporation (Yokohama, Japan).


PhD Materials Science: Loughborough University (2018)
MEng (Hons) Automotive Materials Engineering: Loughborough University (2014)
DIS (Diploma in Industrial Studies): Loughborough University (2014)

Electron microscope experience
FIB-SEM            Carl Zeiss Crossbeam 550
SEM                   JEOL 7800, JEOL 7100, JEOL 7001, JEOL 6610, Carl Zeiss Leo 1530 VP

Optical microscope experience
Leica DMi8 inverted mircroscope, GX Microscopes L3030 stereo microscope

Experience on other analytical equipment
XPS                    Thermo Scientific K-Alpha  
XRD                    Bruker D2 Phaser

Research interests

  • Mitigation of tin whisker growth
  • Post-electroplating surface treatments of tin
  • Application of electrochemistry and electrochemical surface treatments of metals
  • Conversion coatings
  • Novel coating systems
  • Application of SEM, FIB-SEM and related analytical techniques
  • The application of 3D EBSD
  • The application of TKD (transmission-EBSD)
  • Applied analytical techniques in materials characterisation

Other research


D.M.Haspel, M.A.Ashworth, G.D.Wilcox & X.Bao, The Use of Post-Electroplating Surface Modification Treatments to Mitigate Tin Whisker Growth, Electronic Materials and Processes for Space (EMPS) Workshops, EMPS-8, European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, May 2017

M.A.Ashworth, G.D.Wilcox, H.Pearson & D.Haspel, Tin whisker mitigation – research into mechanisms & strategies: part 2: post-plating mitigation methods, Tin Whisker Mitigation Methodologies: SMART Group Seminar, Holywell Park, Loughborough, UK, 24th November 2016

D.Haspel, M.A.Ashworth, G.D.Wilcox & R.J.Mortimer, The development of post-electroplating surface modification treatments to mitigate tin whisker growth, Presented at: Electronic Materials and Processes for Space (EMPS) Workshops, EMPS-7, University of Portsmouth, 13 - 14th April 2016

M.A.Ashworth, D.Haspel, L.Wu, G.D.Wilcox & R.J.Mortimer, The Effect of a Post-Electroplating Electrochemical Oxidation Treatment on Tin Whisker Formation, eastForum 2015, Lund, Sweden, 25 - 26th June 2015


D.M.Haspel, M.A.Ashworth & G.D.Wilcox, Using 3D EBSD to Visualise the Grain Structure of Electroplated Tin and its Intermetallic Compounds, Relating to Tin Whisker Growth, Electron Backscatter Diffraction Meeting 2019, National Physical Laboratory, 2nd - 3rd April 2019

D.M.Haspel, M.A.Ashworth, L.Wu, G.D.Wilcox & R.J.Mortimer, Tin Whisker: The Effect of a Post-Electroplating Electrochemical Oxidation Treatment on Whisker Growth, IeMRC 9th Annual and Final Conference, Loughborough University, February 2016

Key publications are highlighted

Haspel DM, Ashworth MA, Wilcox GD, Bao X & Mortimer RJ 2019 'The effect of different post-electroplating surface modification treatments on tin whisker growth' Transactions of the IMF 97, (3) 129-139 , DOI PEARL
Haspel DM, Ashworth MA, Wu L, Wilcox GD & Mortimer RJ 2015 'Tin whisker mitigation by means of a post-electroplating electrochemical oxidation treatment' Transactions of the IMF 93, (6) 332-341 , DOI
Ashworth MA, Haspel D, Wu L, Wilcox GD & Mortimer RJ 2014 'An Investigation into the Effect of a Post-electroplating Electrochemical Oxidation Treatment on Tin Whisker Formation' Journal of Electronic Materials 44, (1) 442-456 , DOI
Conference Papers
Haspel D 2015 'EAST Forum 2015 - progress in functional and sustainable surface technology' Informa UK Limited 230-231 , DOI