Dr Charles West
Profiles

Dr Charles West

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (Faculty of Science & Environment)

Qualifications

PhD, Chemistry, University of Plymouth
BSc (Hons) Analytical Chemistry, 1st Class, University of Plymouth

Background

2009 - date     European Research Council (ERC) Postdoctoral Research Fellow
2007 - 2009    Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO) Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Professional Awards

  • Scopus Young Researcher UK Award 2013
  • Royal Society of Chemistry JWT Jones Fellowship (2013 at Monash University, Australia).
  • Award for Best Postgraduate Research Poster, 6th European Meeting on Environmental Chemistry, Belgrade, Serbia, 2005
  • Award for Best Postgraduate Research Poster, 16th British Organic Geochemistry Society meeting, Nottingham, 2004 
  • PS Analytical Prize for Advanced Analytical Techniques, University of Plymouth, 2002
  • Glasson Memorial Prize for Highest Analytical Chemistry Degree Performance, 2002

Professional membership

Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry  (MRSC)
Member of the European Association of Organic Geochemists  (EAOG)
Member of the Society of Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry (SETAC)

Roles on external bodies

Invited judge for the Observer Ethical Awards 2014


Teaching interests

  • Analytical Chemistry (chromatography, mass spectrometry)
  • Organic Chemistry (synthesis, stereochemistry)
  • Organic Geochemistry (biomarkers)
  • Contemporary Chemical Issues (pollution)
        Undergraduate & Postgraduate Project supervision in the above areas.

Research interests

  • Organic Geochemistry
  • Environmental organic chemistry
  • Applications of GC, GC-MS and GCxGC-ToF-MS to Petroleum Samples
  • Identification of naphthenic acids
  • Oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) characterisation
  • Nature of unresolved complexed mixtures (UCMs)

Grants & contracts

  • Royal Society of Chemistry - JWT Jones Travel Fellowship £4780

Research groups

  • Biogeochemistry Research Centre (BGC)
  • Petroleum and Environmental Geochemistry

2015

Wilde, M.J., West, C.E., Scarlett, A.G., Jones, D., Frank, R.A. and Hewitt, L.M. Bicyclic naphthenic acids in oil sands process water: Identification by comprehensive multidimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Journal of Chromatography A, 1378, 74-87.

2014

Rowland, S.J., Pereira, A.S., Martin, J.W., Scarlett, A.G., West, C.E., Lengger, S.K., Wilde, M.J., Pureveen, J., Tegelaar, E.W., Frank, R.A. and Hewitt, L.M. Mass spectral characterisation of a polar, esterified, aqueous fraction of an organic extract of an oil sands process water.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 28 (21), 2352-2362.

West, C.E., Pureveen, J., Scarlett, A.G., Lengger, S.K., Wilde, M.J., Korndorffer, F., Tegelaar, E.W. and Rowland, S.J. (2014) Can GCxGC/MS identification of bicyclic aromatic acids in petroleum fractions help to reveal further details of aromatic hydrocarbon biotransformation pathways?
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 28, 1023-1032. [DOI: 10.1002/rcm.6876]

Frank, R.A., Roy, J.W., Bickerton, G., Rowland, S.J., Headley, J.V., Scarlett, A.G., West, C.E., Peru, K.M., Parrott, J.L., Conly, F.M. and Hewitt, L.M. (2014) Profiling oil sands naphthenic acids from industrial developments and natural groundwaters using high resolution mass spectrometry and comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Environmental Science & Technology, 48 (5), 2660-2670. [DOI: 10.1021/es500131k].

West, C.E., Scarlett, A.G.,  Tonkin, A., O'Carroll-Fitzpatrick, D., Pureveen, J., Tegelaar, E., Gieleciak, R., Hager, D., Petersen, K., Tollefsen, K.E. and Rowland, S.J. (2014) Diaromatic sulfur -containing 'naphthenic' acids in process waters. 
Water Research, 51, 206-215. [DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.10.058].

2013

Lengger, S.K., Scarlett. A.G., West, C.E. and Rowland, S.J. (2013) Diamondoid diacids ('O4' species) in oil sands process-affected water.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 27 (23), 2648-2654. [DOI: 10.1002/rcm.6729].

Reinardy, H.C., Scarlett, A.G., Henry, T.B., West, C.E., Hewitt, L.M., Frank, R.A. and Rowland, S.J. (2013) 'Aromatic naphthenic acids in oil sands process-affected water, resolved by GCxGC-MS, only weakly induce the gene for vitellogenin production in zebrafish larvae.
Environmental Science & Technology, 47 (12), 6614-6620. [DOI: 10.1021/es304799m]  

Scarlett, A.G., Reinardy, H.C., Henry, T.B., West, C.E., Frank, R.A., Hewitt, L.M. and Rowland, S.J. (2013) Acute toxicity of aromatic and non-aromatic fractions of naphthenic acids extracted from oil sands process-affected water to larval zebrafish.
Chemosphere, 93, 415-420. [DOI 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.05.020]

Jones, D., Scarlett, A.G., West, C.E., Frank, R.A., Gieleciak, R., Hagar, D. and Rowland, S.J. (2013) Elemental and spectroscopic characterisation of fractions of oil sands process water. 
Chemosphere, 93, 1655-1664. [DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.03.011]

Alam, M.S, West, C.E., Scarlett, A.G., Rowland, S.J., Harrison, R.M. (2013) Application of 2D-GCMS Reveals Many Industrial Chemicals in Airborne Particulate Matter.
Atmospheric Environment, 65, 101-111. [DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.10.014].

West, C.E., Scarlett, A.G., Pureveen, J., Tegelaar, E., Rowland S.J. (2013) Abundant naphthenic acids in oil sands process-affected waters: Studies by synthesis, derivatisation and GCxGC-high resolution mass spectrometry.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 27 (2), 357-365. [DOI: 10.1002/rcm.6452]

2012

Jones, D., West, C.E., Scarlett, A.G., Frank, R.A., Rowland, S.J. (2012) Isolation and estimation of the 'aromatic' naphthenic acid content of an oil sands process-affected water extract.
Journal of Chromatography A, 1247, 171-175. [DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2012.05.073]

West, C.E. and Rowland, S.J. (2012) Aqueous phototransformation of diazepam and related human metabolites under simulated sunlight.
Environmental Science & Technology, 46 (9), 4749-4756. [DOI: 10.1021/es203529z]

Scarlett, A.G., West, C.E., Jones, D., Galloway, T.S and Rowland, S.J. (2012) Predicted toxicity of naphthenic acids present in oil sands process-affected waters to a range of environmental and human endpoints. 
Science of the Total Environment, 425, 119-127. [DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.02.064]

Rowland, S.J., West, C.E., Scarlett, A.G, Ho, C and Jones, D. (2012) Differentiation of oil sands process-affected waters by GCxGC-mass spectrometry of naphthenic acid profiles.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 26 (5), 572-576. [DOI: 10.1002/rcm.6138].

Johnson R.J., West C.E., Swah A., Folwell B.D., Smith B.E., Rowland, S.J. and Whitby, C. (2012) Biotransformation of alkylbranched aromatic alkanoic naphthenic acids by a bacterial isolate with high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Mycobacterium spp.
Environmental Microbiology, 14 (4), 872-882. [DOI: 10.1111/j.1462-2920].

2011

Rowland, S.J., West, C.E., Scarlett, A.G., Jones, D., Frank. R. and Hewitt, L. (2011) Steroidal aromatic naphthenic acids in oil sands process-affected water: structural comparisons with environmental estrogens.
Environmental Science & Technology, 45 (22), 9806-9815. [DOI: 10.1021/es202606d]. 

Rowland S.J., West C.E., Scarlett A.G. and Jones D. (2011) Method for the differentiation of alternative sources of naphthenic acids.
UK Patent  Application No. 1109838.1.  Filed 13th June 2011.
Canadian Patent Application No. 2,743,156 Filed 14th June 2011. 
U.S. Patent Application No. 13/160,367 Filed 14th June 2011.

Jones, D., Scarlett, A.G., West, C.E. and Rowland, S.J. (2011) The toxicity of individual naphthenic acids to Vibrio fisheri
Environmental Science & Technology, 45 (22), 9776-9782. [DOI: 10.1021/es201948j].

Rowland, S.J., Clough, R., West, C.E., Scarlett, A.G., Jones, D.  and Thompson, S. (2011) Synthesis and mass spectrometry of some tri- and tetracyclic naphthenic acids.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 25 (17), 2573-2578. [DOI: 10.1002/rcm.5153

Scarlett, A.G., Clough, R., West, C.E., Lewis, C.A., Booth, A.M. and Rowland, S.J. (2011) Alkylnaphthalenes: priority pollutants or minor contributors to the poor health of marine communities? 
Environmental Science & Technology, 45 (14), 6160-6166. [DOI: 10.1021/es201234a].

West, C.E., Jones, D., Scarlett, A.G., Rowland, S.J. (2011) Compositional heterogeneity may limit the usefulness of commercial naphthenic acids for toxicity assays.
Science of the Total Environment, 409 (19), 4125-4131. [DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.05.061].

Rowland, S.J., West, C.E., Scarlett, A.G., Jones, D. (2011) Identification of individual acids in a commercial sample of naphthenic acids from petroleum by two dimensional comprehensive gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 25 (12), 1741-1751. [DOI: 10.1002/rcm.5040].

Rowland, S.J., Jones, D., Scarlett, A.G., West, C.E., Liu Pok Hin, Boberek, M., Smith, B.E & Whitby, C (2011) Synthesis and toxicity of some metabolites of the microbial degradation of 'model' naphthenic acids.
Science of the Total Environment, 409 (15), 2936-2941. [DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.04.012]

Rowland, S.J., West, C.E., Scarlett, A.G., Jones, D.  and Frank, R.A. (2011) Identification of individual tetra- and pentacyclic naphthenic acids in oil sands process water.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 25 (9), 1198-1204. [DOI: 10.1002/rcm.4977].

Rowland, S.J., West, C.E., Scarlett, A.G., Jones, D., Boberek, M., Pan, L., Ng, M., Kwong, L & Tonkin, A (2011)  Monocyclic and monoaromatic naphthenic acids: Synthesis & Characterisation.
Environmental Chemistry Letters, 9, 525-533. [DOI: 10.1007/s10311-011-0314-6].

Rowland, S.J., Scarlett, A.G., West, C.E., Jones, D. and Frank, R.A. (2011) Diamonds in the rough: identification of individual naphthenic acids in oil sands process water.
Environmental Science & Technology, 45 (7), 3154-3159. [DOI: 10.1021/es103721b].

Reports & invited lectures

  • Royal Societyof Chemistry - Emerging Analytical Professionals, Leeds, U.K., 17-19 May 2013.(Invited Speaker).

Links

Invited article written for The Guardian (27 Nov 2013):
Footballer turned academic: 'I can't imagine doing anything else'