Dr Anita Slade
Profiles

Dr Anita Slade

Honorary University Lecturer

School of Health Professions (NC) (Faculty of Health & Human Sciences (NC))

Role

I am currently the programme lead for the MSc in Advanced Professional Practice in Occupational Therapy and lecturer in occupational therapy in the Faculty of Health and Human Sciences, Plymouth University. Other roles include supervising three PhD research projects and two master’s post-graduation projects as well as undergraduate BSc research projects.  Teaching roles include acting as module lead for evidence based practice and evaluating outcomes in the Advanced Professional Practice MSc programme.  Module lead for the BSc undergraduate occupational therapy research projects module and module tutor on two modules which includes challenges across the lifecycle and occupation, person and context.

Qualifications

PhD, MPhil, Dip COT,

Professional membership

British Association of Occupational Therapists 1978-current
Health and Social Care Professions Council 1978-current
Society for Research in Rehabilitation Full Member 1997-current
International Society for Quality of Life Research (ISOQOL) 2010-current

Roles on external bodies

Member of the scientific programme committee for ISOQOL (2010)

Full time research representative, Research and Development Board for COT (1999-2001)

 

Staff serving as external examiners

Brunel University

Research interests

My research interests are around evaluating and developing measurement of education, health and social care using modern psychometrics in particular Rasch analysis.

Other research

ALPS (CETL) Development and Evaluation of a Confidence and Competence to Practice Self-assessment Tool (CiPA)

The assessment tool was developed as part of the Assessment and Learning in practice settings (ALPS) CETL funded by HEFCE.  The tool was used to evaluate students beliefs in their competence and confidence to practice at graduation, 6 months and 1 year post graduation.  The CIPA tool was developed using qualitative and Rasch analysis.  The ALPS programme won a learning impact award at the EDEN conference in Valenciathe and ‘Best Innovation' award in the Tertiary, FE & HE category at Handheld Learning 2009, it was also shortlisted for a Times Higher education award. The CiPA self-assessment tool is currently being used by ALPS (Huddersfield University) as part of a student support network. alps-cetl.ac.uk/cipa

Why 1000 Fieldwork Hours? – Exploring Multi-Site Evidence
An international project evaluating the number of hours it takes for students to reach entry level clinician status using the Competency Based Fieldwork Evaluation tool. 
Building Bridges for People with Multiple Sclerosis 

An evaluation of an information pack for use by people with multiple sclerosis.  The pack helped them manage their symptoms and find support locally and nationally.  A project funded by the MS society of Great Britain.  

Continuing Care of Adults with Physical and Complex Disability: Identifying Eligibility Criteria and Funding Responsibility

A project to identify outcome measures suitable for predicting continuing care needs of adults with physical and complex disability.  Outcome measures were evaluated using modern psychometrics and logistic regression modelling.  As a result of that evaluation the Leeds Elderly Assessment Dependency screening tool (LEADS) was developed. This tool was shown to have 88% sensitivity and 87% specificity in predicting nursing home placement within 2 weeks of admission.  Roles included responsibility for the design, project management, data collection, analysis, writing report and publication.

Development of a Foot Impact Scale for Rheumatoid Arthritis

This study developed a foot impact scale (FIS) for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).  The foot impact scale was developed using mixed methodologies e.g. qualitative interviews and quantitative analysis.  Qualitative interviews were carried out with patients who had RA and identified foot problems.  The identified themes and statements captured by the qualitative interviews were used to develop the questionnaire which was evaluated using Rasch analysis. 

The Pro-Esor Project  

An international project to evaluate the cross cultural validity of frequently used rehabilitation outcome measures.  Data was collected from rehabilitation units across Europe.  Comparative analysis for cross cultural validity across different diagnostic groups was carried out using Rasch psychometric analysis.  This project was carried out in conjunction with the University of Leeds and the Pro-Esor group.  The Pro-Esor group was comprised of consultant and clinical staff from different rehabilitation centres across Europe.  The project was funded by the European Commission BIOMED 2 programme. 

 Enhancing Therapy: Does it make a Difference?

This study was carried out as a randomised controlled trial to evaluate the impact of intensive therapy on length of stay in a rehabilitation unit.  Participants were randomised to receive intensive or normal levels of physiotherapy and occupational therapy.  The impact of extra therapy on length of stay was evaluated using linear regression modelling. 

Grants & contracts

Slade A.L. & Grafton, K. (2006) 'Overseas developments grant to facilitate student placements at Pantai Rehabilitation, Malaysia'.  British Council Overseas Development.  Amount Received 6,500.  Duration of Grant 1 year.

 

Key publications are highlighted

Journals
Articles
Ali K, Tredwin C, Kay E & Slade A 2016 'Transition of new dental graduates into practice: a qualitative study' European Journal of Dental Education 20, (2) 65-72 Author Site , DOI PEARL
Freeman J, Walters R, Ingram W, Slade A, Hobart J & Zajicek J 2013 'Evaluating change in mobility in people with multiple sclerosis: relative responsiveness of four clinical measures' Mult Scler 19, (12) 1632-1639 Author Site , DOI
Freeman J, Walters R, Ingram W, Slade A, Hobart J & Zajicek J 2013 'Evaluating change in mobility in people with multiple sclerosis: relative responsiveness of four clinical measures' Multiple Sclerosis Journal 1-8 , DOI
Zajicek JP, Hobart JC, Slade A, Barnes D, Rickards C & Mattison P 2012 'Multiple Sclerosis and Extract of Cannabis (MUSEC) – a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trial to determine the efficacy and safety of a standardised oral extract of Cannabis sativa for the symptomatic relief of muscle stiffness and pain in multiple sclerosis' Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 83, 1125-1132 Publisher Site , DOI
Zajicek JP, Hobart JC, Slade A, Barnes D, Mattison PG & MUSEC Research Group 2012 'Multiple sclerosis and extract of cannabis: results of the MUSEC trial' J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 83, (11) 1125-1132 Author Site , DOI
Wensley R & Slade A 2012 'Walking as a meaningful leisure occupation: the implications for occupational therapy' The British Journal of Occupational Therapy 75, 85-92-85-92 Publisher Site , DOI PEARL
Holmes JD, Bossers AM, Polatajko HJ, Drynan DP, Gallagher M, O Sullivan CM, Slade AL, Stier JJ, Storr CA & Denney JL 2010 '1000 fieldwork hours: Analysis of multi-site evidence' Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy 77, 135-143-135-143 Publisher Site , DOI
Miller KJ, Slade AL, Pallant J & Galea MP 2010 'Evaluation of the Clinimetric Properties of the Upper Limb Subscales of the Motor Assessment Scale Using a Rasch Analysis Model' Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 42, (4) 315-322 Publisher Site , DOI
Miller KJ, Slade A, Pallant J & Galea M 2010 'Evaluation of the Clinimetric Properties of the Upper Limb Subscales of the Motor Assessment Scale Using a Rasch Analysis Model' Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 42, (4) 315-322 Publisher Site , DOI PEARL
Lawton G, Lundgren-Nilsson A, Biering-Sørensen F, Tesio L, Slade A, Penta M, Grimby G, Ring H & Tennant A 2006 'Cross-cultural validity of FIM in spinal cord injury' Spinal Cord 44, (12) 746-752 Author Site , DOI
Slade A, Fear J & Tennant A 2006 'Identifying patients at risk of nursing home admission: The Leeds Elderly Assessment Dependency Screening tool (LEADS)' BMC Health Serv Res 6, Author Site , DOI
Lundgren-Nilsson A, Grimby G, Ring H, Tesio L, Lawton G, Slade A, Penta M, Tripolski M, Biering-Sorensen F & Carter J 2005 'Cross-cultural validity of functional independence measure items in stroke: A study using Rasch analysis' JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION MEDICINE 37, (1) 23-31 Author Site , DOI
Helliwell P, Reay N, Gilworth G, Redmond A, Slade A, Tennant A & Woodburn J 2005 'Development of a foot impact scale for rheumatoid arthritis' Arthritis Rheum 53, (3) 418-422 Author Site , DOI
Tennant A, Penta M, Tesio L, Grimby G, Thonnard J-L, Slade A, Lawton G, Simone A, Carter J & Lundgren-Nilsson A 2004 'Assessing and adjusting for cross cultural validity of impairment and activity limitation scales through Differential Item Functioning within the framework of the Rasch Model: the Pro-Esor project' Medical Care 42, (1 Suppl) 137-148
Slade A 2004 'Missed therapy time - Response' JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION MEDICINE 36, (1) 46-46 Author Site
Slade A, Fear J & Tennant A 2004 'Predicting outcome for older people in a hospital setting: Which scales are appropriate?' International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation 11, 25-30
Slade A, Tennant A & Ford H 2003 'Meeting the information needs of people with Multiple Sclerosis' International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation 5, (10) 211-216
Slade A, Tennant A & Chamberlain MA 2002 'A randomised controlled trial to determine the effect of intensity of therapy upon length of stay in a neurological rehabilitation setting' J Rehabil Med 34, (6) 260-266 Author Site
Conaghan P, Slade A, Draycott S, Crawshaw D, Reece R & Fraser A 2001 'The usefulness of the WOMAC osteroarthritis index as a triage tool for knee pain' British Society for Rheumatology supp 1, (40)
Slade A, Chamberlain MA & Tennant A 1999 'Enhancing Therapy: Does it make a difference?' Clinical Rehabilitation 1, (13)
Conference Papers
Ali K, Kay E, Slade A, Pooler J & Tredwin C 2013 'Preparedness of UK Dental Graduates for Foundation Training- A Qualitative Study' 39th Association For Dental Education in Europe (ADEE) Meeting Birmingham, UK 28/08/2013 31/08/2013
Conaghan PG, Slade A, Roos EM, Carey A, Lohmander LS & Tennant A 2004 'A modern psychometric analysis of the KOOS questionnaire' //0 //0 S69-S69
Tennant A, Penta M, Tesio L, Grimby G, Thonnard J-L, Slade A, Lawton G, Simone A, Carter J & Lundgren-Nilsson A 2004 'Assessing and adjusting for cross-cultural validity of impairment and activity limitation scales through differential item functioning within the framework of the Rasch model: the PRO-ESOR project' United States //0 //0 I37-I48 , DOI
Conaghan P, Slade A, Emery P & Tennant A 2002 'The development of a short-form Womac instrument' //0 //0 S156-S156

Other academic activities

Conference Papers

Slade, A.L., Hobart, J.H., Do Opposites attract or repel? (2009) International Rasch Experts Measurement Workshop, Bled, Slovenia.

Slade A.L., Freeman J., Barrett L., Ingram W.M., Zajicek J., (2012) Less is more: Do fewer scoring categories in the Berg deliver better measurement in multiple sclerosis? Measurement in Health, Education, Psychology and Marketing Development with Rasch models. Perth, Australia.

Slade A.L., Cortis J. D., Joynes V., Laxton J.C., (2012) The ALPS CiPA Tool: Development of an inter-professional self-assessment measure of a student’s perceived competence to practice. Probalistic models for measurement in education, psychology, social science and health, Perth, Australia.

Slade A.L., Zajicek J.P., Ingram W., Freeman R., Hobart J.C. (2010) What lies beneath? Interpretation issues in the analyses of a popular fatigue scale. Probalistic models for measurement in education, psychology, social science and health, Copenhagen.

Roderick Freeman, Stefan Cano, Anita Slade, Martin Delatycki, Geneieve Tai, Jeremy Hobart. Coordinating cross-cultural comparisons: Lessons from Friedreichs Ataxia. Probalistic models for measurement in education, psychology, social science and health. Copenhagen, Denmark.

Slade A.L., Zajicek J.P., Ingram W., Hobart J.C. (2009) If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it! Is your PROM measuring what you think it is? A practical guide to measuring and monitoring clinical outcomes using patient reported outcome measures (PROMS). London, UK.

Hobart J., Cano S., Slade A., Hagell P., (2009) Everything you wanted to know about modern psychometric methods but were afraid to ask. Workshop presentation: 12th Annual conference ISOQOL. San Francisco, California.

Slade, A. (2006) If you can’t measure it you can’t manage it! An introduction to Rasch analysis. Outcomes Panel Presentation. 14th World Federation of Occupational Therapists. Sydney, Australia.

Molineux, M., Cronin-Davis, J. Slade, A. & Thew, M. (2006) Enacting an Occupational Perspective in Entry Level Education. 14th World Federation of Occupational Therapists. Sydney, Australia.

Molineux, M., Slade, A., Groom, M., Paul, C., Bowman, C., Green, D., & Tyler, H. (2004). Occupation matters - even to drug companies. College of Occupational Therapists 28th Annual Conference and Exhibition. Harrogate, UK.
Slade, A., & Tennant, A. (2004) Cross Cultural Validity of the FIM in Traumatic Brain Injury. Measurement in Health, Education, Psychology and Marketing Development with Rasch models. Perth, Australia.

Andrich, D., Slade, A., Tennant, A. & Van Buuren, S. (2004) Two approaches to studying indices of development. Measurement in Health, Education, Psychology and Marketing Development with Rasch models. Perth, Australia.

Slade, A., Tennant, A., & Chamberlain, M.A. (1998) Enhancing therapy: Does it make a difference? Society for Research in Rehabilitation, Southampton, UK.

Slade, A., Tennant, A., & Chamberlain, M.A. (1996) Enhancing therapy: Does it make a difference? British Association of Occupational Therapy Conference, Leeds, UK.

Slade, A., Tennant, A., & Chamberlain, M.A. (1996) Enhancing therapy: Does it make a difference? International Neurological Rehabilitation Conference. Newcastle, UK.

Slade, A., Tennant, A., & Chamberlain, M.A. (1994) Enhancing therapy: Does it make a difference? 11th International Congress of the World Federation of Occupational Therapists, London, UK.

Poster presentations

Slade A.L., Zajicek J.P., Ingram W.M., and Hobart J.C. Fatigue in multiple sclerosis: does a Rasch-modified fatigue severity scale deliver better measurements? (2010) International Society for Quality of Life Research 17th Annual conference. London, UK.

Bossers, A., Drynan, D., Gallagher, M.B., O’Sullivan, C., Polatajko, H.J., Slade, A., Stier, J., Storr, C., South, J. & Holmes, J. (2006). Why 1000 hours of fieldwork? Exploring multi-site evidence. 14th World Federation of Occupational Therapists. Sydney, Australia.

Conaghan, P.G., Slade, A., Roos, E.M., Carey, A., Lohmander, L.S., & Tennant, A. Modern Psychometric Analysis of the KOOS Questionnaire. 9th World Congress of the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) 2004 Chicago, USA.

Conaghan, P.G., Slade, A., Reece, R., Emery, P., & Tennant, A. (2002) Rasch analysis of the total WOMAC osteoarthritis index score. ARC 2002, Brighton, UK.

Conaghan, P.G., Slade, A., Draycott, S., Crawshaw, D., Reece, R., Fraser, A., Tennant, A., & Emery, P. (2001) The usefulness of the WOMAC osteoarthritis index as a triage tool for knee pain. April BSR 2001 Volume 40 supplement 1, British Society for Rheumatology XVIII Annual General British Health Professional in Rheumatology Meeting.

Abstracts

Conaghan, P.G, Slade, A., Reece, R., Emery, P., & Tennant A. A Rasch analysis of the total WOMAC osteoarthritis index score. ACR Annual Scientific Meeting, San Francisco, USA, November 2001 (Arthritis Rheum 2001, 44 Suppl).

Conaghan, P.G., Slade, A., Draycott, S., Crawshaw, D., Reece, R., Fraser, A., Lines, S., Tennant, A., & Emery, P. The usefulness of the WOMAC osteoarthritis index as a triage tool for knee pain. BSR National Scientific Meeting, Brighton, UK, April 2002 (Rheumatol 2002,41,Suppl 1)

Conaghan, P.G., Slade, A., Emery, P., & Tennant, A. The development of a short-form WOMAC instrument. ACR Annual Scientific Meeting, New Orleans, USA, October 2002 (Arthritis Rheum 2002,45 Suppl).

Conaghan, P.G., Carey, A., Slade, A., Emerton, M., Emery, P., Tennant, A. A Rasch analysis of the Oxford-12 Knee Questionnaire, S37. 8th World Congress of the OARSI, Berlin, Germany, October 2003 (Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2003;11, Suppl A).

Conaghan, P.G., Slade, A., Roos, E.M., Carey, A., Lohmander, L.S., & Tennant, A. A modern psychometric analysis of the KOOS Questionnaire. 9th World Congress of the OARSI, Chicago, USA, December 2004 (Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2004;12, Suppl).

Additional information

Innovations in Internationalisation (2007)

Prize awarded by Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK.