CAMERA explores a range of regulatory activities through mixed methods research, engaging with key stakeholders to inform policy development and implementation, and to understand the impacts on professional practice.


Introduced by the General Medical Council in the UK in December 2012, revalidation represents a major shift in the regulation of the medical profession. Our research into revalidation began in 2010 and has developed since then into a signficant and multi-faceted body of work.

A three-stage programme of work funded by the Health Foundation between 2010 and 2016 looked at revalidation in policy, in practice and in public. Further work in this stream focuses on evaluating the impacts of revalidation since its implementation. Led by Professor Julian Archer and supported by Dr Marie Bryce, the UK Medical Revalidation Evaluation coLLAboration (UMbRELLA) is a major evaluative research study into the regulatory impacts of medical revalidation, commissioned by the General Medical Council, and delivered independently by a UK-wide collaboration. More information about UMbRELLA can be found on its dedicated UMbRELLA website, Twitter (@revalidation), Facebook and LinkedIn. CAMERA is also a research partner in an evaluation of the impacts of revalidation, commissioned by the Department of Health in England through the Policy Research Programme. This study is led by Manchester Business School at the University of Manchester with researchers from CAMERA and from the Centre for Health Economics at the University of York.

Publications detailing findings from this research stream are available on our completed research page.

Fitness to practise 

This stream of work explores: the complaints and referrals which prompt fitness to practise proceedings; the functioning of the fitness to practise procedures themselves; and quantitative analyses of trends within fitness to practise data.

CAMERA's fitness to practise research has involved studies commissioned by the General Dental Council analysing the organisation's fitness to practise data, and by the General Medical Council exploring the rise in fitness to practise complaints received by that organisation from members of the public, and reviewing decision-making at three key stages in its fitness to practise procedures.

Publications detailing findings from this research stream are available on our completed research page.


As the medical profession seeks to identify issues with medical students, trainees and practising doctors earlier, we are are developing a programme of research to ask what works, when, for whom - and, indeed, if concerns can be rectified - in a programme of remediation.