“Searching for a Black client in order to demonstrate competence in anti-racism …. avoids focus on White internalised attitudes and socially constructed superiority, and fails to address the racist dynamics which can be prevalent in White dominated social and/or professional discourse… anti-racist training which looks at Black experience without exploring Whiteness and White dominance may be contrary to its anti-oppressive objectives by colluding with the focus on Black individuals or groups. This approach positions Black people as either ‘the problem’ (negatively stereotyping and pathologising Blackness) or ‘the solution’ (relying on Black individuals, colleagues and groups to identify, analyse and take action to counter White people’s racism, White supremacism and White power structures). (ibid, 2003:275-6).
This analysis highlights the need to challenge the discourse of “Whites as the non-defined definers of other people” (Frankenberg, 1993, cited in Butler et al, 2003:276).
Your tutors, study groups, other professionals and supervisors are available to talk to about these complex issues. Remember, be a learner and engage in the debate.
The FREDA network, the Standards and Learning Together events aim to support an ongoing learning journey through collaborative knowledge creation and raising awareness of white privilege. In the fifteen years since this publication, the language and terminology has changed to broaden the focus from skin colour racism and simple binaries of ‘Black’ and ‘White’ to a more complex analysis of racial stereotyping and cultural bias.
Full references are available in Our Story, with more contemporary resources in the links below to further illustrate the insidious nature of white privilege.
If you have other resources you feel may be helpful to this ongoing ‘shared learning’ process please email email@example.com. The aim is to regularly update the website whilst not overloading Topics sections with too much material at any one time.
Cracking the Codes: Joy DeGruy "A Trip to the Grocery Store"
- What I Told My White Friend When He Asked For My Black Opinion On White Privilege
- 75 Things White People Can Do for Racial Justice - Corinne Shutack
- When Feminism is White Supremacy in Heels - Rachel Cargle
- The Souls of White Folk - Stephen Jamal Leeper
- What do we do with white folks? - Anthony James William
- White voices on white privilege - Professional Social Work magazine
- White People Have No Culture - Lorena Wallace Trump Defends White-Nationalist Protesters: 'Some Very Fine People on Both Sides'- Rosie Gray
- Discourse & Debate: Is performative activism inherently bad? - Kayla Abrams
- The White Space - Elijah Anderson
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zrkPb9wcRJs- introductory video to Layla F Saad's self-help workbook Me and White Supremacy: Combat Racism, Change the World and Become a Good Ancestor
What does belonging to FREDA mean to me?
“It’s truly collaborative work – anyone can come along at any time. All you need is an interest in promoting race equality, human rights and social justice and a wish to be active in this work”
Tish Elliott, Practice Educator and Lecturer in Social Work