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Richard Thompson

 

Personal photograph uploaded by Richard Thompson

Professor Richard Thompson - ()

  • Job title: Professor, School of Marine Science and Engineering (Faculty of Science & Environment)
  • Address: Room 615, Davy Building, Drake Circus,
    Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA
  • Telephone: +441752584651
  • Facsimile: +441752584605
  • Email: R.C.Thompson@plymouth.ac.uk


Role

Professor of Marine Biology, deputy programme leader BSc (Hons) Marine Biology

 

Qualifications & background

  • Professor of Marine Biology, Plymouth University, 2010 - present
  • Reader in Marine Ecology, Plymouth University, 2004 - 2010
  • Senior Lecturer, Plymouth University, 2001-2004
  • Research Fellow (Leverhulme funded), University of Southampton, 1997-00
  • Teaching Assistant, Newcastle University, 1996-97
  • Accredited Science and Engineering Ambassador, Plymouth University, 2003
  • Certificate of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, Newcastle University, 1997
  • Ph.D. The Ecology of Epilithic Microalgae, Liverpool, 1996
  • B.Sc. (1st Class Hons) Marine Biology, Newcastle University, 1991
 

Professional membership

  • Marine Biological Association
  • British Ecological Society
  • Society for Research in Higher Education
 

Roles on external bodies

Learned Societies

 

  • Marine Biological Association
  • British Ecological Society
  • Society for Research in Higher Education

 

Invited roles on external bodies

 

  • National Centre for Ecological Synthesis and Analysis, California, USA,  working group 2012-present
  • GESAMP (United Nations advisory body), Working Group 40 microplastics–, 2012 - present
  • Marine Strategy Framework Directive, Expert Group on Marine Debris 2010 - present
  • Marine Strategy Framework Directive, Task Group 10: Marine Debris 2007 –2009
  • GESAMP (United Nations advisory body), Working Group on Marine Debris, 2009 – 2011
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) working group on environmental aspects of marine renewable energy, 2008-2010

 

Panel Member for research grant reviews

 

  • Grant review panel, Research Frontiers Programme, Science Foundation, Eire,
  • Swedish Research Council for Environment

 

Reviewer of research grants

 

  • Natural Environment Research Council, UK
  • Science Foundation, Ireland
  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
  • National Science Foundation, USA
  • Australian Research Council

 

Reviewer of research publications for

 

  • Aquatic Conservation
  • Coral Reefs
  • Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science
  • Global Change Biology
  • Journal of Animal Ecology
  • Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology
  • Journal of Marine Biological Association
  • Journal of Microscopy
  • Journal of Molluscan Studies
  • Marine Biology
  • Marine Ecology and Water Research
  • Marine Ecology Progress Series
  • Marine Ecology PSZN
  • Nature
  • Netherlands Journal of Sea Research
  • Oecologia
  • Science

 

 


Teaching interests

Deputy Programme Leader BSc (Hons) Marine Biology

 

Ecology of Shallow Water Marine Habitats

 

Experimental Marine Ecology

 

Field Ecology

 

Statistics

 

 


Research interests

My research focuses on three main topics: 1) the effects of plastic debris in the marine environment, 2) modification of coastal engineering, structures such as coastal defenses and off-shore renewable energy devices, to enhance biodiversity and 3) the ecology and conservation of shallow water habitats.

1) Effects of plastic debris in the marine environment

 

I have been working on the effects of plastic in the marine environment for more than twenty years. This is currently a major area of my research with papers in Science, Nature, Biology Letters and numerous other leading scientific journals, together with reports for international organizations such as the United Nations. In 2013 I presented the outcomes of this research to the UK House of Commons select committee on water quality, a video recording of this meeting can be found here. In January 2014 I presented evidence to the Environmental Audit Committee, a recording can be found here. In 2004 my group showed that waters around the north-east Atlantic had become contaminated by microscopic fragments of plastic or ‘microplastic’ and that the abundance of this material had increased significantly over time (Science, vol 304, P. 838). These microplastic fragments some of which were smaller than the diameter of a human hair appear to have formed by the environmental breakdown of everyday items such as plastic bags, bottles, rope and materials used in packaging; together with the direct release of small particles used in cosmetics (also known as microbeads) and industrial spillage of plastic pellets and powders. My group are at the forefront of research to establish the environmental consequences of this newly described form of debris. We are currently examining potential for microplastics to cause harm in the marine environment. This could occur if chemicals that are incorporated as additives during the manufacture of plastics are released to organisms upon ingestion. In addition, plastics have been shown to concentrate hydrophobic contaminants, such as PCBs and DDT, from seawater and hence there is potential that plastics could act as a vector in the transport of these chemicals to wildlife debris (e.g. Environmental Science and Technology , 41: 7759-7764). It is also important to assess whether the physical presence of microplastics could result in harmful effects on the organisms ingesting microplastics (e.g. Current Biology, 23, 2388-2392 and 23, R1031-R1033).

 

In 2009 I was invited to be lead editor of a 200 page Theme Issue of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B – Plastics the environment and Human Health. This volume brings together the work of over 60 leading experts and balances the societal benefits of plastics alongside environmental concerns and impacts. The concluding Paper (Thompson et al. 2009) focus on knowledge gaps and solutions to some of the issues posed in the volume. I am currently acting as an advisor on marine debris for the European Commission Marine Strategy Framework Directive and working with the United Nations Environment Programme to identify solutions to prevent the accumulation of marine debris (STAP 2011).

 

2) Modification of coastal engineering to enhance biodiversity

 

Over the last decade I have become increasingly interested in the interaction between marine engineering, such as coastal defences and off-shore renewable energy developments (OREDs) and the ecology of shallow water habitats (e.g. Diversity and Distributions 19, 1275-1283,  Coastal Engineering 52, 1053 – 1071; 52: 1027 – 1051; 52: 1073-1087). Coastal defense structures occupy a substantial portion of some coastlines and the number of OREDs (wind, wave, tidal) is set to increase dramatically over the next decade. Such developments present both threats and opportunities for marine life. Coastal engineering structures typically have very low heterogeneity and offer little in terms of refuge or habitat for marine life. Our research here examines ways to make space for nature by incorporating habitat modifications within marine engineering structures. This research has shown that the biodiversity of structures can be enhanced and work in the Azores has shown the potential to enhance stock of commercially exploited shellfish (e.g. Biological Conservation 143, 203-211).  Much of this work has been funded by European Union collaborative projects DELOS and THESEUS within the THESEUS project I led ecological research across eleven partner institutions in Europe and Asia.

3)  Ecology and conservation of shallow water habitats

An overarching research interest is the ecology and conservation of shallow water habitats. I have numerous peer-reviewed publications on this theme ranging from the effects of commercial collection of ornamental sea shells for the marine curio trade (Biological Conservation, 63: 241-245) to predictions for the future of rocky intertidal habitats over the next 25 years (Environmental Conservation, 29: 168 -191). I have worked extensively on marine biofilms and on the grazers that feed up on them (e.g. Ecology 85: 1372-1382; Ecology, 87: 1169 – 1178; Marine Ecology Progress Series 296: 53-63). More recently I have been working on the effects of sweater flooding on coastal habitats together with the potential for some of these habitats such as dunes and marshes to offer coastal protection.

 

UoP Research group membership

Marine Biology & Ecology Research Centre (MBERC) 

Research degrees awarded to supervised students

Current PhD students

 

Kayleigh Wyles, Funding NERC/ESRC. Rocky Shores: From habitat threat to marine awareness & restorative experiences. 2011 – Present.

 

Daniel Metcalfe, Funding ESF. Environmentally & Ecologically durable surface design for the coastal built environment. 2011 - Present

 

Joao Frias, Funding FCT, Portugal. Microplastics in the environment. 2011- present.

 

Saeed Sadri, Funding Defra. Monitoring microplastics in the marine environment. 2009 – present.

 

Nicolas Biber, Funding: Self. Distribution and effects on microplastics in the environment. 2009 – Present.

 

Juliette Jackson, Funding: Self. Recruitment and succession on coastal defence structures. 2006 – present (registered part-time).

 

Completed PhD Students

 

Luke Holmes, PhD 2013, The role of plastic production pellets in the transport and availability of trace metals in the marine environment. Funding: University of Plymouth Studentship.

 

Martin Coombes, PhD 2011, Coastal defences and biodiversity: examining the interplay between engineering design and ecological response, Funding: GWR.

 

Gustavo Martins, PhD 2009, Community structure of the Azorean rocky intertidal: interactions between recruitment and exploitation, Funding: FCT (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology).

 

John Griffin, PhD 2008, Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: tests using rockpools as natural mesocosms, Funding: NERC.

 

Ana Silva, PhD 2008, Predator-prey interactions in rocky intertidal communities, Funding: FCT (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology).

 

Mark Browne, PhD 2008, Environmental consequences of microscopic plastics in marine habitats, Funding: Leverhulme Trust.

 

Gerardo Gomes-Filho, PhD 2008, Physical and Biological Processes Influencing the Distribution of Barnacles in Estuaries, Funding: CAPES (Brazilian Ministry of Education).

 

Laure Noel, PhD 2007, Species interactions during succession in rockpools: role of herbivores and physical factors Funding: Self.

 

Emma Sheehan, PhD 2007, Ecological impact of the Carcinus maenas (L.) fishery 'Crab-Tiling' on estuarine fauna, Funding: charitable sources.

 

Nova Mieszkowska, PhD 2005, Population structures and reproductive cycles of British Trochid Gastropods in relation to climate change, Funding: MARCLIM and Self.

 

Pippa Moore, PhD 2005, The Role of biological interactions in modyfying the effects of climate change on intertidal assemblages, Funding: PERC, University of Plymouth and Marine Biological Association.

 

Paula Moschella, PhD 2003, Influence of rock type on microbial fouling communities, Funding: EU.

 

Robert Alcock, PhD 2003, The effects of climate change on rocky shore communities in the Bay of Biscay. 1895 - 2050, Funding: Self. 

Malcolm Roberts, PhD 2002, Population dynamics of Patella vulgata and P. depressa in S.W. England, Funding: Self.

 

Grants & contracts

£300,000, to UoP as part of a £4M EU FP-7 (2012-2015) Marine Litter in European Seas: Social Awareness and Co-responsibility (MARLISCO) Thompson, R.C. and Pahl, S.

 

£440,000, Defra, (2011- 2014) Investigating whether microplastics cause harm in the marine environment. Thompson, R.C., Rowland, S.J. and Galloway, T.G.

 

£248,000, Esmee Fairburn, Naylor, L. Viles, H. and Thompson, R.C. (2011-1014) Bioprotection: an overlooked aspect of biodiversity/ecosystem service on coastal rocks.

 

€8,529,439, EU FP-7 (2009-2014) Innovative technologies for safer European coasts in a changing climate (THESEUS). Management Board: Zanuttigh, B., Nicholls, R.J., Burcharth, H.F., Thompson, R.C., Vanderlinden, J.P., Losada, I.J. and Claus, S. (€505,608 to UoP, PI’s Reeve, D. and Thompson, R.C.)

 

£254,000, Esmee Fairburn, (2009 -2012) Coastal Urban Ecology - Enhancing Biodiversity by Intelligent Design of Artificial Habitats (URBANE). Hawkins, S.J. (PI), Thompson, R.C., Frid C.L.J. and Burrows, M.T.

 

£5,000, International Union for the Conservation of Nature (2009), preparation of co-authored reviews on the environmental impacts of offshore renewable – Making Blue Energy Green. Thompson RC

 

£432,350, SWRDA (2007-2010) Assessing the biodiversity impact of the Wave Hub renewable energy development. Attrill, M.J. (PI), Thompson, R.C., Votier S.C., Hall-Spencer, J. and Howell K.L.

 

£22,000, PRIMaRE (2007-2008) Incorporating fisheries enhancement into coastal engineering as part of Wave Hub. Thompson, R.C. (PI), Moore, P.J. and Chadwick A.J.

 

£216,000, NERC (2005-2009) Consumer responses to habitat depletion: food-refuge interactions in periwinkles. Doncaster, C.P. (PI), Thompson, R.C., and Hawkins, S.J.

 

£31,869, NERC (2005-2007) Microscopic plastic, the extent of the problem: a new method for separating plastic fragments from natural sediments. Gaunt, L.F. (PI), Thompson, R.C. and Hearn, G.L.

 

£196,000, NERC (2004-2008) Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: tests using rockpools as natural mesocosms. Jenkins, S.R. (PI), Thompson, R.C. and Hawkins, S.J.

 

£181,608, Leverhulme Trust (2003-2007) Lost at sea – where does all the plastic go II? Thompson, R.C. (PI), Rowland, S.J., Galloway, T.S. and Russell, A.E.

 

£ 14,945, Leverhulme Trust (2001-2002) Lost at sea – where does all the plastic go? Thompson, R.C. (PI) and Russell, A.E.

 

£500,000, (2000-2003) Assessing and predicting the influence of climatic change on the marine flora and fauna of Britain and Ireland using intertidal indicators. A consortium Project funded by English Nature, Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food, Department of the Environment and Transport and the Regions, Hawkins, S.J. (PI), Thompson, R.C., Southward, A.J., Kendall, M., Burrows M. and O’Riordan, R.

 

£88,543, NERC Joint Research Equipment Initiative (1999-2001) Data loggers for recording activity of homing limpets Hawkins, S.J. (PI), Thompson, R.C. and Hartnoll, R.G.

 

£140,000, EU (2000-2004) Environmental Design of Low-Crested Coastal Defences. Hawkins, S.J. (PI), Thompson, R.C. et al.

 

£25,469, NERC (1999-2000) The role of boring bivalves in generating spatial and erosional processes. Thompson, R.C. (PI) and Hawkins, S.J.

 

£30,000, EU (1999-2001) Interactions between substrate type and marine fouling. Moschella, P.S., Thompson R.C. and Hawkins S.J. (PI).

 

£ 22,665, NERC (1997-1999). Summertime: too much of a good thing for microalgae? Thompson, R.C. (PI), Thomason, J.C. and Hawkins, S.J.

 

£ 3,500, Manx Airlines. (1995) Survey of Manx sublittoral habitats Thompson, R.C. (PI), Bates M. and Veale, L.O.

 

£ 2,500, Royal Geographical Society (and others) (1990) Marine curio trade in Tanzania Thompson, R.C. (PI), Newton, L.C. and Parkes, E.V.H. 

Creative practice & artistic projects

Dominant Wave Theory, A. Hughes (2006) Booth-Clibborn Editions

This book, gives an extensive factual and thought provoking photographic record of debris in the marine environment.  I contributed a scientific forward on the environmental consequences of this debris (P112-115).

 

Littoral Exhibition, University of Plymouth, UK, 31st October – 25th November, 2005

I was one of four scientific contributors to this exhibition which represents the first in what is hoped to be a series of collaborations between the School of media and Photography and the School of Biological Sciences.

 

Weird Worlds Exhibition, Plymouth City Museum, UK, 4 March – 26th April, 2003

I organised the ‘Marine Worlds’ section of this event which was run jointly by the University of Plymouth and City of Plymouth Museums and Art Galleries. I co-ordinated exhibits and seminars from more than 20 contributors throughout SW England. The exhibition catered for all ages and attracted over 6000 visitors.

 

Plymouth City Museum, Plymouth, UK

Contributor of underwater photographs

 

National Museum of Photography, Bradford, UK
Contributor of underwater photographs

 


Publications

Summary

 

My research focuses on three main topics: 1) the effects of plastic debris in the marine environment, 2) modification of coastal engineering, structures such as coastal defenses and off-shore renewable energy devices, to enhance biodiversity and 3) the ecology and conservation of shallow water habitats.

 

Over 100 publications, including two in Science (impact factor 31.0), one in Nature (Impact factor 38.6), two in Global Change Biology (impact factor 6.9), four in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. (impact factor 6.2), three in Ecology (5.2), three in Environmental Science and Technology (impact factor 5.3), two in Biological Conservation (impact factor 4.2), two papers in Biology Letters (impact factor 3.3) together with numerous book chapters and invited lead editorship of a 197 page special volume of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. H index 27.

 

Effects of plastic debris in the marine environment

 

Journal articles

 

Bakir, A., Rowland, S.J., & Thompson, R.C. (2014) Enhanced desorption of persistent organic pollutants from microplastics under simulated physiological conditions. Environmental Pollution, 185, 16-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.10.007

 

Browne M.A., Niven S.J., Galloway T.S., Rowland, S.J. & Thompson, R.C. (2014) Microplastic Moves Pollutants and Additives to Worms, Reducing Functions Linked to Health and Biodiversity. Current Biology, 23, 2388-2392. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.10.012

 

Wright, S.L. Rowe, D. Thompson, R.C. & Galloway T.S. (2014) Microplastic ingestion decreases energy reserves in marine worms. Current Biology 23, R1031-R1033, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.10.068

 

Wyles, k.J., Pahl, S. & Thompson, R.C. (2014) Perceived risks and benefits of recreational visits to the marine environment: Integrating impacts on the environment and impacts on the visitor. Ocean & Coastal Management 88, 53-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2013.10.005

 

Koelmans, A.A., Gouin, T., Thompson, R., Wallace, N & Arthur, C. (2014), Plastics in the marine environment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 33: 5–10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/etc.2426

 

Rochman, C.M. Browne, M.A., Halpern, B.S.,Hentschel, B.T., Hoh, E., Karapangioti, K., Rios, L.M., Takada, H.,Teh, S. & Thompson, R.C. (2013) Classify Plastics as hazardous. Nature 494, 170-171. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1038/494169a

 

Lusher, A. L., McHugh, M. & Thompson, R. C. (2013) Occurrence of microplastics in the gastrointestinal tract of pelagic and demersal fish from the English Channel. Marine Pollution Bulletin 67, 94-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.11.028

 

Wright, S. Thompson, R.C., & Galloway, T.S. (2013) The physical impacts of microplastics in marine organisms: a review. Environmental Pollution 178, 483-492. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.02.031

 

Bakir, A., Rowland, S. J. & Thompson, R. C. (2012) Competitive sorption of persistent organic pollutants onto microplastics in the marine environment. Marine Pollution Bulletin 64: 2782-2789. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.09.010

 

Hidalgo-Ruz, V., Gutow, L., Thompson, R. C. & Thiel, M. (2012) Microplastics in the Marine Environment: A Review of the Methods Used for Identification and Quantification. Environmental Science & Technology 46, 3060-3075. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es2031505

 

Holmes, L. A., Turner, A. & Thompson, R. C. (2012) Adsorption of trace metals to plastic resin pellets in the marine environment. Environmental Pollution 160, 42-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.08.052

 

Browne, M. A., Crump, P., Niven, S. J., Teuten, E., Tonkin, A., Galloway, T. & Thompson, R. (2011) Accumulation of Microplastic on Shorelines Woldwide: Sources and Sinks. Environmental Science & Technology 45, 9175-9179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es201811s

 

Browne, M. A.; Galloway, T. S., & Thompson, R. C., (2010) Spatial Patterns of Plastic Debris along Estuarine Shorelines. Environmental Science & Technology, 44, 3404-3409. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es903784e

 

Thompson, R.C., Moore, C.M., vom Saal, F.S. & Swan, S.H. (2009) Our plastic age. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society B., 364, 1973-1976. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0054

 

Thompson, R.C., Moore, C.M., vom Saal, F.S. & Swan, S.H. (2009) Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B., 364, 2153-2166. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1098/rstb.2009.0053

 

Barnes, D.K.A., Galgani, F., Thompson, R.C. & Barlaz, M. (2009) Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B., 364, 1985-1998. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2008.0205

 

Teuten, E.L., Saquing, J.M., Knappe, D.R.U., Barlaz, M.A., Jonsson, S., Björn, A., Rowland, S.J., Thompson, R.C., Galloway, T.S., Yamashita, R., Ochi, D., Watanuki, Y., Moore, C.M., Viet, P., Tana, T.S., Prudente, M., Boonyatumanond, R., Zakaria, M.P., Akkhavong, K., Ogata, Y., Hirai, H., Iwasa, S., Mizukawa, K., Hagino,  Y., Imamura, A., Saha, M. & Takada, H. (2009) Transport and release of chemicals from plastics to the environment and to wildlife. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B., 364, 2027-2045. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2008.0284

 

Ogata, Y., Takada, H., Master, M.K., Hirai, H., Iwasa, S., Endo, S., Mato, Y., Mahua, S.M., Okuda, K., Nakashima, A., Murakami, M., Zurcher, N., Booyatumanondo, R., Zakaria, M.P., Le Q Dung, D., Gordon, M., Miguez, C., Suzuki, S., Moore, C.M., Karapanagioti, H., Weerts, S., McClurg, T., Burres, E., Smith, W., Velkenburg, M.V., Lang, J.S., Lang, R., Laursen, D., Danner, B., Stewardson, N. & Thompson, R.C. (2009) International Pellet Watch : Global monitoring of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in coastal waters. 1. Initial phase data on PCBs, DDTs, and HCHs. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 58, 1437-1446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.06.014

O’Brine, T. & Thompson, R.C. (2010) Degradation of plastic carrier bags in the marine environment Marine pollution Bulletin 60, 2279-2283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2010.08.005

Browne, M.A., Dissanayake, A., Galloway, T.S., Lowe, D.M. & Thompson R.C. (2008). Ingested microscopic plastic translocates to the circulatory system of the mussel, Mytilus edulis (L.) Environmental Science and Technology, 42, 5026-5031 http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es800249a

Teuten, E.L., Rowland, S.J., Galloway, T.S. & Thompson R.C. (2007). Potential for Plastics to Transport Hydrophobic Contaminants. Environmental Science and Technology, 41, 7759-7764 http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es071737s

Browne, M.A., Galloway, T., & Thompson R. (2007). Microplastic – an emerging contaminant of potential concern? Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 3, 559–566 10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ieam.5630030412

Thompson, R., Moore, C., Andrady, A., Gregory, M., Takada, H. & Weisberg S. (2005). New directions in plastic debris. Science, 310, 1117. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.310.5751.1117b

Thompson, R.C., Olsen, Y., Mitchell, R.P., Davis, A., Rowland, S.J., John, A.W.G., McGonigle, D. & Russell A.E. (2004). Lost at sea: Where does all the plastic go? Science, 304, 838. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1094559

Authored/edited books, chapters and reports
 

Thompson, R.C. (2013) Plastics, environment and health. In: Accumulation. The material politics of Plastics. Gabrys, J., Hawkins, G. and Michael, M. pp150-169. 

Readman, J.W., DeLuna, F. Ebinhaus, R., Guzman, A.N., Price A.R.G., Readman, E.E. Sheppard, A.L.S., Sleight, A.S. Strum, R. Thompson, R.C. Tonkin, A. Wolschke, H., Wright, R., and Sheppard, R.C. (2013)  Coral Reefs of the World.  

GEF. 2012 Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity and Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel GEF,  Impacts of Marine Debris on Biodiversity: Current status and Potential Solutions, vol. 67, pp. 61. Montreal. RC Thompson was lead author. 

STAP. 2011 Marine Debris as a Global Environmental Problem: Introducing a solutions based framework focused on plastic. In A STAP Information Document. , pp. 40. Washington, DC: Global Environment Facility. RC Thompson was lead author. 

Galgani, F., Fleet, D., van Franeker, J., Katsanevakis, S., Maes, T., Mouat, J. Oosterbaan, L., Poitou, I., Hanke, G., Thompson, R.,  Amato, E., Birkun A., and Janssen, C. (2010) Marine strategy framework directive, Task Group 10 Report, Marine litter. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. http://dx.doi.org/10.2788/86941 

Thompson, R.C., (2006). Plastics. In: Dominant wave theory. Hughes, A. and Carson D. pp. 112-116, Booth-Clibborn, London, UK.

Conference proceedings  

Thompson, R.C. (2006). Plastic debris in the marine environment: consequences and solutions, in: Marine Nature Conservation in Europe, Krause, J.C., von Nordheim, H., and S., Brager (Eds.), pp. 107-116. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Stralsund, Germany.

Modification of coastal engineering to enhance biodiversity

Journal articles

Hoggart, S.P.G., Hanley, M.E., Parker, D.J., Simmonds, D.J., Franklin, E.L.,White, A.C., Bilton, D.T.,Rundle, S.D., Penning-Rowsell, E.C., Trifonova, E., Vergiev, S., Filipova-Marinova, M., Kotsev, I. & Thompson RC (2014) The consequences of doing nothing: The effects of seawater flooding on coastal zones. Coastal Engineering. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.12.001

Firth, L.B., Thompson, R.C., Bohn, K., Abbiati, M., Airoldi, L., Bouma, T.J., Bozzeda, F., Ceccherelli, V.U., Colangelo, M.A., Evans, A., Ferrario, F., Hanley, M.E., Hinz, H., Hoggart, S.P.G., Jackson, J.E., Moore, P., Morgan, E.H., Perkol-Finkel, S., Skov, M.W., Strain, E.M., van Belzen, J. & Hawkins, S.J. (2014) Between a rock and a hard place: Environmental and engineering considerations when designing coastal defence structures. Coastal Engineering In Press.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.10.015
 

Coombes, M.A., Naylor, L.A., Viles, H.A. & Thompson, R.C. (2013) Bioprotection and disturbance: Seaweed, microclimatic stability and conditions for mechanical weathering in the intertidal zone. Geomorphology 202: 4-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2012.09.014

Firth, L.B., Mieszkowska, N., Thompson, R.C. & Hawkins, S.J. (2013) Climate change and adaptational impacts in coastal systems: the case of sea defences. Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts 15(9): 1665-1670.
http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1039/C3EM00313B
 

Firth L.B., Thompson, R.C., White, F.J., Schofield, M., Skov, M.W., Hoggart, S.P., Jackson J, Knight A.M. & Hawkins S.J. (2013) The importance of water-retaining features for biodiversity on artificial intertidal coastal defence structures, Diversity and Distributions 19: 1275-1283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12079

Witt, M. J., Sheehan, E. V., Bearhop, S., Broderick, A. C., Conley, D. C., Cotterell, S. P., Crow, E., Grecian, W. J., Halsband, C., Hodgson, D. J., Hosegood, P., Inger, R., Miller, P. I., Sims, D. W., Thompson, R. C., Vanstaen, K., Votier, S. C., Attrill, M. J. & Godley, B. J. (2012) Assessing wave energy effects on biodiversity: the Wave Hub experience. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society a-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 370, 502-529.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2011.0265


Naylor, L. A., Coombes, M. A., Venn, O., Roast, S. D. & Thompson, R. C. (2012) Facilitating ecological enhancement of coastal infrastructure: The role of policy, people and planning. Environmental Science & Policy 22, 36-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2012.05.002 

Coombes, M. A., Naylor, L. A., Thompson, R. C., Roast, S. D., Gomez-Pujol, L. & Fairhurst, R. J. (2011) Colonization and weathering of engineering materials by marine microorganisms: an SEM study. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 36, 582-593. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/esp.2076 

Martins, G.M., Thompson, R.C., Neto, A.I., Hawkins, S.J. & Jenkins, S.R. (2010) Enhancing stocks of the exploited limpet Patella candei d’Orbigny via modifications in coastal engineering, Biological Conservation,143, 203-211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2009.10.004

Moschella
, P.S., Abbiati, M., Åberg, P., Airoldi, L., Anderson, J.M., Bacchiocchi, F., Bulleri, F., Dinesen, G.E. , Frost, M., Gaçia, E., Granhag, L., Jonsson, P.R. Satta, M.P., Sundelöf, A., Thompson, R.C. & Hawkins S.J. (2005). Low-crested coastal defence structures as artificial habitats for marine life: using ecological criteria in design. Coastal Engineering, 52, 1053 1071. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2005.09.014


Martin, D., Bertasi, F., Colangelo, M.A., de Vries, M., Frost, M., Hawkins, S.J., Macpherson, E., Moschella, P.S., Satta, M.P., Thompson, R.C. & Ceccherelli V.U. (2005). Ecological impact of coastal defence structures on sediment and mobile fauna: Evaluating and forecasting consequences of unavoidable modifications of native habitats. Coastal Engineering, 52, 1027 – 1051.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2005.09.006


Airoldi, L., Abbiati, M., Beck, M. W., Hawkins, S.J., Jonsson, P.R., Martin, D., Moschella, P.S., Sundelöf, A., Thompson, R.C. & Åberg P. (2005). An ecological perspective on the deployment and design of low- crested and other hard coastal defence structures. Coastal Engineering, 52, 1073-1087.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2005.09.007


Authored/edited books, chapters and reports

Wilhelmsson, D., Malm, T., Thompson, R., Tchou, J., Sarantakos, G., McCormick, N., Luitjens, S., Gullström, M., Patterson Edwards, J.K., Amir, O. and Dubi, A. (eds.) (2010). Greening Blue Energy: Identifying and managing the biodiversity risks and opportunities of off shore renewable energy. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 90pp.

Burcharth, H., Vidal, C., Moschella, P.S., Airoldi, L., Bulleri, F., Ceccherelli, V.U., Colangelo, M.A., Thompson, R.C. and Hawkins S.J. (2007) Consideration of legal, physical environmental, socio-economic and aesthetic constraints, in: Environmental design guidelines for low crested coastal structures. Burcharth, H.F., Hawkins, S.J., Zanuttigh, B. and Lamberti A. (Eds.), pp. 17-24, Elsevier, Oxford UK.

Moschella, P.S., Paphitis, D., Plomartis, T., Collins, M., Aberg, P., Garhang, L., Jonsson P., Frost, M., Thompson, R.C. and Hawkins S.J. (2007). Case studies in: Environmental design guidelines for low crested coastal structures. Burcharth, H.F., Hawkins, S.J., Zanuttigh, B. and Lamberti A. (Eds.), pp. 73-136, Elsevier, Oxford UK.

Moschella, P.S., Thompson, R.C. and Hawkins S.J. (2007). Environmental considerations in: Environmental design guidelines for low crested coastal structures. Burcharth, H.F., Hawkins, S.J., Zanuttigh, B. and Lamberti A. (Eds.), p. 65, Elsevier, Oxford UK.

Moschella, P.S., Thompson, R.C. and Hawkins S.J. (2007). Environmental impacts during construction operations in: Environmental design guidelines for low crested coastal structures. Burcharth, H.F., Hawkins, S.J., Zanuttigh, B. and Lamberti A. (Eds.), p.70, Elsevier, Oxford UK.

Conference proceedings

Horrillo-Caraballo, J.M. Reeve, D.E. Simmonds, D. Pan, S. Fox, A. Thompson, R. Hoggart, S. Kwan, S.S.H. & Greaves, D. (2013). Application of a source-pathway-receptor-consequence (S-P-R-C) methodology to the Teign Estuary, UK. Journal of Coastal Research. Special Issue 65: 1939-1944. (Refereed conference proceeding)

 

Zanuttigh, B., Losada, I.J. & Thompson, R.C. (2010). Ecologically based approach to coastal defence design and planning, in: McKee Smith, J. et al. (Ed.) (2010). Proceedings of the 32nd International Conference Coastal Engineering 2010. Coastal Engineering Proceedings, 32: pp. 1-15

 

Coombes, M.A. Naylor, L.A. Roast, S.D. & Thompson, R.C. (2009) Coastal Defences and Biodiversity: the influence of material choice and small-scale surface texture on biological outcomes, Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers Conference: Marine structures and breakwaters, adapting to change, Edinburgh September, 2009, 12 pages.

Zanuttigh, B., Gaeta, G.M., Tumedei, M., Thompson, R.C. & Losada, I.J. (2009) Hydrodynamic fluxes and barrier colonization at Elmer breakwater: study for an environmental design of coastal structures, Proceedings of 33rd International Association of Hydraulic Engineering Research Conference, Vancouver, USA, August, 2009, (8 pages).

Ecology and conservation of shallow water habitats

Journal articles

Silva, A.C.F., Boaventura, D.M., Thompson, R.C. & Hawkins, S.J. (2014) Spatial and temporal patterns of subtidal and intertidal crabs excursions. Journal of Sea Research, 85, 343-348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2013.06.006

 

Mangion, M., Borg, J.A., Thompson, R. & Schembri, P.J. (2014) Influence of tuna penning activities on soft bottom macrobenthic assemblages. Marine Pollution Bulletin. In press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.12.021

 

Hanley, M.E., Hoggart, S.P.G., Simmonds, D.J., Bichot, A., Colangelo, M.A., Bozzeda, F., Heurtefeux, H., Ondiviela, B., Ostrowski, R., Recio, M., Trude, R., Zawadzka-Kahlau, E. & Thompson, R.C. (2014) Shifting sands? Coastal protection by sand banks, beaches and dunes. Coastal Engineering In Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.10.020

 

Taramelli, A., Valentini, E., Cornacchia, L., Mandrone, S., Monbaliu, J., Hoggart, S.P.G., Thompson, R.C. & Zanuttigh, B. (2014) Modeling uncertainty in estuarine system by means of combined approach of optical and radar remote sensing. . Coastal Engineering In Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.11.001

 

Bouma, T.J., van Belzen, J., Balke, T., Zhu, Z., Airoldi, L., Blight, A.J., Davies, A.J., Galvan, C., Hawkins, S., Hoggart, S.P.G., Lara, J.L., Losada, I.J., Maza, M., Ondiviela, B., Skov, M.W., Strain, E.M. & Thompson, R.C. Yang, S. Zanuttigh, B. Zhang, L. Herman, P.M.J. (2014) Identifying knowledge gaps hampering application of intertidal habitats in coastal protection: Opportunities & steps to take. Coastal Engineering In Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.11.014

 

Hanley, M.E., Yip, P.Y.S., Hoggart, S., Bilton, D.T., Rundle, S.D. & Thompson, R.C. (2013) Riding the storm: the response of Plantago lanceolata to simulated tidal flooding. Journal of Coastal Conservation 17(4): 799-803. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11852-013-0278-8

 

Wyles, K., Pahl, S., White, M., Morris, S., Cracknell, D., a Thompson, R. C. (2013). Towards a Marine Mindset: Visiting an aquarium can improve attitudes and intentions regarding marine sustainability. Visitor Studies 16, 95-110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10645578.2013.768077

 

Hawkins, S.J., Firth L.B., McHugh, M., Poloczanska, E.S., Herbert, R.J.S., Burrows, M.T.,  Kendall, M.A., Moore, P.J., Thompson, R.C., Jenkins, S.R., Sims, D.W., Genner, M.J. & Mieszkowska, N. (2013) Data rescue and re-use: Recycling old information to address new policy concerns, Marine Policy 42, 91-98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2013.02.001

 

Wearmouth, V. J., Southall, E. J., Morritt, D., Thompson, R. C., Cuthill, I. C., Partridge, J. C. & Sims, D. W. (2012) Year-round sexual harassment as a behavioral mediator of vertebrate population dynamics. Ecological Monographs 82, 351-366. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/11-2052.1

 

Sheehan, E. V., Attrill, M. J., Thompson, R. C. & Coleman, R. A. (2012) Changes in shorebird behaviour and distribution associated with an intertidal crab fishery. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 22, 683-694. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2261

 

Martins, G. M., Jenkins, S. R., Hawkins, S. J., Neto, A. I., Medeiros, A. R. & Thompson, R. C. (2011) Illegal harvesting affects the success of fishing closure areas. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 91, 929-937. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315410001189


Skov, M. W., Hawkins, S. J., Volkelt-Igoe, M., Pike, J., Thompson, R. C., & Doncaster, C. P. (2011). Patchiness in resource distribution mitigates habitat loss: insights from high-shore grazers. Ecosphere 2:art60 1-17. 
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES11-00017.1

 

Martins, G.M., Thompson, R.C., Neto, A.I., Hawkins, S.J. & Jenkins, S.R. (2010) Exploitation of intertidal grazers as a driver of community divergence Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 1282–1289.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01876.x

 

Moore, P.J.,  Thompson, R.C. & Hawkins, S.J. (2010) Phenological changes in intertidal con-specific gastropods in response to climate warming Global Change Biology 17, 709-719 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02270.x

 

Silva, A. C. F. Hawkins, S. J., Boaventura, D. M., Brewster, E. & Thompson, R. C. (2010). The use of the intertidal zone by mobile predators: the influence of wave exposure, tidal phase and elevation on abundance and diet. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 406, 197–210. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps08543

 

Griffin, J.N., Noël, L. M-L. J., Crowe, T.P., Burrows, M.T, Hawkins, S.J., Thompson, R.C. & Jenkins, S.R. (2010) Consumer effects on ecosystem functioning in rock pools: roles of species richness and composition Marine Ecology Progress Series 420, 45-56. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3354/meps08844

 

Noël, L. M-L. J, Griffin, J.N., Thompson, R.C., Hawkins, S.J., Burrows, M.T., Crowe, T.P. & Jenkins, S.R. (2010) Assessment of a field incubation method estimating primary productivity in rockpool communities Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 88,153-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2010.03.005

 

Skov, M.W., Volkelt-Igoe, M, Hawkins, S. J., Jesus, B., Thompson, R. C. & Doncaster, C. P. (2010) Past and present grazing boosts the photo-autotrophic biomass of microbial lawns. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 401, 1014 -111. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps08481

 

Sheehan, E. V., Coleman R. A., Thompson R. C., & Attrill M. J. (2010) Crab-tiling reduces the diversity of estuarine Infauna.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 411, 137–148, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps08668

 

Sheehan, E. V., Coleman, R. A., Attrill, M. J. & Thompson, R. C. (2010) A quantitative assessment of the response of mobile estuarine fauna to crab-tiles during tidal immersion using remote underwater video cameras. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 387, 68–74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2010.02.008

 

Silva, A.C., Silva, I.C., Hawkins, S.J., Boaventura, D.M. & Thompson R.C. (2010)  Cheliped morphological variation of the intertidal crab Eriphia verrucosa across shores of differing exposure to wave action. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 391, 84–91 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2010.06.012

 

Silva, A. C., Hawkins, S. J., Clarke, K. R., Boaventura, D. M., & Thompson, R.C. (2010) Preferential feeding by the crab Necora puber on differing sizes of the intertidal limpet Patella vulgate. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 416, 179-188. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps08777   

 

Gomes-Filho, J.G.F Hawkins, S.J., Aquino-Souza R. & Thompson, R.C. (2010) Distribution of barnacles and dominance of the introduced species Elminius modestus along two estuaries in South-West England. Marine Biodiversity Records 3, e58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1755267210000461

 

Hawkins, S.J., Sugden, H.E., Mieszkowska, N., Moore, P.J., Poloczanska, E., Leaper, R., Herbert, R., Genner, M.J., Moschella, P.S., Thompson, R.C., Jenkins, S.R., Southward, A.J. & Burrows, M.T. (2009) Consequences of climate-driven biodiversity changes for ecosystem functioning of north European rocky shores. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 396, 245–259 http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps08378

 

Griffin, J.N., Jenkins, S.R., Gamfeldt, L., Jones, D., Hawkins, S.J. & Thompson, R.C. (2009) Spatial heterogeneity increases the importance of species richness for an ecosystem process. Oikos 118, 1335-1342. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2009.17572.x

 

Silva, A.C.F., Brazão, S., Hawkins, S.J., Thompson, R.C. & Boaventura, D.M. (2009) Abundance, population structure and claw morphology of the semi-terrestrial crab Pachygrapsus marmoratus (Fabricius, 1787) on shores of differing wave exposure. Marine Biology, 156, 2591-2599. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1007/s00227-009-1283-1


Valdivia, N., de la Haye, K.L., Jenkins, S.R., Kimmance, S.A., Thompson, R.C. & Molis, M. (2009) Functional composition, but not richness, affected the performance of sessile suspension-feeding assemblages. Journal of Sea Research, 61, 216-221.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2008.12.001

 

Firth, L.B., Crowe, T.P., Moore, P., Thompson, R.C. & Hawkins, S.J. (2009) Predicting impacts of climate-induced range expansion: an experimental framework and a test involving key grazers on temperate rocky shores. Global Change Biology, 15,1413-1422. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01863.x

 

Noel, L., Hawkins, S.J., Jenkins, S.R. & Thompson, R.C. (2009) Grazing dynamics in intertidal rockpools: Connectivity of microhabitats. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 370, 9-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2008.11.005

 

Masterson, P., Arenas, F.A., Thompson, R.C. & Jenkins, S.R. (2008) Interaction of top down and bottom up factors in intertidal rockpools: Effects on early successional macroalgal community composition, abundance and productivity. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 363, 12-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2008.06.001

 

Sheehan, E.V., Thompson, R.C., Coleman, R.A. & Attrill, M.J. (2008) Positive feedback fishery: Population consequences of 'crab-tiling' on the green crab Carcinus maenas. Journal of Sea Research, 60, 255-261. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.seares.2008.09.002

 

Silva, A.C.F., Hawkins, S.J., Boaventura, D.M. & Thompson, R.C. (2008) Predation by small mobile aquatic predators regulates populations of the intertidal limpet Patella vulgata (L.). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 367, 259-265 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2008.10.010

 
Hawkins, S.J., Moore, P.J., Burrows, M.T., Poloczanska, E., Mieszkowska, N., Herbert, R.J.H., Jenkins, S.R., Thompson, R.C., Genner, M.J. & Southward, A.J. (2008) Complex interactions in a rapidly changing world: responses of rocky shore communities to recent climate change. Climate Research, 37, 123-133 http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/cr00768

Griffin, J.,
de la Haye, K.L., Hawkins, S.J., Thompson, R.C. & Jenkins S.R. (2008). Predator diversity and ecosystem functioning: density modifies the effect of resource partitioning. Ecology, 89, 298-305. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/07-1220.1


Pinn, E.H., Thompson, R.C. & Hawkins S.J. (2008). Piddocks (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Pholadidae) increase topographical complexity and species diversity in the intertidal. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 355, 173-182.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps07248


Martins, G.M., Thompson, R.C., Hawkins, S.J., Neto, A.I. & Jenkins S.R. (2008). Rocky intertidal community structure in oceanic islands: scales of spatial variability. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 356, 15-24.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps07247

Blight, A.J. & Thompson R.C. (2008). Epibiont species richness varies between holdfasts of a northern and a southerly distributed kelp species. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 88, 469-475 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315408000994

Martins, G.M., Jenkins, S.R., Hawkins, S.J., Neto, A.I. & Thompson R.C. (2008).Exploitation of rocky intertidal grazers: population status and potential impacts on community structure and functioning. Aquatic Biology, 3, 1-10. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3354/ab00072

Moore, P.J., Hawkins, S.J., & Thompson R.C. (2007). The role of biological habitat amelioration in altering the relative responses of congeneric species to climate change. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 334, 11-19.
http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3354/meps334011


Moore, P.J., Thompson, R.C. & Hawkins S.J. (2007). Effects of grazer identity on the probability of escapes by a canopy-forming macroalga. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 344, 170-180.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2006.12.012


Martins, G.M., Hawkins, S.J., Thompson, R.C. & Jenkins S.R. (2007). Community structure and function in intertidal rockpools: effects of pool size and shore height at different successional stages. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 329, 43-55.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps329043


Jonsson, P.R., Granhag, L., Moschella, P.S., Åberg, P., Hawkins, S.J. & Thompson R.C. (2006). Interactions between wave action and grazing control the distribution of intertidal macroalgae. Ecology, 87, 1169 - 1178.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87[1169:IBWAAG]2.0.CO;2


Jonsson, P.R., Granhag, L., Moschella, P.S., Åberg, P., Hawkins, S.J. & Thompson R.C. (2006). Algal Refuge. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 87: 112.

Thompson, R.C., Moschella, P.S., Jenkins, S.R., Norton, T.A. & Hawkins S.J. (2005). Differences in photosynthetic marine biofilms between sheltered and moderately exposed rocky shores. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 296, 53-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps296053

Pinn, E.H., Richardson, C.A., Thompson, R.C. & Hawkins S.J. (2005). Burrow morphology, biometry, age and growth of piddocks (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Pholadidae) on the south coast of England, U.K. Marine Biology, 147, 943-953. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00227-005-1582-0

Santini, G., Tendi, C., Righini, N., Thompson, R.C. & Chelazzi G. (2005). Preliminary observation on intra-specific variability in the temporal organisation of foraging of the limpet Patella caerulea. Ethology Ecology & Evolution, 17, 65-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927014.2005.9522616

Mieszkowska, N., Leaper, R., Moore, P.J., Kendall, M.A., Burrows, M.T., Lear, D., Poloczanska, E., Hiscock, K., Moschella, P.S., Thompson, R.C., Herbert, R.J., Laffoley, D., Baxter, J., Southward, A.J. & Hawkins S.J. (2005). Marine Biodiversity and Climate Change: Assessing and Predicting the Influence of Climatic Change Using Intertidal Rocky Shore Biota. Occasional Publications of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 20, 53pp.

Thompson, R.C., Norton, T.A. & Hawkins S.J. (2004). Physical stress and biological regulation control pattern and process in benthic biofilms. Ecology, 85, 1372-1382. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/03-0279 

Santini, G., Thompson, R.C., Tendi, C., Hawkins, S.J., Hartnoll, R.G. & Chelazzi G. (2004). Intra-specific variability in the temporal organisation of foraging activity in the limpet Patella vulgata. Marine Biology, 144, 1165-1172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00227-003-1283-5

Thompson, R.C., Crowe, T.P. & Hawkins, S.J. (2002). Rocky intertidal communities: past environmental changes, present status and predictions for the next 25 years. Environmental Conservation, 29, 168 -191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0376892902000115

Jenkins, S.R., Arenas, F., Arrontes, J., Bussell, J., Castro, J., Coleman, R.A., Hawkins, S.J., Kay, S., Martinez, B., Oliveros, J., Roberts, M.F., Sousa, S., Thompson, R.C. & Hartnoll R.G. (2001). European-scale analysis of seasonal variability in limpet grazing activity and microalgal abundance. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 211, 193-203.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps211193


Thompson, R.C., Norton, T.A., Roberts, M.F. & Hawkins S.J. (2000). Feast or famine for intertidal grazing molluscs: a mis-match between seasonal variations in grazing intensity and the abundance of microbial resources. Hydrobiologia, 440, 357 – 366. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1004116505004

Crowe, T.P., Thompson, R.C., Bray, S. & Hawkins S.J. (2000). Impacts of anthropogenic stress on rocky intertidal communities. Journal of Aquatic Ecosystem Stress and Recovery, 7,273-297.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1009911928100


Thompson, R.C., Jenkins, S.R., & Bussell J.A. (2000). A method for recording predator-prey encounters between crabs and limpets using wax replicas. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 80, 633-638.

Thompson, R.C., Tobin, M.L., Hawkins, S.J. & Norton T.A. (1999). Problems in extraction and spectrophotometric determination of chlorophyll from epilithic biofilms: towards a standard method. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 79, 551-558.

Norton, T.A., Thompson, R.C., Pope, J., Veltkamp, C.J., Banks, B., Howard, C.V. & Hawkins S.J. (1998). Using confocal laser scanning microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and phase contrast light microscopy to examine marine biofilms. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 16,199-204. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/ame016199

Thompson, R.C., Norton, T.A. & Hawkins S.J. (1998). The influence of epilithic microbial films on the settlement of Semibalanus balanoides cyprids - a comparison between laboratory and field experiments. Hydrobiologia, 375/376, 203-216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1017036301082

Thompson, R.C.
, Johnson, L. & Hawkins S.J. (1997). A method for spatial and temporal assessment of gastropod grazing intensity in the field: the use of radula scrapes on wax discs. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 218, 63-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(97)00068-3


Thompson, R.C.
, Wilson, B.J., Tobin, M.L., Hill, A.S. & Hawkins S.J. (1996). Biologically generated habitat provision and diversity of rocky shore organisms at a hierarchy of spatial scales. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 202, 73-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-0981(96)00032-9


Newton, L.C., Parkes, E.V.H. & Thompson R.C. (1993). The effects of shell collecting on the abundance of gastropods on Tanzanian Shores. Biological Conservation, 63, 241-245.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(93)90719-H  

Authored/edited books, chapters and reports

Hawkins S.J., Sugden, H.E., Moschella, P.S., Mieszkowska, N., Thompson, R.C.  and Burrows, M.T. (2010). Silent summer, Chapter 33, The Sea Shore Page 591-614, Cambridge University Press.

Noel, L. M.-L.J.,
Griffin, J.N., Moschella, P.S., Jenkins, S.R., Thompson, R.C. and Hawkins, S.J. (2009) Changes in diversity and ecosystem functioning during succession. In: Marine hard bottom communities: patterns, dynamics, diversity and change, Wahl, M. (Ed.), Chapter 15, pp. 213-223, Springer, Heidelberg, Germany.

Branch, G.M., Thompson, R.C., Crowe, T.P., Castilla, J.C., Langmead, O. and Hawkins S.J. (2008). Rocky intertidal shores: prognosis for the future, in: Aquatic ecosystems: trends and global prospects. Pollunin, N.V.C. (Ed.), Chapter 15, pp. 209-225, Cambridge University Press, UK.

Thompson, R.C. (2007) Biofilms, in: Encyclopedia of Tidepools and Rocky Shores. Denny, M.W. and Gaines S.D. (Eds.), pp. 85-87, University of California Press, Berkley, USA.

Veale, L. Thompson, R.C. and Bates, M. (1998) Isle of Man Sublittoral Survey, 1994-1997, Report, Port Erin Marine Laboratory, Port Erin, Isle of Man 25pp

Conference proceedings

Wearmouth, V.J., Southall, E.J., Morritt, D., Thompson, R.C., Budd, G.C., Cuthill, I.C., Partridge, J.C. and Sims, D.W. (2009) Sexual segregation as a behavioural mediator of elasmobranch population dynamics, Annual Meeting of the Society for Experimental Biology, Glasgow, p. S67-S67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2009.04.014

Hawkins, S. J., Mieszkowska, N., Burrows, M. T., Genner, M. J., Kendall, M. A., Leaper, R., Moore, P., Poloczanska, E., Sims, D. Thomposon, R.C.  
Southward, A. J. (2007). Long- term changes in marine biodiversity in relation to climate, measured using rocky shore indicator. In Proceedings of the 24th Conference of the Institute of Ecology & Environmental Management (pp. 83-91).

Veale, L.O., Bates, M. and R.C., Thompson (1997). Using volunteer divers to map sublittoral habitats around the Isle of Man. Proceedings of the Fourth Underwater Science Symposium, pp. 25-26.

Teaching and Learning


Sloman, K.A. and Thompson, R.C. (2009) An example of large group drama and cross-year peer assessment for teaching science in higher education. International Journal of Science Education, 2009, 1–17.
http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1080/09500690903229312

 

Thompson, R.C. (2008). Science and Ethics: plastic debris in the sea. Primary Science 104: 18-21.

 

Thompson R.C. (2008). Plastic: 21st century plague. Marine Conservation, 7(11): 22-27.

 
Hoare, C. and Thompson R.C. (1997). Microscopic plastic: a shore thing. Marine Conservation, 3(11): 4.

 

Reports & invited lectures

Keynote Presentations

 

Plastic debris in the ocean - a global environmental problem. Thompson RC Royal Society of Chemistry Distinguished Guest Lecture, London March 2014

 

Healthy Oceans – Productive Ecosystems: A European conference for the marine environment (HOPE) European Parliament, Invited Keynote speaker Thompson RC, Brussels, March 2014

 

LET'S BAG IT - conference on plastic bags, European Parliament, Invited Keynote speaker Thompson RC, Brussels, February 2014

 

Invited as plenary speaker to open Marine Litter meeting for EU policy in Berlin, April 2012.

 

Plastics and oceans, a threat to the marine environment, Thompson RC. Invited plenary speaker, ALDE Seminar, European Parliament, Brussels, June 2010.

 

Accumulation and environmental consequences of plastic debris in marine habitats, Stralsund, Germany, May 2006. Marine Nature Conservation in Europe 2006 Invited Seminar funded by Bundesamt fur Naturschutz. Thompson RC, Rowland SJ, Galloway TS, Browne MA, Niven S and Teuten E.

 

Los Martes de L’Oceanographic: The fate and impacts of plastic waste in the sea, Valencia, Spain, March 2006, Invited Lecture funded the British Council programme for Science and Society. Thompson RC, Rowland SJ, Galloway TS, Browne MA, Niven S and Teuten E.

 

Microscopic plastic particles in the marine environment. Kommunes Internatsjonale miloorganisasjon (Local Authorities International Organisation) 15th International Conference, Lerwick, Shetland, UK, October 2005. Thompson RC, Rowland SJ, Galloway TS, Browne MA and Niven S.

 

The accumulation and environmental consequence of microscopic plastic debris. Plastic debris, rivers to sea conference. California, USA, September 2005. Thompson RC, Rowland SJ, Galloway TS, Browne MA and Niven S.

 

Lost at Sea: Studies on the Fate and Effects of Particles of Plastics. Royal Society of Chemistry International Symposium on Sustainable Plastics: Biodegradability versus Recycling. Manchester, March 2005. Thompson RC, Galloway T, Niven SJ, Browne M, & Rowland SJ.

 

Rocky intertidal communities: past environmental changes, present status and predictions (forecasts?) for the next 25 years. 5th International Conference on Environmental Futures, March 2003. Zurich, Switzerland. Thompson, RC, Crowe T.P. and Hawkins SJ.

 

Conferences organised

9th International Temperate Reefs Symposium, Plymouth University, 26th July – 1st August 2011.

Climate Change and Aquatic Systems: Past, Present and Future, University of Plymouth, 21-23rd July, 2004.
 

 


Other academic activities

Reviews of my research and publications

CIMAR, Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, paper of the week, March 2010

Martins, G.M., Thompson, R.C., Neto, A.I., Hawkins, S.J. and Jenkins, S.R. (2010) Enhancing stocks of the exploited limpet Patella candei d’Orbigny via modifications in coastal engineering, Biological Conservation,143: 203-211   

It is widely recognized that microhabitats are important for a variety of marine organisms, yet this knowledge has rarely been applied in the construction of engineered structures as a means of enhancing biodiversity or populations of species at risk....’

Betts, K. (2008) Why small plastic particles may pose a big problem in the oceans Environmental Science and Technology, 5th November, 2008. Reports on 2 papers from my group:

Browne, M.A., Dissanayake, A., Galloway, T.S., Lowe, D.M. and Thompson R.C. (2008). Ingested microscopic plastic translocates to the circulatory system of the mussel, Mytilus edulis (L.) Environmental Science and Technology, 42: 5026-5031.

Teuten, E.L., Rowland, S.J., Galloway, T.S. and Thompson R.C. (2007). Potential for Plastics to Transport Hydrophobic Contaminants. Environmental Science and Technology, 41: 7759-7764.

two of the most influential papers in the field’

Duffy, J.E. (2008) Faculty of 100 must read papers. Reports on:

Griffin, J., de la Haye, K., Hawkins, S.J., Thompson, R.C. and Jenkins S.R. (2008). Predator diversity and ecosystem functioning: density modifies the effect of resource partitioning. Ecology, 89: 298-305.

This paper presents some of the first and most convincing experimental evidence for the widely assumed importance of resource partitioning in mediating the enhancement of ecosystem processes by diversity’

Ellinoson K. (2007) The trouble with nurdles. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment:  5:  396-396.

Reports in general about my research on plastics.

Weismann, A. (2007) Polymers are forever. In: The world without us, Virgin Books Ltd, London, Chapter 9, 112-128.

Reports extensively on research by my group

Hopkin, M. (2004) Plastic particles surf polluted waves, Nature news (7th May, 2004 doi:10.1038). Reports on:

Thompson, R.C. , Olsen. Y., Mitchell, R.P., Davis, A., Rowland, S.J., John, A.W.G., McGonigle, D. and Russell A.E. (2004). Lost at sea: Where does all the plastic go? Science, 304: 838.