Professor Jason Hall-Spencer
Qualifications & background
Google Scholar Author Profile
2012-present Professor of Marine Biology, Plymouth University
Marine Biological Association, UK
Porcupine Marine Natural History Society
Society for Underwater Technology
Editorial Advisory Board of the journal Ocean Acidification
Roles on external bodies
DEFRA Healthy and Biologically Diverse Seas Evidence Group.
ICES/OSPAR working group on Ocean Acidification.
ICES Working Group on Deep-Water Ecology.
NERC Facility for Scientific Diving Steering Committee.
NERC Peer Review College.
School Academic Liason Coordinator between Plymouth University and Newquay's Cornwall College.
United Nations Economics of Ocean Acidification working group.
United Nations Ocean Acidification international Reference User Group.
IPCC ocean acidification working group (funded by UNESCO, 2011-13).
NERC Fellowship Scheme sift and interview panel (2013).
Paul G. Allen Ocean Challenge Review Panel Member (2013).
UK Government Advisor (Marine Protected Area Scientific Advisory Panel 2009-2012).
United Nations Environment Programme High Seas management panel (2008-2012).
Rosalind Franklin Award Committee Member (2007- 2010).
International Observer on Canadian Fishing Gear Impact investigation (2007-2010).
Diving Officer, Glasgow University Sub-Aqua Club (BSAC 2001-2002).
Diving Officer, Millport Sub-Aqua Club (BSAC 1995-1997).
I am thesis advisor for 14 postgraduates and 6 undergraduates, personal tutor for 24 undergraduates, and lead modules MBIO209/210/211 (Methods in Marine Biology, Marine Biology and Coastal Ecology, Marine Biology and Oceanography), MBIO216 (Diving Science and Exploration Biology) and MBIO218 (Human Impacts on Aquatic Ecosystems). I organise the 1st year Roscoff fieldcourse for 130 students. and teach on MBIO107 (Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems), MBIO109 (Marine Biology Skills and Fieldcourses), BIOL301 (Global Change Biology), MASC301 (Marine Ecosystem Conservation), and MBAM5104 (Marine Conservation and Ecological analyses). I also teach undergraduates at Newquay College.
Current PhD Students
1) Bryony Pearce: biogenic reef-forming polychaetes.
2) Maria Campbell: application of spatial information to offshore management and planning.
3) Laura Pettit: effects of CO2 on foraminifera.
4) Demetris Kletou: human impacts in ultraoligotrophic coastal systems.
5) Cecilia Baggini: ecology of Methana submarine gas vents.
6) Joy Smith: effects of CO2 on zooplankton ecology.
7) Amrit Kumar Mishra: carbon metabolism of seagrasses.
8) Laura Bray: offshore wind farms as artifical reefs in the Meditteranean
Current MRes Students
1) Leela Chakravarti: phytoplankton adaptation
2) Linnaea Burt: metal bioavailability and climate change
3) Rebecca Ellis: biofilms
4) Matt Loar: the diet of unusual fish landed into Plymouth
5) Marco Franzitta: benthic ecology ERASMUS placement from Palermo Uni
Current BSc Student dissertations
1) Elanor Vaughan: thermal tolerance of corals
2) Anastasios Baltadakis: Mediterranean seagrass ecology
3) Gabrielle Lawyer: ecology of skates and rays
4) Toby Russell: wreck biodiversity
5) Jack Kelly: ballast water and invasives
6) Mike Neighbour: estuarine pH
Invited keynotes, lectures and policy workshops since 2008.
Invited lecture, Japanese Marine Biology Society, Tokyo, 8 Dec 2014.
Invited Keynote, Challenger Society, Plymouth, 8 Sep 2014.
Public Lecture, University of the Azores, Ponta Delgada 1 July 2014.
EU FP7 MedSeA benthic workpackage summary. Barcelona 10-11 June 2014.
Invited lecture, Efectos en el ecosistema de la acidificación del océano, University of Malaga, 2 April 2014.
Maerl policy workshop. Scottish Natural Heritage, Edinburgh 17-18 March 2014.
EU COST Seagrass Workshop. Olhao, Portugal 3-7 March 2014.
Marine Strategy Framework Directive policy meeting, Marine Biological Association, 26-27 Feb 2014.
Effects of CO2 on marine primary production, Xiamen University, China, 22 Jan 2014.
Volcanic seep research, National Taiwan University, 21 Jan 2014.
Minimizing fisheries displacement, Academia Sinica Taipei, 20 Jan 2014.
Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, 14 Jan 2014.
Lessons learnt from field studies. International Ocean Acidification Reference User Group, Monaco 2 Dec 2013.
Ecology of ocean acidification roundtable, University of British Columbia, Vancouver 19-25 Oct 2013.
Synthesis of ecosystem-level ocean acidification research. ICES HQ, Copenhagen, 8 Oct 2013
Inaugral Professorial Lecture. Marine Science into Policy, Plymouth University, 26 Mar 2013.
Identification of nongeniculate Corallinaceae. Seaweeds Course, Marine Biological Association, 18 Mar 2013.
FP7 MedSeA results from CO2 vents. Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Heraklion, Greece, 4-6 Mar 2013.
FP7 MedSeA results from CO2 vents. University of Bangor, 28 Feb 2013.
FP7 MedSeA results on ocean acidification. University Brunei Darusselam, 12 Feb 2013.
Fisheries and coastal degradation. World Fish Centre, Penang, Malaysia, 4 Feb 2013.
Marine biology & climate change. Swire Inst. of Marine Biology, Hong Kong, 14 Dec 2012.
FP7 MedSeA results from CO2 vents. University of Hull. 5 Dec 2012.
Policy workshop. Ocean acidification effects on fisheries and aquaculture. IAEA Monaco, 11-13 Nov 2012.
Tutor: Climate Change in the Marine Realm. International Summer School for Students. Alfred Wegener Institute Wadden Sea Station, List/Sylt 10-24 September 2012.
Deep-sea coral reefs. San Juan Community Theatre, Washington State, USA, 1 July 2012.
Ecosystem effects of ocean acidification. Friday Harbour Marine Lab., USA, 28 June 2012.
Global Oceans Governance. European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium, 6 June 2012.
Invited Keynote. CO2 effects on seagrass meadows, University of Nottingham, UK, 9-10 May 2012.
Policy workshop. Evaluating the sensitivity of Central and South American benthic communities to global climate changes. Ilhabela, Brazil, 22-26 April 2012.
Ecological effects of ocean acidification. Final EPOCA meeting, Nice, 2-6 April 2012.
Invited Keynote. Ocean acidification - impact synergies update. University of Oxford 19-21 March 2012.
Progress with volcanic vent research. MedSeA annual meeting. Rome 5-8 March 2012.
Acid washed genes. AAAS Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Canada,16-20 Feb 2012.
Effects of increasing CO2 levels on coastal marine ecosystems. University of Washington, USA, 14 Feb 2012.
Rocky shore effects of increasing CO2. University of British Columbia, Canada, 13 Feb 2012.
University of the third age. Yealm Yacht Club, UK, 8 Feb 2012.
Marine horizon scanning. IUCN/Total Foundation Biodiversity Symposium, Porquerolles, France, 5 Oct 2011.
Arctic acidification. Norwegian Inst. Mar. Sci., Tromso, Norway, 27-29 Sep 2011.
Suffolk and the Sea. Aldeburgh Food & Drink Festival 23 Sep 2011.
Submarine volcanoes. Chartered Engineers Club, Exeter, UK, 14 March 2011.
Underwater research breakthroughs. The Big SCUBA Show, London, UK, 19-20 Feb 2011.
Minimizing displacement in offshore MPA design, ZSL London, UK, 3 Feb 2011.
Ecosystem effects of towed fishing gear. Yealm Environment Group, 31 Jan 2011.
Invited Keynote. Ocean Dynamics in the Cretaceous, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 26-28 Jan 2011.
Invited Keynote. IPCC WG1 & WG2, Okinawa, Japan, 14-20 Jan 2011.
NERC UKOARP kick-off meeting, Cambridge, UK, 5-7 Jan 2011.
Ecosystem effects of acidification, IFM-GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany, 10 Dec 2010.
Coral Gardens. Cornwall College Newquay, UK, 1 Dec 2010.
Economics of ocean acidification, Monaco, 17 Nov 2010.
Invited workshop participant. Frontiers of Science, Perth, Australia,12 Oct 2010.
IMarEST 46th Marine Measurement Forum, London, UK, 9 May 2010.
Heriot-Watt University Marine MSc Programme, Edinburgh, UK 19 Mar 2010.
Seamounts. 2010 AAAS Annual Meeting ,San Diego, USA, 18-22 Feb 2010.
Algal response to CO2 DIVERSITAS OSC2 ,Cape Town, South Africa,14-16 Oct 2009.
Research in shallow and marine freshwater systems, Freiberg, Germany, 14-16 May 2009.
Invited expert, Marine Natura 2000 for the Atlantic Region, Galway, Ireland, 24-25 Mar 2009.
Invited lecture. Biodiversity, Ecosystemsand Fisheries. FAO, Rome, Italy, 3 Mar 2009.
Seamount management. Hong Kong University School of Biology, China, 29 Dec 2008.
Invited Keynote. 4th Cold-water Coral Symposium, New Zealand, 1-5 Dec 2008.
Climate and Oceans Conference, Brussels, Belgium, 5 Nov 2008.
Invited Keynote. 2nd Oceans in a High CO2 World Conference, Monaco, 5-9 Oct 2008.
Invited lecture. Euroclimate Conference, Giens, France, 29-30 Sept 2008.
Invited workshop participant. Marine Conservation Biology Institute, Seattle, USA, 27-29 May 2008.
Deep-sea conservation for the UK. Porcupine Marine Natural History Society, Bangor, UK, 28-30 Mar 2008.
Staff serving as external examiners
Recent consultancy work includes a Marine Stewardship Council assessment of the US scallop fishery, an assessment of ship biofouling in African waters for Sach Solicitors Ltd, assessments of the effects of capital dredging in UK waters for Royal Haskoning, assessments of Natura 2000 sites and Marine Conservation Zones for DEFRA and biodiversity reports for OSPAR. I also conduct commercial diving surveys (e.g. for Chichester Harbour Conservancy, Falmouth Harbour Commissioner, Natural England, Scottish Environmental Protection Agency, Scottish Natural Heritage) and underwater filming (e.g. for the BBC, CBC (Canada) and ITV).
UoP Research group membershipMarine Biology & Ecology Research Centre (MBERC)
Research degrees awarded to supervised students
PhD 2012 Vivienne Johnson, Effects of increasing CO2 on microalgae.
MRes 2012 Matthew Keys, Coccolithophore culture experiments.
MRes 2012 Sarah Heath, pH homeostasis in marine phytoplankton.
MRes 2012 Giuseppe Sauria, Amphipods along pCO2 gradients (Erasmus placement from Ancona, Italy).
PhD 2014 Grazyna Durak: silification mechanisms in algae.
Grants & contracts
1) Range P (PI), Silva CPP, Gallo F, Leitão F, Martins GM, Ramos JB, Chicharo L, Chicharo MA, Viveiros F, Carreiro-Silva M, Hall-Spencer JM, Couto RFP, Ferreira T (2014-2015) MOFETA – Investigating the ecological effects of ocean acidification in shallow water volcanic CO2 vents of the Azores. (EXPL/MAR-EST/0604/2013). Funded by FCT (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) ~ 49,768€.
2) EU ASSEMBLE Gulf of Aqaba: a Noah's Ark of heat resistant corals? (4000 Euros) 2013-14 PI
3) Marine Institute Small Collaborative Research Grant (£5K) Holocene sea level rise and the separation of Jersey from France 2014-15 Co-I (PI Chris Smart).
4) EU MARES Seagrass physiology (122400 euros) 2013-2016 Co-I (PI R Santos University of the Algarve)
5) NERC Scaling empirically derived ocean acidification responses to naturally assembled systems (72000) 2013-14 Co-I (PI M Solan, Southampton Uni)
6) NERC Response of benthic photosynthetic organisms to increased CO2 workshop funding (£19K) 2013 Co-I (PI C Brownlee, MBA Plymouth)
7) EU MARES Zooplankton ecology on coral reefs, Papua New Guinea (122400 euros) 2012-2016 Co-I
8) EU COST Action ES0906: Seagrass productivity: from genes to ecosystem management (funding for meetings) 2012 Co-I. (PI R Santos University of the Algarve)
9) EU MARES Effects of ocean acidification at Methana, Greece (122400 euros) 2011-15 PI.
10) EU FP7 MedSeA (£180000) 2011-13 PI.
11) NERC PhD studentship with additional HEFCE support ( £89K) Assessing the effects of long-term ocean acidification at volcanic CO2 vents 2010-14 PI.
12) Marine Institute PhD studentship (£58K) Assessing effects of ocean acidification on marine autotrophs 2009-12 PI.
13) Consultancy for Falmouth Habour Commissioner assessing impacts of anchoring in Falmouth Bay (£3K) 2010-11 PI.
14) Consultancy for Moody International Ltd. (£4.5K) American scallop MSC assessment. 2010-13.PI.
15) Estée Fairbairn Foundation (£38K) Satellite-based fisheries management 2007-10 PI.
16) SWRDA (£38K) Using spatial fisheries data to plan renewable energy developments. 2008-10 PI.
17) DEFRA (£458K) Lyme Bay - A Case Study: Measuring recovery of benthic species; assessing potential 'spillover' effects and socio-economic changes. 08-11 Co-I. (PI M Attrill, Plymouth Uni)
18) EU FP7 €354,597 Knowledge-based sustainable management for Europe's Seas. 08-13 Co-I. (PI Attrill Plymouth Uni)
19) EU INTEREG €213,730 CHannel integrated Approach for marine Resource Management 09-12 CoI. (PI S Votier Plymouth Uni)
20) Falmouth Harbour Commission dredging assessment (£3K) 2009 PI.
21) Leverhulme Trust (£80K) Ecological effects of volcanic gas vents on marine benthos. 07-09 PI.
22) Esmée Fairbairn Foundation (£17.7K) Projects on maerl physiology, Limaria hians and Eunicella verrucosa 04-8 PI.
23) Royal Society University Research Fellowship (£265K) 02-09 PI.
Creative practice & artistic projects
I presented a series of interactive lectures on the latest discoveries in marine biology at the Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition, 2-6 July 2007 in London.
Publications since 2008
Hall-Spencer JM, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Martin S, Ransome E, Fine M, Turner SM, Rowley SJ,Tedesco D, Buia M-C (2008) Volcanic carbon dioxide vents reveal ecosystem effects of ocean acidification. Nature 454, 96-99.
Martin S, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Ransome E, Rowley S, Buia M-C, Gattuso J-P, Hall-Spencer JM (2008) Effects of naturally acidified seawater on seagrass calcareous epibionts. Biology Letters 4, 689-692.
Ellis RP, Bersey J, Rundle SD, Hall-Spencer JM, Spicer JI (2009) Subtle but significant effects of CO2 acidified sea water on embryos of the intertidal snail, Littorina obtusata. Aquatic Biology, 5, 41-48.
Hall-Spencer JM, Rauer E (2009) Champagne seas - foretelling the ocean's future? Journal of Marine Education, 25, 11-12.
Hall-Spencer JM, Tasker M, Soffker M, Christiansen S, Rogers S, Campbell M, Hoydal K (2009) The design of Marine Protected Areas on High Seas and territorial waters of Rockall. Marine Ecology Progress Series 397, 305-308.
Tittensor DP, Baco-Taylor AR, Brewin P, Clark MR, ConsalveyM, Hall-Spencer JM, Rowden AA, Schlacher T, Stocks K, Rogers AD (2009) Predicting global habitat suitability for stony corals on seamounts. Journal of Biogeography, 36, 1111-1128.
Barry JP, Hall-Spencer JM, Tyrell T (2010) In situ perturbation experiments: natural venting sites, spatial/temporal gradients in ocean pH, manipulative in situ pCO2 perturbations. In Riebesell U, Fabry VJ, Hansson L & Gattuso J-P (Eds.) Guide to Best Practices in Ocean Acidification Research and Data Reporting Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union pp 123-136.
Cigliano M, Gambi MC, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Patti FP, Hall-Spencer JM (2010) Effects of ocean acidification on invertebrate settlement. Marine Biology 157, 2489-2502.
Clark MR, Rowden AA, Schlacher T, Williams A, Consalvey M, Stocks KI, Rogers AD,O'Hara TD, White M, Shank TM, Hall-Spencer JM (2010) The ecology of seamounts: structure, function and human impacts. Annual Reviews in Marine Science 2, 253-278.
Dias B, Hart M, Smart C, Hall-Spencer JM (2010). Modern seawater acidification: the response of foraminifers to high-CO2 conditions in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of the Geological Society, London 167, 843-846.
Le Guilloux E, Hall-Spencer JM, Soeffker MK, Olu-Le Roy K (2010) Association between the squat lobster Gastroptychus formosus (Filhol, 1884) and cold-water corals in the North Atlantic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association, UK 90, 1363-1369.
Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Lombardi C, Cocito S, Hall-Spencer JM, Gambi MC. (2010) Effects of ocean acidification and high temperatures on the bryozoan Myriapora truncata at natural CO2 vents. Marine Ecology 31, 447-456.
Tittensor DP, Baco AR, Hall-Spencer JM, Orr JC, Rogers AD (2010) Seamounts as refugia from ocean acidification for cold-water stony corals. Marine Ecology 31, 212-225.
Barry JP, Widdicombe S, Hall-Spencer JM (2011) Effects of ocean acidification on marine biodiversity and ecosystem function. In Gattuso JP & Hansson L (eds) Ocean acidification. Oxford University Press.
Hall-Spencer JM (2011) No reason for complacency. Nature Climate Change 1, 174.
Hall-Spencer, J., Söffker M. K., Thomsen L., Unnithan V. (2011) Deep-water corals along the Norwegian contintental margin: Multidisciplinary studies on Sula Ridge, Traena Reef, Røst Reef, Floholmen and Sotbakken. In Klages M. and Thiede J. (Eds.). The Expedition of the Research Vessel “Polarstern” to the Arctic in 2007 (ARK-XXII/1a-c). Reports on Polar and Marine Research, 627, 250 pp. 8.
Kerrison P, Hall-Spencer JM, Suggett D, Hepburn LJ, Steinke M (2011) Assessment of pH variability at coastal CO2 vents for ocean acidification studies. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 94, 129-137.
Porzio L, Buia MC, Hall-Spencer JM (2011) Effects of ocean acidification on macroalgal communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 400, 278-287.
Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Houlbrèque F, Tambutté E, Boisson F, Baggini C, Patti FP, Jeffree R, Fine M, Foggo A, Gattuso J-P, Hall-Spencer JM (2011) Coral and mollusc resistance to ocean acidification adversely affected by warming. Nature Climate Change 1, 308-312.
Söffker M, Sloman KA, Hall-Spencer JM (2011) In situ observations of fish associated with coral reefs off Ireland. Deep-Sea Research Part 1 58, 818-825.
Arnold T, Mealey C, Leahey H, Miller AW, Hall-Spencer JM, Milazzo M, Maers K (2012) Ocean acidification and the loss of protective phenolics in seagrasses. PLoS ONE 7(4): e35107.
Hall-Spencer JM, Rodolfo-Metalpa R (2012) Effects of ocean acidification on Mediterranean coastal habitats. In Stambler N (ed.) Life in the Mediterranean Sea: A look at habitat changes. Nova Science Publishers Inc. p 671-684. ISBN: 978-1-61209-644-5
Hernandez-Kantun JJ, Rindi F, Riosmena-Rodríguez R, Maggs CA, Hall-Spencer JM, Peña V (2012) Molecular diversity of maerl-forming corallines (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 48, S16-S16.
Johnson VR, Russell BD, Fabricius K, Brownlee C, Hall-Spencer JM (2012) Temperate and tropical brown macroalgae thrive, despite decalcification, along natural CO2 gradients. Global Change Biology 18, 2792-2803.
Kletou D, Hall-Spencer JM (2012) Threats to ultraoligotrophic marine ecosystems. In Cruzado A (ed) Marine Ecosystems. InTech - Open Access Publisher. ISBN 979-953-307-430-5 .
Lidbury I, Johnson V, Hall-Spencer JM, Munn CB & Cunliffe M (2012) Community-level response of coastal microbial biofilms to ocean acidification in a natural carbon dioxide vent ecosystem. Marine Pollution Bulletin 64, 1063-1066.
Sabatier P, Reyss JL, Hall-Spencer JM, Colin C, Frank N, Tisnérat-Laborde N, Bordier L, Douville E (2012) 210Pb-226Ra chronology reveals rapid growth rate of Madrepora oculata and Lophelia pertusa on world's largest cold-water coral reef. Biogeosciences 9, 1253-1265.
Beare DJ, McQuatters-Gollup A, van der Hammen, T, Machiels M, Teoh SJ, Hall-Spencer JM (2013) Long-term trends in calcifying plankton and pH in the North Sea. PLOS ONE 8, e61175.
Boatta F, D’Alessandro W, Gagliano AL, Liotta M, Milazzo M, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Hall-Spencer JM, Parello F (2013) Geochemical survey of Levante Bay, Vulcano Island (Italy) and its suitability as a natural laboratory for the study of ocean acidification. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 73, 485-494.
Calosi P, Rastrick SPS, Graziano M, Thomas SC, Baggini C, Carter HA, Hall-Spencer JM, Milazzo M, Spicer JI (2013) Acid-base and ion-regulation capacity-dependent distribution of sea urchins living near shallow water CO2 vents. Marine Pollution Bulletin 73, 470-484.
Hilmi, N., Allemand, D., Dupont, S., Safa, A., Haraldsson, G., Nunes, P.D., Moore, C., Hattam, C., Reynaud, S., Hall-Spencer, J.M., Fine, M., Turley, C., Jeffree, R., Orr, J., Munday, P.L., Cooley, S. (2013) Towards improved socio-economic assessments of ocean acidification's impacts. Marine Biology, 160, 1773-1787.
Johnson, V.R., Brownlee, C., Rickaby, R.E.M., Graziano, M., Milazzo, M., Hall-Spencer, J.M. (2013) Responses of marine benthic microalgae to elevated CO2. Marine Biology 160, 1813-1824.
Pascelli C, Riul P, Riosmena-Rodriguez, Scherner F, Nunes M, Hall-Spencer JM, Cabral de Oliveira E & Horta P (2013) Seasonal and depth-driven changes in rhodolith bed structure and associated macroalgae off Arvoredo island (southeastern Brazil). Aquatic Botany 111, 62-65.
Pena V, Barreiro R, Hall-Spencer JM, Grall J (2013) Lithophyllum spp. form unusual maerl beds in the North East Atlantic: the case study of L. fasciculatum in Brittany. An aod – les cahiers naturalistes de l’Observatoire marin 2 11-22.
Pettit LR, Hart MB, Medina-Sánchez AN, Smart CW, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Hall-Spencer JM; Prol-Ledesma RM (2013) Benthic foraminifera show some resilience to ocean acidification in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico. Marine Pollution Bulletin 73, 452-462.
Russell BD, Connell SD, Uthicke S, Muehllehner N, Fabricius KE & Hall-Spencer JM (2013) Future seagrass beds: increased productivity leading to carbon storage? Marine Pollution Bulletin 73, 463-469.
Bray L, Pancucci-Papadopulou MA, Hall-Spencer JM (2014) Sea urchin response to rising pCO2 shows ocean acidification may fundamentally alter the chemistry of marine skeletons. Mediterranean Marine Science 15, 510-519.
Brodie J, Williamson C, Smale D. Kamenos N, Mieszkowska N, Santos R, Cunliffe M, Steinke M, Yesson C, Anderson K, Asnaghi V, Brownlee C, Burdett H, Burrows M, Collins S, Donohue P, Harvey B, Foggo A, Noisette F, Nunes J, Ragazzola F, Raven JA, Schmidt D, Suggett D, Teichberg M, Hall-Spencer J (2014) The future of the NE Atlantic benthic flora in a high CO2 world. Ecology and Evolution 4, 2787-2789.
Campbell MS, Stehfest KM, Votier SC & Hall-Spencer JM (2014) Mapping fisheries for marine spatial planning: Gear-specific Vessel Monitoring System (VMS), marine conservation and offshore renewable energy. Marine Policy 45, 293-300.
Duquette AM, Mcclintock JB, Amsler CD, Hall-Spencer JM, Milazzo M (2014) Effects of reduced pH on shell integrity of a common whelk from a natural undersea CO2 vent community off Vulcano Island, Italy. Integrative and Comparative Biology 54, E269-E269.
Gaylord B, Kroeker KJ, Sunday JM, Anderson KM, Barry JP, Brown NE, Connell SD, Dupont S, Fabricius KE, Hall-Spencer JM, Klinger T, Milazzo M, Munday PL, Russell BD, Sanford E, Schreiber SJ, Thiyagarajan V, Vaughan H, Widdicombe S, Harley CDG (2014) Ocean acidification through the lens of ecological theory. Ecology.
Goodwin C, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Picton B & Hall-Spencer JM (2014) Effects of ocean acidification on sponge communities. Marine Ecology 35, 41-49.
Hernandez-Kantun JJ, Riosmena-Rodriguez R, Hall-Spencer JM, Pena V, Maggs CA, Rindi F (in press) Phylogenetic analysis of rhodolith formation in the Corallinales (Rhodophyta) European Journal of Phycology.
Hilmi N, Allemand D, Cinar M, Cooley S, Hall-Spencer J, Haraldsson G, Hattam C, Jeffree RA, Orr JC, Rehdanz K, Reynaud S, Safa A, Dupont S (2014) Exposure of Mediterranean countries to ocean acidification. Water 6, 1719-1744.
Jackson EL, Davies A, Howell KL Kershaw PJ Hall-Spencer JM (2014) Future-proofing Marine Protected Area networks for cold water coral reefs. ICES Journal of Marine Science. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsu099
Langer G, Nehrke G, Baggini C, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Hall-Spencer J, Bijma J (2014) Limpets counteract ocean acidification induced shell corrosion by thickening of aragonitic shell layers. Biogeosciences Discussions 11, 12571-12590.
McClintock JB, Amsler CD, Amsler MO, Duquette A, Angus RA, Hall-Spencer JM, Milazzo M (2014) Trace elements in shells of common gastropods in the near vicinity of a natural CO2 vent: no evidence of pH-dependent contamination. Biogeoscience Discussions 11, 5215-5237.
Martins CDL, Hullier C, Ramlow F, Simonassi JC, Gouvea LP, Noernberg M, Maraschin M, Colepicolo P, Hall-Spencer JM, Horta PA (2014) Seaweed chemical diversity: an additional and efficient tool for coastal evaluation. Journal of Applied Phycology. 10.1007/s10811-014-0361-z
Milazzo M, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Chan VBS, Fine F, Alessi C, Thiyagarajan V, Hall-Spencer, JM, Chemello R (2014) Ocean acidification impairs vermetid reef recruitment. Scientific Reports 4, 4189.
Molfese C, Beare D, Hall-Spencer JM (2014) Overfishing and the Replacement of Demersal Finfish by Shellfish: An Example from the EnglishChannel. PLoS ONE 9(7), e101506.
Pena V, Barbara I, Grall J., Maggs CA, Hall-Spencer JM (2014) The diversity of seaweeds on maerl in the NE Atlantic. Marine Biodiversity. DOI: 10.1007/s12526-014-0214-7
Taylor J, Ellis R, Milazzo M, Hall-Spencer JM, Cunliffe M (2014) Intertidal epilithic bacteria diversity changes along a naturally occurring carbon dioxide and pH gradient. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 89, 670-678.
Ziveri P, Passaro M, Incarbona A, Milazzo M, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Hall-Spencer JM (2014) Decline in coccolithophore diversity and impact on coccolith morphogenesis along a natural CO2 gradient. The Biological Bulletin 226, 282-290.
Reports & invited lectures
Reports, published conference proceedings and policy documents since 2008
Amundsen H, Anderson L, Andersson A, Azetsu-Scott K, Bellerby R, Beman M, Browman HI, Carlson C, Cheung WWL, Chierici M, Clayton T, Cooley S, Croot P, Daan N, Duarte C, Dupont S, Fine M, Flaaten O, Fossa JH, Fransson A, Gjertsen A, Hall-Spencer J, Hallock-Muller P, Havenhand J, Hilmi N, Hovels G, Hurst TP, Iglesias-Rodriguez D, Jeansson E, Knorr P, Kurihara H, Lam VWY, Lisle J, Macdonald R, MacKenzie F, Manno C, Mathis J, McCoy S, Melzner F, Miller L, Munday P, Olafsson J, Olsen A, Passow U, Pörtner H-O, Reiersen L-O, Ries J, Robbins L, Robert D, Runge J, Safa A, Scott D, Skjoldal HR, Steiner N, Sumaila UR, Suzuki K, Thingstad F, Wilson S, Wootton T, Yamamoto-Kauai M (2013) AMAP Assessment 2013: Arctic Ocean Acidification. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP),Oslo, Norway. viii + 99 pp. ISBN 978-82-7971-082-0.
Attrill MJ, Fowell S, Jackson EL, Hall-Spencer JM, Langmead O, Mangi S,Parkin M, Sheehan EV, Stevens, T. 2008. Lyme Bay – a case-study: measuring recovery of benthic species; assessing potential "spillover" effects and socio-economic changes, Biannual Report, October 2008. Report to the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs from the University of Plymouth-led consortium. Plymouth: University of Plymouth Enterprise Ltd. 13pp.
Brock R, Hall-Spencer JM et al. (2010) Report of the ICES/NAFO Joint Working Group on Deep-water Ecology (WGDEC). ICES CM 2010/ACOM:26.
Fernandes JA, Queirós AM, Artioli Y, Widdicombe S, Beaumont N, Cheung W, Merino G, Seeley B, Turley C, Calosi P, Papathanasopoulou E, Hattam C, Austen M, Yool A, Anderson TR, Pope EC, Hall-Spencer J, Speirs D, Flynn KJ, Grant A, Barange M. (2013) Modelling ocean acidification impacts: from biological experiments to economic assessments and social impacts. Proceedings of the ICES Annual Science Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland, Volume: ICES CM 2013/b:40.
Gambi MC, Hall-Spencer JM, Cigliano M, Cocito S, Lombardi C, Lorenti M, Patti FP,Porzio L, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Scipione MB, Buia MC (2010) Using volcanic marine CO2 vents to study the effects of ocean acidification on benthic biota: highlights from Castello Aragonese d'Ischia (Tyrrhenian Sea). Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 17, 86-88.
Hahn S, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Griesshaber E, Schmal WW, Buhl D, Hall-Spencer JM,Baggini C, Immenhauser A (2011) Exploring the geochemistry and shell ultrastructure of bivalves as archives of past ocean acidification events: recent Mytilidae in a natural acidic setting in Ischia (Italy, Mediterranean Sea). Geophysical Research Abstracts 13, EGU 2011-7130.
Hall-Spencer JM (2009) Natural CO2 vents reveal ecological tipping points due to ocean acidification. Global Change Newsletter 23, 30.
Hall-Spencer (2011) Port of Falmouth maerl 'recovery' report. www.marinemanagement.org.uk/licensing/public_register/cases/documents/falmouth/maerl_recovery_report.pdf
Hall-Spencer J, Clark M, Consalvey M, Rowden A, Stocks K & Schlacher T (2011) A celebration of life on seamounts. Porcupine Marine Natural History Society Newsletter 30, 54-56. ISSN 1466-0369.
Hall-Spencer JM, Munn C & Hiscock K (2009) Scientific divers quantify first known outbreaks of cold water coral disease. Institut fur Geology 29,45-48. ISSN 1433-1284.
Hall-Spencer JM & Rodolfo-Metalpa R (2009) Using scientific diving to investigate the long-term effects of ocean acidification at CO2 vents. Institut fur Geology 29,72-76. ISSN 1433-1284.
Hall-Spencer JM & Rodolfo-Metalpa R (2009) Loss of Mediterranean marine biodiversity in a high-CO2 world. CIESM 2008. Impacts of acidification on biological, chemical and physical systems in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. No. 36 in CIESM Workshop Monographs [F.Briand Ed.], 124 pages, Monaco.
Hall-Spencer JM, Stehfest KM & Wheeler AJ (2010) Background document for carbonate mounds. OSPAR Commission, 489/201021pp. ISBN 978-1-907390-30-2.
Hart MB, Dias BB, Smart CW, Hall-Spencer JM, Pettit L (2011) The response of foraminifera to modern seawater acidification: a real-time proxy for Paleogene hypothermal events. Berichte Geol. B-A, 85, ISSN 1017-8880. Hart M, Pettit L, Wall-Palmer D, Smart C, Hall-Spencer J (2014) Micropalaeontological investigations of ocean acidification and its detection in the geological record. In: Gregory T Papanikos (ed) Annual international conference on earth and environmental sciences 14-17 July 2014, Athens, Greece. The Athens Institute for Education and Research, pp16-17. ISBN 978-618-5065-60-7
Hart M, Pettit L, Wall-Palmer D, Smart C, Hall-Spencer J (2014) Micropalaeontological investigations of ocean acidification and its detection in the geological record. In: Gregory T Papanikos (ed) Annual international conference on earth and environmental sciences 14-17 July 2014, Athens, Greece. The Athens Institute for Education and Research, pp16-17. ISBN 978-618-5065-60-7
Martin S, Clavier J, Thouzeau G, Chauvaud L, Hall-Spencer JM & Gattuso J-P (2009) The role of coralline algae in carbon and carbonate cycles and their response to ocean acidification and global warming. Proceedings of the 3rd International Rhodolith Workshop – Buzios, Brazil 1-5 December 2009, p 10.
Martin S, Gattuso J-P, Hall-Spencer JM (2012) Impact of ocean acidification on Mediterranean coralline algae. Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research http://www.imber.info/index.php/News/Newsletters/Issue-n-20-May-2012#toc_3_12
Moore PJ, Milazzo M, Parveen I, Suaria G, Mur LAJ, Beckmann M, Graziano M, Hall-Spencer JM, Harvey BP, Reed L, Talliart K, Foggo A (2014) Changes in macrophyte chemistry alter herbivory along a natural gradient of C02. 10th International temperate reefs symposium. Bennett S, Wernberg T, de Bettignies T (eds). The University of Western Australia 82-82.
Neat F, Hall-Spencer JM et al. (2012) Report of the ICES/NAFO Joint Working Group on Deep-water Ecology (WGDEC). ICES CM 2012/ACOM:29. http://www.ices.dk/reports/ACOM/2012/WGDEC/wgdec_2012.pdf
Passaro M, Ziveri P, Milazzo M, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Hall-Spencer JM (2011) Exploring CO2 vents at Vulcano Island, Mediterranean Sea, to study planktonic calcifier response to long-term changes in carbonate chemistry.Geophysical Research Abstracts 13, EGU2011-12015.
Pettit L, Hart MB, Medina-Sánchez A, Smart CW, Collins P, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Hall-Spencer JM, Prol Ledesma RM (2011) Foraminifera resist ocean acidification in the Wagner Basin under conditions similar to high CO2 environments of the Cretaceous-Paleogene. 7th Alexander vonHumboldt International Conference. Ocean acidification: consequences for marine ecosystems and society. EGU Topical Conference Series, Penang Malaysia 20–24 June 2011.
Rodolfo-Metalpa R & Hall-Spencer JM (2008) Ecological effects of volcanic CO2 vents. JMBA Global Marine Environment 8, 20-21.
Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Hall-Spencer JM (2011) Corals, bryozoans and gastropods are able to calcify in acidified seawater. 7th Alexander von Humboldt International Conference. Ocean acidification: consequences for marine ecosystems and society. EGU Topical Conference Series, Penang, Malaysia 20–24 June 2011.
Rogers AD, Clark MR, Hall-Spencer JM & Gjerde KM (2008) A scientific guide to the FAO draft international guidelines (December 2007) for the management of deep-sea fisheries in the High Seas. IUCN Switzerland 48 pp.
Smith A, Dell A, Edwards D, Hall-Spencer JM,Hopper A, Jones R, Lazzeroni C, Skinner J & Wadler P (2008) Response to HEFCE’s consultation on the assessment and funding of higher education research post-2008. Royal Society Policy Document 06/08. 9pp.
Williams, GA, Prusina I, De Pirro M, Dong Y, Han G-D, Giomi F, Rinaldi A, Sara G, Glamuzina B, Hall-Spencer J, Milazzo M (2014) Taking the acid test: Mediterranean limpets face up to climate change. 10th International temperate reefs symposium. Bennett S, Wernberg T, de Bettignies T (eds). The University of Western Australia 82-82.
1. Horizon scanning workshop: future of NE Atlantic flora in a high CO2 World (NERC funded) Plymouth 4-6 June 2013.
2. Training Workshop: CO2 vents as natural laboratories for ocean acidification studies,Vulcano Island, Italy, 16-23 March 2013.
3. Training workshop: preparing for marine coastal change, Sylt Island, Germany 10-12 Sept 2012.
4. Training Workshop: CO2 vents as natural laboratories for ocean acidification studies,Vulcano Island, Italy, 25-27 May 2011.
5. Co-convenor of session on ‘Impact of climate change and ocean acidification on the Mediterranean Sea’ European Geosciences Union, Vienna, 3-8 April 2011.
6. Taxonomic Workshop: identification of sponges, University of Plymouth, 5-9 July 2010.
7. Taxonomic Workshop: identification of crustose seaweeds, Marine Biological Association, UK 1-5 Feb 2010.
8. Porcupine Marine Natural History Society Annual Conference, University of Plymouth, 27-29 March 2009.
9. International steering Committee of the 4th Deep Sea Coral Symposium, New Zealand, 1-5 Dec 2008.
Other academic activities
Ocean acidification: a National Geographic article
For the first time the story of ocean acidification can now be viewed on a special tour created by Google using Google Earth. Narrated by Dan Laffoley (International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN) the video takes the viewer around the planet to understand what ocean acidification is, see some of the latest research into it and hear about how the consequences of ocean acidification are already being felt by the multimillion dollar shellfish industry in the USA. Experts feature in the video in order to further explain ocean acidification, including Marine Ecologist Prof. Jason Hall Spencer (Plymouth University).