Professor Jackie Andrade
Qualifications & background
Staff serving as external examiners
MotivationMy current research seeks to explain the processes underpinning human motivation, particularly in situations with competing goals, for example wanting a cigarette to satisfy craving now but wanting to quit and be healthier in the future. Elaborated Intrusion Theory (Kavanagh, Andrade & May, 2005, Psychol Review) gives a key role to intrusive thoughts and embodied mental images in conscious desires. Images simulate the sensory and emotional qualities of the desired experience, acting as a motivational bridge to support achievement of the goal and giving weight to concrete, familiar and easy to imagine goals (smoking, eating, being warm) over more abstract, long-term goals (getting fit, reducing climate change). With colleagues in Plymouth (Prof Jon May, Dr Sabine Pahl) and Prof David Kavanagh (Queensland University of Technology), we are focusing on two applications of Elaborated Intrusion theory: developing new treatments for addiction to target drug craving, and exploring ways to encourage healthy and sustainable behaviours. Our research on craving has informed the development of the OnTrack online treatment programmes for alcohol problems: https://www.ontrack.org.au/
Consciousness, anaesthesia, and memoryI am interested in the role of working memory and imagery in recollection, particularly recollection of emotional events. In relation to anaesthesia, Dr Catherine Deeprose (Plymouth University) and I have shown that small amounts of memory priming persist during surgery even when patients are conscious. I am a member of expert panel for the Royal College of Anaesthetists' NAP5 project, which aims to collate reports of anaesthetic awareness across the UK and Ireland for one year: http://www.nationalauditprojects.org.uk/NAP5_home. I worked with the Science Museum on their 'Pain Less' exhibition, which opened to the public in November 2012. http://painlessexhibition.wordpress.com/tag/science-museum/
Grants & contracts
QUT Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation –Kavanagh, Tjondronegoro, Connolly, Witkiewitz, Andrade, May & Hides, AU$29,985. Test of a new motivational intervention for alcohol misuse, incorporating mobile phone reminders. Sept2012 – Feb 2014.
Queensland University of Technology – Andrade, J.,Aus$3,500, adjunct professorship. Oct 2011-Sept 2014.
University of Plymouth – White, M. P.,Pahl, S., Andrade, J. & May, J., £130,000. Dental anxiety, nature exposure and virtualreality. 2010-2013.
Peninsula Dental School – Moles, D., Andrade,J. & White, M., £52,000. The psychological cycle of dental anxiety.2011-2014 (PhD studentship).
MRC addiction research cluster – C. Drummondet al. Experimental and clinical research on treatment of alcohol misuse anddependence (ECTAD) (2009-2010)
HEA Psychology Network – J. Andrade et al, £5905: Making revision seminars more effective (09/08 – 08/10)
Australian NHMRC – D Kavanagh et al (Associate Investigator), AUS$665,250 (approx £266k): Randomised controlled trial of a new intervention for alcohol craving (01/07 – 12/09).
ESRC – J. Andrade & J. May, £42,494: Effects of thought acceptance, diversion and suppression on food craving (1.11.05 – 31.02.07)
ESRC – J May, J Andrade & H Batey, £48,654: Intrusive thoughts and mindfulness in deliberate self harm (01/07 – 12.09).
ESRC –J Andrade, J May & L-M Berry, £47,505, Coping with intrusive thoughts using mindfulness training (10/05 – 9/08).
ESRC – J May, J Andrade & J Blackburn, £60,340, Cognitive aspects of craving in eating disorders (10/05 – 9/09).
University of Sheffield Postgraduate TrainingDevelopment grant – J. Andrade & A. Sahal £10,200: PracticalTraining in Public Communication of Science (9/04 – 6/06)
Wellcome Trust – J. Andrade, £108,901: Awareness duringpaediatric surgery under general anaesthesia: Impact on children’smemory and post-operative behaviour (7/02 – 7/05).
PPP HealthcareTrust – J. Andrade, S. McHale & L. Barker, £53,832: Implicitprocess deficits and the dysexecutive syndrome following frontal braininjury in adolescence and young adulthood (5/01–5/04)
ESRC – J. Andrade, £39,998: Sensitivity of visual imagery to irrelevant visual stimulation (6/02 – 6/03).
University of Sheffield Centre for Inquiry-based Learning in the Arts and Social Sciences – J. May, M. Jones, J. Andrade, R. Rowe, £12,206: Psychological Enquiry Based Learning (PEBBLE) (2/06 onwards)
(2014) 'The Craving Experience Questionnaire: A Brief, Theory-Based Measure of Consummatory Desire and Craving' Addiction , PEARL
(2013) 'Alcohol consumption in young adults: the role of multisensory imagery' Addictive Behaviors , PEARL
(2013) 'Assessing Vividness of Mental Imagery: The Plymouth Sensory Imagery Questionnaire' British Journal of Psychology , PEARL
(2013) 'Brief guided imagery and body scanning interventions reduce food cravings' Appetite , PEARL
(2013) 'Measurement of alcohol craving' Addictive Behaviors 38, pp 1572 - 1584
(2013) 'Psychology in the operating theatre' PSYCHOLOGIST 26 (7), pp 498 - 501
(2013) 'TEST OF A NEW MOTIVATIONAL INTERVENTION FOR ALCOHOL MISUSE: FUNCTIONAL IMAGERY TRAINING' DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW 32, pp 45 - 45
(2012) 'An attentional control task reduces intrusive thoughts about smoking' Nicotine Tob Res 14 (4), pp 472 - 478 , DOI PEARL
(2012) 'Dynamic visual noise reduces confidence in short-term memory for visual information' COGNITIVE PROCESSING 13 (2), pp 183 - 188 , DOI
(2012) 'Elaborated Intrusion theory: A cognitive-emotional theory of food craving' Current Obesity Reports 2 (1), pp 114 - 121 , DOI PEARL
(2012) 'Environmental Visual Distraction during Retrieval Affects the Quality, Not the Quantity, of Eyewitness Recall' APPLIED COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 26 (2), pp 296 - 300 , DOI
(2012) 'Sensory imagery in craving: From cognitive psychology to new treatments for addiction' Journal of Experimental Psychopathology 3 (2), pp 127 - 145 , DOI PEARL
(2012) 'Use of a clay modeling task to reduce chocolate craving' Appetite 58 (3), pp 955 - 963 , DOI PEARL
(2011) 'Eye closure reduces the cross-modal memory impairment caused by auditory distraction' J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 37 (4), pp 1008 - 1013 , DOI
(2011) 'Measuring alcohol craving: development of the Alcohol Craving Experience questionnaire' Addiction 106 (7), pp 1230 - 1238 , DOI PEARL
(2011) 'The contribution of phonological short-term memory to artificial grammar learning' Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 64 (5), pp 960 - 974 , DOI
(2010) 'Investigating the 'latent' deficit hypothesis: Age at time of head injury, implicit and executive functions and behavioral insight' NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA 48 (9), pp 2550 - 2563 , DOI PEARL
(2010) 'Less food for thought. Impact of attentional instructions on intrusive thoughts about snack foods' Appetite 55 (2), pp 279 - 287 , DOI PEARL
(2010) 'What Does Doodling do?' APPLIED COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 24 (1), pp 100 - 106 , DOI
(2009) 'Visuospatial working memory interference with recollections of trauma' BRITISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY 48, pp 309 - 321 , DOI
(2008) 'Awareness and memory function during paediatric anaesthesia' British Journal of Anaesthesia 3 (100), pp 389 - 396 , DOI
(2008) 'Conscious and unconscious processes in human desire' Psyche 15 (2), pp 83 - 91 Publisher Site PEARL
(2006) 'A starting point for consciousness research: Reply to Thomas Schmidt' CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION 15 (1), pp 28 - 30 , DOI
(2006) 'Is priming during anesthesia unconscious?' Conscious Cogn 15 (1), pp 1 - 23 , DOI
(2005) 'Unconscious auditory priming during surgery with propofol and nitrous oxide anaesthesia: a replication' Br J Anaesth 94 (1), pp 57 - 62 , DOI
(2004) 'Unconscious learning during surgery with propofol anaesthesia' Br J Anaesth 92 (2), pp 171 - 177
(2003) 'Response to editorial by Davidson' Paediatr Anaesth 13 (7), p 644
(2000) 'A comparison of "errorless" and "trial-and-error" learning methods for teaching individuals with acquired memory deficits' NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL REHABILITATION 10 (1), pp 67 - 101
(2000) 'Ability of dyslexic and control teenagers to sustain attention and inhibit responses' EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 12 (4), pp 520 - 540
(2000) 'Anaesthesia as a tool for exploring consciousness' CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION 9 (2), pp S19 - S20
(2000) 'Contribution of finger tracing to the recognition of Chinese characters' Int J Lang Commun Disord 35 (4), pp 561 - 571
(2000) 'Incidental learning of object colours but not of background colours' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 35 (3-4), pp 451 - 451
(2000) 'Phonological similarity and the irrelevant speech effect: Implications for models of short-term verbal memory' MEMORY 8 (3), pp 145 - 157
(2000) 'Working memory and the vividness of imagery' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL 129 (1), pp 126 - 145 , DOI
(1999) 'Children's incidental recall of colour information' BRITISH JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 17, pp 537 - 549 , DOI
(1998) 'Is amnesia for intraoperative events good enough?' BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA 80 (5), pp 575 - 576
(1997) 'Eye-movements and visual imagery: a working memory approach to the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder' Br J Clin Psychol 36 ( Pt 2), pp 209 - 223
(1997) ''Oops!': performance correlates of everyday attentional failures in traumatic brain injured and normal subjects' Neuropsychologia 35 (6), pp 747 - 758
(1996) 'Investigations of hypesthesia: using anesthetics to explore relationships between consciousness, learning, and memory' Conscious Cogn 5 (4), pp 562 - 580 , DOI
(1996) 'The coherent frequency in the electroencephalogram as an objective measure of cognitive function during propofol sedation' Anesth Analg 83 (6), pp 1279 - 1284
(1995) 'Learning during anaesthesia: a review' Br J Psychol 86 ( Pt 4), pp 479 - 506
(1995) 'THE DIRECTED FORGETTING EFFECT IN WORD-FRAGMENT COMPLETION - AN APPLICATION OF THE PROCESS DISSOCIATION PROCEDURE' QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY SECTION A-HUMAN EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 48 (2), pp 405 - 423
(1994) 'COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE DURING ANESTHESIA' CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION 3 (2), pp 148 - 165 , DOI
(1994) 'IS LEARNING DURING ANESTHESIA IMPLICIT' BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES 17 (3), pp 395 - 396
(1994) 'REVERSING THE WORD-LENGTH EFFECT - A COMMENT' QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY SECTION A-HUMAN EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 47 (4), pp 1047 - 1054
(1994) 'THERAPEUTIC SUGGESTIONS DURING GENERAL-ANESTHESIA' BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA 72 (6), pp 730 - 730 , DOI
(1993) 'A measure of consciousness and memory during isoflurane administration: the coherent frequency' Br J Anaesth 71 (5), pp 633 - 641
(1993) 'CONSCIOUSNESS - CURRENT VIEWS' INTERNATIONAL ANESTHESIOLOGY CLINICS 31 (4), pp 13 - 25 , DOI
(1993) 'Depth of anesthesia. Consciousness: current views' Int Anesthesiol Clin 31 (4), pp 13 - 25
(1993) 'Depth of anesthesia. Human memory and anesthesia' Int Anesthesiol Clin 31 (4), pp 39 - 51
(1993) 'HUMAN-MEMORY AND ANESTHESIA' INTERNATIONAL ANESTHESIOLOGY CLINICS 31 (4), pp 39 - 51 , DOI
(1993) 'Short report: is spatial information encoded automatically in memory?' Q J Exp Psychol A 46 (2), pp 365 - 375
(1993) 'THE SANDWICH EFFECT - THE ROLE OF ATTENTIONAL FACTORS IN SERIAL-RECALL' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION 19 (4), pp 862 - 870 , DOI
(1993) 'VALIDATION OF COHERENT FREQUENCY OF THE EEG AS A MEASURE OF CONSCIOUSNESS DURING ANESTHESIA' BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA 70 (4), pp P483 - P484
'Measurement of alcohol craving' Addictive Behaviors , , DOI
(2000) 'An investigation of learning during propofol sedation and anesthesia using the process dissociation procedure' pp 1418 - 1425 , DOI
(2000) 'NMDA receptor-mediated consciousness: A theoretical framework for understanding the effects of anesthesia on cognition?' pp 271 - 279